DCF 251.07 Note
Note: With parental consent and consultation, it is recommended that centers who care for children who have an Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) or an Individualized Education Program (IEP) coordinate programming activities with the local school district or Birth to Three agency.
The program schedule shall be planned to provide a flexible balance each day of:
Indoor and if the center is in operation more than 3 hours per day, outdoor activities.
Television may be used only to supplement the daily plan for children. No child may be required to watch television. Other activities shall be available.
Routines such as toileting and eating and intervals between activities shall be planned to avoid keeping children waiting in lines or assembled in large groups.
Daily periods when a variety of experiences are concurrently available for the children to select their own activities.
If a center is in operation for more than 3 hours per day, daily outdoor activities except during inclement weather or when not advisable for health reasons.
Child care workers shall give children individual attention.
A center that is open in the early morning and late afternoon shall have a written plan for activities which meet the individual needs of the children during those time periods. The plan shall include:
Use of materials and engagement in activities which for the most part do not duplicate materials or activities planned for the major part of the program.
The program as implemented shall reflect the center's written policies.
“Time-out period" means removing the child from the situation in a non-humiliating manner and placing the child in a designated location in order to interrupt the child's unacceptable behavior.
“Redirection" means directing the child's attention to a different program activity.
Each child care center shall develop and implement a written policy that provides for positive guidance, redirection, and the setting of clear-cut limits for the children. The policy shall be designated to help a child develop self-control, self-esteem, and respect for the rights of others.
If a center uses time-out periods to deal with unacceptable behavior, time-out periods may not exceed 3 minutes, and the procedure shall be included in the center's guidance policy. For purposes of this paragraph, a “time-out” is an interruption of unacceptable behavior by the removal of the child from the situation, not to isolate the child, but to allow the child an opportunity to pause, and with support from the provider, reflect on behavior and gain self-control.
Use of time-out periods is prohibited for children under 3 years of age.
Actions that may be psychologically, emotionally or physically painful, discomforting, dangerous or potentially injurious are prohibited. Examples of prohibited actions include all of the following:
Spanking, hitting, pinching, shaking, slapping, twisting, throwing or inflicting any other form of corporal punishment.
Verbal abuse, threats or derogatory remarks about the child or the child's family.
Physical restraint, binding or tying to restrict movement or enclosing in a confined space such as a closet, locked room, box or similar cubicle.
Actions that are cruel, aversive, frightening or humiliating to the child.
DCF 251.07 Note
Prohibited actions by an employee or volunteer to a child by a staff member must be reported to the department within 24 hours after the occurrence under s. DCF 251.04 (3) (i)
Indoor furnishings and equipment shall be safe and durable. The equipment and furnishings shall be:
Scaled to the developmental level, size and ability of the children.
Of sturdy construction with no sharp, rough, loose, protruding, pinching or pointed edges, or areas of entrapment, in good operating condition, and anchored when necessary.
Placed to avoid danger of injury or collision and to permit freedom of action.
Placed over an energy-absorbing surface, when equipment is 4 feet or more in height.
Used in accordance with all manufacturer's instructions and any manufacturer's recommendations that may affect the safety of children in care.
A center shall provide equipment and supplies according to the following criteria:
Child development shall be fostered through selection of a variety of equipment that will:
A center shall provide sufficient indoor play equipment to allow each child a choice of at least 3 activities involving equipment when all children are using equipment.
A center shall provide sufficient outdoor play equipment to allow each child at least one activity involving equipment when all children are using equipment.
The quantity of indoor and outdoor play equipment specified in par. (b) 2.
shall be provided based on the maximum licensed capacity of the center.
Equipment and materials which reflect an awareness of cultural and ethnic diversity shall be provided.
Shelves shall be provided for equipment and supplies in rooms used by children. Equipment and supplies shall be arranged in an orderly fashion so that children may select, use, and replace items.
Trampolines and inflatable bounce surfaces on the premises shall not be accessible to children and shall not be used by children in care.
Tables and seating shall be scaled to the proper height and size for the children's comfort and reach.
There shall be sufficient storage space for the clothing and personal belongings of each child in attendance. For children 2 years of age and older, the space for outer garment storage shall be at child level.
Furnishings, toys, and other equipment shall be washed or cleaned when they become soiled.
A child under 5 years of age in care for more than 4 hours shall have a nap or rest period.
Child care workers shall permit a child who does not sleep after 30 minutes and a child who awakens to get up and to have quiet time through the use of equipment or activities which will not disturb other children.
Each child under one year of age who naps or sleeps shall be provided with a safe, washable crib or playpen that meets the applicable safety standards in 16 CFR Part 1219
and shall be placed at least 2 feet from the nearest sleeping child. Cribs or playpens may be placed end-to-end if a solid partition separates the crib or playpen and an aisle not less than 2 feet in width is maintained between sleeping surfaces.
Each child one year of age and older who has a nap or rest period shall be provided with a sleeping surface that is clean, safe, washable, and placed at least 2 feet from the nearest sleeping child. Sleeping surfaces may be placed end-to-end if a solid partition separates children and an aisle not less than 2 feet in width is maintained between sleeping surfaces. The sleeping surface shall be any of the following:
Each child one year of age and older not using a sleeping bag shall be provided with an individually identified sheet and blanket that may be used only by that child until it is washed.
Bedding shall be maintained and stored in a clean and sanitary manner, replaced immediately if wet or soiled, and washed after every 5 uses, at a minimum. A crib or playpen shall be washed and disinfected between changes in occupancy.
Center-provided transportation time shall be included in determining the amount of time children are present for the purposes of subd. 1.
Food shall be served at flexible intervals, but no child may go without nourishment for longer than 3 hours.
At a minimum, children shall be provided food for each meal and snack that meets the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements for amounts and types of food.
Additional portions of vegetables, fruits, bread, and milk shall be available.
Be planned at least one week in advance, dated and kept on file for 3 months.
Any changes in a menu as planned shall be recorded on the copies of the menu kept on file and posted for parents.
When snacks are provided by parents for all children, a record of the snack served shall be posted in an area accessible to parents.
When food for a child is provided by the child's parent, the center shall provide the parent with information about requirements for food groups and quantities specified by the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements.
A special diet based on a medical condition, excluding food allergies, but including nutrient concentrates and supplements, may be served only upon written instruction of a child's physician and upon request of the parent.