“Property factor" means a fraction the numerator of which is the average book cost of utility plant located in this state for the tax period and the denominator of which is the average book cost of utility plant located everywhere for the tax period. The average book cost of utility plant shall be determined by averaging the beginning and year end balances at original cost, including construction work in progress, but the secretary of revenue may require the averaging of monthly book costs during the tax period if that is reasonably required to reflect properly the average value of the taxpayer's property.
“Qualified wholesale electric company" means all of the following:
Any person that owns or operates facilities for the generation and sale of electricity to a public utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (5)
, or to any other entity that sells electricity directly to the public, except that “qualified wholesale electric company" does not include any person that sells less than 95 percent of its net production of electricity or that does not own, operate, or control electric generating facilities that have a total power production capacity of at least 50 megawatts.
A wholesale merchant plant, as defined in s. 196.491 (1) (w)
, that has a total power production capacity of at least 50 megawatts.
“Sales factor" means a fraction the numerator of which is the taxpayer's total sales of electricity, gas, water and steam in this state reported to the public service commission for the tax period and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total sales of electricity, gas, water and steam everywhere as reported to the public service commission for the tax period.
“Tax period" means the calendar year preceding the year for which the license fee is assessed.
Except as provided in s. 76.29
, there is imposed on every light, heat and power company an annual license fee to be assessed by the department on or before May 1, 1985, and every May 1 thereafter measured by the gross revenues of the preceding year; excluding for the tax period, as defined in s. 76.29 (1) (f)
, gross revenues that are subject to the license fee under s. 76.29
; at the rates and by the methods set forth under pars. (b)
. The fee shall become delinquent if not paid when due and when delinquent shall be subject to interest at the rate of 1.5 percent per month until paid. Payment in full of the May 1 assessment constitutes a license to carry on business for the 12-month period commencing on the preceding January 1.
For private light, heat and power companies, for 1985, an amount equal to the apportionment factor multiplied by the sum of:
Gross revenues from the sale of gas services multiplied by 0.47 percent; and
All other gross revenues multiplied by 1.63 percent.
Except as provided under par. (e)
, for private light, heat and power companies for 1986 and thereafter, an amount equal to the apportionment factor multiplied by the sum of:
Gross revenues from the sale of gas services multiplied by 0.97 percent; and
All other gross revenues multiplied by 3.19 percent.
Except as provided under par. (e)
, for municipal light, heat and power companies, an amount equal to the gross revenues, except gross revenues from operations within the municipality that operates the company, multiplied by the rates under par. (b)
For transmission companies, an amount equal to the gross revenues multiplied by the rates under par. (c)
On or before May 10, 1985, each light, heat and power company shall pay to the department a license fee for 1985 as imposed under sub. (2)
Beginning with calendar year 1985, a portion of the license fees imposed under sub. (2)
shall be paid to the department on an estimated basis. Payment of 45 percent of the total estimated liability of the May 1, 1986, assessment is due on or before May 10, 1985. The remainder of the May 1, 1986, assessment is due on or before November 10, 1985. Settlement for overpayments and underpayments of the May 1, 1986, assessment shall be made by the methods under par. (c)
Beginning with calendar year 1986, the license fees prescribed by sub. (2)
shall be paid to the department on an estimated basis. Remittances of semiannual installments of the total estimated payments for the then current calendar year shall be due on or before May 10 and November 10 of the current year. With respect to the license fee assessment under sub. (2) (a)
, each light, heat and power company shall, on each May 10, pay or be credited an amount which is equal to the difference between the May 1 assessment and the sum of the semiannual installment payments made in the preceding calendar year. The additional amount shall be added to the semiannual installment due on May 10; if there has been an overpayment the amount of the overpayment shall be credited to the semiannual installment due May 10. If any light, heat and power company that has a liability for the current year fails to make semiannual payments of at least 55 percent of the assessed liability for the current calendar year or 50 percent of the assessed liability for the subsequent calendar year, any amounts not paid when due shall become delinquent and shall be subject to interest at the rate of 1.5 percent per month.
Light, heat and power companies with a liability under this section of less than $2,000 are not required to make an installment payment but shall pay the full amount of the license fees due on or before May 10 of the year of assessment.
If after filing the reports specified in sub. (7)
and after the department's computation and assessment of license fees under sub. (2)
it is determined that the amount of gross revenues reported is in error, the department shall compute the additional license fee to be paid or the amount of the overpayment of license fee to be refunded, as the case may be. If an additional license fee is due, the department shall give notice to the light, heat and power company against whom the license fee is to be levied. All such additional assessments and claims for refunds for excess license fees paid are subject to the same procedure for review and final determination as additional income or franchise tax assessments and claims for refunds under ch. 71
as far as the same may be applicable, except that appeals of denials of claims for refunds shall be made directly to the tax appeals commission and except that the additional license fees shall become delinquent 60 days after notice provided in this subsection or, if review proceedings are held, 60 days following final determination of the review proceedings. All additional license fees shall bear interest at the rate of 12 percent per year from the time they should have been paid to the date on which the additional fees shall become delinquent if unpaid.
In the case of overpayments of license fees by any light, heat and power company under par. (a)
, the department shall certify the overpayments to the department of administration, which shall audit the amount of the overpayments and the secretary of administration shall pay the amounts determined by means of the audit. All refunds of license fees under this subsection shall bear interest at the annual rate of 3 percent from the date of the original payment to the date when the refund is made. The time for making additional levies of license fees or claims for refunds of excess license fees paid, in respect to any year, shall be limited to 4 years after the time the report for such year was filed.
Delinquent license fees of any light, heat and power company, together with penalties and interest, for a lien upon all property of such company prior to all other liens, claims and demands, which lien may be enforced in an action in the name of the state in any court of competent jurisdiction against the property of such company within the state as an entirety. The remedies for nonpayment of taxes specified in s. 76.14
apply to nonpayment of license fees, penalties and interest referred to under this section.
The records, books, accounts and papers of any light, heat and power company are subject to inspection and examination by the secretary of revenue or by the person that the secretary designates for that purpose.
If any light, heat and power company that is required under this section to file a report fails to file a report within the time prescribed by law or as extended under sub. (7)
, and upon a showing by the department under s. 73.16 (4)
, there shall be added to the amount required to be shown as license fees on the report 5 percent of the amount of such fees if the failure is for not more than one month, with an additional 5 percent for each additional month or fraction thereof during which the failure continues, not exceeding 25 percent in the aggregate.
If any light, heat and power company fails to make a report as required by sub. (7)
within the time required, the department may enter an assessment against such company in a sum representing the approximate amount of the license fees, together with penalties and interest, for which such company may be liable as estimated by the department. Notice of such assessment shall be given by certified mail, and unless a report conforming to the requirements of this section is filed within 15 days of such notice, such estimated assessment shall become final. Thereafter the light, heat and power company assessed shall be forever barred from questioning the correctness of the same in any action or proceeding.
Every light, heat, and power company shall, on or before March 1 in each year, make and return to the department, in the form and upon the forms that the department prescribes, a true statement of the operation of the company's business during the preceding calendar year, including provision of the “amount shown in the account plus leased property" for purposes of the payment to municipalities and counties under s. 79.04
. The statement shall be certified by the president and treasurer of the company or 2 of the company's principal officers. For sufficient reason shown, the department may, upon written request, allow any further time for making and filing the statement that the department considers necessary but not to exceed 30 days. If any company fails to file the statement within the time prescribed or as extended under this subsection, the department shall add to the taxes due from that company $25, and no company may contest the imposition of that penalty in any action or proceeding.
(8) Transfer of ownership.
If any light, heat or power company discontinues service through sale, merger or abandonment of its property or otherwise, the company acquiring that property or undertaking to provide service in the area of the former company shall assume the license fees due under this section, but the liability of the acquiring company is limited to those license fees which have accrued from January 1 of the previous calendar year to the date of the order of the public service commission approving the sale, merger or discontinuance of service.
(9) Property subject to local tax.
The license fees imposed by this section upon the gross revenues of light, heat and power companies as defined in sub. (1) (e)
shall be in lieu of all other taxes on all property used and useful in the operation of the business of such companies in this state, except that the same shall be subject to special assessments for local improvements. If a general structure is used and useful in part in the operation of the business of those companies in this state and in part for nonoperating purposes, the license fees imposed by this section are in place of the percentage of all other taxes on the property that fairly measures and represents the extent of the use and usefulness in the operation of the business of those companies in this state, and the balance is subject to local assessment and taxation, except that the entire general structure is subject to special assessments for local improvements. Property under s. 76.025 (2)
shall not be taxed under this section, but shall be subject to local assessment and taxation.
(10) Standing to challenge assessment.
In case any light, heat or power company fails to make a report as required by sub. (7)
within the time required, the department may enter an assessment against that company in a sum representing the approximate amount of the license fees, together with penalties and interest, for which that company may be liable as estimated by the department. Notice of that assessment shall be given by certified mail, and unless a report conforming to the requirements of this section is filed within 15 days of that notice, that estimated assessment shall become final. Thereafter the light, heat or power company assessed shall be forever barred from questioning the correctness of the assessment in any action or proceeding.
(11) Payment before contesting.
No action or proceeding, except a petition for redetermination under sub. (4)
, may be brought by a light, heat or power company against this state to contest any assessment of a tax under this section unless the taxpayer first pays to this state the amount of tax assessed. If the taxpayer prevails in an action or proceeding, this state shall settle with the taxpayer, including payment of interest at 3 percent per year on the amount of the money paid from the date of payment until the date of judgment.
License fee for selling electricity at wholesale. 76.29(1)(1)
In this section:
“Department" means the department of revenue.
“Gross revenues" means total revenues from the sale of electricity for resale by the purchaser of the electricity.
“Tax period" means each calendar year or portion of a calendar year.
There is imposed on every light, heat, and power company and electric cooperative that owns an electric utility plant, an annual license fee to be assessed by the department on or before May 1, 2005, and every May 1 thereafter, measured by the gross revenues of the preceding tax period in an amount equal to the apportionment factor multiplied by gross revenues multiplied by 1.59 percent. The fee shall become delinquent if not paid when due and when delinquent shall be subject to interest at the rate of 1.5 percent per month until paid.
Confidentiality provisions. 76.30(1)(1)
Except as provided in sub. (2)
, no person may divulge or circulate or offer to obtain, divulge or circulate any information provided by a company taxed under this subchapter, except a company taxed under s. 76.28
, to the department, including information which may be furnished by the department as provided in this section. This subsection does not prohibit publication by any newspaper of information lawfully derived from that information for purposes of argument or prohibit any public speaker from referring to such information in any address. This subsection does not prohibit the department from publishing statistics classified so as not to disclose the identity of particular taxpayers. This subsection does not prohibit employees or agents of the department from offering or submitting any return, claim, schedule, exhibit, writing or audit report or a copy of, and any information derived from, any of those documents as evidence into the record of any contested matter involving the department in proceedings or litigation on state tax matters if that evidence has reasonable probative value.
(2) Persons qualified to examine returns for specified purposes.
Subject to sub. (3)
and to rules of the department, any information under sub. (1)
is open to examination by only the following persons and the contents thereof may be divulged or used only as follows:
The secretary of revenue or any officer, agent or employee of the department.
The attorney general and department of justice employees.
Members of any legislative committee on organization or its authorized agents provided the examination is approved by a majority vote of a quorum of its members and the tax return or claim information is disclosed only in a meeting closed to the public. The committee may disclose information to the senate or assembly or to other legislative committees if the information does not disclose the identity of particular returns, claims or reports and the items thereof. The department shall provide assistance to the committees or their authorized agents in order to identify returns and claims deemed necessary by them to accomplish the review and analysis of tax policy.
Public officers of the federal government or other state governments or the authorized agents of such officers, where necessary in the administration of the tax laws of such governments, to the extent that such government accords similar rights of examination or information to officials of this state.
The person who filed or submitted the information, or to whom the information relates or by the person's authorized agent or attorney.
Any person examining information pursuant to a court order duly obtained upon a showing to the court that the information is relevant to a pending court action or pursuant to a subpoena signed by a judge of a court of record ordering the department's custodian of returns or claims to produce information in open court in a court action pending before the judge.
Employees of the legislative fiscal bureau to the extent that the department considers the examination necessary for those employees to perform their duties under contracts or agreements between the department and the bureau relating to the review and analysis of tax policy and the analysis of state revenue collections.
Employees and members of the public service commission, and employees of the department of transportation, to the extent that the department of revenue considers the examination necessary for those members and employees to perform their duties.
The secretary of revenue and employees of that department for the purposes of preparing and maintaining the list of persons with unpaid tax obligations as described in s. 73.03 (62)
so that the list of such persons is available for public inspection.
An assessor employed by a local unit of government if the department determines that providing the information is necessary to verify whether real or personal property located in a taxing jurisdiction is subject to the taxes and fees imposed under this subchapter or to general local property taxes.
(3) Restriction on use of information.
The use of information obtained under sub. (2)
is restricted to the discharge of duties imposed upon the persons by law or by the duties of their office or by order of a court as provided under sub. (2) (f)
(4) Charge for costs.
The department may charge for the reasonable cost of divulging information under this section.
(5) District attorneys.
District attorneys may examine information under sub. (1)
Such information may be examined for use in preparation for any judicial proceeding or any investigation which may result in a judicial proceeding involving the taxes under this subchapter if any of the following applies:
The taxpayer is or may be a party to such proceeding.
The treatment of an item reflected in such information is or may be related to the resolution of an issue in the proceeding or investigation.
The information relates or may relate to a transactional relationship between the taxpayer and a person who is or may be a party to the proceeding which affects or may affect the resolution of an issue in such proceeding or investigation.
When the department allows examination of information under par. (a)
If the department has referred the case to a district attorney, the department may make disclosure on its own motion.
If a district attorney requests examination of information relating to a person, the request must be in writing, clearly identify the requester and the person to whom the information relates and explain the need for the information. The department may then allow the examination of information so requested and the information may be examined and used solely for the proceeding or investigation for which it was requested.
Such information may be examined for use in preparation for any administrative or judicial proceeding or an investigation which may result in such proceeding pertaining to the enforcement of a specifically designated state criminal statute not involving tax administration to which this state or a governmental subdivision thereof is a party. Such information may be used solely for the proceeding or investigation for which it is requested.
The department may allow an examination of information under par. (c)
only if a district attorney petitions a court of record in this state for an order allowing the examination and the court issues an order after finding all of the following:
There is reasonable cause to believe, based on information believed to be reliable, that a specific criminal act has been committed.
There is reason to believe that such information is probative evidence of a matter in issue related to the commission of the criminal act.
The information sought to be examined cannot reasonably be obtained from any other source, unless it is determined that, notwithstanding the reasonable availability of the information from another source, the information constitutes the most probative evidence of a matter in issue relating to the commission of such criminal act.
If the department determines that examination of information ordered under par. (d)
would identify a confidential informant or seriously impair a civil or criminal tax investigation, the department may deny access and shall certify the reason therefor to the court.
Determination of ad valorem tax receipts for hub facility exemptions.
By July 1, 2004, and every July 1 thereafter, the department shall determine the total amount of the tax imposed under subch. I of ch. 76
that was paid by each air carrier company, as defined in s. 70.11 (42) (a) 1.
, whose property is exempt from taxation under s. 70.11 (42) (b)
for the most recent taxable year that the air carrier company paid the tax imposed under subch. I of ch. 76
. The total amount determined under this section shall be transferred under s. 20.855 (4) (fm)
to the transportation fund.
History: 2001 a. 16
CAR LINE COMPANIES; ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATIONS
Car line taxes. 76.39(1)(1)
For the purposes of this section:
“Average net rate of taxation" means the average net rate of taxation determined under s. 76.126
as of June of the year prior to the assessment.
“Car line company" means any person, not operating a railroad, engaged in whole or in part in the business of leasing or furnishing car line equipment to a railroad.
“Car line equipment" means any railroad car or other equipment used in railroad transportation under an agreement providing for rental of such car or other equipment.
“Department" means the department of revenue.
“Gross earnings" means all receipts by a car line company from operation of car line equipment.