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169.39(2)(c) (c) That the wild animals receive adequate housing, care, and food.
169.39(2)(d) (d) That the public is protected from injury by the wild animals.
169.39(3) (3)Rules; housing. The rules for housing under sub. (2) shall include requirements for the size and location of permanent enclosures and of temporary enclosures at locations other than those where the wild animals are permanently housed. The rules regulating the location of enclosures shall include the distance required between 2 enclosures. The rules for housing shall include specifications for enclosures for each species of harmful wild animal that the department designates under s. 169.11 (1).
169.39(4) (4)Orders. The department may issue an order requiring any person holding a license under this chapter to comply with the rules promulgated under sub. (2).
169.39 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.39 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. NR 17, Wis. adm. code.
169.40 169.40 Trespassing. A person who hunts, traps, kills, or takes a wild animal subject to regulation under this chapter on land subject to a license issued under this chapter without the permission of the license holder or of the holder's employee or agent is liable to the license holder for any damage that the person causes to any wild animal that is subject to regulation under this chapter or to any property or land that is subject to the license.
169.40 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.42 169.42 Taking custody of captive wild animals.
169.42(1)(1)Intake of wild animals. A conservation warden may take into custody a wild animal that is subject to regulation under this chapter on behalf of the department if the conservation warden has reasonable grounds to believe that the wild animal is one of the following:
169.42(1)(a) (a) An abandoned or stray captive wild animal.
169.42(1)(b) (b) An unwanted captive wild animal delivered to the conservation warden.
169.42(1)(c) (c) A wild animal possessed, taken, introduced, stocked, released, exhibited, propagated, rehabilitated, hunted, sold, or purchased in violation of this chapter, any rule promulgated under this chapter, or any ordinance enacted under s. 169.43.
169.42(1)(d) (d) A captive wild animal that is not confined as required by a quarantine under s. 93.07 (10) or any rule or ordinance relating to the control of any animal disease.
169.42(1)(e) (e) A captive wild animal that has caused damage to persons or property.
169.42(1)(f) (f) A participant in an animal fight intentionally instigated by any person.
169.42(1)(g) (g) A captive wild animal that has been mistreated in violation of this chapter, any rule promulgated under this chapter, or ch. 951.
169.42(1)(h) (h) A captive wild animal delivered by a veterinarian under s. 173.13 (2).
169.42(1)(i) (i) A captive wild animal that is dead, dying, or sick and that has been exposed to, or is known to be infected with, a contagious or infectious disease as defined in the rules promulgated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection under s. 95.001 (2) or with a disease or parasite that has pathological significance to humans or to any animals.
169.42(1)(j) (j) A captive wild animal that has escaped and has not been returned to its owner or another person who is authorized to possess the animal.
169.42(1)(k) (k) A wild animal that is being housed or held in violation of s. 169.39.
169.42(2) (2)Transfer of wild animals.
169.42(2)(a) (a) A conservation warden shall accept into custody any wild animal that is delivered by a law enforcement officer or humane officer.
169.42(2)(b) (b) A conservation warden and the department shall comply with the applicable procedures under ss. 29.931, 29.934, and 968.20 as they relate to seized and confiscated wild animals, carcasses, vehicles, boats, or other objects or property.
169.42 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.43 169.43 Local ordinances. A municipality or county may enact and enforce an ordinance that prohibits the possession or selling of live wild animals.
169.43 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.45 169.45 Penalties; revocations.
169.45(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “violation of this chapter" means a violation of this chapter or any rule promulgated under this chapter.
169.45(2) (2)Penalties. For a violation of this chapter, a person shall be subject to a forfeiture of not more than $200, except as follows:
169.45(2)(a) (a) Possession. For possessing any live wild animal, or a carcass of a wild animal, in violation of this chapter, a person shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $500.
169.45(2)(b) (b) Sale or purchase. For selling or purchasing any live wild animal in violation of this chapter, a person shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
169.45(2)(c) (c) Possession, sale, release, and descenting of live skunks. For possessing, selling, purchasing, descenting, introducing, stocking, or releasing into the wild a live skunk in violation of this chapter, a person shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $1,000. This penalty shall apply in lieu of the penalties under pars. (a) and (b).
169.45(2)(d) (d) Taking of bear and deer. For taking bear or deer from the wild in violation of s. 169.05, or a rule promulgated thereunder, a person shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
169.45(2)(e) (e) Harmful wild animals. For a violation of s. 169.11 (1) (b) or (c), a person shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
169.45(2)(g) (g) Obtaining license during period of revocation. For obtaining any license under this chapter during the period of time when that license is revoked or suspended by any court, a person shall be fined not more than $200 or imprisoned for not more than 90 days or both.
169.45(3) (3)Penalty; violation of order. Any person who fails to comply with an order issued under s. 169.39 (4) within 10 days after its issuance is subject to a forfeiture of not more than $200.
169.45(4) (4)Diminished penalties. No penalty imposed under sub. (2) shall be held to be diminished because the violation for which it is imposed falls also within the scope of a more general prohibition.
169.45(5) (5)Penalties; repeaters. If a person is convicted of any violation of this chapter and it is alleged in the indictment, information, or complaint, and proved or admitted at trial or ascertained by the court after conviction that the person was previously convicted within a period of 5 years for a violation of this chapter, the person shall be subject to all of the following in addition to the penalty for the current violation:
169.45(5)(a) (a) The person shall be fined not more than $100 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
169.45(5)(b) (b) For violations under sub. (2) (a), (b), (d), and (e), the court shall revoke all of the licenses issued to the person under this chapter, and the department may not issue any license under this chapter to the person for a period of one year after the current conviction.
169.45(6) (6)Court revocations and suspensions. In addition to or in lieu of any other penalty for violation of this chapter, the court may revoke or suspend any privilege or license under this chapter for a period of up to 3 years.
169.45(7) (7)Revocations by the department. In addition to revocations under subs. (5) (b) and (6), the department may revoke any license to which any of the following applies:
169.45(7)(a) (a) The department determines that the license was fraudulently procured, erroneously issued, or otherwise prohibited by law.
169.45(7)(b) (b) The department determines that the person holding the license is not in compliance with this chapter or with a rule promulgated under this chapter.
169.45(8) (8)Prohibitions during periods of suspension or revocation.
169.45(8)(a)(a) Any person who has had a license or privilege under this chapter revoked or suspended and who engages in the activity authorized by the license or in the privilege during the period of revocation or suspension is subject to the following penalties, in addition to any other penalty imposed for failure to have a license:
169.45(8)(a)1. 1. For the first conviction, the person shall forfeit not less than $300 nor more than $500.
169.45(8)(a)2. 2. If the number of convictions in a 5-year period equals 2 or more, the person shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,000.
169.45(8)(b) (b) The 5-year period under par. (a) 2. shall be measured from the dates of the violations that resulted in the convictions.
169.45(9) (9)Parties to a violation.
169.45(9)(a) (a) Whoever is concerned in the commission of a violation of this chapter is a principal and may be charged with and convicted of the violation of this chapter although he or she did not directly commit it and although the person who directly committed it has not been convicted of the violation of this chapter.
169.45(9)(b) (b) A person is concerned in the commission of the violation of this chapter if the person does any of the following:
169.45(9)(b)1. 1. Directly commits the violation of this chapter.
169.45(9)(b)2. 2. Aids and abets the commission of the violation of this chapter.
169.45(9)(b)3. 3. Is a party to a conspiracy with another to commit the violation of this chapter or advises, hires, or counsels or otherwise procures another to commit it.
169.45 History History: 2001 a. 56, 105.
169.46 169.46 Natural resources surcharges and restitution surcharges.
169.46(1)(1)Natural resources surcharges.
169.46(1)(a) (a) If a court imposes a fine or forfeiture for a violation of this chapter or a rule promulgated under this chapter, the court shall impose a natural resources surcharge under ch. 814 equal to 75 percent of the amount of the fine or forfeiture.
169.46(1)(b) (b) If a fine or forfeiture is suspended in whole or in part, the natural resources surcharge shall be reduced in proportion to the suspension.
169.46(1)(c) (c) If any deposit is made for an offense to which this subsection applies, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the natural resources surcharge under this subsection. If the deposit is forfeited, the amount of the natural resources surcharge shall be transmitted to the secretary of administration under par. (d). If the deposit is returned, the natural resources surcharge shall also be returned.
169.46(1)(d) (d) The clerk of the court shall collect and transmit to the county treasurer the natural resources surcharge and other amounts required under s. 59.40 (2) (m). The county treasurer shall then make payment to the secretary of administration as provided in s. 59.25 (3) (f) 2. The secretary of administration shall deposit the amount of the natural resources surcharge in the conservation fund.
169.46(1)(e) (e) All moneys collected from natural resources surcharges shall be deposited in the conservation fund and credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (3) (mu).
169.46(2) (2)Natural resources restitution surcharges.
169.46(2)(a)(a) If a court imposes a fine or forfeiture for a violation of this chapter for failure to obtain a license required under this chapter, the court shall impose a natural resources restitution surcharge under ch. 814 equal to the amount of the fee for the license that was required and should have been obtained.
169.46(2)(b) (b) If a fine or forfeiture is suspended in whole or in part, the natural resources restitution surcharge shall be reduced in proportion to the suspension unless the court directs otherwise.
169.46(2)(c) (c) If any deposit is made for an offense to which this subsection applies, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the natural resources restitution surcharge under this subsection. If the deposit is forfeited, the amount of the natural resources restitution surcharge shall be transmitted to the secretary of administration under par. (d). If the deposit is returned, the natural resources restitution surcharge shall also be returned.
169.46(2)(d) (d) The clerk of the court shall collect and transmit to the county treasurer the natural resources restitution surcharge and other amounts required under s. 59.40 (2) (m). The county treasurer shall then make payment to the secretary of administration as provided in s. 59.25 (3) (f) 2. The secretary of administration shall deposit the amount of the natural resources restitution surcharge in the conservation fund.
169.46(2)(e) (e) All moneys collected from natural resources restitution surcharges shall be deposited in the conservation fund and credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.370 (3) (mu).
169.46 History History: 2001 a. 56; 2003 a. 33, 139, 326.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)