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DHS 157.47(2)(a)(a) The department shall grant reciprocal recognition of an individual radiographer certification provided that all the following apply:
DHS 157.47(2)(a)1. 1. The individual holds a valid certification issued by an independent certifying organization or agreement state that meets the criteria in 10 CFR 34 Appendix A.
DHS 157.47(2)(a)2. 2. The requirements and procedures of the certifying entity issuing the certification affords the same or comparable certification standards as those afforded by s. DHS 157.44 (3) (a).
DHS 157.47(2)(a)3. 3. The applicant presents the certification to the department prior to entry into the state.
DHS 157.47(2)(a)4. 4. No escalated enforcement action against the individual is pending with the nuclear regulatory commission or in any other state.
DHS 157.47(2)(b) (b) A certified individual who is granted reciprocity by the department shall maintain the certification upon which the reciprocal recognition was granted or prior to the expiration of the certification shall meet the requirements of s. DHS 157.44 (3) (a).
DHS 157.47 History History: CR 01-108: cr. Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. 8-1-02.
DHS 157.48 DHS 157.48 Specific requirements for radiographic personnel performing industrial radiography.
DHS 157.48(1) (1) Job site requirements. At a job site, a licensee or registrant shall supply all the following:
DHS 157.48(1)(a) (a) At least one operable, calibrated survey instrument for each exposure device or radiation machine in use.
DHS 157.48(1)(b) (b) A current whole body personnel monitor, TLD, film badge or similar approved device for each person performing radiographic operations.
DHS 157.48(1)(c) (c) An operable, calibrated pocket dosimeter with a range of zero to 200 milliroentgens for each person performing radiographic operations.
DHS 157.48(1)(d) (d) An operable, calibrated, alarming ratemeter for each person performing radiographic operations using a radiographic exposure device.
DHS 157.48(1)(e) (e) Barrier ropes and signs as required in subch. III.
DHS 157.48(2) (2)Proof of certification. Each radiographer at a job site shall carry on their person a valid certification ID card issued by a certifying entity.
DHS 157.48(3) (3)Prohibition. Industrial radiographic operations may not be performed if any of the items in subs. (1) and (2) are not available at the job site or are inoperable.
DHS 157.48(4) (4)Termination of operation. During an inspection, the department may terminate an operation if any of the items in sub. (1) or (2) are not available or inoperable or if the required number of radiographic personnel are not present. Operations may not resume until all required conditions are met.
DHS 157.48 History History: CR 01-108: cr. Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. 8-1-02.
subch. V of ch. DHS 157 Subchapter V — Radiation Safety Requirements for Well Logging
DHS 157.51 DHS 157.51 Prohibition.
DHS 157.51(1)(1) Well logging.
DHS 157.51(1)(a)(a) A licensee may not perform well logging with a sealed source unless, prior to commencement of the operation, the licensee has a written agreement with the well operator, well owner or land owner that includes all the following provisions:
DHS 157.51(1)(a)1. 1. In the event a sealed source is lost in the well, the licensee shall make a reasonable effort at recovery unless, in the licensee's opinion, the recovery effort could result in rupture of the sealed source.
DHS 157.51(1)(a)2. 2. If a decision is made to abandon the sealed source in the well, the licensee shall meet the requirements of s. DHS 157.56 (3) and any requirements of the department of natural resources under chs. NR 141, 500 to 555, and 812.
DHS 157.51(1)(a)3. 3. If the environment, any equipment, or personnel are contaminated with licensed material, the equipment or personnel shall be decontaminated before release from the site or the site shall be decontaminated before release for unrestricted use.
DHS 157.51(1)(b) (b) The licensee shall retain a copy of the written agreement for three years after the completion of the well logging operation.
DHS 157.51(1)(c) (c) The licensee shall notify the department of natural resources prior to commencement of any operation involving well logging in a fresh water aquifer.
DHS 157.51(2) (2)Accelerators. A licensee or registrant may not permit above-ground testing of accelerators, designed for use in well logging, which results in the production of radiation, except in areas or facilities so controlled or shielded that the area or facility meets the requirements of s. DHS 157.21, as applicable.
DHS 157.51 History History: CR 01-108: cr. Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. 8-1-02; CR 06-021: renum. (1) to be (1) (a) and am. (1) (a) (intro.) to 2., cr. (1) (b) and (c) Register October 2006 No. 610, eff. 11-1-06; correction in (1) (a) 2. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register March 2014 No. 699.
DHS 157.52 DHS 157.52 Equipment control.
DHS 157.52(1)(1) Limits on levels of radiation. Sources of radiation shall be used, stored and transported in accordance with the transportation requirements of subch. XIII and the dose limitation requirements of subch. III.
DHS 157.52(2) (2)Storage precautions.
DHS 157.52(2)(a)(a) Each source of radiation, except accelerators, shall be provided with a storage or transport container. The container shall be equipped with a lock, or tamper seal for calibration sources, to prevent unauthorized removal of or exposure to the source of radiation.
DHS 157.52(2)(b) (b) A source of radiation shall be stored in a manner that minimizes danger from explosion or fire.
DHS 157.52(3) (3)Transport precautions. A transport container shall be physically secured to the transporting vehicle to prevent accidental loss, tampering or unauthorized removal.
DHS 157.52(4) (4)Radiation survey instruments.
DHS 157.52(4)(a)(a) A licensee or registrant shall maintain sufficient calibrated and operable radiation survey instruments at each field station and temporary job site to make physical radiation surveys as required by this subchapter and by s. DHS 157.25 (1). Instrumentation shall be capable of measuring one uSv (0.1 milliroentgen) per hour through at least 0.5 mSv (50 milliroentgens) per hour.
DHS 157.52(4)(b) (b) Each radiation survey instrument shall be calibrated according to all the following requirements:
DHS 157.52(4)(b)1. 1. At energies and geometry appropriate for use.
DHS 157.52(4)(b)2. 2. At intervals not to exceed 12 months and after each instrument servicing.
DHS 157.52(4)(b)3. 3. For linear scale instruments, at 2 points located approximately one-third and two-thirds of full-scale on each scale; for logarithmic scale instruments, at midrange of each decade, and at 2 points of at least one decade; and for digital instruments, at appropriate points.
DHS 157.52(4)(b)4. 4. At an accuracy within 20% of the true radiation level on each scale.
DHS 157.52(4)(c) (c) Calibration records shall be maintained for a period of 3 years after the calibration date for inspection by the department.
DHS 157.52(4)(d) (d) A licensee or registrant shall have available additional calibrated and operable radiation survey instruments that are capable of detecting low radiation and contamination levels that could be encountered if a sealed source ruptured. A licensee or registrant may own the instruments or may have a written procedure to obtain them within 24 hours from another location.
DHS 157.52(5) (5)Leak testing of sealed sources.
DHS 157.52(5)(a)(a) A licensee using sealed sources of radioactive material shall have the sources tested for leakage. Records of leak test results shall be kept in units of becquerels or microcuries and maintained for inspection by the department for 3 years after the leak test is performed or until transfer or disposal of the sealed source.
DHS 157.52(5)(b) (b) Tests for leakage shall be performed only by persons specifically authorized to perform such tests by the department, the NRC, an agreement state or a licensing state. The test for leakage shall be performed using a test kit or method approved by the department, the NRC, an agreement state or a licensing state. The test sample shall be taken from the surface of the source, source holder or from the surface of the device in which the source is stored or mounted and on which one might expect contamination to accumulate. The test sample shall be analyzed for radioactive contamination and the analysis shall be capable of detecting the presence of 185 becquerels (0.005 microcurie) of radioactive material on the test sample.
DHS 157.52(5)(c) (c) Each sealed source of radioactive material shall be tested at intervals not to exceed 6 months, except energy compensation sources which may be tested every 3 years. In the absence of a certificate from a transferor indicating that a test has been made prior to the transfer, the sealed source may not be put into use until tested. If, for any reason, it is suspected that a sealed source may be leaking, it shall be removed from service immediately and tested for leakage within 30 calendar days.
DHS 157.52(6) (6)Leaking or contaminated sources. If leak testing of a source reveals the presence of 185 becquerels (0.005 microcurie) or more of leakage or contamination, a licensee shall immediately withdraw the source from use and shall cause it to be decontaminated, repaired or disposed of under the requirements of this chapter. A licensee shall file a written report with the department within 5 days of receiving the test results that describes the equipment involved, the test results and the corrective action taken.
DHS 157.52(7) (7)Exemptions. The following sources are exempted from the requirements of subs. (5) and (6).
DHS 157.52(7)(a) (a) Hydrogen-3 sources.
DHS 157.52(7)(b) (b) Sources of radioactive material with a half-life of 30 days or less.
DHS 157.52(7)(c) (c) Sealed sources of radioactive material in gaseous form.
DHS 157.52(7)(d) (d) Sources of beta- or gamma-emitting radioactive material with an activity of 3.7 MBq (100 microcuries) or less.
DHS 157.52(7)(e) (e) Sources of alpha- or neutron emitting radioactive material with an activity of 0.370 MBq (10 microcuries) or less.
DHS 157.52(8) (8)Physical inventory. A licensee or registrant shall conduct a semi-annual physical inventory to account for all sources of radiation. Records of inventories shall be maintained for 3 years from the date of the inventory for inspection by the department and shall include the quantities and kinds of sources of radiation, the location where sources of radiation are assigned, the date of the inventory and the name of the individual conducting the inventory.
DHS 157.52(9) (9)Utilization records. A licensee or registrant shall maintain current records, which shall be kept available for inspection by the department for 3 years from the date of the recorded event, showing all of the following information for each source of radiation:
DHS 157.52(9)(a) (a) Make, model number and a serial number or a description of each source of radiation used.
DHS 157.52(9)(b) (b) The identity of the well logging supervisor who is responsible for the sources of radiation used and the identity of the well logging assistants present.
DHS 157.52(9)(c) (c) Locations where used and dates of use.
DHS 157.52(9)(d) (d) In the case of tracer materials and radioactive markers, the utilization record shall indicate the radionuclide and activity used in a particular well and the disposition of any unused tracer material.
DHS 157.52(10) (10)Design performance criteria for sealed sources.
DHS 157.52(10)(a)(a) Each sealed source, except those containing radioactive material in gaseous form or in energy compensation sources (ECS), used in well logging applications, shall meet all the following criteria:
DHS 157.52(10)(a)1. 1. Have doubly encapsulated construction.
DHS 157.52(10)(a)2. 2. Contain licensed material whose chemical and physical forms are as insoluble and non-dispersable as practical.
DHS 157.52(10)(a)3. 3. Meet the requirements of par. (b).
DHS 157.52(10)(b) (b) Each sealed source, except those used in energy compensation sources (ECS), shall meet one of the following requirements:
DHS 157.52(10)(b)1. 1. For a sealed source manufactured on or before July 14, 1989, the requirements from the United States of America Standards Institute N5.10-1968, “Classification of Sealed Radioactive Sources."
DHS 157.52(10)(b)2. 2. For a sealed source manufactured after July 14, 1989, the oil-well logging requirements from the American National Standard Institute/Health Physics Society N43.6-1997, “Sealed Radioactive Sources-Classification."
DHS 157.52(10)(b)3. 3. For a sealed source manufactured after July 14, 1989, the sealed source's prototype has been tested and found to maintain its integrity after each of the following tests:
DHS 157.52(10)(b)3.a. a. Temperature. The test source shall be held at -40 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, 600 degrees Celsius for one hour, and then be subjected to a thermal shock test with a temperature drop from 600 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius within 15 seconds.
DHS 157.52(10)(b)3.b. b. Impact. A 5 kilogram (kg) steel hammer, 2.5 centimeters in diameter, shall be dropped from a height of 1 meter (m) onto the test source.
DHS 157.52(10)(b)3.c. c. Vibration. The test source shall be subjected to a vibration from 25 Hertz (Hz) to 500 Hz with a peak amplitude of five times the acceleration of gravity for 30 minutes.
DHS 157.52(10)(b)3.d. d. Puncture. A 1 gram (gm) hammer and pin, 0.3 centimeter (cm) pin diameter, shall be dropped from a height of 1 meter (m) onto the test source.
DHS 157.52(10)(b)3.e. e. Pressure. The test source shall be subjected to an external pressure of 24,600 pounds per square inch absolute (1.695 X 107 pascals) without leakage.
DHS 157.52 Note Note: The publication, “Sealed Radioactive Sources — Classification," American National Standard Institute/Health Physics Society N43.6-1997, published by the American National Standard Institute, may be consulted at the Department of Health Services, Radiation Protection Section, 1 West Wilson St, Room 150, Madison WI 53702-0007 or at the Legislative Reference Bureau. The publication may be purchased from the Health Physics Society, 1313 Dolley Madison Blvd., Suite 402, McLean, VA 22101.
DHS 157.52(10)(c) (c) Licensee use of an energy compensation source, which may contain quantities no greater than 3.7 MBq (100 microcuries), is exempt from the requirements of this subchapter, except for all the following:
DHS 157.52(10)(c)1. 1. A licensee using an ECS in a well with a surface casing for protecting fresh water aquifers shall meet the requirements of subs. (5) to (9).
DHS 157.52(10)(c)2. 2. A licensee using an ECS in a well without a surface casing for protecting fresh water aquifers shall meet the requirements of subs. (5) to (9), and ss. DHS 157.51 (1) (a), 157.53 (2) and 157.56.
DHS 157.52(10)(d) (d) Licensee use of a tritium neutron generator target source is exempt from the following requirements of this subchapter:
DHS 157.52(10)(d)1. 1. A licensee using a tritium neutron generator target source, containing quantities no greater than 1,110 GBq (30 curies), in a well with a surface casing to protect fresh water aquifers is exempt from the requirements of s. DHS 157.56 and this subsection except for pars. (a) and (b) for tritium neutron generator target source use only.
DHS 157.52(10)(d)2. 2. A licensee using a tritium neutron generator target source, containing quantities exceeding 1,110 GBq (30 curies), or in a well without a surface casing to protect fresh water aquifers is exempt from the requirements of this subsection except for pars. (a) and (b) for tritium neutron generator target source use only.
DHS 157.52(11) (11)Labeling.
DHS 157.52(11)(a)(a) Each source, source holder or well logging tool containing radioactive material shall bear a durable, legible and clearly visible marking or label which has, as a minimum, the standard radiation caution symbol, without the conventional color requirement, and the following wording:
  DANGER (or “CAUTION")
  RADIOACTIVE
This label shall be on the smallest component transported as a separate piece of equipment.
DHS 157.52(11)(b) (b) Each transport container shall have permanently attached to it a durable, legible and clearly visible label that has, as a minimum, the standard radiation caution symbol and the following wording:
  DANGER (or “CAUTION")
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.