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51.83 History History: 1971 c. 40 s. 93; 1991 a. 316.
51.84 51.84 Limitation of time to commence proceeding. Any proceedings under ss. 51.81 to 51.85 shall be begun within one year after the flight referred to in ss. 51.81 to 51.85.
51.84 History History: 1971 c. 40 s. 93; 1981 c. 314 s. 146.
51.84 Annotation The limitation period commences on the date the committing state discovers the patient in the asylum state. State ex rel. Melentowich v. Klink, 108 Wis. 2d 374, 321 N.W.2d 272 (1982).
51.85 51.85 Interpretation. Sections 51.81 to 51.85 shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.
51.85 History History: 1971 c. 40 s. 93.
51.87 51.87 Interstate contracts for services under this chapter.
51.87(1)(1)Purpose and policy. The purpose of this section is to enable appropriate treatment to be provided to individuals, across state lines from the individuals' state of residence, in qualified facilities that are closer to the homes of the individuals than are facilities available in their home states.
51.87(2) (2)Definitions. In this section:
51.87(2)(a) (a) “Receiving agency" means a public or private agency or county department which, under this section, provides treatment to individuals from a state other than the state in which the agency or county department is located.
51.87(2)(b) (b) “Receiving state" means the state in which a receiving agency is located.
51.87(2)(c) (c) “Sending agency" means a public or private agency located in a state which sends an individual to another state for treatment under this section.
51.87(2)(d) (d) “Sending state" means the state in which a sending agency is located.
51.87(3) (3)Purchase of services. A county department under s. 46.23, 51.42 or 51.437 may contract as provided under this section with public or private agencies in states bordering on Wisconsin to secure services under this chapter for persons who receive services through the county department, except that services may not be secured for persons committed under s. 971.14 or 971.17. Section 46.036 (1) to (6) applies to contracts entered into under this section by county departments under s. 46.23, 51.42 or 51.437.
51.87(4) (4)Provision of services. A county department under s. 46.23, 51.42 or 51.437 may contract as provided under this section with public or private agencies in a state bordering on Wisconsin to provide services under this chapter for residents of the bordering state in approved treatment facilities in this state, except that services may not be provided for residents of the bordering state who are involved in criminal proceedings.
51.87(5) (5)Contract approval. A contract under this section may not be validly executed until the department has reviewed and approved the provisions of the contract, determined that the receiving agency provides services in accordance with the standards of this state and the secretary has certified that the receiving state's laws governing patient rights are substantially similar to those of this state.
51.87(6) (6)Residence not established. No person establishes legal residence in the state where the receiving agency is located while the person is receiving services pursuant to a contract under this section.
51.87(7) (7)Treatment records. Section 51.30 applies to treatment records of an individual receiving services pursuant to a contract under this section through a receiving agency in this state, except that the sending agency has the same right of access to the treatment records of the individual as provided under s. 51.30 for a county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437.
51.87(8) (8)Involuntary commitments. An individual who is detained, committed or placed on an involuntary basis under s. 51.15, 51.20 or 51.45 or ch. 55 may be confined and treated in another state pursuant to a contract under this section. An individual who is detained, committed or placed under the civil law of a state bordering on Wisconsin may be confined and treated in this state pursuant to a contract under this section. Court orders valid under the law of the sending state are granted recognition and reciprocity in the receiving state for individuals covered by a contract under this section to the extent that the court orders relate to confinement for treatment or care of a mental disability. Such court orders are not subject to legal challenge in the courts of the receiving state. Persons who are detained, committed or placed under the law of a sending state and who are transferred to a receiving state under this section continue to be in the legal custody of the authority responsible for them under the law of the sending state. Except in emergencies, those persons may not be transferred, removed or furloughed from a facility of the receiving agency without the specific approval of the authority responsible for them under the law of the sending state.
51.87(9) (9)Applicable laws. While in the receiving state pursuant to a contract under this section, an individual shall be subject to all of the provisions of law and regulations applicable to persons detained, committed or placed pursuant to the corresponding laws of the receiving state, except those laws and regulations of the receiving state relating to length of confinement, reexaminations and extensions of confinement and except as otherwise provided by this section. The laws and regulations of the sending state relating to length of confinement, reexaminations and extensions of confinement shall apply. No person may be sent to another state pursuant to a contract under this section until the receiving state has enacted a law recognizing the validity and applicability of this state's laws as provided in this section.
51.87(10) (10)Voluntary placements. If an individual receiving treatment on a voluntary basis pursuant to a contract under this section requests discharge, the receiving agency shall immediately notify the sending agency and shall return the individual to the sending state as directed by the sending agency within 48 hours after the request, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays. The sending agency shall immediately upon return of the individual either arrange for the discharge of the individual or detain the individual pursuant to the emergency detention laws of the sending state.
51.87(11) (11)Escaped individuals. If an individual receiving services pursuant to a contract under this section escapes from the receiving agency and the individual at the time of the escape is subject to involuntary confinement under the law of the sending state, the receiving agency shall use all reasonable means to recapture the escapee. The receiving agency shall immediately report the escape to the sending agency. The receiving state has the primary responsibility for, and the authority to direct, the pursuit, retaking and prosecution of escaped persons within its borders and is liable for the cost of such action to the extent that it would be liable for costs if its own resident escaped.
51.87(12) (12)Transfers between facilities. An individual may be transferred between facilities of the receiving state if transfers are permitted by the contract under this section providing for the individual's care.
51.87(13) (13)Required contract provisions. All contracts under this section shall do all of the following:
51.87(13)(a) (a) Establish the responsibility for the costs of all services to be provided under the contract.
51.87(13)(b) (b) Establish the responsibility for the transportation of clients to and from receiving facilities.
51.87(13)(c) (c) Provide for reports by the receiving agency to the sending agency on the condition of each client covered by the contract.
51.87(13)(d) (d) Provide for arbitration of disputes arising out of the provisions of the contract which cannot be settled through discussion between the contracting parties and specify how arbitrators will be chosen.
51.87(13)(e) (e) Include provisions ensuring the nondiscriminatory treatment, as required by law, of employees, clients and applicants for employment and services.
51.87(13)(f) (f) Establish the responsibility for providing legal representation for clients in legal proceedings involving the legality of confinement and the conditions of confinement.
51.87(13)(g) (g) Establish the responsibility for providing legal representation for employees of the contracting parties in legal proceedings initiated by persons receiving treatment pursuant to the contract.
51.87(13)(h) (h) Include provisions concerning the length of the contract and the means by which the contract can be terminated.
51.87(13)(i) (i) Establish the right of qualified employees and representatives of the sending agency and sending state to inspect, at all reasonable times, the records of the receiving agency and its treatment facilities to determine if appropriate standards of care are met for clients receiving services under the contract.
51.87(13)(j) (j) Require the sending agency to provide the receiving agency with copies of all relevant legal documents authorizing confinement of persons who are confined pursuant to law of the sending state and receiving services pursuant to a contract under this section.
51.87(13)(k) (k) Require individuals who are seeking treatment on a voluntary basis to agree in writing to be returned to the sending state upon making a request for discharge as provided in sub. (10) and require an agent or employee of the sending agency to certify that the individual understands that agreement.
51.87(13)(L) (L) Establish the responsibility for securing a reexamination for an individual and for extending an individual's period of confinement.
51.87(13)(m) (m) Include provisions specifying when a receiving facility can refuse to admit or retain an individual.
51.87(13)(n) (n) Specify the circumstances under which individuals will be permitted home visits and granted passes to leave the facility.
51.87 History History: 1983 a. 365; 1985 a. 176, 332.
51.87 Annotation While s. 51.15 (7) does not authorize contractual agreements with counties outside of Wisconsin, ss. 51.75 (11), 51.87 (3), and 66.30 (5) [now s. 66.0303] each contain legal mechanisms through which financial or other responsibility for care and treatment of individuals from such counties may be shared under certain specified circumstances. 78 Atty. Gen. 59.
51.90 51.90 Antidiscrimination. No employee, prospective employee, patient or resident of an approved treatment facility, or consumer of services provided under this chapter may be discriminated against because of age, race, creed, color, sex or handicap.
51.90 History History: 1975 c. 430.
51.91 51.91 Supplemental aid.
51.91(1)(1)Declaration of policy. The legislature recognizes that mental health is a matter of statewide and county concern and that the protection and improvement of health are governmental functions. It is the intent of the legislature, therefore, to encourage and assist counties in the construction of community mental health facilities, and public medical institutions as defined by rule of the department.
51.91(2) (2)Eligibility.
51.91(2)(a) (a) Any county which qualifies for additional state aid under s. 51.26, 1971 stats., and has obtained approval for the construction of mental health facilities pursuant to s. 46.17 may apply for the financial assistance authorized by this section if such county has, at the time of application for assistance, an existing obligation to pay interest on loans for the construction of mental health facilities approved pursuant to s. 46.17.
51.91(2)(b) (b) Any county may apply for the financial assistance authorized by this section if such county has, at the time of application for assistance, an existing obligation to pay interest on loans for the construction of public medical institutions as defined by rule of the department.
51.91(2)(c) (c) Any county may apply for the financial assistance authorized by this section if such county has, at the time of application for assistance, an existing obligation to pay interest on loans for the construction of mental health facilities as defined by rule of the department.
51.91(2)(d) (d) No county may claim aid under this section on any single obligation for more than 20 years.
51.91(2)(e) (e) Termination of eligibility for aid under s. 51.26, 1971 stats., shall terminate eligibility for aid for the construction of mental health facilities, and failure to meet the requirements established for public medical institutions by rule of the department shall terminate eligibility for aid for the construction of public medical institutions. Failure to meet the requirements for mental health facilities established by rule of the department shall terminate eligibility for aid for the construction of mental health facilities.
51.91(2)(f) (f) Mental health facilities shall include services required for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of the mentally ill, as established by rule of the department.
51.91(3) (3)Limitation of aid.
51.91(3)(a) (a) Aid under this section shall be paid only on interest accruing after January 1, 1967, or after the date construction begins, whichever is later.
51.91(3)(b) (b) Until June 30, 1970, such aid shall be at the rate of 60 percent of the interest obligations eligible under this section or that amount of such obligation as is equal to the percentage rate of participation of the state set forth in s. 49.52 (2), 1971 stats., whichever is higher. The contribution of the state for such interest accruing in each fiscal year shall be controlled by the percentage rate of participation under s. 49.52 (2), 1971 stats., on January 1 of that fiscal year. Beginning July 1, 1970, such aid shall be at the rate of 100 percent.
51.91(3)(c) (c) This section applies only to construction projects approved for state interest aid by the department of health services prior to June 30, 1973.
51.91(4) (4)Application for aid. Application for aid under this section shall be filed with the department as prescribed by it. Such application shall include evidence of the existence of the indebtedness on which the county is obligated to pay interest. The department may by audit or investigation satisfy itself as to the amount and validity of the claim and, if satisfied, shall grant the aid provided by this section. Payment of aid shall be made to the county treasurer.
51.91 History History: 1971 c. 125, 164, 211, 215; 1975 c. 430 s. 23; Stats. 1975 s. 51.91; 1993 a. 213; 1995 a. 27 s. 9126 (19); 2007 a. 20 s. 9121 (6) (a).
51.95 51.95 Short title. This chapter shall be known as the “State Alcohol, Drug Abuse, Developmental Disabilities and Mental Health Act".
51.95 History History: 1975 c. 430 s. 59; Stats. 1975 s. 51.95; 1985 a. 264.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on September 1, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 1, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-1-20)