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Ins 40.14   Forms—additional information and exhibits.
Ins 40.15   Registration form.
Ins 40.16   Alternative and consolidated registrations.
Ins 40.17   Transactions subject to prior notice—notice filing.
Ins 40.18   Extraordinary dividends and other distributions.
Ins 40.19   Consent to jurisdiction.
Ins 40.20   Enterprise Risk Report.
Ch. Ins 40 Note Note: The annual registration requirements under this chapter first apply after December 31, 1993.
subch. I of ch. Ins 40 Subchapter I—Insurance Holding Company Standards
Ins 40.01 Ins 40.01 Definitions. In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
Ins 40.01(1) (1)“Acquiring person" means each person by whom or on whose behalf a merger or other acquisition of control is to be effected.
Ins 40.01(2) (2)“Affiliate" has the meaning provided under s. 600.03 (1), Stats.
Ins 40.01(3) (3)“Commissioner" means the commissioner of insurance of this state, the deputy commissioner, or the office of the commissioner of insurance of this state, as appropriate.
Ins 40.01(4) (4)“Control" has the meaning provided under s. 600.03 (13), Stats.
Ins 40.01(4m) (4m)“Enterprise risk" has the meaning provided under s. 617.12 (1), Stats.
Ins 40.01(5) (5)“Executive officer" means chief executive officer, chief operating officer, chief financial officer, treasurer, secretary, controller, and any other individual performing functions corresponding to those performed by one of those positions under whatever title.
Ins 40.01(5m) (5m)  “ Group-wide supervisor” means the regulatory official who is authorized to conduct and coordinate group-wide supervision activities and who is determined or acknowledged by the commissioner to have sufficient significant contacts with the internationally active insurance group.
Ins 40.01(6) (6)“Insurance holding company system" means 2 or more persons who are affiliates, one or more of which is an insurer.
Ins 40.01(7) (7)“Insurer" has the meaning provided under s. 600.03 (27), Stats., except that it does not include agencies, authorities or instrumentalities of the United States, its possessions and territories, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, or a state or political subdivision of a state.
Ins 40.01(7m) (7m)  “ Internationally active insurance group” means an insurance holding company system that includes an insurer registered consistent with s. Ins 40.03 and all the following:
Ins 40.01(7m)(a) (a) Premiums written in at least three countries.
Ins 40.01(7m)(b) (b) The percentage of gross premiums written outside the United States is at least 10 percent of the insurance holding company's total gross written premiums.
Ins 40.01(7m)(c) (c) Based on a 3-year rolling average, either the total assets of the insurance holding company system are at least $50 billion, or the total gross written premiums of the insurance holding company system are at least $10 billion.
Ins 40.01(8) (8)“Policyholder surplus" means capital and surplus.
Ins 40.01(9) (9)“Security holder" means a person who owns any security of a person, including, but not limited to, common stock, preferred stock, debt obligations or any other security convertible into or evidencing the right to acquire stock or debt obligations.
Ins 40.01(10) (10)“State of domicile" means the state where an insurer is domiciled or, for an alien insurer, its port of entry state.
Ins 40.01(11) (11)“Subsidiary" of a person means a person which is controlled, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, by the first person.
Ins 40.01(12) (12)“Ultimate controlling person" means a person who is not controlled by any other person. 
Ins 40.01(13) (13)“Voting security" includes, but is not limited to, any security convertible into or evidencing a right to acquire a voting security.
Ins 40.01 History History: Cr. Register, July, 1993, No. 451, eff. 8-1-93; correction in (12) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 12., Stats., Register, June, 1997, No. 498; CR 14-071: cr. (4m), am. (7) Register August 2015 No. 716, eff. 9-1-15; CR 19-013: cr. (5m), (7m) Register April 2020 No. 772, eff. 5-1-20; correction in (7m) (c) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register April 2020 No. 772.
Ins 40.02 Ins 40.02 Acquisition of control of or merger with domestic insurer or divestiture of the shares of a domestic insurer.
Ins 40.02(1)(1)Filing requirements.
Ins 40.02(1)(a)(a) Except as provided under par. (b), no person, other than the insurer, may:
Ins 40.02(1)(a)1. 1. Make a tender offer for, request or invitation for, tenders of, divestiture of, or enter into any agreement to exchange securities for, seek to acquire, or acquire, in the open market or otherwise, any voting security of a domestic insurer if after the consummation of the offer, request, invitation, agreement or acquisition, the person would, directly or indirectly, or by conversion or by exercise of any right to acquire, be in control of the insurer; or
Ins 40.02(1)(a)2. 2. Enter into an agreement to merge with or otherwise to acquire or attempt to acquire control of a domestic insurer or any person having control of a domestic insurer.
Ins 40.02(1)(b) (b) A person is not subject to par. (a), only if:
Ins 40.02(1)(b)1. 1. The person first files the information required under sub. (2) and, if applicable, the person files a pre-acquisition notification, which shall contain the information set forth in s. Ins 40.025 with the commissioner and sends a copy of the information to the domestic insurer; and
Ins 40.02(1)(b)2. 2. The offer, request, invitation, agreement or acquisition has been approved by the commissioner under ss. 611.72, 611.73, 612.21, 612.22, 613.72, or 614.73, and 617.21, Stats.
Ins 40.02(1)(c) (c) Any controlling person of a domestic insurer seeking to divest its controlling interest in the domestic insurer, in any manner, shall file with the commissioner, with a copy to the insurer, confidential notice of its proposed divestiture at least 30 days prior to the cessation of control. The commissioner shall determine those instances in which the party or parties seeking to divest or to acquire a controlling interest in an insurer, will be required to file for and obtain approval of the transaction. The information shall remain confidential until the conclusion of the transaction unless the commissioner, in his or her discretion determines that confidential treatment will interfere with enforcement of this section. If the statement referred to in sub. (2) is otherwise filed, this paragraph shall not apply.
Ins 40.02(1)(d) (d) For purposes of this section “domestic insurer" includes any person having control of a domestic insurer. This section does not apply to a person who is a securities broker holding, in the usual and customary securities broker's function, less than 20% of the voting securities of an insurer or of any person which controls an insurer.
Ins 40.02(2) (2)Content of statement. Except as provided under sub. (5), a person required to file under sub. (1) shall file the following information, using form A in the appendix to this chapter, in a sworn statement:
Ins 40.02(2)(a) (a) For each acquiring person:
Ins 40.02(2)(a)1. 1. The acquiring person's name and address;
Ins 40.02(2)(a)2. 2. If the acquiring person is an individual, his or her principal occupation and all offices and positions held during the past 5 years, any conviction of crimes other than traffic violations not involving death or injury during the past 10 years and all relevant information regarding any occupational license or registration; and
Ins 40.02(2)(a)3. 3. If the acquiring person is not an individual, a report of the nature of its business operations during the past 5 years or for the lesser period that the acquiring person and any predecessors of the acquiring person have been in existence, if shorter, an informative description of the business intended to be done by the acquiring person and the acquiring person's subsidiaries, and a list of all individuals who are or who have been selected to become directors or executive officers of the acquiring person, or who perform or will perform functions similar to those positions. The list shall include for each individual the information required by subds. 1. and 2.
Ins 40.02(2)(b) (b) The source, nature, and amount of the consideration used or to be used in effecting the merger or other acquisition of control, a description of any transaction from which funds were or are to be obtained for that purpose, including any pledge of the insurer's stock, or the stock of any of its subsidiaries or affiliates which control the insurer, the criteria used in determining the nature and amount of consideration and the identity of persons furnishing the consideration.
Ins 40.02(2)(c) (c) Fully audited financial information as to the earnings and financial condition of each acquiring person for the preceding 5 fiscal years of each acquiring person or for the period the acquiring person and any predecessors of the acquiring person have been in existence, if shorter, and similar unaudited information as of a date not earlier than 90 days prior to the filing of the statement.
Ins 40.02(2)(d) (d) Any plans or proposals which any acquiring person is considering to liquidate, to sell assets of, or to merge or consolidate the insurer or to make any other material change in the insurer's business or corporate structure or management.
Ins 40.02(2)(e) (e) The number of shares of any security which each acquiring person proposes to acquire; the terms of the offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition; and a statement as to the method by which the fairness of the proposal was determined.
Ins 40.02(2)(f) (f) The amount of each class of any security which is beneficially owned or concerning which there is a right to acquire beneficial ownership by any acquiring person.
Ins 40.02(2)(g) (g) A full description of any contracts, arrangements, or understandings with respect to any security in which any acquiring person is involved, including, but not limited to, transfer of any of the securities, joint ventures, loan or option arrangements, puts or calls, guarantees of loans, guarantees against loss or guarantees of profits, division of losses or profits, or the giving or withholding of proxies. The description shall identify the persons with whom the contracts, arrangements or understandings have been entered into.
Ins 40.02(2)(h) (h) A description of the purchase of any security of the entity to be acquired during the 12 calendar months preceding the filing of the statement by any acquiring person, including the dates of purchase, names of the purchasers, and consideration paid or agreed to be paid.
Ins 40.02(2)(i) (i) A description of any recommendations to purchase any security made during the 12 calendar months preceding the filing of the statement by any acquiring person, or by anyone at the suggestion of the acquiring person.
Ins 40.02(2)(j) (j) Copies of all tender offers for, requests or invitations for, tenders of, exchange offers for, or agreements to acquire or exchange any securities, and, if distributed, of additional soliciting material relating to those offers, requests, invitations, or agreements.
Ins 40.02(2)(k) (k) The term of any agreement, contract or understanding made with or proposed to be made with any broker-dealer as to solicitation of securities for tender, and the amount of any fees, commissions or other compensation to be paid to broker-dealers relating to the solicitation.
Ins 40.02(2)(L) (L) An agreement by the person required to file the statement referred to in sub. (1) that it will provide the annual report specified in s. Ins 40.03 (9) for so long as control exists.
Ins 40.02(2)(m) (m) An acknowledgement by the person required to file the statement referred to in sub. (1) that the person and all subsidiaries within its control in the insurance holding company system will provide information to the commissioner upon request as necessary to evaluate enterprise risk to the insurer.
Ins 40.02(2m) (2m)Violations. Whenever it appears to the commissioner that any person has committed a violation of this chapter which prevents the full understanding of the enterprise risk to the insurer by affiliates or by the insurance holding company system, the violation may serve as an independent basis for disapproving dividends or distributions and for placing the insurer under summary orders in accordance with s. 645.21, Stats.
Ins 40.02(3) (3)Partners and stockholders. If the person required to file under sub. (1) is a partnership, limited partnership, syndicate, or other group, the commissioner may require that the information required under sub. (2) be given with respect to each partner of the partnership or limited partnership, each member of the syndicate or group, and each person who controls the partner or member. If any partner, member, or person is a corporation or the person required to file under sub. (1) is a corporation, the commissioner may require that the information required under sub. (2) be given with respect to the corporation, each officer and director of the corporation, and each person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the corporation.
Ins 40.02(4) (4)Material changes. A person required to file under sub. (1) shall file an amendment to the filing if any material change occurs in the facts set forth in a statement previously filed with the commissioner. The person shall include in the amendment a description of the change and copies of all documents and other material relevant to the change. The amendment shall be filed with the commissioner and sent to the insurer within 2 business days after the person learns of the change.
Ins 40.02(5) (5)Alternative filing materials. If any offer, request, invitation, agreement, or acquisition is proposed to be made by means of a registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933 or in circumstances requiring the disclosure of information under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or under a state law requiring similar registration or disclosure, the person required to file information under sub. (1) may utilize those documents to furnish the information required to be filed under sub. (2).
Ins 40.02(6) (6)Consolidated hearing. If an applicant requests a hearing on a consolidated basis under s. 611.72 or 611.73, Stats., and the commissioner approves a hearing on a consolidated basis, in addition to filing the form A with the commissioner, the applicant shall file a copy of form A with the National Association of Insurance Commissioners in electronic form.
Ins 40.02 History History: Cr. Register, July, 1993, No. 451, eff. 8-1-93; CR 14-071: r. and recr. Register August 2015 No. 716, eff. 9-1-15; s. 35.17 correction in (6) Register August 2015 No. 716.
Ins 40.025 Ins 40.025 Acquisitions Involving Insurers Not Otherwise Covered.
Ins 40.025(1)(1)Definition. In this section. “acquisition" means any agreement, arrangement, or activity the consummation of which results in a person acquiring directly or indirectly the control of another person, and includes the acquisition of voting securities and the acquisition of assets, bulk reinsurance, and mergers.
Ins 40.025(2) (2)Scope. This section shall apply to any acquisition in which there is a change in control of an insurer authorized to do business in this state, except for the following:
Ins 40.025(2)(a) (a) A purchase of securities solely for investment purposes so long as the securities are not used by voting or otherwise to cause or attempt to cause the substantial lessening of competition in any insurance market in this state. If a purchase of securities results in a presumption of control under s. 600.03 (13), Stats., it is not solely for investment purposes unless the commissioner of the insurer's state of domicile accepts a disclaimer of control or affirmatively finds that control does not exist and the disclaimer action or affirmative finding is communicated by the domiciliary commissioner to the commissioner of this state.
Ins 40.025(2)(b) (b) The acquisition of a person by another person when both persons are neither directly nor through affiliates primarily engaged in the business of insurance, if pre-acquisition notification is filed with the commissioner in accordance with sub. (3) 30 days prior to the proposed effective date of the acquisition. However, such pre-acquisition notification is not required if the acquisition would be otherwise excluded under sub. (2).
Ins 40.025(2)(c) (c) The acquisition of already affiliated persons.
Ins 40.025(2)(d) (d) An acquisition if, as an immediate result of the acquisition any of the following apply:
Ins 40.025(2)(d)1. 1. In no market would the combined market share of the involved insurers exceed 5% of the total market, or
Ins 40.025(2)(d)2. 2. There would be no increase in any market share, or
Ins 40.025(2)(d)3. 3. In no market would the combined market share of the involved insurers exceed 12% of the total market and the market share would not increase by more than 2% of the total market. For the purpose of par. (d), a market means direct written insurance premium in this state for a line of business as contained in the annual statement required under s. Ins 50.20 (1).
Ins 40.025(2)(e) (e) An acquisition for which a pre-acquisition notification would be required pursuant to this section due solely to the resulting effect on the ocean marine insurance line of business.
Ins 40.025(2)(f) (f) An acquisition of an insurer whose domiciliary commissioner affirmatively finds that the insurer is in failing condition; there is a lack of feasible alternative to improving such condition; the public benefits of improving the insurer's condition through the acquisition exceed the public benefits that would arise from not lessening competition; and the findings are communicated by the domiciliary commissioner to the commissioner of this state.
Ins 40.025(3) (3)Pre-acquisition notification. Any person seeking a merger or acquisition, that is not otherwise exempted under sub. (2) that results in a change of control of an insurer authorized to do business in this state shall file a pre-acquisition notification in a sworn statement using form E in the appendix to this chapter. The person being acquired may file the pre-acquisition notification.
Ins 40.025(3)(a) (a) The commissioner may require such additional material and information as deemed necessary to determine whether the proposed acquisition, if consummated, would violate the competitive standard of sub. (4). The required information may include an opinion of an economist as to the competitive impact of the acquisition in this state accompanied by a summary of the education and experience of such person indicating his or her ability to render an informed opinion.
Ins 40.025(3)(b) (b) The waiting period required in this subsection shall begin on the date of receipt of the commissioner of a pre-acquisition notification and shall end on the earlier of the thirtieth day after the date of receipt, or termination of the waiting period by the commissioner. Prior to the end of the waiting period, the commissioner on a one-time basis may require the submission of additional needed information relevant to the proposed acquisition, in which event the waiting period shall end on the earlier of the thirtieth day after receipt of the additional information by the commissioner or termination of the waiting period by the commissioner.
Ins 40.025(4) (4)Competitive standard.
Ins 40.025(4)(a) (a) The commissioner may disapprove an acquisition if there is substantial evidence that the effect of the acquisition may be to substantially lessen competition in any line of insurance in this state or tend to create a monopoly or if the insurer fails to file adequate information in compliance with sub. (3). In this subsection, a highly concentrated market is one in which the share of the 4 largest insurers is 75% or more of the market. Percentages not shown in the tables in this subsection are interpolated proportionately to the percentages that are shown. If more than 2 insurers are involved, exceeding the total of the two columns in the table is prima facie evidence of violation of the competitive standard in this subsection. For the purpose of this item, the insurer with the largest share of the market shall be deemed to be Insurer A.
Ins 40.025(4)(b) (b) In determining whether a proposed acquisition would violate the competitive standard of par. (a) of this subsection, the commissioner shall consider the following:
Ins 40.025(4)(b)1. 1. Any acquisition covered under sub. (2) involving 2 or more insurers competing in the same market is prima facie evidence of violation of the competitive standards if:
Ins 40.025(4)(b)1.a. a. The market is highly concentrated and the involved insurers possess the following shares of the market:
Insurer A   Insurer B
4%   4% or more
10%   2% or more
15% or more   1% or more
Ins 40.025(4)(b)1.b. b. Or, the market is not highly concentrated and the involved insurers possess the following shares of the market:
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.