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77.81(5) (5)“Nonprofit organization" means a nonprofit corporation, a charitable trust, or other nonprofit association that is described in section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code and is exempt from federal income tax under section 501 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
77.81(5m) (5m)“Proposed ferrous mining site" means a proposed mining site, as described under s. 295.46 (1), for which the person proposing to engage in ferrous mining has provided preapplication notification under s. 295.465.
77.81(6) (6)“Recreational activities" means recreational outdoor activities that are compatible with the practice of forestry, as determined by the department. “Recreational activities" includes hunting, fishing, hiking, sight-seeing, cross-country skiing, horseback riding, and staying in cabins.
77.82 77.82 Managed forest land; application.
77.82(1)(1)Eligibility requirements.
77.82(1)(a)(a) A parcel of land that is subject to a managed forest land order issued or renewed before April 16, 2016, is eligible for designation as managed forest land only if it fulfills the following requirements:
77.82(1)(a)1. 1. It consists of at least 10 contiguous acres, except as provided in this subdivision. The fact that a lake, river, stream, or flowage, a public or private road, or a railroad or utility right-of-way separates any part of the land from any other part does not render a parcel of land noncontiguous. If a part of a parcel of at least 10 contiguous acres is separated from another part of that parcel by a public road, that part of the parcel may be enrolled in the program, even if that part is less than 10 acres, if that part meets the requirement under subd. 2. and is not ineligible under par. (b).
77.82(1)(a)2. 2. At least 80 percent of the parcel must be producing or capable of producing a minimum of 20 cubic feet of merchantable timber per acre per year.
77.82(1)(ag) (ag) A parcel of land that is or will be subject to a managed forest land order issued or renewed on or after April 16, 2016, is eligible for designation as managed forest land only if it fulfills all of the following requirements:
77.82(1)(ag)1. 1. Subject to par. (am), the parcel either consists of at least 20 contiguous acres or meets all of the following acreage requirements:
77.82(1)(ag)1.a. a. The parcel consists of at least 10 contiguous acres.
77.82(1)(ag)1.b. b. The parcel is located in a tract of land under the same ownership that contains at least one other parcel of at least 10 acres that meets the requirements under subd. 2. and for which designation under the same managed forest land order is sought.
77.82(1)(ag)2. 2. At least 80 percent of the parcel is producing or capable of producing a minimum of 20 cubic feet of merchantable timber per acre per year.
77.82(1)(am) (am) The fact that a lake, river, stream, or flowage, a public or private road, or a railroad or utility right-of-way separates any part of the land from any other part does not render a parcel of land noncontiguous and does not render ownership of land noncontiguous.
77.82(1)(ar) (ar) The owner of a parcel that does not meet the acreage requirements in par. (ag) 1. and that is subject to a managed forest land order issued before April 16, 2016, may apply one time for a renewal of the order under sub. (12) on or after April 16, 2016, without meeting the acreage requirements under par. (ag) 1.
77.82(1)(b) (b) The following land is not eligible for designation as managed forest land:
77.82(1)(b)1. 1. A parcel of which more than 20 percent consists of land that is unsuitable for producing merchantable timber, including water, marsh, muskeg, bog, rock outcrops, sand dunes, farmland, roadway or railroad and utility rights-of-way.
77.82(1)(b)2. 2. A parcel that is developed for commercial recreation, for industry or for any other use determined by the department to be incompatible with the practice of forestry.
77.82(1)(b)3. 3. A parcel that is developed for a human residence. This subdivision applies only to a parcel of land subject to a managed forest land order issued or renewed before April 16, 2016.
77.82(1)(b)3m. 3m. A parcel on which a building or an improvement associated with a building is located. This subdivision applies only to a parcel of land subject to a managed forest land order issued or renewed on or after April 16, 2016.
77.82(1)(b)4. 4. A parcel that is not accessible to the public on foot by public road or from other land open to public access. This subdivision does not apply to a parcel or part of a parcel that is closed to public access under s. 77.83 (1).
77.82(1)(bp)1.1. For purposes of par. (b) 3m., and except as provided in subd. 2., an improvement is any of the following:
77.82(1)(bp)1.a. a. Any structure or fixture that is built or placed on the parcel for its benefit.
77.82(1)(bp)1.b. b. Landscaping that is done on the parcel.
77.82(1)(bp)2. 2. An improvement does not include any of the following:
77.82(1)(bp)2.a. a. A public or private road.
77.82(1)(bp)2.b. b. A railroad or utility right-of-way.
77.82(1)(bp)2.c. c. A fence, except as provided in subd. 3.
77.82(1)(bp)2.d. d. Culverts.
77.82(1)(bp)2.e. e. Bridges.
77.82(1)(bp)2.f. f. Hunting blinds, as specified by rules promulgated by the department.
77.82(1)(bp)2.g. g. Structures and fixtures that are needed for sound forestry practices.
77.82(1)(bp)3. 3. For purposes of par. (b) 3., a fence that prevents the free and open movement of wild animals across any portion of a parcel is an improvement unless all of the following apply:
77.82(1)(bp)3.a. a. The fence is used for dog training purposes.
77.82(1)(bp)3.b. b. The fence is on land owned by a nonprofit organization that is described in section 501 (c) of the Internal Revenue Code and that holds a dog club training license under s. 169.20 (3).
77.82(1)(bp)3.c. c. The fence existed on January 1, 2017, on land designated as closed managed forest land.
77.82(1)(bp)4. 4. Notwithstanding par. (b) 3., a building used exclusively for storage that is located on a parcel does not make that parcel ineligible for designation as managed forest land.
77.82(1)(c) (c) In addition to the requirements under pars. (a), (ag), and (b), for land subject to an application under sub. (4m), all forest croplands owned by the applicant on the date on which the application is filed that are located in the municipality or municipalities for which the application is filed shall be included in the application.
77.82(2) (2) Application. Any owner of land may file an application with the department to designate any eligible parcel of land as managed forest land. An application may include any number of eligible parcels under the same ownership. Each application shall include all of the following:
77.82(2)(a) (a) The name and address of each owner.
77.82(2)(b) (b) The legal description or the location and acreage of each parcel of land.
77.82(2)(c) (c) The legal description of the area in which the parcel is located.
77.82(2)(cm) (cm) A copy of an instrument that has been recorded in the office of the register of deeds of each county in which the property is located that shows the ownership of the land subject to the application.
77.82(2)(d) (d) A description of the physical characteristics of the land, in sufficient detail to enable the department to determine if it meets the eligibility requirements under sub. (1).
77.82(2)(dm) (dm) Subject to sub. (12), a proposed management plan.
77.82(2)(e) (e) A statement of the owner's forest management objectives for the production of merchantable timber, in sufficient detail to provide direction for the approval of the proposed management plan. The application may also state additional forest management objectives, which may include wildlife habitat management, aesthetic considerations, watershed management and recreational use.
77.82(2)(f) (f) Proof that each person holding any encumbrance on the land agrees that the application may be filed.
77.82(2)(g) (g) A map, diagram or aerial photograph showing the location and acreage of any area that will be designated as closed to the public under s. 77.83.
77.82(2)(h) (h) Whether the land will be designated as managed forest land for 25 or 50 years.
77.82(2m) (2m) Fees for applications and management plans.
77.82(2m)(a) (a) An application under sub. (2), (4m), or (12) shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable application recording fee of $20 unless a different amount for the fee is established by the department by rule at an amount equal to the average expense to the department for recording an order issued under this subchapter.
77.82(2m)(ac) (ac) If the department prepares a management plan under sub. (3) (am), the department shall collect from the applicant the management plan fee established under par. (am).
77.82(2m)(ag) (ag) If a proposed management plan accompanying an application filed under sub. (2), (4m), or (12) is not approved by the department under its initial review under sub. (3) (ar), and if the department agrees to complete the proposed management plan under sub. (3) (ar), the department shall collect from the applicant the management plan fee established under par. (am).
77.82(2m)(am) (am) The department shall by rule establish on an annual basis a nonrefundable fee that the department shall charge for a management plan prepared or completed by the department. The fee shall be based on the comparable commercial market rate that is charged for preparation of such management plans.
77.82(2m)(c) (c) A proposed management plan is exempt from the management plan fee under par. (ag) if it is prepared or completed by an independent certified plan writer instead of by the department.
77.82(2m)(d) (d) All of the application recording fees collected under par. (a) shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (cr).
77.82(2m)(dm)1.1. Of each management plan fee, $300 or the entire fee, whichever is less, that is collected under par. (ag) shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (cx).
77.82(2m)(dm)2. 2. Any amount not credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (cx), as calculated in subd. 1., shall be deposited into the conservation fund for forestry purposes.
77.82(3) (3) Management plan.
77.82(3)(ag)(ag) A proposed management plan shall cover the entire acreage of each parcel subject to the application and shall be prepared by an independent certified plan writer or by the department if par. (am) applies.
77.82(3)(am) (am) If the department determines that an applicant is not able to have a proposed management plan prepared by a certified independent plan writer, the department shall prepare the plan. The department shall promulgate rules establishing the criteria that shall be met in order to determine that an applicant is unable to prepare such a plan.
77.82(3)(ar) (ar) For a proposed management plan prepared by an independent certified plan writer, the department, after considering the owner's forest management objectives as stated under sub. (2) (e), shall review and either approve or disapprove the proposed management plan. If the department disapproves the proposed plan, it shall inform the applicant of the changes necessary to qualify the plan for approval upon subsequent review. At the request of the applicant, the department may agree to complete the proposed management plan.
77.82(3)(c) (c) To qualify for approval, a management plan shall include all of the following:
77.82(3)(c)1. 1. The name and address of each owner of the land.
77.82(3)(c)2. 2. The legal description of the parcel or of the area in which the parcel is located.
77.82(3)(c)3. 3. A statement of the owner's forest management objectives.
77.82(3)(c)4. 4. A map, diagram or aerial photograph which identifies both forested and unforested areas of the land, using conventional map symbols indicating the species, size and density of vegetation and the other major features of the land.
77.82(3)(c)5. 5. A map, diagram or aerial photograph which identifies the areas designated as open and closed under s. 77.83.
77.82(3)(c)6. 6. A description of the forestry practices, including harvesting, thinning and reforestation, that will be undertaken during the term of the order, specifying the period of time in which each will be completed.
77.82(3)(c)7. 7. A description of soil conservation practices that may be necessary to control any soil erosion that may result from the forestry practices specified under subd. 6.
77.82(3)(d) (d) The management plan may also specify activities that will be undertaken for the management of forest resources other than trees, including wildlife habitat, watersheds and aesthetic features.
77.82(3)(e) (e) A management plan shall contain a statement that the owner agrees to comply with all of its terms and with the conditions of this subchapter and shall be signed by the owner and a representative of the department.
77.82(3)(f) (f) An owner and the department may mutually agree to amend a management plan.
77.82(3)(g) (g) The department shall certify plan writers and shall promulgate rules specifying the qualifications that a person must satisfy to become a certified plan writer. For management plans prepared or completed by the department under this subsection, the department may contract with plan writers certified by the department to prepare and complete these plans.
77.82(3)(h)1.1. Under this paragraph, “large ownership” means 1,000 or more acres of land designated as managed forest land that has the same owner.
77.82(3)(h)2. 2. The department may promulgate rules that subject large ownerships to management plan requirements that deviate from the requirements under pars. (ag) to (g).
77.82(4) (4) Additions to managed forest land. An owner of land that is designated as managed forest land may file an application with the department to designate as managed forest land an additional parcel of land if the additional parcel is contiguous to any of that designated land or is not contiguous to that designated land but meets the requirements under sub. (1) (ag). The application shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable $20 application recording fee unless a different amount for the fee is established by the department by rule at an amount equal to the average expense to the department of recording an order issued under this subchapter. The fee shall be deposited in the conservation fund and credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (2) (cr). The application shall be filed on a department form and shall contain any additional information required by the department. The tax rate applicable to an addition under this subsection shall be the tax rate currently applicable to the managed forest land order to which the land is being added. Except for the minimum acreage requirements under sub. (1) (ag) 1. b. that apply to a noncontiguous addition, the eligibility requirements applicable to an addition under this subsection are the eligibility requirements under the order that designated the parcel to which the land is being added.
77.82(4m) (4m) Conversion of forest croplands to managed forest land.
77.82(4m)(a)(a) An owner of land that is entered as forest croplands under s. 77.02 may file an application with the department under sub. (2) to convert all or a portion of the land to managed forest land, subject to sub. (1) (c).
77.82(4m)(b) (b) An application under this subsection shall specify whether the order designating the land as managed forest land will remain in effect for 25 years or 50 years, as elected by the owner.
77.82(4m)(d) (d) An owner of land who has filed a conversion application under this subsection and for whom the department is preparing or completing a management plan may withdraw the request and have it prepared by an independent certified plan writer if the owner determines that the department is not preparing or completing the management plan in a timely manner.
77.82(5) (5) Notice of application; request for denial.
77.82(5)(a) (a) Upon receipt of an application under sub. (2), (4) or (4m), the department shall provide written notice of the application to each clerk of each municipality in which the land is located.
77.82(5)(b) (b) The governing body of any municipality in which the proposed managed forest land is located or a resident or property tax payer of such a municipality may, within 15 days after the notice under par. (a) is provided, request the department to deny the application on the grounds that the land fails to meet the eligibility requirements under sub. (1) or that, if the addition is approved, the entire parcel will fail to meet those eligibility requirements. The request shall be in writing and shall specify the reason for believing that the land is or would be ineligible.
77.82(6) (6) Investigation; hearing.
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 267 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on June 29, 2022. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after June 29, 2022, are designated by NOTES. (Published 6-29-22)