Register June 2020 No. 774
Chapter NR 146
WATER WELL DRILLER, HEAT EXCHANGE DRILLER, AND PUMP INSTALLER LICENSING
AND REGISTRATION; DRILLING RIG OPERATOR REGISTRATION
Purpose and applicability.
License or registration.
Initial applications for licenses or registrations.
License and registration conditions and emeritus.
Out of state water well drillers.
Out of state heat exchange drillers.
Licensee and registrant responsibilities.
Suspension and revocation.
Well filling and sealing.
Property transfer well inspections.
NR 146.01 Purpose and applicability. NR 146.01(1)(1)
This chapter is promulgated under chs. 280
, Stats. The purpose of this chapter is to establish the criteria by which the department administers the water well driller, heat exchange driller, and pump installer licensing and registration program and water well and heat exchange drilling rig operator registration program required by ch. 280
, Stats., and the licensing requirements for: filling and sealing potable and nonpotable water supply wells; and locating or evaluating wells that need to be filled and sealed, and locating or evaluating water supply wells and pressure systems at time of property transfer.
NR 146.01 Note
The standards for water well drilling, heat exchange drilling, pump installing, well filling and sealing and property transfer well inspections are in ch. NR 812
NR 146.01 Note
Note: The department intends to issue a single license or registration document indicating which type or types of wells or drillholes for which the holder is authorized.
This chapter applies to any individual or person engaging in, or intending to engage in the business of water well drilling, heat exchange drilling, pump installing, filling and sealing of potable and nonpotable water supply wells, and locating or evaluating wells or drillholes that need to be filled and sealed, or locating or evaluating water supply wells and pressure systems at time of property transfer in the state of Wisconsin. The license requirements of this chapter do not apply to water well drilling or pump installing activities involving a well supplying water which is not used for, or is not intended to be used for, human consumption or for the washing or preparation of food or pharmaceutical products.
NR 146.01 Note
Any person constructing a water well or heat exchange drillhole or installing a pump, regardless of whether that person is required to be licensed or registered under this chapter, is required to comply with applicable laws and rules and with any plans, specifications, variance and approvals approved by the department for water well construction, heat exchange drilling, and pump installation. For example, ch. NR 812
contains water well construction and pump installation requirements for private and noncommunity water systems and chs. NR 810
contain water well construction and pump installation requirements for community water systems.
NR 146.01 History
Cr. Register, December, 1988, No. 396
, eff. 1-1-89; correction in (1) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7.
, Stats., Register March 2011 No. 663
; CR 13-096
: am. (1), (2), CR 13-099
: am. (1), (2) Register September 2014 No. 705
, eff. 10-1-14; 2015 Wis. Act 197
s. 32 Register April 2016 No. 724
NR 146.02 Definitions.
As used in this chapter:
“Advance notification" means notification to the department via fax, e-mail or telephone at least one working day before commencing any work.
“Certificate of supervision" means a department form, signed by the owner of a water well drilling, heat exchange drilling or pump installing business and by the licensed supervisory individual water well driller, heat exchange driller or pump installer, which assigns supervisory, legal, financial and compliance responsibilities for a registered water well drilling, heat exchange drilling or pump installing business.
“Competent sanitary engineer" means a professional engineer registered by the Wisconsin department of safety and professional services who practices in the discipline of civil, sanitary and structural engineering.
“Department" means the department of natural resources.
“Direct supervision" means actual physical presence and supervision by a Wisconsin licensed individual water well driller during all water well drilling activities, by a Wisconsin licensed individual heat exchange driller during all heat exchange drilling activities, or by a Wisconsin licensed individual pump installer during all pump installing activities.
“Driven point well" means a well constructed by joining a drive point with lengths of pipe, and driving the assembly into the ground with percussion equipment or by hand, but without first removing material below the 10-foot depth.
NR 146.02 Note
Note: A “driven point" is also known as a sand point well.
“Engage in the business of" includes advertising, bidding, contracting, preparing plans and specifications, supervising, performing, billing or receiving payment for water well drilling, heat exchange drilling [or] pump installing, filling and sealing or property transfer well inspection activities.
NR 146.02 Note
“Or" in brackets was inserted by CR 13-096
, but should be replaced by a comma to accommodate the insertion by CR 13-099
of the material following. Future rulemaking will address any inconsistencies.
“Experience period" means the two or three years during which a water well drilling rig operator gained experience toward obtaining a water well drilling license.
“Filling and sealing" means to fill a well, drillhole, pit or reservoir with a material or materials so the well, drillhole, pit or reservoir will not act as a vertical conduit to contaminate another well, groundwater or an aquifer.
NR 146.02 Note
Section 280.01 (2b)
, Stats., defines “heat exchange drillhole" to mean “an excavation or opening in the ground that is deeper than it is wide, that extends more than 25 feet below the ground surface, and that is made for the purpose of installing a geothermal closed-loop heat exchange system."
NR 146.02 Note
Section 280.01 (2c)
, Stats., defines “heat exchange drilling" to mean “the industry and procedure employed in making heat exchange drillholes."
“Heat exchange drilling rig operator" means an individual registered with the department to operate a drilling rig for the construction of heat exchange drillholes under the general or direct supervision of a licensed individual heat exchange driller.
“Heat exchange registrant" means a person registered to engage in the business of heat exchange in Wisconsin under the supervision of a licensed individual heat exchange driller.
“Person" means an individual, firm, business, corporation, limited liability corporation, company, association, cooperative, trust institution, partnership, state, public utility, municipality, or federal, state or interstate agency.
“Place of business or retail outlet" means every place for which a person would be required to have a seller's permit from the department of revenue.
“Potable water" means water supplied for human consumption, or water supplied for sanitary use or for the washing or preparation of food or pharmaceutical products.
NR 146.02 Note
Note: The term “water for human consumption" is used interchangeably with the term “potable water."
“Property transfer well inspection" means an inspection, for compensation, for the purpose of locating or evaluating wells that need to be filled and sealed and water supply wells or pressure systems on real property in contemplation of a transfer of the real property.
NR 146.02 Note
Section NR 812.07 (79t)
defines “property transfer well inspector" as an individual authorized under s. NR 812.44 (1)
to conduct a property transfer well inspection.
“Pump installation" means the pump and its associated pressure system including any equipment and material needed to withdraw, obtain, discharge and store water from a well or a spring. The pump installation includes the spring box, reservoir, pump, pump drop pipe, check valves, well cap or seal, pitless adapter, pitless receiver tank, pitless unit, above-ground discharge unit, associated discharge piping and associated connections, valves and appurtenances, pressure tank, sampling faucet, water storage or pressure vessel or structure, the electrical wiring and controls needed to operate the pump or pressure system, and any chemical addition, water treatment device or yard hydrant upstream of the water storage or pressure vessel or building control valve.
“Pump installer registrant" means a person registered to engage in the business of pump installing in Wisconsin under the supervision of a licensed individual pump installer.
“Pump installing" has the meaning specified in s. 280.01 (5)
, Stats., and includes installing, repairing, replacing or reinstalling a: spring box, reservoir, pump, pump drop pipe, check valve, well cap or seal, pitless adapter, pitless receiver tank, pitless unit, above-ground discharge unit, associated discharge piping and associated connections, valves and appurtenances, pressure tank, sampling faucet, water storage or pressure vessel or structure, the electrical wiring and controls needed to operate a pump or pressure system, and any chemical addition, water treatment device or yard hydrant upstream of the water storage or pressure vessel or building control valve; attaching well casing pipe to extend the well casing pipe to a complying height above grade, or up and out of a pit or a subsurface pumproom or alcove; or bailing or chemically conditioning a well to return it to its original capacity, production capability or water quality. Pump installing does not include installation of a temporary test pump by a water well driller for the purpose of determining well capacity or water quality and does not include the installation, by a well driller, of a well cap or seal. Opening a well cap or well seal to inspect or chlorinate a well is not considered pump installing unless the well cap or seal is replaced with a different cap or seal, or unless the well has a hand pump installed on it.
NR 146.02 Note
Section 280.01 (5)
, Stats., defines “Pump installing" to mean the industry and procedure employed in the placement and preparation for operation of equipment and materials utilized in withdrawing or obtaining water from a well for consumption or use, including all construction involved in making entrance to the well and establishing such seals and safeguards as are necessary to protect such water from contamination.
“Registrant" means a person, firm, corporation, or partnership registered to engage in the business of well drilling or pump installing in Wisconsin.
“Regulation" means the laws, rules, and conditions under which any registration, license or variance is issued or plans and specifications are approved by the department.
“Under the supervision" means employed by a licensed individual or by a registered person, employing or contracting with a licensed supervisory individual, who is legally and financially responsible for compliance with all applicable laws and rules and any plans, specifications, variances and approvals approved by the department, and who has advance and specific knowledge of water well drilling, heat exchange drilling, pump installing, or well filling and sealing activities.