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Effective date text (1) Rights and duties of department of corrections or county department. When a juvenile is placed under the supervision of the department of corrections under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), or 938.357 (3), (4), or (5) (e) or under the supervision of a county department under s. 938.34 (4m) or (4n), the department of corrections or county department, whichever has supervision over the juvenile, shall have the right and duty to protect, train, discipline, treat, and confine the juvenile and to provide food, shelter, legal services, education, and ordinary medical and dental care for the juvenile, subject to the rights, duties, and responsibilities of the guardian of the juvenile and subject to any residual parental rights and responsibilities and the provisions of any court order.
938.505(2) (2)Psychotropic medication.
938.505(2)(a) (a) If a juvenile 14 years of age or older is under the supervision of the department of corrections or a county department as described in sub. (1), is not residing in his or her home, and wishes to be administered psychotropic medication but a parent with legal custody or the guardian refuses to consent to the administration of psychotropic medication or cannot be found, or if there is no parent with legal custody, the department of corrections or county department acting on the juvenile's behalf may petition the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 in the county in which the juvenile is located for permission to administer psychotropic medication to the juvenile. A copy of the petition and a notice of hearing shall be served upon the parent or guardian at his or her last-known address. If, after hearing, the court determines that all of the following apply, the court shall grant permission for the department of corrections or county department to administer psychotropic medication to the juvenile without the parent's or guardian's consent:
938.505(2)(a)1. 1. The parent's or guardian's consent is unreasonably withheld, the parent or guardian cannot be found, or there is no parent with legal custody, except that the court may not determine that a parent's or guardian's consent is unreasonably withheld solely because the parent or guardian relies on treatment by spiritual means through prayer for healing in accordance with his or her religious tradition.
938.505(2)(a)2. 2. The juvenile is 14 years of age or older, is competent to consent to the administration of psychotropic medication, and voluntarily consents to the administration of psychotropic medication.
938.505(2)(a)3. 3. The juvenile, based on the recommendation of a physician, is in need of psychotropic medication, and psychotropic medication is appropriate for the juvenile's needs and is the least restrictive treatment consistent with those needs.
938.505(2)(b) (b) The court may, at the request of the department of corrections or county department, temporarily approve the administration of psychotropic medication, for not more than 10 days after the date of the request, pending the hearing on the petition. The hearing shall be held within that 10-day period.
938.505 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344; 2015 a. 55; 2017 a. 185; 2019 a. 8 ss. 51, 71.
938.505 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. DOC 375 and 383, Wis. adm. code.
938.51 938.51 Notification of release or escape of juvenile from correctional custody or supervision.
938.51(1)(1)Release from secured facility or supervision. At least 15 days prior to the date of release from a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth of a juvenile who has been adjudicated delinquent and at least 15 days prior to the release from the supervision of the department of corrections or a county department of a juvenile who has been adjudicated delinquent, the department of corrections or county department, whichever has supervision over the juvenile, shall make a reasonable attempt to do all of the following:
938.51(1)(a) (a) Notify all of the following local agencies in the community in which the juvenile will reside of the juvenile's return to the community:
938.51(1)(a)1. 1. The law enforcement agencies.
938.51(1)(a)2. 2. The school district.
938.51(1)(a)3. 3. The county departments under ss. 46.215, 46.22, 46.23, 51.42 and 51.437.
938.51(1)(b) (b) Subject to pars. (c) and (cm), notify any known victim of the act for which the juvenile has been found delinquent of the juvenile's release, if all of the following apply:
938.51(1)(b)2. 2. The victim can be found.
938.51(1)(b)3. 3. The victim has sent in a request card under sub. (2) or, if the victim was under 18 years of age when his or her parent sent in a request card under sub. (2), the parent or guardian authorized on the request card direct notification of the victim after the victim attains 18 years of age.
938.51(1)(c) (c) Subject to par. (cm), notify an adult relative of the victim of the juvenile's release if all of the following apply:
938.51(1)(c)1. 1. The victim died as a result of the juvenile's delinquent act.
938.51(1)(c)2. 2. The adult relative can be found.
938.51(1)(c)3. 3. The adult relative has sent in a request card under sub. (2).
938.51(1)(cm) (cm) Notify the victim's parent or legal guardian of the juvenile's release if all of the following apply:
938.51(1)(cm)1. 1. The victim is younger than 18 years of age.
938.51(1)(cm)2. 2. The parent or legal guardian can be found.
938.51(1)(cm)3. 3. The parent or legal guardian has sent in a request card under sub. (2).
938.51(1)(d) (d) Notify any witness who testified against the juvenile in any court proceeding involving the delinquent act of the juvenile's release if all of the following apply:
938.51(1)(d)1. 1. The witness can be found.
938.51(1)(d)2. 2. The witness has sent in a request card under sub. (2).
938.51(1d) (1d)Release from nonsecured residential care center. At least 15 days prior to the release from a nonsecured residential care center for children and youth of a juvenile who has either been adjudicated delinquent under s. 48.12, 1993 stats., or s. 938.12 or been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 48.13 (12), 1993 stats., or s. 938.13 (12) and who has been found to have committed a violation of ch. 940 or of s. 948.02, 948.025, 948.03, or 948.085 (2), and at least 15 days prior to the release from a nonsecured residential care center for children and youth of a juvenile who has been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 48.13 (14), 1993 stats., or s. 938.13 (14), the department of corrections or county department, whichever has supervision over the juvenile, shall notify all of the following persons of the juvenile's release:
938.51(1d)(a) (a) Any known victim of the act for which the juvenile was found delinquent or to be in need of protection or services, if the criteria under sub. (1) (b) are met; an adult relative of the victim, if the criteria under sub. (1) (c) are met; or the victim's parent or guardian, if the criteria under sub. (1) (cm) are met.
938.51(1d)(b) (b) Any witness who testified against the juvenile in any court proceeding involving the act for which the juvenile was found delinquent or to be in need of protection or services, if the criteria under sub. (1) (d) are met.
938.51(1g) (1g)Release from inpatient facility. At least 15 days prior to the release from an inpatient facility, as defined in s. 51.01 (10), of a juvenile who has been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 48.13 (14), 1993 stats., or s. 938.13 (14), the county department having supervision over the juvenile shall notify all of the following persons of the juvenile's release:
938.51(1g)(a) (a) Any known victim of the act for which the juvenile was found to be in need of protection or services, if the criteria under sub. (1) (b) are met; an adult relative of the victim, if the criteria under sub. (1) (c) are met; or the victim's parent or guardian, if the criteria under sub. (1) (cm) are met.
938.51(1g)(b) (b) Any witness who testified against the juvenile in any court proceeding involving the act for which the juvenile was found to be in need of protection or services, if the criteria under sub. (1) (d) are met.
938.51(1m) (1m)Notification of local agencies. The department of corrections or county department, whichever has supervision over a juvenile described in sub. (1), shall determine the local agencies that it will notify under sub. (1) (a) based on the residence of the juvenile's parents or on the juvenile's intended residence specified in the juvenile's community supervision plan or aftercare supervision plan or, if those methods do not indicate the community in which the juvenile will reside following release from a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth or from the supervision of the department of corrections or county department, the community in which the juvenile states that he or she intends to reside.
938.51(1r) (1r)Contents of notice. The notification under sub. (1), (1d) or (1g) shall include only the juvenile's name, the date of the juvenile's release and the type of placement to which the juvenile is released.
938.51(2) (2)Notification request cards. The department of corrections shall design and prepare cards for any person specified in sub. (1) (b), (c), (cm), or (d) to send to the department of corrections or county department, whichever has supervision over a juvenile described in sub. (1), (1d), or (1g). The cards shall have space for the person's name, telephone number and mailing address, the name of the applicable juvenile, and any other information that the department of corrections determines is necessary. The cards shall advise a victim who is under 18 years of age that he or she may complete a card requesting notification under sub. (1) (b), (1d), or (1g) if the notification occurs after the victim attains 18 years of age and advising the parent or guardian of a victim who is under 18 years of age that the parent or guardian may authorize on the card direct notification of the victim under sub. (1) (b), (1d), or (1g) if the notification occurs after the victim attains 18 years of age. The department of corrections shall provide the cards, without charge, to district attorneys. District attorneys shall provide the cards, without charge, to persons specified in sub. (1) (b) to (d). These persons may send completed cards to the department of corrections or county department, whichever has supervision over the juvenile. Department of corrections and county department records or portions of records that relate to telephone numbers and mailing addresses of these persons are not subject to inspection or copying under s. 19.35 (1).
938.51(3) (3)Release not affected by failure to notify. Timely release of a juvenile specified in sub. (1), (1d), or (1g) shall not be prejudiced by the fact that the department of corrections or county department, whichever has supervision over the juvenile, did not provide notification as required under sub. (1), (1d), or (1g), whichever is applicable.
938.51(4) (4)Notification if escape or absence. If a juvenile described in sub. (1), (1d), or (1g) escapes from a juvenile correctional facility, residential care center for children and youth, inpatient facility, juvenile detention facility, or juvenile portion of a county jail, or from the custody of a peace officer or a guard of such a facility, center, home, or jail, or has been allowed to leave a juvenile correctional facility, residential care center for children and youth, inpatient facility, juvenile detention facility, or juvenile portion of a county jail for a specified period of time and is absent from the facility, center, home, or jail for more than 12 hours after the expiration of the specified period, as soon as possible after the department of corrections or county department, whichever has supervision over the juvenile, discovers the escape or absence, the department of corrections or county department shall make a reasonable attempt to notify by telephone all of the following persons:
938.51(4)(a) (a) Any known victim of the act for which the juvenile was found delinquent or to be in need of protection or services, if the criteria under sub. (1) (b) are met; an adult relative of the victim, if the criteria under sub. (1) (c) are met; or the victim's parent or guardian, if the criteria under sub. (1) (cm) are met.
938.51(4)(b) (b) Any witness who testified against the juvenile in any court proceeding involving the act for which the juvenile was found delinquent or to be in need of protection or services, if the criteria under sub. (1) (d) are met.
938.52 938.52 Facilities for care of juveniles in care of department of corrections.
938.52(1)(1)Facilities maintained or used for juveniles. The department of corrections may maintain or use the following facilities for juveniles in its care:
938.52(1)(a) (a) Receiving homes to be used for the temporary care of juveniles.
938.52(1)(b) (b) Foster homes.
938.52(1)(c) (c) Group homes.
938.52(1)(d) (d) Institutions, facilities, and services, including forestry or conservation camps, for the training and treatment of juveniles 10 years of age or older who have been adjudged delinquent.
938.52(1)(f) (f) Other facilities that the department of corrections considers to be appropriate for the juvenile, except that no state funds may be used for the maintenance of a juvenile in the home of a parent or relative who would be eligible for aid under s. 49.19, but for s. 49.19 (20), if such funds would reduce federal funds to this state.
938.52(2) (2)Use of other facilities.
938.52(2)(a) (a) In addition to facilities and services under sub. (1), the department of corrections may use other facilities and services under its jurisdiction. The department of corrections may contract for and pay for the use of other public facilities or private facilities for the care and treatment of juveniles in its care. Placement of a juvenile in a private or public facility that is not under the jurisdiction of the department of corrections does not terminate that department's supervision over the juvenile under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4). Placements in institutions for persons with a mental illness or development disability shall be made in accordance with ss. 48.14 (5), 48.63, and 938.34 (6) (am) and ch. 51.
938.52 Note NOTE: Par. (a) is amended by 2019 Wis. Act 8 effective on the date specified in the department of corrections notice published in the Wisconsin Administrative Register under 2017 Wis. Act 185, section 110 (2) (b), or 7-1-21, whichever is earlier, to read:
Effective date text (a) In addition to facilities and services under sub. (1), the department of corrections may use other facilities and services under its jurisdiction. The department of corrections may contract for and pay for the use of other public facilities or private facilities for the care and treatment of juveniles in its care. Placement of a juvenile in a private or public facility that is not under the jurisdiction of the department of corrections does not terminate that department's supervision over the juvenile under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), or 938.357 (3) or (4). Placements in institutions for persons with a mental illness or development disability shall be made in accordance with ss. 48.14 (5), 48.63, and 938.34 (6) (am) and ch. 51.
938.52(2)(b) (b) Public facilities shall accept and care for persons placed in those facilities by the department of corrections in the same manner as those facilities would be required to do had the legal custody of those persons been transferred by a court of competent jurisdiction. Nothing in this subsection requires any public facility to serve the department of corrections in a manner that is inconsistent with the facility's functions or with the laws and regulations governing its activities or gives the department of corrections the authority to use any private facility without its consent.
938.52(2)(c) (c) The department of corrections may inspect any facility it is using and examine and consult with persons under its supervision under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4) who have been placed in the facility.
938.52 Note NOTE: Par. (c) is amended by 2019 Wis. Act 8 effective on the date specified in the department of corrections notice published in the Wisconsin Administrative Register under 2017 Wis. Act 185, section 110 (2) (b), or 7-1-21, whichever is earlier, to read:
Effective date text (c) The department of corrections may inspect any facility it is using and examine and consult with persons under its supervision under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), or 938.357 (3) or (4) who have been placed in the facility.
938.52(4) (4)Coeducational programs and institutions. The department of corrections may establish and maintain coeducational programs and institutions under this chapter.
938.53 938.53 Duration of control of department of corrections over delinquents. Except as provided under s. 938.183, a juvenile adjudged delinquent who has been placed under the supervision of the department of corrections under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4) shall be discharged as soon as that department determines that there is a reasonable probability that departmental supervision is no longer necessary for the rehabilitation and treatment of the juvenile or for the protection of the public.
938.53 Note NOTE: This section is amended by 2019 Wis. Act 8 effective on the date specified in the department of corrections notice published in the Wisconsin Administrative Register under 2017 Wis. Act 185, section 110 (2) (b), or 7-1-21, whichever is earlier, to read:
Effective date text 938.53 Duration of control of department of corrections over delinquents. Except as provided under s. 938.183, a juvenile adjudged delinquent who has been placed under the supervision of the department of corrections under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), or 938.357 (3) or (4) shall be discharged as soon as that department determines that there is a reasonable probability that departmental supervision is no longer necessary for the rehabilitation and treatment of the juvenile or for the protection of the public.
938.533 938.533 Community supervision.
938.533(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “Type 2 status" means the status of a juvenile who is placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility.
938.533(2) (2)Community supervision services. From the appropriation under s. 20.410 (3) (hr), the department of corrections shall purchase or provide community supervision services for juveniles who have been placed under the community supervision of the department of corrections under s. 938.34 (4n), 938.357 (4), or 938.538 (3) (a) 2. For each juvenile who is placed under community supervision, the department of corrections may purchase or provide any of the following services:
938.533 Note NOTE: Sub. (2) (intro.) is amended by 2019 Wis. Act 8 effective on the date specified in the department of corrections notice published in the Wisconsin Administrative Register under 2017 Wis. Act 185, section 110 (2) (b), or 7-1-21, whichever is earlier, to read:
Effective date text (2) Community supervision services. From the appropriation under s. 20.410 (3) (hr), the department of corrections shall purchase or provide community supervision services for juveniles who have been placed under the community supervision of the department of corrections under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), 938.357 (3) or (4), or 938.538 (3) (a) 2. For each juvenile who is placed under community supervision, the department of corrections may purchase or provide any of the following services:
938.533(2)(a) (a) Surveillance, including electronic monitoring or global positioning system tracking, which the department of corrections shall make available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, based on the juvenile's level of risk and community safety considerations.
938.533(2)(b) (b) Report center programming, including social, behavioral, academic, community service, and other programming, after school, in the evening, on weekends, on other nonschool days, and at other times when the juvenile is not under immediate adult supervision.
938.533(2)(c) (c) Contacts with the juvenile and the juvenile's family of a type, frequency, and duration that are commensurate with the juvenile's level of risk and individualized treatment needs.
938.533(2)(d) (d) Case management services provided by a community supervision agent.
938.533(2)(e) (e) Any other treatment or services that are needed to meet the needs of the juvenile as determined by the department.
938.533(3) (3)Institutional status.
938.533(3)(a) (a) The office of juvenile offender review in the division of juvenile corrections in the department of corrections shall evaluate each juvenile who is placed under community supervision and may place such a juvenile in Type 2 status. A juvenile who is placed in Type 2 status is under the supervision of the department of corrections, is subject to the rules and discipline of that department, and is considered to be in custody, as defined in s. 946.42 (1) (a). Notwithstanding ss. 938.19 to 938.21, if a juvenile who is placed in Type 2 status violates a condition of his or her participation in community supervision, the department of corrections may, without a hearing, take the juvenile into custody and place the juvenile in a juvenile detention facility or return the juvenile to placement in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth. This paragraph does not preclude a juvenile who has violated a condition of his or her participation in community supervision from being taken into and held in custody under ss. 938.19 to 938.21.
938.533(3)(b) (b) The department of corrections shall operate community supervision for a juvenile who is placed in Type 2 status as a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility. The secretary may allocate and reallocate existing and future facilities as part of the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility. The Type 2 juvenile correctional facility is subject to s. 301.02. Construction or establishment of a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility shall be in compliance with all state laws except s. 32.035 and ch. 91. In addition to the exemptions under s. 13.48 (13), construction or establishment of a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility is not subject to the ordinances or regulations relating to zoning, including zoning under ch. 91, of the county and city, village, or town in which the construction or establishment takes place and is exempt from the investigations permitted under s. 46.22 (1) (c) 1. b.
938.533(3m) (3m)Escape. If a juvenile who is placed in Type 2 status runs away from his or her placement in the community while participating in community supervision, the juvenile is considered to have escaped in violation of s. 946.42 (3) (c).
938.533(4) (4)Rules. The department of corrections shall promulgate rules to implement this section.
938.533 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DOC 396, Wis. adm. code.
938.534 938.534 Intensive supervision program.
938.534(1)(1)Program requirements; violation of condition of participation.
938.534(1)(a)(a) A county department may provide an intensive supervision program for juveniles who have been adjudicated delinquent and ordered to participate in an intensive supervision program under s. 938.34 (2r). A county department that provides a program shall purchase or provide intensive surveillance and community-based treatment services for participants in the program and may purchase or provide electronic monitoring for the intensive surveillance of program participants. A caseworker providing services under a program may have a case load of no more than 10 juveniles and shall have not less than one face-to-face contact per day with each juvenile who is assigned to that caseworker, except that the face-to-face contact requirement does not apply to a juvenile placed under par. (b) or (c).
938.534(1)(b)1.1. Notwithstanding ss. 938.19 to 938.21, but subject to any general written policies adopted by the court under s. 938.06 (1) or (2) and to any policies adopted by the county board relating to the taking into custody and placement of a juvenile under this subdivision, if a juvenile violates a condition of his or her participation in the program, the juvenile's caseworker or any other person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services for the court under s. 938.067 or 938.069 may, without a hearing, take the juvenile into custody and place the juvenile in a juvenile detention facility or juvenile portion of a county jail that meets the standards promulgated by the department of corrections by rule or in a place of nonsecure custody designated by that person for not more than 72 hours while the alleged violation and the appropriateness of a sanction under s. 938.355 (6) or a change in the conditions of the juvenile's participation in the program are being investigated. Short-term detention under this subdivision may be imposed only if at the dispositional hearing the court explained those conditions to the juvenile and informed the juvenile of that possible placement or if before the violation the juvenile has acknowledged in writing that he or she has read, or has had read to him or her, those conditions and that possible placement and that he or she understands those conditions and that possible placement.
938.534(1)(b)2. 2. Notwithstanding ss. 938.19 to 938.21, but subject to any general written policies adopted by the court under s. 938.06 (1) or (2) and to any policies adopted by the county board relating to the taking into custody and placement of a juvenile under this subdivision, if a juvenile violates a condition of the juvenile's participation in the program, the juvenile's caseworker or any other person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services for the court under s. 938.067 or 938.069 may, without a hearing, take the juvenile into custody and place the juvenile in a juvenile detention facility or juvenile portion of a county jail that meets the standards promulgated by the department of corrections by rule or in a place of nonsecure custody designated by that person for not more than 72 hours as a consequence of that violation. Short-term detention under this subdivision may be imposed only if at the dispositional hearing the court explained those conditions to the juvenile and informed the juvenile of that possible placement or if before the violation the juvenile has acknowledged in writing that he or she has read, or has had read to him or her, those conditions and that possible placement and that he or she understands those conditions and that possible placement. A person who takes a juvenile into custody under this subdivision shall permit the juvenile to make a written or oral statement concerning the possible placement of the juvenile and the course of conduct for which the juvenile was taken into custody. A person designated by the court or the county department who is employed in a supervisory position by a person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services under s. 938.067 or 938.069 shall review that statement and either approve the placement, modify the terms of the placement, or order the juvenile to be released from custody.
938.534(1)(b)3. 3. A juvenile may be taken into and held in custody under both subds. 1. and 2. in connection with the same course of conduct, except that no juvenile may be held in custody for more than a total of 72 hours under subds. 1. and 2. in connection with the same course of conduct unless the juvenile receives a hearing under par. (d).
938.534(1)(b)3m. 3m. Subject to par. (d), subds. 1. and 2. do not preclude a juvenile who has violated a condition of the juvenile's participation in the program from being taken into and held in custody under ss. 938.19 to 938.21.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)