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DHS 157.63(4)(c)2.e. e. Using procedures to contain spilled radioactive material safely and using proper decontamination procedures.
DHS 157.63(4)(c)2.f. f. Administering dosages of radioactive drugs to patients or human research subjects.
DHS 157.63(5) (5)Training for imaging and localization studies. Except as provided in s. DHS 157.61 (10), a licensee shall require an authorized user of unsealed radioactive material for the uses authorized under sub. (2) to have obtained written attestation under sub. (6) (b) and to be a physician who meets any of the following requirements:
DHS 157.63(5)(a) (a) Is certified by a medical special board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, the NRC or an agreement state. To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to do both of the following:
DHS 157.63(5)(a)1. 1. Complete 700 hours of training and experience in basic radionuclide handling techniques and radiation safety applicable to the medical use of unsealed radioactive material for imaging and localization studies that includes the topics listed in par. (c) 1. and 2.
DHS 157.63(5)(a)2. 2. Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which assesses knowledge and competence in radiation safety, radionuclide handling, and quality control.
DHS 157.63 Note Note: Specialty boards whose certification processes have been recognized by the department, the NRC or an agreement state will be posted on the NRC's web site at www.nrc.gov.
DHS 157.63(5)(b) (b) Is an authorized user under s. DHS 157.64 (4) and meets the requirements in par. (c) 2. g., or equivalent agreement state requirements.
DHS 157.63(5)(c) (c) Has completed 700 hours of training and experience, including a minimum of 80 hours of classroom and laboratory training, in basic radionuclide handling techniques applicable to the medical use of unsealed radioactive material for imaging and localization studies that includes, at a minimum, all the following:
DHS 157.63(5)(c)1. 1. Classroom and laboratory training in all the following areas:
DHS 157.63(5)(c)1.a. a. Radiation physics and instrumentation.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)1.b. b. Radiation protection.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)1.c. c. Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)1.d. d. Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)1.e. e. Radiation biology.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)2. 2. Work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user, who meets the requirements in this subsection, s. DHS 157.61 (10), or subd. 2. g. and s. DHS 157.64 (4) or equivalent agreement state requirements, involving all the following:
DHS 157.63(5)(c)2.a. a. Ordering, receiving and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)2.b. b. Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)2.c. c. Calculating, measuring and safely preparing patient or human research subject dosages.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)2.d. d. Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of unsealed radioactive material.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)2.e. e. Using procedures to safely contain spilled radioactive material and using proper decontamination procedures.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)2.f. f. Administering dosages of radioactive drugs to patients or human research subjects.
DHS 157.63(5)(c)2.g. g. Eluting generator systems appropriate for preparation of radioactive drugs for imaging and localization studies, measuring and testing the eluate for radionuclidic purity, and processing the eluate with reagent kits to prepare labeled radioactive drugs.
DHS 157.63 Note Note: Eluting generator systems are a family of radioactive material devices used to extract useful radioactive materials by passing sterile fluid through a column of the parent material. The resulting mixture of fluid and radioactive material, known as the eluate, is used in the diagnostic procedures. These generators are used to produce Tc-99m, Ga-67 or Rb-82.
DHS 157.63(6) (6)Written attestation.
DHS 157.63(6)(a) (a) Unsealed radioactive material for uptake, dilution, and excretion studies for which a written directive is not required. A licensee shall require an authorized user of unsealed radioactive material for the uses authorized under sub. (1) to have obtained written attestation, signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements of sub. (4) or (5), s. DHS 157.61 (10), 157.64 (4), or equivalent agreement state requirements, that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements of sub. (4) (a) 1. or (c) and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user for the medical uses authorized under sub. (1).
DHS 157.63(6)(b) (b) Unsealed radioactive material for imaging and localization studies for which a written directive is not required. A licensee shall require an authorized user of unsealed radioactive material for uses under sub. (2) to have written attestation, signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in sub. (5), or s. DHS 157.61 (10), 157.64 (4), or equivalent agreement state requirements, that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in sub. (5) (a) 1. or (c) and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user for the medical uses authorized under subs. (1) and (2).
DHS 157.63 History History: CR 01-108: cr. Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. — see Note at the start of the chapter; correction in (2) (a) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register July 2002 No. 559; CR 06-021: r. and recr. (1) (b), (2) (b), (3) to (5), cr. (6) Register October 2006 No. 610, eff. 11-1-06; CR 09-062: renum. (1) (a) and (2) (a) to be (1) (a) (intro.) and (2) (a) (intro.) and am., cr. (1) (a) 1., 2., (2) (a) 1. and 2., am. (1) (b) (intro.), (2) (b) (intro.), (3) (a) 1. to 3., (4) (c) 2. (intro.), (5) (a) 1., (c) 2. (intro.), (6) (a) and (b) Register April 2010 No. 652, eff. 5-1-10; CR 16-078: am. (2) (b) 3., (4) (c) 2. Register January 2018 No. 745, eff. 2-1-18.
DHS 157.64 DHS 157.64Unsealed radioactive material — written directive required.
DHS 157.64(1)(1)Use of unsealed radioactive material for which a written directive is required. A licensee may use any unsealed radioactive material prepared for medical use and for which a written directive is required that is any of the following:
DHS 157.64(1)(a) (a) Obtained from a manufacturer or preparer licensed under s. DHS 157.13 (4) (i), a PET radioactive drug producer licensed under s. DHS 157.13 (1) (j), or equivalent NRC or other agreement state requirements.
DHS 157.64(1)(b) (b) Excluding production of PET radionuclides, is prepared by any of the following:
DHS 157.64(1)(b)1. 1. An authorized nuclear pharmacist.
DHS 157.64(1)(b)2. 2. A physician who is an authorized user and who meets the requirements specified in sub. (4) or s. DHS 157.63 (5).
DHS 157.64(1)(b)3. 3. An individual under the supervision of either an authorized nuclear pharmacist or physician who is an authorized user as specified in s. DHS 157.61 (3).
DHS 157.64(1)(c) (c) Obtained from an NRC or agreement state licensee for use in research under an investigational new drug application accepted by FDA.
DHS 157.64(1)(d) (d) Prepared by the licensee for use under an investigational new drug protocol accepted by FDA.
DHS 157.64(2) (2)Safety instruction. In addition to the requirements of subch. X, a licensee shall do all the following:
DHS 157.64(2)(a) (a) Provide radiation safety instruction, initially and at least annually, to personnel caring for patients or human research subjects who have received therapy with a drug containing radioactive material and cannot be released under s. DHS 157.62 (8). The instruction shall be commensurate with the duties of the personnel and include all the following:
DHS 157.64(2)(a)1. 1. Patient or human research subject control.
DHS 157.64(2)(a)2. 2. Visitor control, including both the following:
DHS 157.64(2)(a)2.a. a. Routine visitation to hospitalized individuals under s. DHS 157.23 (1) (a) 1.
DHS 157.64(2)(a)2.b. b. Visitation authorized under s. DHS 157.23 (1) (b).
DHS 157.64(2)(a)3. 3. Contamination control.
DHS 157.64(2)(a)4. 4. Waste control.
DHS 157.64(2)(a)5. 5. Notification of the radiation safety officer or his or her designee and the authorized user if the patient or the human research subject dies or has a medical emergency.
DHS 157.64(2)(b) (b) Retain a record of individuals receiving instruction under s. DHS 157.71 (15).
DHS 157.64(3) (3)Safety precautions.
DHS 157.64(3)(a) (a) For each patient or human research subject who cannot be released under s. DHS 157.62 (8), a licensee shall do all the following:
DHS 157.64(3)(a)1. 1. Quarter the patient or the human research subject in one of the following:
DHS 157.64(3)(a)1.a. a. A private room with a bathroom.
DHS 157.64(3)(a)1.b. b. A room, with a bathroom, with another person who also has received therapy with a radioactive drug containing radioactive material and who cannot be released under s. DHS 157.62 (8).
DHS 157.64(3)(a)2. 2. Visibly post a “Radioactive Materials" sign on the door of a patient's or the human research subject's room and note on the door or in the patient's or human research subject's chart where and how long visitors may stay in the patient's or the human research subject's room.
DHS 157.64(3)(a)3. 3. Either monitor material and items removed from the patient's or the human research subject's room to determine that their radioactivity cannot be distinguished from the natural background radiation level with a radiation detection survey instrument set on its most sensitive scale and with no interposed shielding or handle such material and items as radioactive waste.
DHS 157.64(3)(b) (b) A licensee shall notify the radiation safety officer or his or her designee and the authorized user as soon as possible if the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency and immediately if the patient dies.
DHS 157.64(4) (4)Training for use of unsealed radioactive material for which a written directive is required. Except as provided in s. DHS 157.61 (10), a licensee shall require an authorized user of unsealed radioactive material for the uses authorized under sub. (1) to have obtained written attestation under sub. (8) (a) and to be a physician who meets either of the following requirements:
DHS 157.64(4)(a) (a) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process is recognized by the department, the NRC or an agreement state and who meets the requirements of par. (b) 2. g. To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to do all of the following:
DHS 157.64(4)(a)1. 1. Successfully complete residency training in a radiation therapy or nuclear medicine training program or a program in a related medical specialty. These residency training programs shall include 700 hours of training and experience as described in par. (b) 1. and (b) 2. a., b., c., d., and e. Eligible training programs shall be approved by the residency review committee of the accreditation council for graduate medical education, the royal college of physicians and surgeons of Canada, or the committee on post-graduate training of the American osteopathic association.
DHS 157.64(4)(a)2. 2. Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which tests knowledge and competence in radiation safety, radionuclide handling, quality assurance, and clinical use of unsealed radioactive material for which a written directive is required.
DHS 157.64 Note Note: Specialty boards whose certification processes have been recognized by the department, the NRC or an agreement state will be posted on the NRC's web site at www.nrc.gov.
DHS 157.64(4)(b) (b) Has completed 700 hours of certified training and experience, including a minimum of 200 hours of classroom and laboratory training, in basic radionuclide handling techniques applicable to the medical use of unsealed radioactive material requiring a written directive that includes all the following:
DHS 157.64(4)(b)1. 1. Classroom and laboratory training in all the following areas:
DHS 157.64(4)(b)1.a. a. Radiation physics and instrumentation.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)1.b. b. Radiation protection.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)1.c. c. Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)1.d. d. Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)1.e. e. Radiation biology.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)2. 2. Work experience under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in this subsection, s. DHS 157.61 (10), or equivalent agreement state requirements. A supervising authorized user who meets the requirements of this paragraph shall also have experience under subd. 2. g. in administering dosages in the same dosage category or categories as the individual requesting authorized user status. The work experience shall involve all of the following:
DHS 157.64(4)(b)2.a. a. Ordering, receiving and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)2.b. b. Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages, and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)2.c. c. Calculating, measuring, and safely preparing patient or human research subject dosages.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)2.d. d. Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of unsealed radioactive material.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)2.e. e. Using procedures to contain spilled radioactive material safely.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)2.f. f. Using proper decontamination procedures.
DHS 157.64(4)(b)2.g. g. Administering dosages of radioactive drugs to patients or human research subjects involving a minimum of 3 cases in each of the following categories for which the individual is requesting authorized user status: oral administration of less than or equal to 1.22 GBq (33 millicurie) of sodium iodide I-131 for which a written directive is required; oral administration of greater than 1.22 GBq (33 millicuries) of sodium iodide I-131; parenteral administration of any beta emitter or a photon-emitting radionuclide with a photon energy less than 150 keV, for which a written directive is required; and/or parenteral administration of any other radionuclide for which a written directive is required. Experience with at least 3 cases of oral administration of greater than 1.22 GBq (33 millicuries) of I-131 also satisfies the requirement for experience with 3 cases of oral administration of less than or equal to 1.22 GBq (33 millicuries) of I-131.
DHS 157.64(5) (5)Training for the oral administration of sodium iodide i-131 requiring a written directive in quantities less than or equal to 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries). Except as provided in s. DHS 157.61 (10), a licensee shall require an authorized user for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities less than or equal to 1.22 Gigabecquerels (33 millicuries), to have obtained written attestation under sub. (8) (b) and to be a physician who meets any of the following requirements:
DHS 157.64(5)(a) (a) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process includes all of the requirements in par. (c) and whose certification process has been recognized by the department, the NRC or an agreement state.
DHS 157.64 Note Note: Specialty boards whose certification processes have been recognized by the department, the NRC or an agreement state will be posted on the NRC's web site at www.nrc.gov.
DHS 157.64(5)(b) (b) Is an authorized user under sub. (4) (a) or (b) for specified uses of I-131 listed in subs. (4) (b) 2. g. and (6), or equivalent agreement state requirements.
DHS 157.64(5)(c) (c) Has successfully completed training and work experience, applicable to the medical use of sodium iodide I-131 for procedures requiring a written directive that includes both of the following:
DHS 157.64(5)(c)1. 1. Eighty hours of classroom and laboratory training in all of the following areas:
DHS 157.64(5)(c)1.a. a. Radiation physics and instrumentation.
DHS 157.64(5)(c)1.b. b. Radiation protection.
DHS 157.64(5)(c)1.c. c. Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity.
DHS 157.64(5)(c)1.d. d. Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use.
DHS 157.64(5)(c)1.e. e. Radiation biology.
DHS 157.64(5)(c)2. 2. Work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in sub. (4) (a) or (b), (5) or (6), s. DHS 157.61 (10), or equivalent agreement state requirements. A supervising authorized user who meets the requirements in sub. (4) (b) or s. DHS 157.61 (10), shall also have experience in administering the same category of sodium iodide I-131 use as specified in sub. (4) (b) 2. g. The work experience shall involve all of the following:
DHS 157.64(5)(c)2.a. a. Ordering, receiving and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys.
DHS 157.64(5)(c)2.b. b. Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.