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4%   4% or more
10%   2% or more
15% or more   1% or more
Ins 40.025(4)(b)1.b. b. Or, the market is not highly concentrated and the involved insurers possess the following shares of the market:
Insurer A   Insurer B
5%   5% or more
10%   4% or more
15%   3% or more
19% or more   1% or more
Ins 40.025(4)(b)2. 2. There is a significant trend toward increased concentration when the aggregate market share of any grouping of the largest insurers in the market, from the 2 largest to the 8 largest, has increased by 7% or more of the market over a period of time extending from any base year 5 to 10 years prior to the acquisition up to the time of the acquisition. Any acquisition or merger covered under sub. (2) involving 2 or more insurers competing in the same market is prima facie evidence of violation of the competitive standard in par. (a) of this subsection if:
Ins 40.025(4)(b)2.a. a. There is a significant trend toward increased concentration in the market.
Ins 40.025(4)(b)2.b. b. One of the insurers involved is one of the insurers in a grouping of large insurers showing the requisite increase in the market share; and
Ins 40.025(4)(b)2.c. c. Another involved insurer's market is 2% or more.
Ins 40.025(4)(b)3. 3. For the purposes of this subsection:
Ins 40.025(4)(b)3.a. a. The term “insurer" includes any company or group of companies under common management, ownership, or control;
Ins 40.025(4)(b)3.b. b. The term “market" means the relevant product and geographical markets. In determining the relevant product and geographical markets, the commissioner shall give due consideration to, among other things, the definitions or guidelines, if any, promulgated by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners and to information, if any, submitted by parties to the acquisition. In the absence of sufficient information to the contrary, the relevant product market is assumed to be the direct written insurance premium for a line of business, such line being that used in the annual statement required to be filed by insurers doing business in this state, and the relevant geographical market is assumed to be this state;
Ins 40.025(4)(b)3.c. c. The burden of showing prima facie evidence of violation of the competitive standard rests upon the commissioner.
Ins 40.025(4)(b)4. 4. Even if an acquisition is not prima facie violative of the competitive standard under par. (a), the commissioner may establish the requisite anticompetitive effect based upon other substantial evidence. Even if an acquisition is prima facie violative of the competitive standard under par. (a), a party may establish the absence of the requisite anticompetitive effect based upon other substantial evidence. Relevant factors in making a determination under this subdivision include, but are not limited to, the following: market shares, volatility of ranking of market leaders, number of competitors, concentration, trend of concentration in the industry, and ease of entry and exit into the market.
Ins 40.025(4)(c) (c) The commissioner may approve the acquisition if the public benefits of the acquisition exceed the public benefits which would arise from not lessening competition.
Ins 40.025 History History: CR 14-071: cr. Register August 2015 No. 716, eff. 9-1-15; s. 35.17 correction in (1), (4) (b) 2., 4. Register August 2015 No. 716.
Ins 40.03 Ins 40.03 Registration.
Ins 40.03(1)(1)Registration.
Ins 40.03(1)(a)(a) Except as provided under par. (b), every insurer which is authorized to do business in this state and which is a member of an insurance holding company system, and every person having or attempting to acquire control of such an insurer, shall register with the commissioner.
Ins 40.03(1)(b) (b) This subsection does not apply to a person, foreign insurer or alien insurer which is exempt from registration under s. 617.11 (2), Stats., unless otherwise ordered by the commissioner. An insurer may register on behalf of a person having or attempting to acquire control of the insurer or on behalf of an insurer which is an affiliate of the insurer. Lack of knowledge that an insurer has not registered on behalf of the person or affiliate or that the registration is incomplete or inaccurate is not a defense for the person or affiliate.
Ins 40.03(2) (2)Time for filing. Any person which is subject to registration under this section shall register within 15 days after it becomes subject to registration, and annually by June 1 of each subsequent year for the immediately preceding calendar year, unless the commissioner for good cause shown extends the time for registration, and then within the extended time.
Ins 40.03(3) (3)Information and form required. Every person subject to registration shall file the registration statement with the commissioner on the forms and in a format prescribed under s. Ins 40.15, and it shall contain the following information which is current on the date of filing:
Ins 40.03(3)(a) (a) The capital structure, general financial condition, ownership, and management of the insurer and any person having control of the insurer;
Ins 40.03(3)(b) (b) The identity and relationship of every member of the insurance holding company system except affiliates whose total assets are less than the lesser of .5% of the total assets of the ultimate controlling person or $10 million;
Ins 40.03(3)(c) (c) The following agreements in force, and transactions currently outstanding or which have occurred during the immediately preceding calendar year between the insurer and its affiliates:
Ins 40.03(3)(c)1. 1. Loans, extensions of credit, other investments, or purchases, sales or exchanges of securities of the affiliates by the insurer or of the insurer by its affiliates;
Ins 40.03(3)(c)2. 2. Purchases, sales, or exchange of assets;
Ins 40.03(3)(c)3. 3. Transactions not in the ordinary course of business;
Ins 40.03(3)(c)4. 4. Guarantees or undertakings for the benefit of an affiliate which result in an actual contingent exposure of the insurer's assets to liability, other than insurance contracts entered into in the ordinary course of the insurer's business;
Ins 40.03(3)(c)5. 5. All management agreements, exclusive agent agreements, service contracts and all cost-sharing arrangements;
Ins 40.03(3)(c)6. 6. Reinsurance agreements;
Ins 40.03(3)(c)7. 7. Dividends and other distributions to shareholders; and
Ins 40.03(3)(c)8. 8. Consolidated tax allocation agreements.
Ins 40.03(3)(d) (d) Any pledge of the insurer's stock, including stock of any subsidiary or affiliate having control of the insurer, for a loan made to any member of the insurance holding company system;
Ins 40.03(3)(e) (e) If requested by the commissioner, the insurer shall include financial statements, as prepared in the ordinary course of its business, of or within an insurance holding company system, including all affiliates. Financial statements may include, but are not limited to, annual audited financial statements filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. An insurer required to file financial statements pursuant to this paragraph may satisfy the request by providing the commissioner with the most recently filed parent corporation financial statements that have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission;
Ins 40.03(3)(f) (f) Other matters concerning transactions between registered insurers and any affiliates as may be included from time to time in any registration forms adopted or approved by the commissioner;
Ins 40.03(3)(g) (g) Statements that the insurer's board of directors oversees corporate governance and internal controls and that the insurer's officers or senior management have approved, implemented, and continue to maintain and monitor corporate governance and internal control procedures;
Ins 40.03(3)(h) (h) Any other information required by the commissioner by rule or regulation.
Ins 40.03(4) (4)Summary of changes to registration statement. All registration statements shall contain a summary on form C contained in the appendix to this chapter outlining all items in the current registration statement representing changes from the prior registration statement.
Ins 40.03(5) (5)Materiality. No information need be disclosed on the registration statement required under this section if the information is not material for the purposes of this section. Any transaction related to a management, exclusive agency or similar agreement or which is a service contract or cost-sharing arrangement is a material transaction. Any other transaction subject to sub. (3) is a material transaction if it involves or exposes to risk in a single transaction or group or series of related transactions an amount which is more than .5% of the insurer's admitted assets as of the 31st day of December of the immediately preceding calendar year, unless the commissioner by order provides otherwise.
Ins 40.03(6) (6)Affiliate to provide information. A person within an insurance holding company system which includes an insurer subject to registration shall provide to the insurer any information which is reasonably necessary to enable the insurer to comply with this chapter and ch. 617, Stats. The person shall provide complete and accurate information.
Ins 40.03(7) (7)Consolidated filing. The commissioner may require or allow 2 or more insurers which are affiliates subject to registration to file a consolidated registration statement.
Ins 40.03(8) (8)Disclaimer. Any person may file with the commissioner a disclaimer of affiliation with any authorized insurer or a disclaimer may be filed by the insurer or any member of an insurance holding company system. The disclaimer shall fully disclose all material relationships and bases for affiliation between the person and the insurer as well as the basis for disclaiming affiliation. A disclaimer of affiliation shall be deemed to have been granted unless the commissioner, within 30 days following receipt of a complete disclaimer, notifies the filing party the disclaimer is disallowed. In the event of disallowance, the disclaiming party may request an administrative hearing, which shall be granted. The disclaiming party shall be relieved of its duty to register under this section if approval of the disclaimer has been granted by the commissioner, or if the disclaimer is deemed to have been approved.
Ins 40.03(9) (9)Enterprise risk filing.
Ins 40.03(9)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (c), the ultimate controlling person of every insurer subject to registration shall file an annual enterprise risk report on form F in the appendix of this chapter. The report shall, to the best of the ultimate controlling person's knowledge and belief, identify the material risks within the insurance holding company system that could pose enterprise risk to the insurer. The report shall be filed with the lead state commissioner of the insurance holding company system as determined by the procedures within the Financial Analysis Handbook adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. The time for filing the first enterprise risk report shall be June 1, 2015, or 30 days after the effective date of this rule, whichever date is later. Thereafter, the enterprise risk report shall be filed annually by June 1 for the immediately preceding calendar year. An applicant for an acquisition of control of an insurer under s. Ins 40.02 shall file an enterprise risk report within 15 days after the end of the month in which the acquisition of control occurs.
Ins 40.03(9)(b) (b) Sections 19.31 to 19.37, Stats., do not apply to an insurer's annual enterprise risk report or to any information submitted to the commissioner in connection with an insurer's annual enterprise risk report and the report shall not be subject to subpoena, discovery or be admissible in evidence in any private civil action. The commissioner shall only share an insurer's annual enterprise risk report, and any information requested by the commissioner in connection with an insurer's annual enterprise risk report, with commissioners of states having statutes or regulations substantially similar to this subsection and who have agreed in writing not to disclose such information.
Ins 40.03(9)(c) (c) The commissioner may grant a waiver from the requirements in par. (a) if the ultimate controlling person demonstrates that compliance with par. (a) would impose an undue financial or organizational hardship on the ultimate controlling person. The commissioner may order an ultimate controlling person otherwise exempted under this paragraph to file an enterprise risk report if an insurer subject to registration is not in compliance with applicable risk-based capital or compulsory and security surplus requirements or is otherwise in hazardous condition as determined by the commissioner.
Ins 40.03 History History: Cr. Register, July, 1993, No. 451, eff. 8-1-93; CR 14-071: r. and recr. Register August 2015 No. 716, eff. 9-1-15; s. 35.17 correction in (9) (a) Register August 2015 No. 716.
Ins 40.04 Ins 40.04 Standards for transactions within an insurance holding company system.
Ins 40.04(1)(1)Transactions within an insurance holding company system. An insurer, or affiliate of an insurer, which is required to register under s. Ins 40.03 may not enter directly or indirectly into a transaction between the insurer and the affiliate unless the insurer and affiliate:
Ins 40.04(1)(a) (a) Comply with s. 617.21 (1), Stats., and sub. (6);
Ins 40.04(1)(b) (b) Expenses incurred and payment received for the transaction are allocated to the insurer in conformity with customary insurance accounting practices consistently applied; and
Ins 40.04(1)(c) (c) The books, accounts and records of each party to the transaction clearly and accurately disclose the nature and details of the transaction including the accounting information which is necessary to support the reasonableness of the charges or fees to the respective parties.
Ins 40.04(2) (2)Transactions required to be reported and subject to disapproval. A domestic insurer, and a person attempting to acquire control of a domestic insurer, or an affiliate of a domestic insurer, which directly or indirectly is involved in or benefits from, a transaction, shall report, under s. 617.21 (2), Stats., each of the following transactions, including amendments or modifications of transactions previously filed pursuant to this section, which are subject to any materiality standards contained in pars. (a) to (f), to the commissioner in writing at least 30 days before the domestic insurer enters into the transaction, unless the commissioner in writing approves a shorter period. The notice for amendments or modifications shall include the reasons for the change and the financial impact on the domestic insurer. Informal notice shall be reported to the commissioner within 30 days after termination of a previously filed agreement, if termination is other than according to the terms of the agreement as filed, and the commissioner shall determine the type of filing required, if any. Transactions required to be reported and subject to disapproval include each of the following:
Ins 40.04(2)(a) (a) Sales, purchases, exchanges, loans, extensions of credit, guarantees, or investments involving the domestic insurer and an affiliate or a person attempting to acquire control of the domestic insurer if the transactions are equal to or exceed the lesser of 2% of the domestic insurer's admitted assets or 10% of policyholder surplus as of the 31st day of December of the immediately preceding calendar year. All guarantees which are unlimited or not quantifiable as to amount are subject to the reporting requirements of this subsection;
Ins 40.04(2)(b) (b) Loans or extensions of credit or guarantees to any person who is not an affiliate, where the domestic insurer makes loans, extensions of credit or guarantees with the agreement or understanding that the proceeds of the transactions or benefit of the guarantees, in whole or in significant part, directly or indirectly, are to be used to make loans or extensions of credit to, to purchase assets of, or to make investments in, any affiliate of the domestic insurer making the loans, extensions of credit, or guarantee, or any person attempting to acquire control of the insurer, if the transactions are equal to or exceed the lesser of 2% of the domestic insurer's admitted assets or 10% of policyholder surplus as of the 31st day of December of the immediately preceding calendar year. All guarantees which are unlimited or not quantifiable as to amount are subject to the reporting requirements of this subsection;
Ins 40.04(2)(c) (c) Reinsurance agreements, including reinsurance pooling arrangements, or modifications to reinsurance agreements, which involve a domestic insurer and either an affiliate or a person attempting to acquire control of the domestic insurer in which the reinsurance premium, the projected reinsurance premium or a change in the insurer's liabilities in any of the next three years equals or exceeds 5% of the insurer's policyholder surplus, as of the 31st day of December of the immediately preceding calendar year, including, but not limited to, those agreements which may require as consideration the transfer of assets from an insurer to a nonaffiliate, if an agreement or understanding exists between the insurer and nonaffiliate that any portion of the assets will be transferred to one or more affiliates of the insurer;
Ins 40.04(2)(d) (d) All management agreements, exclusive agency agreements, service contracts, tax allocation agreements, or cost-sharing arrangements which involve a domestic insurer and either an affiliate or a person attempting to acquire control of the domestic insurer. All agreements under this paragraph entered into after the effective date of this rule shall, at a minimum and as applicable, contain all of the following:
Ins 40.04(2)(d)1. 1. Identify the person providing services and the nature of such services.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)2. 2. Set forth the methods to allocate costs.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)3. 3. Require timely settlement, not less frequently than on a quarterly basis, and compliance with the requirements in the Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)4. 4. Prohibit advancement of funds by the insurer to the affiliate except to pay for services defined in the agreement. This subdivision does not prohibit loans or capital transactions that involve a domestic insurer and an affiliate that are otherwise permitted by statute or rule.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)5. 5. State that the insurer will maintain oversight for functions provided to the insurer by the affiliate and that the insurer will monitor services annually for quality assurance.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)6. 6. Define books and records of the insurer to include all books and records developed or maintained under or related to the agreement.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)7. 7. Specify that all books and records of the insurer are and remain the property of the insurer and are subject to control of the insurer.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)8. 8. State that all funds and invested assets of the insurer are the exclusive property of the insurer, held for the benefit of the insurer and are subject to the control of the insurer.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)9. 9. Include standards for termination of the agreement with and without cause.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)10. 10. Include provisions for indemnification of the insurer in the event of gross negligence or willful misconduct on the part of the affiliate providing the services.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)11. 11. Specify that, if the insurer is placed in delinquency proceedings or seized by the commissioner under ch. 645., Stats.:
Ins 40.04(2)(d)11.a. a. All of the rights of the insurer under the agreement extend to the receiver or commissioner.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)11.b. b. All books and records will immediately be made available to the receiver or the commissioner, and shall be turned over to the receiver or commissioner immediately upon the receiver or the commissioner's request.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)12. 12. Specify that the affiliate has no automatic right to terminate the agreement if the insurer is placed in receivership pursuant to ch. 645, Stats.
Ins 40.04(2)(d)13. 13. Specify that the affiliate will continue to maintain any systems, programs, or other infrastructure notwithstanding a delinquency proceeding or seizure by the commissioner under chapter 645, Stats., and will make them available to the receiver, for so long as the affiliate continues to receive timely payment for services.
Ins 40.04(2)(e) (e) A transaction not in the ordinary course of business which involves a domestic insurer and either an affiliate of, or a person attempting to acquire control of, a domestic insurer and which involves or exposes to risk an amount equal to or exceeding the lesser of 2% of the domestic insurer's admitted assets or 10% of policyholder surplus as of the 31st day of December of the immediately preceding calendar year; and
Ins 40.04(2)(f) (f) Any material transactions which the commissioner requires to be reported by order.
Ins 40.04(3) (3)Illegal transactions not authorized. This section does not authorize or permit any transaction which would be otherwise contrary to law.
Ins 40.04(4) (4)Group or series of related transactions. For the purpose of applying sub. (2), a group or series of related transactions shall be treated as if they are a single transaction.
Ins 40.04(5) (5)Subterfuge prohibited. A domestic insurer, person attempting to acquire control of a domestic insurer, person having control of a domestic insurer or affiliate of a domestic insurer may not enter into transactions which are part of a group or series of transactions if the purpose of those separate transactions is to attempt to avoid a threshold amount under this chapter.
Ins 40.04(6) (6)Disapproval. Transactions subject to reporting under sub. (2) may be disapproved by the commissioner under s. 617.21 (3), Stats. No person may enter into or assent to a transaction that is disapproved by the commissioner or which is subject to reporting under sub. (2) but not reported.
Ins 40.04(7) (7)Insurer may report on behalf of affiliate or person attempting to acquire control. A domestic insurer may file a report under sub. (2) on behalf of its affiliate or of the person attempting to acquire control of the insurer. Lack of knowledge that an insurer has not reported on behalf of the affiliate or person or that the report is incomplete or inaccurate is not a defense for the affiliate or person attempting to acquire control of the insurer.
Ins 40.04 History History: Cr. Register, July, 1993, No. 451, eff. 8-1-93; CR 14-071: r. and recr. Register August 2015 No. 716, eff. 9-1-15; s. 35.17 correction in (2) Register August 2015 No. 716.
Ins 40.05 Ins 40.05 Privileged information. The information required to be filed with the commissioner under to ss. Ins 40.02, 40.025, 40.07, and 40.08, is required pursuant to s. 601.42, Stats., and is subject to s. 601.465, Stats.
Ins 40.05 History History: Cr. Register, July, 1993, No. 451, eff. 8-1-93; CR 14-071: am. Register August 2015 No. 716, eff. 9-1-15; CR 19-013: am. Register April 2020 No. 772, eff. 5-1-20.
Ins 40.07 Ins 40.07Designation of the group-wide supervisor of internationally active insurance groups.
Ins 40.07(1)(1)  
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.