Soil and plant additives.
Sale of agricultural lime; license; penalty.
Pesticides; licensing of manufacturers and labelers.
Pesticide manufacturers and labelers: fees and surcharges.
Pesticides; licensing of dealers and distributors of restricted-use pesticides.
Railroad pesticide use.
Pesticides; prohibited acts.
Pesticides; local regulation.
Pesticides; licensing of commercial application businesses.
Pesticides; licensing of individual commercial applicators.
Pesticides; certification requirements and standards.
Distribution and sale of certain pesticides.
Pesticides; sale and use to control bats.
Distribution and sale of DDT prohibited.
Pesticides; penalties; enforcement.
Pest management for schools.
Agricultural chemical cleanup program.
Honeybee disease and pest control.
Beekeepers, etc.; agricultural pursuit.
Ch. 94 Cross-reference
See definitions in s. 93.01
Plant inspection and pest control authority. 94.01(1)(1)
In the conduct of survey and inspectional programs for the detection, prevention and control of pests, the department may impose quarantines or such other restrictions on the importation into or movement of plants or other material within this state as necessary to prevent or control the dissemination or spread of injurious pests.
In accordance with sub. (1)
, the department, by summary order, may prohibit the removal of any plant, host plant, or other pest-harboring material from any private or public property, or any area of the state which in its judgment contains or is exposed to injurious pests, except under such conditions as in its judgment are necessary to prevent the dissemination or spread of pests, giving written notice thereof to the owner or person in charge of the property. While such order is in effect no person with knowledge thereof shall cause or permit the removal of any such plant, host plant or other pest-harboring material from such property or area, unless it is in compliance with the conditions of such order. Orders issued under this subsection shall be in writing, have the force and effect of an order issued under s. 93.18
, and are subject to right of hearing before the department, if requested within 10 days after date of service. Any party affected by the order may request a preliminary or informal hearing pending the scheduling and conduct of a full hearing.
No person may obstruct or interfere with the examination or testing, by authorized inspectors and agents of the department, of any plants or other material suspected of being infested or infected with any injurious pests; nor may any person move any plants, plant parts, pests or pest-harboring materials contrary to the terms of any quarantine, rule, notice or order under this section.
The department, through its authorized agents or inspectors, may enter at all reasonable times any property for purposes of inspection, investigation and control of suspected pest infestations or infections and may intercept, stop and detain for official inspection any person, truck, vessel, aircraft or other conveyance believed to be carrying plants or other materials infested or infected with pests, and may seize and destroy any such plants or other materials moved, shipped or transported in violation of any law, rule, quarantine notice or order.
History: 1975 c. 394
; Stats. 1975 s. 94.01.
See also ch. ATCP 21
, Wis. adm. code.
Abatement of pests. 94.02(1)(a)
If the department finds any premises, or any plants, plant parts, or pest-harboring materials located thereon are so infested or infected with injurious pests as to constitute a hazard to plant or animal life in the state, or any area thereof, it may notify the owner or person having charge of such premises to that effect, and the owner or person in charge shall cause the treatment of the premises or the treatment or removal and destruction of infested or infected plants, host plants, or other pest-harboring material as directed in the notice within 10 days after such notice, except as provided in par. (b)
If the department, in a notice provided under par. (a)
, directs the owner or person in charge to treat late blight of potatoes with an antisporulant, the owner or person in charge shall cause the treatment as directed in the notice within 24 hours after the notice is issued. If the department, in a notice provided under par. (a)
, directs the owner or person in charge to remove and destroy infected plants, host plants, or other pest-harboring material due to the existence of late blight of potatoes, the owner or person in charge shall cause the removal and destruction as directed in the notice within 72 hours after the notice is issued. The department may extend the time periods for compliance under this paragraph if it determines that the treatment or the removal and destruction cannot be completed within the applicable time period.
No person may violate the terms of any notice received under this subsection, nor may any damages be awarded to the owner for such treatment, removal or destruction. Any person affected by a notice or order may appeal to the department and request a hearing under s. 94.01 (2)
If the owner or person in charge fails to comply with the terms of the notice within the time period described in sub. (1)
, the department or any cooperating local unit of government may proceed to treat the premises or to treat or destroy the infested or infected plants or other material. The expense of such abatement shall be certified to the town, city or village clerk and assessed, collected and enforced against the premises upon which such expense was incurred as taxes are assessed, collected, and enforced, and shall be paid to the cooperating unit of government incurring the expense, or into the general fund if the control work was conducted by the department.
If a serious pest outbreak constituting a significant threat to agricultural production or plant life occurs, and cannot be adequately controlled by individual property owners or local units of government in any area of this state, the department may petition the joint committee on finance for emergency funds with which to conduct needed control work independently or on a cooperative basis with the federal or local units of government.
This section does not affect the authority of the department of natural resources under ch. 26
Shipment of pests and biological control agents; permits. 94.03(1)(1)
No person may sell or offer for sale, or move, transport, deliver, ship or offer for shipment, any pest, as defined in s. 93.01 (10)
or any biological control agent as defined in sub. (2)
, without a permit as prescribed by rules of the department. Such rules may provide for reasonable exemptions from permit requirements. Permits may be issued only after the department determines that the proposed shipment or use will not create sufficient hazard to warrant refusal of a permit. Permits shall be affixed to the outside of every shipping container or accompany the shipment as the department directs.
The department may by rule regulate and control the sale and use of biological control agents to assure their safety and effectiveness in the control of injurious pests and to prevent the introduction or use of biological control agents which may be injurious to persons or property or useful plant or animal life. The term “biological control agent" as used in this section means any living organism which because of its parasitic, predatory or other biological characteristics may be effective for use in the suppression or control of pests by biological rather than chemical means.
History: 1975 c. 394
; 1983 a. 189
s. 329 (20)
Nursery stock; inspection and licensing. 94.10(1)(1)
In this section:
“Christmas tree grower" means a person who grows evergreen trees in this state for eventual cutting and sale as Christmas trees.
“Nonprofit organization" means an organization described in section 501
(c) of the Internal Revenue Code that is exempt from federal income tax under section 501
(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
“Nursery" means premises in this state on which a person propagates or grows nursery stock for sale. “Nursery" does not include heeling-in grounds or other premises where a person holds nursery stock for purposes other than propagation or growth.
“Nursery dealer" means a person who sells, offers for sale, or distributes nursery stock from one or more locations in this state, except that “nursery dealer" does not include any of the following:
A nursery grower licensed under sub. (3)
who only sells, offers for sale, or distributes nursery stock that the nursery grower has grown.
“Nursery grower" means a person who owns or operates a nursery in this state, except that “nursery grower" does not include an employee of a person licensed under sub. (3)
“Nursery stock" means plants and plant parts that can be propagated or grown, except that “nursery stock" does not include seeds, sod, cranberry cuttings, annuals, or cut Christmas trees.
“Officially inspected source" means any of the following:
A source outside this state that the department recognizes under sub. (10)
as an officially inspected source.
“Sell" means to transfer ownership, for consideration.
(2) Nursery dealer; annual license. 94.10(2)(a)(a)
Except as provided in par. (f)
, no person may operate as a nursery dealer without an annual license from the department. A nursery dealer license expires on February 20. A nursery dealer license may not be transferred to another person.
Applying for a license.
A person applying for a nursery dealer license under par. (a)
shall apply on a form provided by the department. An applicant shall provide all of the following to the department:
The applicant's legal name and address and any other name under which the applicant does business.
The address of each location in this state at which the applicant proposes to hold nursery stock for sale or distribution.
Other information reasonably required by the department for licensing purposes, including information related to the types and sources of nursery stock that the applicant sells or distributes from locations in this state.
Except as otherwise provided by the department by rule, a nursery dealer shall pay the following annual license fee, based on the nursery dealer's annual purchases determined under par. (e)
If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of no more than $5,000, $30.
If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $5,000 but not more than $20,000, $50.
If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $20,000 but not more than $100,000, $100.
If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $100,000 but not more than $200,000, $150.
If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $200,000 but not more than $500,000, $200.
If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $500,000 but not more than $2,000,000, $300.
If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $2,000,000 but not more than $3,000,000, $400.
If the nursery dealer has annual purchases of more than $3,000,000, the amount of the nursery dealer's annual purchases times 0.0005.
Notwithstanding par. (c)
, the department may not require an individual who is eligible for the veterans fee waiver program under s. 45.44
to pay a nursery dealer license fee.
Surcharge for operating without a license.
In addition to the fee required under par. (c)
, an applicant for a nursery dealer license shall pay a surcharge equal to the amount of that fee if the department determines that, within 365 days before submitting the application, the applicant operated as a nursery dealer without a license in violation of par. (a)
. Payment of the surcharge does not relieve the applicant of any other penalty or liability that may result from the violation, but does not constitute evidence of a violation of par. (a)
For the purposes of par. (c)
the amount of a nursery dealer's annual purchases is the total cost that the nursery dealer incurred during the nursery dealer's last completed fiscal year for all nursery stock that the nursery dealer acquired for sale or distribution from locations in this state, except as provided in subd. 2.
The amount of a nursery dealer's annual purchases does not include the cost of nursery stock that the nursery dealer grows under a license under sub. (3)
or an equivalent license in another state.
If a nursery dealer made no purchases of nursery stock during the nursery dealer's last completed fiscal year, the amount of annual purchases is the nursery dealer's good faith prediction of purchases described in subd. 1.
during the nursery dealer's current fiscal year.
does not apply to any of the following:
A person who sells or distributes nursery stock only at retail and whose total sales from all locations in this state during the license year do not exceed $250.
A person who sells or distributes nursery stock solely for the benefit of a nonprofit organization, for a total of not more than 7 consecutive days in this state during the license year.
(3) Nursery grower; annual license. 94.10(3)(a)(a)
Except as provided in par. (f)
, no person may operate as a nursery grower without an annual license from the department. A nursery grower license expires on February 20. A nursery grower license may not be transferred to another person.