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DHS 157.29(2)(d) (d) Posting of airborne radioactivity areas. A licensee or registrant shall post a conspicuous sign or signs bearing the radiation symbol and the words “CAUTION, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA" or “DANGER, AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVITY AREA" in each airborne radioactivity area.
DHS 157.29(2)(e) (e) Posting of areas or rooms in which licensed or registered material is used or stored. A licensee or registrant shall post a conspicuous sign or signs bearing the radiation symbol and the words “CAUTION, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL(S)" or “DANGER, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL(S)" in each area or room in which there is used or stored an amount of licensed or registered material exceeding 10 times the quantity of the material specified in ch. DHS 157 Appendix F.
DHS 157.29(3) (3)Exceptions to posting requirements.
DHS 157.29(3)(a)(a) A licensee or registrant is not required to post caution signs in areas or rooms containing sources of radiation for periods of less than 8 hours if all of the following conditions are met:
DHS 157.29(3)(a)1. 1. The sources of radiation are constantly attended during these periods by an individual who takes the precautions necessary to prevent the exposure of individuals to sources of radiation in excess of the limits established in this subchapter.
DHS 157.29(3)(a)2. 2. The area or room is subject to the licensee's or registrant's control.
DHS 157.29(3)(b) (b) Rooms or other areas in hospitals that are occupied by patients are not required to be posted with caution signs under sub. (2) provided that the requirements of s. DHS 157.64 (2) (a) or 157.65 (4) (a) are met.
DHS 157.29(3)(c) (c) Rooms or other areas in hospitals that are occupied by patients are not required to be posted with caution signs, provided that no member of the public could receive a deep dose equivalent in excess of 5 mSv (500 mrem) from entering the room during the patient's stay.
DHS 157.29(3)(d) (d) A room or area is not required to be posted with a caution sign because of the presence of a sealed source provided the radiation level at 30 centimeters from the surface of the sealed source container or housing does not exceed 0.05 mSv (5 mrem) per hour.
DHS 157.29(3)(e) (e) A room or area is not required to be posted with a caution sign because of the presence of radiation machines used solely for diagnosis in the healing arts.
DHS 157.29(4) (4)Labeling containers and radiation machines.
DHS 157.29(4)(a)(a) A licensee or registrant shall ensure that each container of licensed or registered material bears a durable, clearly visible label bearing the radiation symbol and the words “CAUTION, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL" or “DANGER, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL." The label shall also provide information, such as the radionuclides present, an estimate of the quantity of radioactivity, the date for which the activity is estimated, radiation levels, kinds of materials and mass enrichment, to permit individuals handling or using the containers or working in the vicinity of the containers to take precautions to avoid or minimize exposures.
DHS 157.29 Note Note: Mass enrichment is a process used to increase the percentage of the isotope U-235 present in refined uranium. The amount of U-235 present is expressed in percent enrichment on the label.
DHS 157.29(4)(b) (b) A licensee or registrant shall, prior to removal or disposal of empty uncontaminated containers to unrestricted areas, remove or deface the radioactive material label or otherwise clearly indicate that the container no longer contains radioactive materials.
DHS 157.29(4)(c) (c) A registrant shall ensure that each radiation machine is conspicuously labeled cautioning individuals that radiation is produced when it is energized.
DHS 157.29(5) (5)Exemptions to labeling requirements. A licensee or registrant is not required to label any of the following:
DHS 157.29(5)(a) (a) Containers holding licensed or registered material in quantities less than the quantities listed in ch. DHS 157 Appendix F.
DHS 157.29(5)(b) (b) Containers holding licensed or registered material in concentrations less than those specified in Table III of ch. DHS 157 Appendix E.
DHS 157.29(5)(c) (c) Containers attended by an individual who takes the precautions necessary to prevent the exposure of individuals in excess of the limits established by this subchapter.
DHS 157.29(5)(d) (d) Containers in transport and packaged and labeled under the regulations of the U.S. department of transportation.
DHS 157.29 Note Note: Labeling of packages containing radioactive materials is required by the U.S. Department of Transportation if the amount and type of radioactive materials exceeds the limits for an excepted quantity or article as defined and limited by U.S. Department of Transportation regulations 49 CFR 173.403 (m) and (w) and 173.421 to 173.424.
DHS 157.29(5)(e) (e) Containers that are accessible only to individuals authorized to handle or use them, or to work in the vicinity of the containers, if the contents are identified to these individuals by a readily available written record. The record shall be retained as long as the containers are in use for the purpose indicated on the record.
DHS 157.29 Note Note: Examples of the type of containers in par. (e) are containers in locations such as water-filled canals or storage vaults.
DHS 157.29(5)(f) (f) Installed manufacturing or process equipment, such as piping and tanks.
DHS 157.29(6) (6)Procedures for receiving and opening packages.
DHS 157.29(6)(a)(a) A licensee or registrant who expects to receive a package containing quantities of radioactive material in excess of a type A quantity shall make arrangements to receive the package under either of the following conditions:
DHS 157.29(6)(a)1. 1. When the carrier offers it for delivery.
DHS 157.29(6)(a)2. 2. Upon notification of the arrival of the package at the carrier's terminal and possession of the package is taken expeditiously.
DHS 157.29(6)(b) (b) A licensee or registrant shall do all the following:
DHS 157.29(6)(b)1. 1. Monitor the external surfaces of a labeled package for radioactive contamination unless the package contains only radioactive material in the form of gas or in special form as defined in subch. I.
DHS 157.29(6)(b)2. 2. Monitor the external surfaces of a labeled package for radiation levels unless the package contains quantities of radioactive material that are less than or equal to the type A quantity.
DHS 157.29(6)(b)3. 3. Monitor all packages known to contain radioactive material for radioactive contamination and radiation levels if there is evidence of degradation of package integrity, such as packages that are crushed, wet or damaged.
DHS 157.29(6)(c) (c) In par. (b), “labeled" means displaying a Radioactive White I, Yellow II, or Yellow III label as specified in U.S. department of transportation regulations 49 CFR 172.403 and 172.436 to 172.440.
DHS 157.29(6)(d) (d) A licensee or registrant shall perform the monitoring required by par. (b) as soon as practicable after receipt of the package, but not later than 3 hours after the package is received at the licensee's or registrant's facility if it is received during the licensee's or registrant's normal working hours or if there is evidence of degradation of package integrity, such as a package that is crushed, wet or damaged. If a package is received after working hours and has no evidence of degradation of package integrity, the package shall be monitored no later than 3 hours from the beginning of the next working day.
DHS 157.29(6)(e) (e) A licensee or registrant shall immediately notify the final delivery carrier and, by telephone and either telegram or facsimile, the department under either of the following conditions:
DHS 157.29(6)(e)1. 1. Removable radioactive surface contamination exceeds the limits of s. DHS 157.94 (1) (i).
DHS 157.29(6)(e)2. 2. External radiation levels exceed the limits of s. DHS 157.94 (1) (j).
DHS 157.29 Note Note: The Department may be reached during normal business hours of 7:45 am to 4:30 pm, Monday through Friday, except state holidays, at 608-267-4797. The facsimile transmission number is 608-267-3695.
DHS 157.29(6)(f) (f) A licensee or registrant shall do all the following:
DHS 157.29(6)(f)1. 1. Establish, maintain and retain written procedures for safely opening packages in which radioactive material is received.
DHS 157.29(6)(f)2. 2. Ensure that the procedures are followed and that due consideration is given to special instructions for the type of package being opened.
DHS 157.29(6)(g) (g) A licensee or registrant transferring special form sources in vehicles owned or operated by the licensee or registrant to and from a work site is exempt from the contamination monitoring requirements of par. (b), but is not exempt from the monitoring requirement in par. (b) for measuring radiation levels that ensures that the source is still properly lodged in its shield.
DHS 157.29 History History: CR 01-108: cr. Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. 8-1-02; CR 06-021: am. (6) (e) 2. Register October 2006 No. 610, eff. 11-1-06; CR 09-062: am. (6) (e) 1. Register April 2010 No. 652, eff. 5-1-10; correction in (2) (e), (5) (a), (b) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register January 2018 No. 745.
DHS 157.30 DHS 157.30 Waste management.
DHS 157.30(1)(1) General requirements.
DHS 157.30(1)(a)(a) A licensee or registrant disposing of licensed or registered material may use any of the following methods:
DHS 157.30(1)(a)1. 1. Transfer to an authorized recipient as provided in sub. (6) or in subch. II, or to the U.S. department of energy.
DHS 157.30(1)(a)2. 2. Decay while in storage.
DHS 157.30(1)(a)3. 3. Release in effluents within the limits in s. DHS 157.23 (1).
DHS 157.30(1)(a)4. 4. Dispose of as authorized under sub. (2), (3), (4), (5) or (8).
DHS 157.30(1)(b) (b) A person shall be specifically licensed or registered to receive waste containing licensed or registered material from other persons for any of the following:
DHS 157.30(1)(b)1. 1. Treatment prior to disposal.
DHS 157.30(1)(b)2. 2. Treatment or disposal by incineration.
DHS 157.30(1)(b)3. 3. Decay while in storage.
DHS 157.30(1)(b)4. 4. Disposal at a land disposal facility authorized to receive radioactive waste.
DHS 157.30(1)(b)5. 5. Storage until transferred to a storage or disposal facility authorized to receive the waste.
DHS 157.30(2) (2)Method for obtaining approval of proposed disposal procedures. A licensee or registrant or applicant for a license or registration may apply to the department for approval of proposed procedures, not otherwise authorized in this chapter, to dispose of licensed or registered material generated in the licensee's or registrant's operations. Each application shall be in writing and shall include all of the following:
DHS 157.30(2)(a) (a) A description of the waste containing licensed or registered material to be disposed of, including the physical and chemical properties that have an effect on risk evaluation and the proposed manner and conditions of waste disposal.
DHS 157.30(2)(b) (b) An analysis and evaluation of information on the nature of the environment.
DHS 157.30(2)(c) (c) The nature and location of other potentially affected facilities.
DHS 157.30(2)(d) (d) Analyses and procedures to ensure that doses are maintained ALARA and within the dose limits in this chapter.
DHS 157.30(3) (3)Disposal by release into sanitary sewerage.
DHS 157.30(3)(a)(a) A licensee or registrant may discharge licensed or registered material into sanitary sewerage if each of the following conditions is satisfied:
DHS 157.30(3)(a)1. 1. The material is readily soluble, or is readily dispersible biological material, in water.
DHS 157.30(3)(a)2. 2. The quantity of licensed or registered radioactive material that the licensee or registrant releases into the sewer in one month divided by the average monthly volume of water released into the sewer by the licensee or registrant does not exceed the concentration listed in Table III of ch. DHS 157 Appendix E.
DHS 157.30(3)(a)3. 3. If more than one radionuclide is released, all the following conditions shall also be satisfied:
DHS 157.30(3)(a)3.a. a. A licensee or registrant shall determine the fraction of the limit in Table III of ch. DHS 157 Appendix E represented by discharges into sanitary sewerage by dividing the actual monthly average concentration of each radionuclide released by the licensee or registrant into the sewer by the concentration of that radionuclide listed in Table III of ch. DHS 157 Appendix E.
DHS 157.30(3)(a)3.b. b. The sum of the fractions for each radionuclide required by subd. 3. a. does not exceed unity.
DHS 157.30(3)(a)3.c. c. The total quantity of licensed or registered radioactive material that the licensee or registrant releases into the sanitary sewerage in a year does not exceed 185 GBq (5 Ci) of hydrogen-3, 37 GBq (1 Ci) of carbon-14 and 37 GBq (1 Ci) of all other radioactive materials combined.
DHS 157.30(3)(b) (b) Excreta from individuals undergoing medical diagnosis or therapy with radioactive material are not subject to the limitations contained in par. (a).
DHS 157.30(4) (4)Treatment or disposal by incineration. A licensee or registrant may treat or dispose of licensed or registered material by incineration only in the form and concentration specified in sub. (5) or as specifically approved by the department under sub. (2).
DHS 157.30(5) (5)Disposal of specific wastes.
DHS 157.30(5)(a)(a) A licensee or registrant may dispose of all of the following licensed or registered material as if the material were not radioactive:
DHS 157.30(5)(a)1. 1. 1.85 kBq (0.05 mCi) or less of hydrogen-3, iodine-125 or carbon-14 per gram of medium used for liquid scintillation counting.
DHS 157.30(5)(a)2. 2. 1.85 kBq (0.05 mCi) or less of hydrogen-3, iodine-125 or carbon-14 per gram of animal tissue, averaged over the weight of the entire animal.
DHS 157.30(5)(b) (b) A licensee or registrant may not dispose of tissue under par. (a) 2. in a manner that would permit its use either as food for humans or as animal feed.
DHS 157.30(5)(c) (c) A licensee or registrant shall maintain records under s. DHS 157.31 (9).
DHS 157.30(6) (6)Transfer for disposal and manifests.
DHS 157.30(6)(a)(a) The requirements of this subsection and Appendix G are designed to control transfers of low-level radioactive waste by any waste generator, waste collector or waste processor licensee who ships low level waste either directly, or indirectly through a waste collector or waste processor, to a licensed low level waste land disposal facility; establish a shipping manifest tracking system and supplement existing requirements concerning transfers and record keeping for those wastes.
DHS 157.30(6)(b) (b) Any licensee shipping radioactive waste or byproduct material as defined in s. DHS 157.03 (50) (c) to (e) intended for ultimate disposal at a licensed land disposal facility shall document the information required in ch. DHS 157 Appendix G, Section I and transfer this recorded information to the intended consignee in accordance with the requirements of ch. DHS 157 Appendix G.
DHS 157.30(6)(c) (c) Each shipment manifest shall include a certification by the waste generator as specified in ch. DHS 157 Appendix G, Section II.
DHS 157.30(6)(d) (d) Each person involved in the transfer of waste for disposal or in the disposal of waste, including the waste generator, waste collector, waste processor and disposal facility operator, shall comply with the requirements specified in ch. DHS 157 Appendix G, Section III.
DHS 157.30(7) (7)Compliance with environmental and health protection regulations. Nothing in subs. (1) to (6) relieves a licensee or registrant from complying with other applicable federal, state and local regulations governing any other toxic or hazardous properties of materials that may be disposed of according to subs. (1) to (6).
DHS 157.30(8) (8)Disposal of certain byproduct material.
DHS 157.30(8)(a)(a) Licensed byproduct material as defined in s. DHS 157.03 (50) (c) to (e) may be disposed of under 10 CFR 61 or equivalent agreement state regulations, even though it is not defined as low level radioactive waste. Any licensed byproduct material being disposed of at a facility, or transferred for ultimate disposal at a facility licensed by the NRC under 10 CFR 61 or an agreement state with equivalent regulations shall meet the requirements of sub. (6).
DHS 157.30(8)(b) (b) A licensee may dispose of byproduct material as defined in s. DHS 157.03 (50) (c) to (e) at a disposal facility authorized to dispose of such material under federal or state solid or hazardous waste law, including the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as authorized under 42 USC 2014 (e).
DHS 157.30 History History: CR 01-108: cr. Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. 8-1-02; CR 09-062: am. (1) (a) 4. and (6) (b), cr. (8) Register April 2010 No. 652, eff. 5-1-10; correction in (3) (a) 2., (5) (a) 3. a., (6) (b) to (d) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register January 2018 No. 745.
DHS 157.31 DHS 157.31 Records.
DHS 157.31(1)(1) General provisions.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.