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NR 151.075 Note Note: Copies of the Wisconsin Natural Resources Conservation Service (“NRCS”) Nutrient Management Standard 590, dated December 2015, including the Technical Note (TN-1) referenced in the standard, may be inspected at the offices of the department, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, county land conservation departments and the legislative reference bureau, Madison Wisconsin. NRCS 590 (and TN-1) is also available electronically at: https://efotg.sc.egov.usda.gov/references/public/WI/590_Standard-(2015-12).pdf and https://efotg.sc.egov.usda.gov/references/public/WI/Conservation_Planning-TN-1.pdf.
NR 151.075(4)(c) (c) The plan must be designed and implemented consistent with this section to manage manure so as to reduce the risk of pathogen delivery to groundwater and prevent exceedances of groundwater water quality standards.
NR 151.075(4)(d) (d) The plan must use NRCS soil survey maps/information or other methods as a planning tool to identify Silurian bedrock within or adjacent to cropland and pastures.
NR 151.075(5) (5)Manure may not be mechanically applied on croplands or pastures until infield bedrock verification or Silurian bedrock map information is used to identify areas where the Silurian bedrock soil depth is less than 5 feet. If infield bedrock verification uses drill cores or other subsurface investigations, they must be backfilled with soil within 72 hours of being created.
NR 151.075 Note Note: Silurian bedrock map information developed by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection and/or department of natural resources, may be used alone or in combination to meet the requirements of this section.
NR 151.075 Note Note: Silurian bedrock map information, available from the University of Wisconsin department of soil science, can be found at https://snapplus.wisc.edu/maps/ .
NR 151.075(6) (6)Manure may not be mechanically applied on croplands or pastures where the Silurian bedrock soil depth is less than 5 feet until such fields are evaluated and ranked for risk of pathogen delivery to groundwater. Areas determined to have a high risk for pathogen delivery to groundwater must be avoided or must be lowest priority for manure application.
NR 151.075(7) (7)Mechanical application of manure and headland stacking of manure is prohibited on soils with 5 feet or less to Silurian bedrock when soils are frozen or snow covered.
NR 151.075(8) (8)Mechanical application of manure is prohibited within Silurian bedrock having soil depths less than 5 feet when rainfall greater than one inch is forecast within 24 hours of planned application.
NR 151.075(9) (9)Mechanical application of manure is prohibited for soils with less than 2 feet to Silurian bedrock.
NR 151.075(10) (10)For soils with 2 to 3 feet to Silurian bedrock, all the following apply:
NR 151.075(10)(a) (a) No mechanical application of solid manure unless all the following are met:
NR 151.075(10)(a)1. 1. Solid manure is incorporated within 72 hours to no more than 4 inches below ground.
NR 151.075(10)(a)2. 2. At least one of the following is implemented:
NR 151.075(10)(a)2.a. a. Solid manure is applied at a rate no greater than 15 tons/acre/year, or the rate that supplies the crop nitrogen recommendation from UW A2809, whichever is less.
NR 151.075(10)(a)2.b. b. Solid manure is applied in compliance with UW A2809 and within 10 days of the planting date or applied on a perennial or established crop.
NR 151.075(10)(a)2.c. c. Solid manure is composted or treated to reduce pathogen levels via practices to a fecal coliform bacteria density of less than 500,000 colony-forming units or most probable number per gram total solids on a dry weight basis.
NR 151.075 Note Note: Copies of the University of Wisconsin — Extension publication A2809 Nutrient Application Guidelines for Field, Vegetable, and Fruit Crops in Wisconsin, dated 2012 (A2809) may be inspected at the office of the department, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection and the legislative reference bureau, Madison, Wisconsin. A2809 is also available electronically at: http://learningstore.uwex.edu/assets/pdfs/A2809.pdf.
NR 151.075(10)(b) (b) No mechanical application of liquid manure unless all the following are met:
NR 151.075(10)(b)1. 1. Pre-tillage is completed, unless exempt under par. (c) or (d).
NR 151.075(10)(b)2. 2. Liquid manure is injected or incorporated within 24 hours to no more than 4 inches below ground, unless exempt under par. (c).
NR 151.075(10)(b)3. 3. At least one of the following is implemented:
NR 151.075(10)(b)3.a. a. Total liquid manure application is applied in compliance with UW A2809, or limited to Table 1, whichever is less, to prevent hydraulic overloading of the soil. - See PDF for table PDF - See PDF for table PDF
NR 151.075(10)(b)3.b. b. Liquid manure is applied in compliance with UW A2809 and within 10 days of the planting date or applied on a perennial or established crop.
NR 151.075(10)(b)3.c. c. Liquid manure is treated to substantially reduce pathogen levels via practices to a fecal coliform bacteria density of less than 500,000 most probable number or colony-forming units per 100 milliliter sample.
NR 151.075 Note Note: Copies of the University of Wisconsin — Extension publication A2809 Nutrient Application Guidelines for Field, Vegetable, and Fruit Crops in Wisconsin, dated 2012 (A2809) may be inspected at the office of the department, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection and the legislative reference bureau, Madison, Wisconsin. A2809 is also available electronically at: http://learningstore.uwex.edu/assets/pdfs/A2809.pdf.
NR 151.075(10)(c) (c) Pre-tillage, incorporation or injection is not required if cropland or pastures meet long term no-till or have a perennial or established crop. Each surface application of liquid manure must not exceed 6,750 gallons per acre.
NR 151.075(10)(d) (d) Pre-tillage is not required if demonstrated to the department that a field cannot meet s. NR 151.02 over an eight-year crop rotation using a combination of the following practices: tillage, crops, contouring, filter strips, or cover crops.
NR 151.075(11) (11)For soils with 3 to 5 feet to Silurian bedrock, all the following apply:
NR 151.075(11)(a) (a) No mechanical application of solid manure unless all the following are met:
NR 151.075(11)(a)1. 1. Incorporated within 72 hours to no more than 6 inches below ground.
NR 151.075(11)(a)2. 2. At least one of the following is implemented:
NR 151.075(11)(a)2.a. a. Manure is applied in accordance with UW A2809 annual application rate, or at a rate of 15 tons/acre/year, whichever is less.
NR 151.075(11)(a)2.b. b. Manure is applied in compliance with UW A2809 and within 10 days of the planting date or applied on a perennial or established crop.
NR 151.075(11)(a)2.c. c. Manure is composted or treated to reduce pathogen levels via practices to a fecal coliform bacteria density of 500,000 colony-forming units, or most probable number per gram total solids on a dry weight basis.
NR 151.075 Note Note: Copies of the University of Wisconsin — Extension publication A2809 Nutrient Application Guidelines for Field, Vegetable, and Fruit Crops in Wisconsin, dated 2012 (A2809) may be inspected at the office of the department, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection and the legislative reference bureau, Madison, Wisconsin. A2809 is also available electronically at: http://learningstore.uwex.edu/assets/pdfs/A2809.pdf
NR 151.075(11)(b) (b) No mechanical application of liquid manure unless all the following are met:
NR 151.075(11)(b)1. 1. Pre-tillage is completed unless exempt under par. (c) or (d).
NR 151.075(11)(b)2. 2. Liquid manure is injected or incorporated within 24 hours to no more than 6 inches below ground, unless exempt under par. (c).
NR 151.075(11)(b)3. 3. At least one of the following is implemented:
NR 151.075(11)(b)3.a. a. Total liquid manure application is applied in compliance with UW A2809, or limited to sub. (10) (b) 3. Table 1 rates, whichever is less, to prevent hydraulic overloading of the soil.
NR 151.075(11)(b)3.b. b. Liquid manure is applied in compliance with UW A2809 and within 10 days of the planting date or applied on a perennial or established crop.
NR 151.075(11)(b)3.c. c. Liquid manure is treated to substantially reduce pathogen levels via practices to a fecal coliform bacteria density of less than 500,000 most probable number or colony-forming units per 100 milliliter sample.
NR 151.075 Note Note: Copies of the University of Wisconsin — Extension publication A2809 Nutrient Application Guidelines for Field, Vegetable, and Fruit Crops in Wisconsin, dated 2012 (A2809) may be inspected at the office of the department, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection and the legislative reference bureau, Madison, Wisconsin. A2809 is also available electronically at: http://learningstore.uwex.edu/assets/pdfs/A2809.pdf.
NR 151.075(11)(c) (c) Pre-tillage, incorporation or injection is not required if cropland or pastures meet long term no-till or have a perennial or established crop. Each surface application of liquid manure must not exceed 6,750 gallons per acre.
NR 151.075(11)(d) (d) Pre-tillage is not required if demonstrated to the department that a field cannot meet s. NR 151.02 over an eight-year crop rotation using a combination of the following practices: tillage, crops, contouring, filter strips, or cover crops.
NR 151.075(12) (12)For soils with 5 to 20 feet to Silurian bedrock, all the following apply:
NR 151.075(12)(a) (a) No mechanical application of liquid manure unless all the following are met:
NR 151.075(12)(a)1. 1. Pre-tillage is completed unless exempt under par. (b) or (c).
NR 151.075(12)(a)2. 2. Liquid manure is injected or incorporated within 24 hours to no more than 6 inches below ground, unless exempt under par. (b).
NR 151.075(12)(a)3. 3. At least one of the following is implemented:
NR 151.075(12)(a)3.a. a. Total liquid manure application is applied in compliance with UW A2809, or limited to sub. (10) (b) 3. Table 1 rates, whichever is less, to prevent hydraulic overloading of the soil.
NR 151.075(12)(a)3.b. b. Liquid manure is applied in compliance with UW A2809 and within 10 days of the planting date or applied on a perennial or established crop.
NR 151.075(12)(a)3.c. c. Liquid manure is treated to substantially reduce pathogen levels via practices to a fecal coliform bacteria density of less than 500,000 most probable number or colony-forming units per 100 milliliter sample.
NR 151.075 Note Note: Copies of the University of Wisconsin — Extension publication A2809 Nutrient Application Guidelines for Field, Vegetable, and Fruit Crops in Wisconsin, dated 2012 (A2809) may be inspected at the office of the department, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection and the legislative reference bureau, Madison, Wisconsin. A2809 is also available electronically at: http://learningstore.uwex.edu/assets/pdfs/A2809.pdf.
NR 151.075(12)(b) (b) Pre-tillage, incorporation or injection is not required if cropland or pastures meet long term no-till or have a perennial or established crop. Each surface application of liquid manure must not exceed 10,000 gallons per acre.
NR 151.075(12)(c) (c) Pre-tillage is not required if demonstrated to the department that a field cannot meet s. NR 151.02 over an eight-year crop rotation using a combination of the following practices: tillage, crops, contouring, filter strips, or cover crops.
NR 151.075 Note Note: Silurian bedrock map information for soils with 5 to 20 feet to Silurian bedrock, developed by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection and/or department of natural resources, may be used alone or in combination to meet the requirements of this section.
NR 151.075(13) (13)Mechanical manure applications are prohibited within any of the following:
NR 151.075(13)(a) (a) 1000 feet of a community water system as defined in s. NR 811.02.
NR 151.075(13)(b) (b) 250 feet of a private water system or a non-community water system as defined in s. NR 812.07.
NR 151.075(13)(c) (c) An area within 300 feet upslope or 100 feet downslope of a direct conduit to groundwater as defined in s. NR 151.002 (11m).
NR 151.075(13)(d) (d) 100 feet of a concentrated flow channel that leads to a water system included in par. (a) or (b) or direct conduit to groundwater in par. (c).
NR 151.075(14) (14)Mechanical manure applications are prohibited on or within 100 feet of Silurian bedrock in a closed depression unless the manure is injected or incorporated within 24 hours or prior to precipitation capable of producing runoff, whichever comes first. The prohibition of mechanical application of manure does not apply to areas following long term no-till practices or with a perennial or established crop.
NR 151.075(15) (15)No surface application of manure on slopes of 6 percent or greater in cropland and pasture areas that have concentrated flow channels that drain to a closed depression in Silurian bedrock, unless the material is incorporated within 24 hours or prior to precipitation capable of producing runoff, whichever comes first. The prohibition of surface application of manure does not apply to areas following long term no-till practices or with a perennial or established crop.
NR 151.075(16) (16)Practices must retain land applied manure on the soil where they are applied with minimal movement to maintain setback distances specified in subs. (13) and (14).
NR 151.075 History History: CR 17-062: cr. Register June 2018 No. 750 eff. 7-1-18; corrections in (10) (b) 1., 2., (11) (b) 1., 2., (12) (a) 1., 2., (13) (intro.), (d), made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register June 2018 No. 750.
NR 151.08 NR 151.08 Manure management prohibitions.
NR 151.08(1)(1)All livestock producers shall comply with this section.
NR 151.08(2) (2)A livestock operation shall have no overflow of manure storage facilities.
NR 151.08(3) (3)A livestock operation shall have no unconfined manure pile in a water quality management area.
NR 151.08(4) (4)A livestock operation shall have no direct runoff from a feedlot or stored manure into the waters of the state.
NR 151.08(5)(a)(a) A livestock operation may not allow unlimited access by livestock to waters of the state in a location where high concentrations of animals prevent the maintenance of adequate sod or self-sustaining vegetative cover.
NR 151.08(5)(b) (b) This prohibition does not apply to properly designed, installed and maintained livestock or farm equipment crossings.
NR 151.08 History History: CR 00-027: cr. Register September 2002 No. 561, eff. 10-1-02.
NR 151.09 NR 151.09 Implementation and enforcement procedures for cropland performance standards.
NR 151.09(1)(1)Purpose. The purpose of this section is to identify the procedures the department will follow in implementing and enforcing the cropland performance standards pursuant to ss. 281.16 (3) and 281.98, Stats. This section will also identify circumstances under which an owner or operator of cropland is required to comply with the cropland performance standards. In this section, “cropland performance standards" means performance standards in ss. NR 151.005, 151.02, 151.03, 151.04, 151.07, and 151.075.
NR 151.09(2) (2)Role of municipalities. The department may rely on municipalities to implement the procedures and make determinations established in this section.
NR 151.09 Note Note: In most cases, the department will rely on municipalities to fully implement the cropland performance standards. The department intends to utilize the procedures in this section in cases where a municipality has requested assistance in implementing and enforcing the cropland performance standards or in cases where a municipality has failed to address an incident of noncompliance with the performance standards in a timely manner. The department recognizes that coordination between local municipalities, the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection and other state agencies is needed to achieve statewide compliance with the performance standards. Accordingly, the department plans on working with counties, the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection and other interested partners to develop a detailed intergovernmental strategy for achieving compliance with the performance standards that recognizes the procedures in these rules, state basin plans and the priorities established in land and water conservation plans.
NR 151.09 Note Note: The department implementation and enforcement procedures for livestock performance standards relating to manure management are included in s. NR 151.095 and ch. NR 243.
NR 151.09(3) (3)Landowner and operator requirements.
NR 151.09(3)(a)(a) Introduction. This section identifies compliance requirements for landowners and operators based on whether the cropland is existing or new and whether cost sharing is required and made available to the landowner or operator.
NR 151.09(3)(b) (b) General requirements. If any cropland is meeting a cropland performance standard on or after the effective date of the standard, the cropland performance standard shall continue to be met by the existing landowner or operator, heirs or subsequent owners or operators of the cropland. If a landowner or operator alters or changes the management of the cropland in a manner that results in noncompliance with the performance standard, the landowner or operator shall bring the cropland back into compliance, regardless of whether cost-sharing is made available. This paragraph does not apply to croplands completing enrollment determined to be existing under sub. (4) (b) 2.
NR 151.09 Note Note: The department or a municipality may use conservation plans, cost share agreements, deed restrictions, personal observations, landowner records, or other information to determine whether a change has occurred.
NR 151.09(3)(c) (c) Existing cropland requirements.
NR 151.09(3)(c)1.1. A landowner or operator of an existing cropland, defined under sub. (4) (b), shall comply with a cropland performance standard if all of the following have been done by the department:
NR 151.09(3)(c)1.a. a. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 3., a determination is made that cost sharing has been made available in accordance with sub. (4) (d) on or after the effective date of the cropland performance standard.
NR 151.09(3)(c)1.b. b. The landowner or operator has been notified in accordance with sub. (5) or (6).
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.