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813.128(2g)(a)3. 3. The order identifies the protected individual and the respondent.
813.128(2g)(a)4. 4. The order is currently in effect.
813.128(2g)(b) (b) A foreign protection order or modification of the foreign protection order that meets the requirements under this section has the same effect as an order issued under s. 813.12, 813.122, 813.123 or 813.125, except that the foreign protection order or modification shall be enforced according to its own terms.
813.128(2g)(c) (c) A foreign protection order issued against the person who filed a written pleading with a tribunal for a protection order is not entitled to full faith and credit under this subsection if any of the following occurred:
813.128(2g)(c)1. 1. No written pleading was filed seeking the foreign protection order against the person who filed a written pleading with a tribunal for a protection order.
813.128(2g)(c)2. 2. A cross or counter petition was filed but the tribunal did not make a specific finding that each party was entitled to a foreign protection order.
813.128(3g) (3g)Filing and enforcement of a foreign protection order.
813.128(3g)(a)1.1. A copy of any foreign protection order, or of a modification of a foreign protection order that is on file with the circuit court, that is authenticated in accordance with an act of congress, an Indian tribal legislative body or the statutes of another state may be filed in the office of the clerk of circuit court of any county of this state. The clerk may not charge a fee for the filing of a foreign protection order. The clerk shall treat any foreign protection order or modification so filed in the same manner as a judgment of the circuit court.
813.128(3g)(a)2. 2. Within one business day after a foreign protection order or a modification of a foreign protection order is filed under this subsection, the clerk of circuit court shall send a copy of the foreign protection order or modification of the order to the sheriff in that circuit or to the local law enforcement agency that is the central repository for orders and injunctions in that circuit.
813.128(3g)(a)3. 3. The sheriff or law enforcement agency that receives a copy of a foreign protection order or of a modification of an order from the clerk under subd. 2. shall enter the information received concerning the order or modification of an order into the transaction information for management of enforcement system no later than 24 hours after receiving the information. The sheriff or law enforcement agency shall make available to other law enforcement agencies, through a verification system, information on the existence and status of any order or modification of an order filed under this subsection. The information need not be maintained after the order or modification is no longer in effect.
813.128(3g)(b) (b) A law enforcement officer shall arrest and take the subject of a foreign protection order into custody if all of the following occur:
813.128(3g)(b)1. 1. A person protected under a foreign protection order presents the law enforcement officer with a copy of a foreign protection order issued against the subject, or the law enforcement officer determines that a valid foreign protection order exists against the subject through communication with appropriate authorities. If a law enforcement officer examines a copy of a foreign protection order, the order, with any modification, is presumed to be valid if the order or modification appears to be valid on its face and circumstances suggest that the order and any modification are in effect.
813.128(3g)(b)2. 2. The law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person has violated the terms of the foreign protection order or modification of the order.
813.128(3g)(b)3. 3. For the purposes of this paragraph, the protection order may be inscribed on a tangible medium or may have been stored in an electronic or other medium if it is retrievable in perceivable form. Presentation of a certified copy of a protection order is not required for enforcement.
813.128(3g)(c) (c) If a foreign protection order is not presented, a law enforcement officer of this state may consider other information in determining whether there is probable cause to believe that a valid foreign protection order exists.
813.128(3g)(d) (d) If a law enforcement officer of this state determines that an otherwise valid foreign protection order cannot be enforced because the respondent has not been notified or served with the order, the officer shall inform the respondent of the order, make a reasonable effort to serve the order upon the respondent, and allow the respondent a reasonable opportunity to comply with the order before enforcing the order.
813.128(3g)(e) (e) A tribunal of this state shall enforce the provisions of a valid foreign protection order that govern custody, physical placement, and visitation, if the order was issued in accordance with the jurisdictional requirements governing the issuance of custody, physical placement, and visitation orders in the issuing state.
813.128(3g)(f) (f) A foreign protection order that is valid on its face is prima facie evidence of its validity.
813.128(3g)(g) (g) Absence of any of the criteria for validity of a foreign protection order is an affirmative defense in an action seeking enforcement of the order.
813.128(3g)(h) (h) A tribunal of this state may enforce provisions of a foreign mutual protection order that favor a respondent only if the respondent filed a written pleading seeking a protection order from the tribunal of the issuing state and the tribunal of the issuing state made specific findings in favor of the respondent.
813.128(3g)(i) (i) A tribunal of this state may not a enforce a foreign protection order issued by a tribunal of a state that does not recognize the standing of a protected individual to seek enforcement of the order.
813.128(4) (4)Penalty. A person who knowingly violates a condition of a foreign protection order or modification of a foreign protection order that is entitled to full faith and credit under this section shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both. If a foreign protection order and any modification of that order that is entitled to full faith and credit under this section remains current and in effect at the time that a court convicts a person for a violation of that order or modification of that order, but that order or modification has not been filed under this section, the court shall direct the clerk of circuit court to file the order and any modification of the order.
813.128(5) (5)Immunity. A law enforcement officer, law enforcement agency, prosecuting attorney, state, local, or Indian tribe or band governmental official, or clerk of circuit court is immune from civil and criminal liability for his or her acts or omissions arising out of a decision related to the filing of a foreign protection order or modification or to the detention or arrest of an alleged violator of a foreign protection order or modification if the act or omission is done in a good faith effort to comply with this section and s. 806.247, 2013 stats.
813.128(6) (6)Other remedies. A protected individual who pursues remedies under this section is not precluded from pursuing other legal or equitable remedies against the respondent.
813.128(7) (7)Applicability. This section applies to all of the following:
813.128(7)(a) (a) A request made on or after April 13, 2016, for enforcement of a foreign protection order for a violation of the order, regardless of when the order was issued or when the violation occurred.
813.128(7)(b) (b) A continuing action for enforcement of a foreign protection order, regardless of when the order was issued or when the action was commenced.
813.128 History History: 1995 a. 306; 2015 a. 352 ss. 5 to 14, 16 to 32.
813.1283 813.1283 Uniform Recognition and Enforcement of Canadian Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act.
813.1283(1)(1)Short title. This section may be cited as the Uniform Recognition and Enforcement of Canadian Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act.
813.1283(2) (2)Definitions. In this section:
813.1283(2)(a) (a) “Canadian domestic violence protection order” means a judgment or part of a judgment or order issued in a civil proceeding by a court of Canada under law of the issuing jurisdiction which relates to domestic violence and prohibits a respondent from doing any of the following:
813.1283(2)(a)1. 1. Being in physical proximity to a protected individual or following a protected individual.
813.1283(2)(a)2. 2. Directly or indirectly contacting or communicating with a protected individual or other individual described in the order.
813.1283(2)(a)3. 3. Being within a certain distance of a specified place or location associated with a protected individual.
813.1283(2)(a)4. 4. Molesting, annoying, harassing, or engaging in threatening conduct directed at a protected individual.
813.1283(2)(b) (b) “Domestic protection order” means an injunction or other order issued by a tribunal which relates to domestic or family violence laws to prevent an individual from engaging in violent or threatening acts against, harassment of, direct or indirect contact or communication with, or being in physical proximity to another individual.
813.1283(2)(c) (c) “Issuing court” means the court that issues a Canadian domestic violence protection order.
813.1283(2)(d) (d) “Law enforcement officer” means an individual authorized by law of this state other than this section to enforce a domestic protection order.
813.1283(2)(e) (e) “Person” means an individual, estate, business or nonprofit entity, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or other legal entity.
813.1283(2)(f) (f) “Protected individual” means an individual protected by a Canadian domestic violence protection order.
813.1283(2)(g) (g) “Record” means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
813.1283(2)(h) (h) “Respondent” means an individual against whom a Canadian domestic violence protection order is issued.
813.1283(2)(i) (i) “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
813.1283(2)(j) (j) “Tribunal” means a court, agency, or other entity authorized by law of this state other than this section to establish, enforce, or modify a domestic protection order.
813.1283(3) (3)Enforcement by a law enforcement officer.
813.1283(3)(a)(a) If a law enforcement officer determines under par. (b) or (c) that there is probable cause to believe a valid Canadian domestic violence protection order exists and the order has been violated, the officer shall enforce the terms of the Canadian domestic violence protection order as if the terms were in an order of a tribunal. Presentation to a law enforcement officer of a certified copy of a Canadian domestic violence protection order is not required for enforcement.
813.1283(3)(b) (b) Presentation to a law enforcement officer of a record of a Canadian domestic violence protection order that identifies both a protected individual and a respondent and on its face is in effect constitutes probable cause to believe that a valid order exists.
813.1283(3)(c) (c) If a record of a Canadian domestic violence protection order is not presented as provided in par. (b), a law enforcement officer may consider other information in determining whether there is probable cause to believe that a valid Canadian domestic violence protection order exists.
813.1283(3)(d) (d) If a law enforcement officer determines that an otherwise valid Canadian domestic violence protection order cannot be enforced because the respondent has not been notified of or served with the order, the officer shall notify the protected individual that the officer will make reasonable efforts to contact the respondent, consistent with the safety of the protected individual. After notice to the protected individual and consistent with the safety of the individual, the officer shall make a reasonable effort to inform the respondent of the order, notify the respondent of the terms of the order, provide a record of the order, if available, to the respondent, and allow the respondent a reasonable opportunity to comply with the order before the officer enforces the order.
813.1283(3)(e) (e) If a law enforcement officer determines that an individual is a protected individual, the officer shall inform the individual of available local victim services.
813.1283(4) (4)Enforcement by a tribunal.
813.1283(4)(a) (a) A tribunal may issue an order enforcing or refusing to enforce a Canadian domestic violence protection order on application by any of the following:
813.1283(4)(a)1. 1. A person authorized by law of this state other than this section to seek enforcement of a domestic protection order.
813.1283(4)(a)2. 2. A respondent.
813.1283(4)(b) (b) In a proceeding under par. (a), the tribunal shall follow the procedures of this state for enforcement of a domestic protection order under s. 813.12, 813.122, 813.123, or 813.125. An order entered under this subsection is limited to the enforcement of the terms of the Canadian domestic violence protection order as described in sub. (2) (a).
813.1283(4)(c) (c) A Canadian domestic violence protection order is enforceable under this subsection if all of the following are true:
813.1283(4)(c)1. 1. The order identifies a protected individual and a respondent.
813.1283(4)(c)2. 2. The order is valid and in effect.
813.1283(4)(c)3. 3. The issuing court had jurisdiction over the parties and the subject matter under law applicable in the issuing court.
813.1283(4)(c)4. 4. The order was issued after any of the following:
813.1283(4)(c)4.a. a. The respondent was given reasonable notice and had an opportunity to be heard before the court issued the order.
813.1283(4)(c)4.b. b. In the case of an ex parte order, the respondent was given a reasonable notice and had or will have an opportunity to be heard within a reasonable time after the order was issued, in a manner consistent with the right of the respondent to due process.
813.1283(4)(d) (d) A Canadian domestic violence protection order valid on its face is prima facie evidence of its enforceability under this subsection.
813.1283(4)(e) (e) A claim that a Canadian domestic violence protection order does not comply with par. (c) is an affirmative defense in a proceeding seeking enforcement of the order. If the tribunal determines that the order is not enforceable, the tribunal shall issue an order that the Canadian domestic violence protection order is not enforceable under this subsection and sub. (3) and may not be registered under sub. (5).
813.1283(4)(f) (f) This subsection applies to enforcement of a provision of a Canadian domestic violence protection order against a party to the order in which each party is a protected individual and respondent only if the party seeking enforcement of the order filed a pleading requesting the order from the issuing court and the court made specific findings that entitled the party to the enforcement sought.
813.1283(5) (5)Filing.
813.1283(5)(a) (a) A certified copy of any Canadian domestic violence protection order, or of a modification of a Canadian domestic violence protection order that is on file with the circuit court may be filed in the office of the clerk of circuit court of any county of this state. The clerk may not charge a fee for the filing of a Canadian domestic violence protection order. The clerk shall treat any Canadian domestic violence protection order or modification so filed in the same manner as a judgment of the circuit court. Filing of a Canadian domestic violence protection order under the laws of this state is not required for its enforcement under this section.
813.1283(5)(b) (b) Within one business day after a Canadian domestic violence protection order or a modification of a foreign protection order is filed under this subsection, the clerk of circuit court shall send a copy of the Canadian domestic violence protection order or modification of the order to the sheriff in that circuit or to the local law enforcement agency that is the central repository for orders and injunctions in that circuit.
813.1283(5)(c) (c) The sheriff or law enforcement agency that receives a copy of a Canadian domestic violence protection order or of a modification of an order from the clerk under par. (b) shall enter the information received concerning the order or modification of an order into the transaction information for management of enforcement system no later than 24 hours after receiving the information. The sheriff or law enforcement agency shall make available to other law enforcement agencies, through a verification system, information on the existence and status of any order or modification of an order filed under this subsection. The information need not be maintained after the order or modification is no longer in effect.
813.1283(6) (6)Immunity. A state, state agency, local governmental agency, law enforcement officer, prosecuting attorney, clerk of court, and state or local governmental official acting in an official capacity are immune from civil and criminal liability for an act or omission arising out of the filing or enforcement of a Canadian domestic violence protection order or the detention or arrest of an alleged violator of a Canadian domestic violence protection order if the act or omission was a good faith effort to comply with this section.
813.1283(7) (7)Other remedies. An individual who seeks a remedy under this section may seek other legal or equitable remedies.
813.1283(8) (8)Uniformity of application and construction. In applying and construing this section, consideration must be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among states that enact it.
813.1283(9) (9)Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. This section modifies, limits, and supersedes the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC 7001 to 7031, but does not modify, limit, or supersede section 101 (c) of that act, 15 USC 7001 (c), or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in section 103 (b) of that act, 15 USC 7003 (b).
813.1283(10) (10)Applicability. This section applies to a Canadian domestic violence protection order issued before, on, or after March 30, 2018, and to a continuing action for enforcement of a Canadian domestic violence protection order commenced before, on, or after March 30, 2018. A request for enforcement of a Canadian domestic violence protection order made on or after March 30, 2018, for a violation of the order occurring before, on, or after March 30, 2018, is governed by this section.
813.1283(11m) (11m)Penalty. A person who knowingly violates a condition of a Canadian domestic violence protection order or modification of a Canadian domestic violence protection order that is enforceable under this section shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both. If a Canadian domestic violence protection order and any modification of that order that is enforceable under this section remains current and in effect at the time that a court convicts a person for a violation of that order or modification of that order, but that order or modification has not been filed under this section, the court shall direct the clerk of circuit court to file the order and any modification of the order.
813.1283 History History: 2017 a. 181.
813.1285 813.1285 Notice and process for firearm surrender.
813.1285(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
813.1285(1)(a) (a) “Firearm possession form" means the form developed under sub. (5) (a).
813.1285(1)(am) (am) “Injunction" means an injunction issued under s. 813.12 (4) or 813.122 (5); an injunction issued under s. 813.123 if the court has required the individual to surrender his or her firearms under s. 813.123 (5m); or an injunction issued under s. 813.125 if the court has required the individual to surrender his or her firearms under s. 813.125 (4m). “Injunction" includes an injunction that has been stayed under this section.
813.1285(1)(b) (b) “Petitioner" means an individual who is applying for, or for whom a court has granted, an injunction.
813.1285(1)(c) (c) “Petition for the return of firearms" means a petition developed under sub. (5) (b).
813.1285(1)(d) (d) “Respondent" means the individual who is the subject of an injunction.
813.1285(1)(e) (e) “Surrender and extend order" means an order under sub. (1g).
813.1285(1g) (1g)Surrender and extend order. If the court issues a surrender and extend order, the court shall do all of the following:
813.1285(1g)(a) (a) Order the respondent to surrender, within a period that is no longer than 48 hours, any firearm that he or she owns or possesses to the sheriff or, in the court's discretion, to another person.
813.1285(1g)(b) (b) Order that the respondent may possess or transport a firearm only for the purpose of complying with par. (a).
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)