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2019 - 2020 LEGISLATURE
October 8, 2019 - Introduced by Representatives L. Myers, Stubbs, Crowley,
Fields, Bowen, Haywood, Sinicki, Hebl, C. Taylor, Kolste, Zamarripa, Hintz,
Milroy, Considine, Spreitzer, Sargent, Hesselbein, Anderson, Neubauer,
Brostoff and Vruwink, cosponsored by Senators L. Taylor, Johnson, Wirch,
Carpenter, Bewley and Hansen. Referred to Committee on Rules.
AJR92,1,2 1Relating to: declaring September 8 to 14, 2019, as Historically Black Colleges and
2Universities Week in Wisconsin.
AJR92,1,53 Whereas, historically black colleges and universities are defined as institutions
4of higher learning established prior to 1964 whose primary mission was, and is, to
5educate formerly enslaved persons and their descendants; and
AJR92,1,76 Whereas, some of the first schools to educate Black Americans began in church
7basements, abandoned schoolhouses, and private homes; and
AJR92,1,98 Whereas, Cheyney University of Pennsylvania, founded in 1837, is the nation's
9first historically black college in the United States; and
AJR92,1,1210 Whereas, the Morrill Land-Grant Act of 1890 mandated states to allow blacks
11admission to institutions of higher education or to build schools specifically to serve
12them; and
AJR92,1,1513 Whereas, historically black colleges and universities provided black students
14with access to higher education at a time when racial segregation was legal and
15widely practiced; and
1Whereas, there are 101 accredited historically black colleges and universities
2in the United States today; and
AJR92,2,53 Whereas, historically black colleges and universities empower students and
4provide them with a diverse, supportive, and collaborative atmosphere in which to
5learn; and
AJR92,2,76 Whereas, nearly 50,000 degrees were awarded by historically black colleges
7and universities in 2017; and
AJR92,2,108 Whereas, historically black colleges and universities have educated countless
9black leaders who have made significant contributions to American society,
AJR92,2,12 11 The Tuskegee Airmen, educated at Tuskegee University — the first Black
12American military aviators in the U.S. Armed Forces
AJR92,2,16 13 William Montague Cobb, educated at Howard University — the first Black
14American to earn a PhD in anthropology, an advocate who worked to disprove
15misinformation in racially and socially biased studies in anatomy and anthropology,
16and the former president of the NAACP
AJR92,2,18 17Donald Driver, educated at Alcorn State University — former wide receiver
18for the Green Bay Packers
AJR92,2,20 19 W. E. B. Du Bois, educated at Fisk University — the first Black American to
20be awarded a doctorate, a civil rights leader, and the co-founder of the NAACP
AJR92,2,23 21 William Finlayson, educated at Meharry Medical College — prominent
22Milwaukee physician and founder of North Milwaukee State Bank, the first
23black-owned full-service banking institution in Milwaukee
1 Althea Gibson, educated at Florida A&M University — trailblazing tennis
2player and the first black woman to compete in and win numerous competitions,
3including a Grand Slam tournament and a Wimbledon championship
AJR92,3,5 4 Ardie Clark Halyard, educated at Atlanta University — founder of Columbia
5Savings and Loan Association, the first black lending institution in Wisconsin
AJR92,3,8 6 Katherine Johnson, educated at West Virginia State College —
7mathematician whose calculations of orbital mechanics as a NASA employee were
8critical to the success of the first manned spaceflight by the United States
AJR92,3,11 9 Martin Luther King, Jr., educated at Morehouse College — civil rights leader
10and Nobel Peace Prize winner who combated racial inequality through nonviolent
AJR92,3,14 12 Vel R. Phillips, educated at Howard University — the first Black American
13female graduate of University of Wisconsin Law School, jurist, and former Wisconsin
14Secretary of State
AJR92,3,16 15 Frances Brock Starms, educated at Spelman College — prominent educator
16who served as the first director of Milwaukee Public Schools' Head Start program
AJR92,3,19 17 Oprah Winfrey, educated at Tennessee State University — media executive,
18actress, philanthropist, the first black female billionaire, and former resident of
19Milwaukee; and
AJR92,3,2120 Whereas, it is important to celebrate the legacy and continued significance of
21historically black colleges and universities; now, therefore, be it
AJR92,3,24 22Resolved by the assembly, the senate concurring, That the Wisconsin
23Legislature recognizes September 8 to 14, 2019, as Historically Black Colleges and
24Universities Week in Wisconsin.
AJR92,3,2525 (End)