This chapter shall be enforced by the authorized agent and the department having jurisdiction and authority under this chapter.
The authorized agent or the department is authorized to enter any building, facility or premises and examine any tank system or component and associated records for the purpose of enforcing this chapter.
If any tank system or component that is subject to inspection is covered or concealed without the prior knowledge and authorization of the authorized agent or the department, the agent or department has the authority to require such work be exposed for inspection.
Signs, red-tags or seals posted or affixed by the authorized agent or the department may not be removed, mutilated, or tampered with, unless authorized by the agent or the department.
ATCP 93.115 Note
Authorized agents and the department with ch. ATCP 93
enforcement responsibility have the authority to shut down a system or to prohibit specific actions relating to the operation of a system, dispensing product from the system, or adding product to a tank, by securing a red-tag to a component of the system marking the respective component inoperable until compliance has been achieved. Only an authorized agent or the department is authorized to grant the removal of the red-tag.
Tank system inspections for administering and enforcing this chapter shall be conducted by certified tank system inspectors.
Fire safety inspections involving flammable, combustible or hazardous liquids shall be conducted by either the authorized agent or the department or by an authorized member of the local fire department.
This chapter is not intended to limit or deny the ability of department of safety and professional services deputies to conduct the activities under s. 101.14 (1) (a)
, Stats., for the purpose of ascertaining and causing to be corrected any condition liable to cause fire, or any violation of any law or order relating to fire hazards or to the prevention of fire.
ATCP 93.115 Note
See ch. SPS 314
for requirements for fire prevention not otherwise covered in this chapter.
Inspections shall be conducted during the installation of new or replacement storage tanks or piping systems within the plan review scope of s. ATCP 93.100
There shall be a minimum of 3 inspections performed on underground storage tank systems or on any system that has underground piping, at the following installation points:
At a pre-construction meeting. For installations involving underground tanks or piping, the department's pre-construction installation form, TR-WM-131, shall be filled out by the certified installer, and a copy shall be provided to the certified tank system inspector at the end of the meeting. Where an LPO has jurisdiction, the LPO shall send a copy of the form to the department.
The certified installer shall notify the authorized agent or the department, on form TR-WM-121, at least 5 business days before starting an installation, to arrange for inspections.
Any date or time changes to the original submitted notification form, TR-WM-121, shall be requested at least one business day prior to the original date or time. The new date or time must be later than the original date or time.
Before a shop-built tank system is placed into operation, including back into operation after undergoing a modification or upgrade that is required to have plan approval or registration, the authorized agent or the department shall inspect the installation, and shall record the results by completing and signing the installation checklist, form TR-WM-120, or TR-WM-138 UST, as received from the installer, under s. ATCP 93.400 (5) (f)
or 93.500 (6) (e)
The original of the installation checklist, form TR-WM-120, or TR-WM-138, shall be completed and submitted to the department. A copy of the checklist shall be furnished to the owner, and a copy shall be retained by the authorized agent if there is one.
The owner or operator of a facility shall notify the authorized agent or the department before placing a tank into service.
ATCP 93.115 Note
Section ATCP 93.145
specifies where a permit to operate must also be applied for before placing a tank into service.
Inspections at operating facilities, as determined by the authorized agent or the department, shall be conducted periodically by the authorized agent or the department to determine if the installation remains in conformance with the provisions of this chapter.
When the tank system is inspected by a certified tank system inspector, any violations of this chapter shall be specifically listed, along with an allotted time to correct the violation.
Persons with enforcement authority under this chapter may shut down any part of a tank system, using the department-issued red-tag procedure, under any of the following conditions:
The following tank systems shall be subject to immediate shutdown:
Tank systems or their components that pose an immediate danger to life, safety or health. Conditions that cause immediate danger to life, safety, or health include visual evidence of leakage of a regulated substance, immediate human exposure to a regulated substance in the environment, defective equipment resulting in release of a regulated substance, overfill prevention that is not functioning properly or inadequate tank venting.
Tank systems that do not have leak detection, corrosion protection or spill and overfill protection installed as required under this chapter.
ATCP 93.115 Note
Immediate shutdown is not authorized under subd. 2. where equipment is installed properly but is operating improperly, such as a sacrificial anode system that fails to meet the negative 850-millivolt threshold in s. ATCP 93.520 (2)
Tank wagons and movable tanks that are located, used or moved in a manner which presents an immediate environmental or safety hazard.
Tank systems undergoing installation that are not in compliance with this chapter, until the certified installer, professional engineer or owner obtains a petition for variance or code interpretation from the department showing that the action in question provides an equivalent degree of fire and environmental protection as the requirement in this chapter.
Tank systems that have experienced a lapse in financial responsibility required under subch. VII
, until financial responsibility is obtained and the tank system is issued a permit to operate.
Tank systems used to store liquids that have been shown to be corrosive, reactive or otherwise incompatible with materials used in the construction of the tank system.
Tank systems with any breach that has the potential for liquid or vapor release, discovered as a result of an actual leak or a leak detection test, until the breach is repaired or otherwise corrected.
Tank systems that undergo a change of ownership in violation of s. ATCP 93.150
, until all the requirements of that section are met.
Shutdown after investigation or inspection.
The following tank systems shall be subject to shutdown after investigation or inspection:
Tank systems or their components for which there is clear evidence of a release to the environment.
ATCP 93.115 Note
Note: Data sources that can yield evidence of these releases include inventory records, precision tightness testing results, and leak detection system results.
Tank systems that show evidence of attempts to mislead the authorized agent or the department regarding code compliance.
ATCP 93.115 Note
Note: Examples of this evidence include obviously falsified records, sensors that are altered or rendered inoperative, or spill and overfill prevention equipment that has been tampered with or altered.
Tank systems or components are subject to shutdown for a continuing code violation under this chapter, provided all of the following conditions are met:
An order, allowing a period for compliance of at least 15 days, is issued with a specific compliance date.
The reinspection made after the specified compliance date shows that compliance has not been achieved.
If compliance is not achieved by the 15-day compliance date as in subd. 1. a.
, any additional inspections may result in a reinspection fee per the special inspection fees listed in s. ATCP 93.1605 (5)
The owner or operator shall provide the authorized agent or the department with all of the following information when a system is shut down:
It is a violation of this chapter for any person to knowingly deliver, place, or receive a regulated substance into a tank system that has been shut down by an enforcement action under this section.
The department may authorize delivery in human welfare or emergency situations on a case-by-case basis, such as for emergency generator systems serving healthcare facilities.
It is a violation of this chapter for any person to tamper with or disable systems that provide corrosion protection, leak detection or spill and overfill protection.
When the authorized agent or department determines that tank systems, components or work methods regulated under this chapter are contrary to the provisions of these chapters, or are unsafe or dangerous in any manner, the authorized official may issue an order to stop the work or activity until the unsafe or dangerous act or condition is corrected.
The stop-work order shall be issued verbally to the individual responsible for supervising the actions.
If the actions cannot be corrected immediately and witnessed by the authorized agent or department, the authorized agent or department shall issue a written order within 6 hours of the verbal stop-work directive.
The written order shall state the reason for the order and the conditions under which the cited work activity is authorized to resume.
ATCP 93.115 History
History: CR 17-092: cr. Register October 2019 No. 766, eff. 11-1-19; correction in (2) (b) 4. a. made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register October 2019 No. 766. ATCP 93.120
Revocation and expiration of approval. ATCP 93.120(1)(1)
The authorized agent or the department may revoke any approval issued under the provisions of this chapter for any false statements or misrepresentation of facts upon which the approval was based.
Plan approval by the authorized agent or the department shall expire in either of the following circumstances:
Construction has not commenced within 2 years from the date indicated on the approved plan.
The construction has not been completed within 5 years from the date indicated on the approved plan.
ATCP 93.120 History
History: CR 17-092: cr. Register October 2019 No. 766, eff. 11-1-19; correction in (2) (a), (b) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register October 2019 No. 766. ATCP 93.130
ATCP 93.130 Specific approval of materials, equipment, concepts, technology and devices. ATCP 93.130(1)(1)
Specific approval required.
Specific approval shall be obtained in writing from the department for any of the following items:
Any leak detection method for tanks or piping used to comply with a leak detection requirement under this chapter or federal law.
Prefabricated dike systems with integrated collision protection.
The department may require specific, written approval in accordance with sub. (3)
for use of new, unique or unproven materials, equipment, concepts, technology or devices. This approval may specify conditions or limitations.
Any person may request specific, written approval in accordance with sub. (3)
for use of new or unproven materials, equipment, concepts, technology or devices not specified in this chapter.
Application for approval shall be made on the department's material approval application form, TR-WM-127, and shall include sufficient test results or other evidence from an independent 3rd party to prove that the material, equipment, concept, technology or device meets the requirements or the intent of this chapter.
Application for approval shall include information on inspection, testing and maintenance of the product.
Upon receipt of a completed application, the fee specified in Table 93.130, and all information and documentation needed to complete the review, the department shall review and make a determination on the application within 60 business days.
The application for approval of leak detection methods specified in sub. (1) (a)
shall include certification from an independent 3rd party that the method has been evaluated in accordance with the applicable EPA standard test procedure for evaluating the method.
ATCP 93.130 Note
Note: EPA test protocols require precision tightness testing for tanks to be capable of detecting a 0.1 gallon per hour leak rate from any portion of the tank that routinely contains product when the tank is 95 percent full, with a probability of detection of 0.95 and probability of false alarm of 0.05. Precision tightness testing for piping must be capable of detecting a 0.1 gallon per hour leak rate, at a pressure of 1.5 times the operating pressure, with a probability of detection of 0.95 and a probability of false alarm of 0.05. Automatic tank gauges and all methods of monthly monitoring must be capable of detecting a 0.2 gallon per hour leak rate from any portion of the tank that routinely contains product with a probability of detection of 0.95 and probability of false alarm of 0.05.
The test methods shall be capable of detecting the minimum leak rate with the required probability of detection and false alarm, while accounting for the effects of thermal expansion or contraction of the product, vapor pockets, tank deformation, evaporation or condensation, and the height of the water table.