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Register December 2018 No. 756
Chapter NR 13
CHIPPEWA TREATY RIGHTS PARTICIPANTS
Subchapter I — General Provisions
NR 13.01   Purpose.
NR 13.02   Definitions.
NR 13.03   Identification.
NR 13.035   Allocation.
NR 13.04   Restrictions and department authority.
NR 13.05   Exceptions and modifications to s. NR 13.04.
Subchapter II — Fishing
NR 13.10   Restrictions.
NR 13.12   Modifications and exceptions.
NR 13.13   Notification, safe harvest and pulse fishing.
NR 13.14   Seasons, bag limits, total tribal quota, size limits and methods of taking.
NR 13.15   Use of set or bank poles and setlines.
NR 13.16   Use of traps, seines, dip nets and fyke nets.
NR 13.17   Use of spears.
NR 13.18   Gill nets.
NR 13.19   Reporting and monitoring.
NR 13.195   Ice fishing with unattended lines.
NR 13.196   Spearing and netting in streams.
Subchapter III — Hunting and Trapping
NR 13.30   Restrictions.
NR 13.32   Statutory modifications and exceptions.
NR 13.34   Modifications to administrative code relating to migratory game bird hunting.
NR 13.36   Modifications to administrative code relating to hunting small game, furbearers and protected wild animals.
NR 13.37   Modifications to administrative code relating to trapping small game, furbearers and protected animals.
NR 13.38   Modifications to administrative code relating to deer hunting.
NR 13.40   Modifications to administrative code relating to handguns and crossbows.
NR 13.42   Modifications to administrative code relating to baiting hours and highways.
NR 13.44   Modifications to administrative code relating to bear hunting.
Subchapter IV — Gathering
NR 13.50   Definitions.
NR 13.51   Restrictions.
NR 13.52   Miscellaneous forest product gathering eligibility and assistance.
NR 13.54   Gathering miscellaneous forest products on department land.
NR 13.55   Gathering fruits, seeds, berries or certain plants.
NR 13.56   Safety.
NR 13.57   Department inspection.
Ch. NR 13 Note Note: Chapter NR 13 was created as an emergency rule effective 8-4-89; emerg. cr. NR 13.10 to 13.196 and 13.50 to 13.57 effective 2-2-90.
subch. I of ch. NR 13 Subchapter I — General Provisions
Subch. I of ch. NR 13 Note Note: Chapter NR 13 is a direct result of the off-reservation treaty rights first recognized in Lac Courte Oreilles v. Voigt, 700 F. 2d 341 (7th Cir. 1983). This rule does not actually amend other state statutes. Rather, it represents the Department's interpretation of how these laws must be interpreted or limited in order to comply with the general limitations on state regulatory authority expressed in Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin, 668 F. Supp. 1233 (W.D. Wis. 1987) and the specific limitations expressed in the regulatory phase of the Voigt litigation. (See e.g., Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin, 707 F. Supp. 1034 (W.D. Wis. 1989).
Subch. I of ch. NR 13 NoteChapter NR 13 will serve 4 purposes:
Subch. I of ch. NR 13 Note 1. It provides the federal court with the State's litigation position in the ongoing Chippewa off-reservation treaty rights litigation.
Subch. I of ch. NR 13 Note 2. The rule provides the State with a set of regulations for those species on which the court has not yet ruled. The state has acknowledged that certain of the current state laws do not meet the aforementioned reasonableness standards for enforcement of Chippewa off-reservation treaty rights.
Subch. I of ch. NR 13 Note 3. The rule provides a set of back-up regulations for those species on which the court has already ruled. In Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin, 668 F. Supp. 226 (W.D. Wis. 1988) the court accepted the Chippewa Off-Reservation Code as the primary set of regulations applicable to off-reservation treaty rights. However, it allowed for enforcement of state law should the Chippewa fail to enact or enforce their code. It is expected that a similar pattern will prevail for all species covered by ch. NR 13.
Subch. I of ch. NR 13 Note 4. Should the federal court rule in future trials that the Chippewa Off-Reservation Code does not preempt state law, ch. NR 13 will serve as the primary set of regulations for Chippewa off-reservation treaty rights.
Subch. I of ch. NR 13 Note Note: This chapter contains a number of provisions for which modifications have been added to reflect limitations on the state's authority as a result of the litigation arising from Lac Courte Oreilles v. Voigt, 700 F. 2d 341 (7th Cir. 1983). The modifications are placed in this chapter rather than done as an actual change to the underlying statute or administrative code provision due to the applicability of the Voigt decision to only enrolled members of the Chippewa bands and the need for a single document summarizing all regulations dealing with off-reservation treaty rights.
NR 13.01 NR 13.01 Purpose. This chapter is intended to regulate off-reservation treaty rights of treaty rights participants recognized by Lac Courte Oreilles Band v. Voigt, 700 F. 2d 341 (7th Cir. 1983) to the extent permissible under Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin, 668 F. Supp. 1233 (W.D. Wis. 1987), Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin, 707 F. Supp. 1034 (W.D. Wis. 1989), Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin, 740 F. Supp. 1400 (W.D. Wis. 1990), Lac Courte Oreilles v. State of Wisconsin, 758 F. Supp. 1262 (W.D. Wis. 1991) and the final judgment thereto entered on March 19, 1991. Where applicable, provisions of this chapter dealing with tending, sharing or checking of gear, transactions including sale and transfer of tags, permits and other approvals also apply to nontreaty rights participants.
NR 13.01 History History: Cr. Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90; r. and recr. Register, May, 1992, No. 437, eff. 6-1-92.
NR 13.02 NR 13.02 Definitions. In addition to definitions established in ss. NR 10.001, 12.001, 19.001 and 20.03, the following definitions apply to this chapter.
NR 13.02(1) (1)“Ceded territory" means the territory in Wisconsin ceded by the Chippewa Indians to the United States in the Treaty of 1837, 7 Stat. 536, and in the Treaty of 1842, 7 Stat. 591. A map of the ceded territory is found in the appendix to United States v. Bouchard, 464 F. Supp. 1316 (W.D. Wis. 1978).
NR 13.02(2) (2)“Department" means the department of natural resources.
NR 13.02(3) (3)“Enrolled Chippewa tribal member" means an individual listed on the official roll of one of the Chippewa bands entitled to exercise off-reservation treaty rights under Lac Courte Oreilles v. Voigt, 700 F. 2d 341 (7th Cir. 1983).
NR 13.02(4) (4)“Gill net" means any net set to capture fish by entanglement rather than entrapment.
NR 13.02(5) (5)“Ice fishing" means taking, capturing or killing fish or fishing for any variety of fish at any time through an artificial hole in the ice.
NR 13.02(6) (6)“Management unit", “hunting zone" and “management zone" mean those management units established for deer in s. NR 10.28, black bear hunting zones established in s. NR 10.30 and Canada goose management zones established in s. NR 10.31 or any other area established by the department for management purposes.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.