Legal separation (formerly divorce from bed and board).
Concerning periods of physical placement or visitation rights to children, including an action to relocate and reside with a child under s. 767.481
“Court" includes the circuit court commissioner when the circuit court commissioner has been authorized by law to exercise the authority of the court or has been delegated that authority as authorized by law.
“Department" means the department of children and families.
“Divorce" means dissolution of the marriage relationship.
“Electronic communication" means time during which a parent and his or her child communicate by using communication tools such as the telephone, electronic mail, instant messaging, video conferencing or other wired or wireless technologies via the Internet, or another medium of communication.
“Genetic test" means a test that examines genetic markers present on blood cells, skin cells, tissue cells, bodily fluid cells or cells of another body material for the purpose of determining the statistical probability of an alleged father's paternity.
“Joint legal custody" means the condition under which both parties share legal custody and neither party's legal custody rights are superior, except with respect to specified decisions as set forth by the court or the parties in the final judgment or order.
With respect to any person granted legal custody of a child, other than a county agency or a licensed child welfare agency under par. (b)
, the right and responsibility to make major decisions concerning the child, except with respect to specified decisions as set forth by the court or the parties in the final judgment or order.
With respect to the department or a county agency specified in s. 48.56 (1)
or a licensed child welfare agency granted legal custody of a child, the rights and responsibilities specified under s. 48.02 (12)
“Major decisions" includes, but is not limited to, decisions regarding consent to marry, consent to enter military service, consent to obtain a motor vehicle operator's license, authorization for nonemergency health care and choice of school and religion.
“Physical placement" means the condition under which a party has the right to have a child physically placed with that party and has the right and responsibility to make, during that placement, routine daily decisions regarding the child's care, consistent with major decisions made by a person having legal custody.
“Sole legal custody" means the condition under which one party has legal custody.
Sub. (2m) confers the right to choose a child's religion on the custodial parent. Lange v. Lange, 175 Wis. 2d 373
, N.W.2d (Ct. App. 1993).
A custodial parent's right to make major decisions for the children does not give that parent the right to decide whether the actions of the noncustodial parent are consistent with those decisions. Wood v. DeHahn, 214 Wis. 2d 221
, 571 N.W.2d 186
(Ct. App. 1997), 96-3642
Sub. (1) (i) allows all actions to modify a judgment in an action affecting marriage to be commenced in any court having jurisdiction under s. 767.01. 68 Atty. Gen. 106.
Family Court or Not? Raising Child Abuse Allegations Against a Parent. Kornblum & Pollack. Wis. Law. Mar. 2020.
This chapter applies to actions affecting the family.
History: 2005 a. 443
The circuit courts have jurisdiction of all actions affecting the family and have authority to do all acts and things necessary and proper in those actions and to carry their orders and judgments into execution as prescribed in this chapter. Except as provided in subs. (2)
, jurisdiction may be exercised as provided under ch. 801
(2) Paternity and child support.
In an action to establish paternity or to establish or enforce a child support obligation, in regard to a child who is the subject of the action, a person is subject to the jurisdiction of the courts of this state as provided in s. 769.201 (1m)
(2m) Child custody.
All proceedings relating to the custody of children shall comply with the requirements of ch. 822
See s. 765.001
for provision as to intent and construction of this chapter.
The trial court has broad authority to enforce its family court judgments and may employ any remedy customarily available to courts of equity. It was appropriate to direct the defendant to pay the plaintiff's medical expenses when the defendant had not converted an insurance policy as ordered under a divorce decree. Rotter v. Rotter, 80 Wis. 2d 56
, 257 N.W.2d 861
When a husband complied with the original court order to make property division installment payments, the court had no authority to order the husband to pay the wife's income tax on installments. Wright v. Wright, 92 Wis. 2d 246
, 284 N.W.2d 894
When possession of the party's homestead was awarded by the divorce judgment to the wife to be sold upon her death with the proceeds divided between the parties, the family court and probate court had concurrent jurisdiction. Morrissette v. Morrissette, 99 Wis. 2d 467
, 299 N.W.2d 590
(Ct. App. 1980).
A circuit court does not have subject matter jurisdiction in a divorce action to determine attorney fees between an attorney and client that the attorney continues to represent in the divorce action. Stasey v. Stasey, 168 Wis. 2d 37
, 483 N.W.2d 221
The joinder of divorce and contract actions between spouses is not required. Caulfield v. Caulfield, 183 Wis. 2d 83
, 515 N.W.2d 278
(Ct. App. 1994).
When one party to a divorce dies during the action, the court loses jurisdiction, including jurisdiction to enforce prior orders. Socha v. Socha, 183 Wis. 2d 390
, 515 N.W.2d 337
(Ct. App. 1994).
An injunction against a man, whose petition to establish himself as father of two children had been denied, to stay away from the children until they reach age 18 was within the court's power to enforce its judgments and orders. Paternity of C.A.S. & C.D.S., 185 Wis. 2d 468
, 518 N.W.2d 285
(Ct. App. 1994).
A divorce action terminates on the death of a spouse. After the death, an order prohibiting an act in regard to marital property entered in the divorce may not be enforced under this chapter. As the parties are legally married at the time of death, the sole remedy for resolving disputes over marital property lies under s. 766.70. Socha v. Socha, 204 Wis. 2d 474
, 555 N.W.2d 152
(Ct. App. 1996), 95-1641
A family court has jurisdiction to hear equitable claims against third parties that affect the rights of parties to a divorce, such as a claim against a third-party title holder of property claimed to actually be part of the marital estate. Zabel v. Zabel, 210 Wis. 2d 336
, 565 N.W.2d 240
(Ct. App. 1997), 96-3092
There is no authority in this chapter to allow a name change for children in a divorce action. Jocius v. Jocius, 218 Wis. 2d 103
, 580 N.W.2d 708
(Ct. App. 1998), 96-2746
A cause of action under s. 766.70 requires that the complained of conduct arise as a result of the marital relationship and a breach of the good faith duty between spouses. Once a divorce is commenced, the claim must be resolved in divorce court. A cause of action between spouses arising outside the marital relationship, such as a stockbroker-client relationship, does not fall within s. 766.70 and may be maintained independent of the divorce. Knafelc v. Dain Bosworth, Inc., 224 Wis. 2d 346
, 591 N.W.2d 611
(Ct. App. 1999), 98-0067
Chapter 822, the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act, does not, in and of itself, establish a sufficient statutory basis for personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant in a paternity proceeding. Paula M.S. v. Neal A.R., 226 Wis. 2d 79
, 593 N.W.2d 486
(Ct. App. 1999), 98-1158
Full faith and credit; comity. 767.041(1)(a)
Full faith and credit shall be given in all courts of this state to a judgment in any action affecting the family, except an action relating to child custody, by a court of competent jurisdiction in another state, territory, or possession of the United States, when both spouses personally appear or when the respondent has been personally served. Full faith and credit shall also be given in all courts of this state to the amount of arrearages owed for nonpayment or late payment of a child support, family support, or maintenance payment under an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction in another state, territory, or possession of the United States. A court in this state may not adjust the amount of arrearages owed except as provided in s. 767.59 (1m)
Full faith and credit shall be given in all courts of this state to a determination of paternity made by any other state, whether established through voluntary acknowledgment or an administrative or judicial process.
(2) Actions in courts of foreign countries.
Any court of this state may recognize a judgment in any action affecting the family involving Wisconsin domiciliaries, except an action relating to child custody, by a court of competent jurisdiction in a foreign country, in accordance with the principles of international comity.
(3) Child custody actions.
All matters relating to the effect of the judgment of another court concerning child custody are governed by ch. 822
History: 1977 c. 105
; 1979 c. 32
; 1979 c. 352
; Stats. 1979 s. 767.21; 1989 a. 212
; 1993 a. 481
; 2005 a. 443
; Stats. 2005 s. 767.041.
Full faith and credit is not applicable when a decree or judgment is obtained in a jurisdiction outside of the United States. Estate of Steffke, 65 Wis. 2d 199
, 222 N.W.2d 628
A Wisconsin court has equitable jurisdiction to decide issues of maintenance and property division when an out-of-state divorce judgment fails to address those issues. Haeuser v. Haeuser, 200 Wis. 2d 750
, 548 N.W.2d 750
(Ct. App. 1996), 95-1087
Uniform Divorce Recognition Act. 767.055(1)(1)
Effect of foreign divorce by state domiciliary.
A divorce obtained in another jurisdiction is of no force or effect in this state if the court in the other jurisdiction lacks subject matter jurisdiction to hear the case because both parties to the marriage were domiciled in this state at the time the proceeding for the divorce was commenced.
Proof that a person obtaining a divorce in another jurisdiction was domiciled in this state within 12 months prior to the commencement of the divorce proceeding and resumed residence in this state within 18 months after the date of the person's departure from this state, or that at all times after the person's departure from this state and until the person's return the person maintained a place of residence within this state, is prima facie evidence that the person was domiciled in this state when the divorce proceeding was commenced.
This section shall be interpreted and construed so as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states that enact it.
This section may be cited as the Uniform Divorce Recognition Act.
History: 1977 c. 105
; 1979 c. 32
; Stats. 1979 s. 767.22; 1993 a. 486
; 2005 a. 443
; Stats. 2005 s. 767.055.
Comity cannot be accorded a Mexican decree if no domicile existed in that foreign jurisdiction. Estate of Steffke, 65 Wis. 2d 199
, 222 N.W.2d 628
PROVISIONS OF GENERAL APPLICATION
Information from the office of family court commissioner. 767.105(1)(1)
Information on available services.
Upon the filing of an action affecting the family, the office of family court commissioner shall inform the parties of any services, including referral services, offered by the office of family court commissioner and by the director of family court services under s. 767.405
(2) Other information on request.
Upon request of a party to an action affecting the family, including a revision of judgment or order under s. 767.451
The office of family court commissioner shall, with or without charge, provide the party with written information on the following, as appropriate to the action commenced:
The procedure for obtaining a judgment or order in the action.
Community resources and family court services available to assist the parties.
The procedure for setting, modifying and enforcing child support awards or modifying and enforcing legal custody or physical placement judgments or orders.
The office of family court commissioner shall provide a party, for inspection or purchase, with a copy of the statutory provisions in this chapter generally pertinent to the action.
History: 1977 c. 105
; 1979 c. 32
; 1987 a. 355
; 2001 a. 61
; 2005 a. 443
; Stats. 2005 s. 767.105.
Prohibited acts during pendency of action. 767.117(1)(1)
In an action affecting the family, the petitioner upon filing the petition, the joint petitioners upon filing the joint petition and the respondent upon service of the petition are prohibited from doing any of the following:
Harassing, intimidating, physically abusing or imposing any restraint on the personal liberty of the other party or a minor child of either of the parties.
If the action is one under s. 767.001 (1) (a)
, or (i)
, encumbering, concealing, damaging, destroying, transferring, or otherwise disposing of property owned by either or both of the parties, without the consent of the other party or an order of the court, except in the usual course of business, in order to secure necessities, or in order to pay reasonable costs and expenses of the action, including attorney fees.
Unless the action is one under s. 767.001 (1) (g)
, without the consent of the other party or an order of the court, relocating and establishing a residence with a minor child of the parties more than 100 miles from the residence of the other party, removing a minor child of the parties from the state for more than 90 consecutive days, or concealing a minor child of the parties from the other party.
(2) Duration of prohibitions.
The prohibitions under sub. (1)
shall apply until the action is dismissed, until a final judgment in the action is entered, or until the court orders otherwise.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, a party who violates any provision of sub. (1)
may be proceeded against under ch. 785
for contempt of court.
An act in violation of sub. (1) (c)
is not a contempt of court if the court finds that the action was taken to protect a party or a minor child of the parties from physical abuse by the other party and that there was no reasonable opportunity under the circumstances for the party to obtain an order under sub. (2)
authorizing the action.