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49.45(49g)(b) (b) When billing the Medical Assistance program under this subchapter for reimbursement for a prescription drug, a covered entity that is an abortion provider shall bill the actual acquisition cost of the prescription drug for which coverage is provided under s. 49.46 (2) (b) 6. h. and a dispensing fee that is equal to the dispensing fee permitted to be charged for prescription drugs for which coverage is provided under s. 49.46 (2) (b) 6. h.
49.45(49m) (49m) Prescription drug cost controls; purchasing agreements.
49.45(49m)(a)(a) In this section:
49.45(49m)(a)1. 1. “Brand name" has the meaning given in s. 450.12 (1) (a).
49.45(49m)(a)2. 2. “Generic name" has the meaning given in s. 450.12 (1) (b).
49.45(49m)(a)3. 3. “Prescription drug" has the meaning given in s. 450.01 (20).
49.45(49m)(b) (b) The department may enter into a multi-state purchasing agreement with another state or a purchasing agreement with a purchaser of prescription drugs if the other state or purchaser agrees to participate in one or more of the activities specified in par. (c) 1. to 4.
49.45(49m)(c) (c) The department may design and implement a program to reduce the cost of prescription drugs and to maintain high quality in prescription drug therapies, which shall include all of the following:
49.45(49m)(c)1. 1. A list of the prescription drugs that are included as a benefit under ss. 49.46 (2) (b) 6. h. and 49.471 (11) (a) that identifies preferred choices within therapeutic classes and includes prescription drugs that bear only generic names.
49.45(49m)(c)2. 2. Establishing supplemental rebates under agreements with prescription drug manufacturers for prescription drugs provided to recipients under Medical Assistance and Badger Care and to eligible persons under s. 49.688 and, if it is possible to implement the program without adversely affecting supplemental rebates for Medical Assistance, Badger Care, and prescription drug assistance under s. 49.688, to beneficiaries of participants under par. (b).
49.45(49m)(c)3. 3. Utilization management and fraud and abuse controls.
49.45(49m)(c)4. 4. Any other activity to reduce the cost of or expenditures for prescription drugs and maintain high quality in prescription drug therapies.
49.45(49m)(d) (d) The department may enter into a contract with an entity to perform any of the duties and exercise any of the powers of the department under this subsection.
49.45(50) (50) Disease management.
49.45(50)(a)(a) In this subsection, “disease management" means an integrated and systematic approach for managing the health care needs of patients who are at risk of or are diagnosed with a specific disease, using all of the following:
49.45(50)(a)1. 1. Best practices.
49.45(50)(a)2. 2. Prevention strategies.
49.45(50)(a)3. 3. Clinical practice improvement.
49.45(50)(a)4. 4. Clinical interventions and protocols.
49.45(50)(a)5. 5. Outcomes research, information, and technology.
49.45(50)(a)6. 6. Other tools and resources to reduce overall costs and improve measurable outcomes.
49.45(50)(b) (b) The department may contract with an entity, under the department's request-for-proposal procedures, to engage in disease management activities on behalf of recipients of medical assistance.
49.45(51) (51) Medical care transportation services.
49.45(51)(a) (a) By November 1 annually, the department shall provide to the department of revenue information concerning the estimated amounts of supplements payable from the appropriation accounts under s. 20.435 (4) (b) and (gm) to specific local governmental units for the provision of transportation for medical care, as specified under s. 49.46 (2) (b) 3., during the fiscal year. Beginning November 1, 2004, the information that the department provides under this paragraph shall include any adjustments necessary to reflect actual claims submitted by service providers in the previous fiscal year.
49.45(51)(b) (b) On the date that is the 3rd Monday in November, the department shall annually pay to specific local governmental units the estimated net amounts specified in par. (a).
49.45(52) (52) Payment adjustments; federal funding for certain services.
49.45(52)(a)1.1. If the department provides the notice under par. (c) selecting the payment procedure in this paragraph, the department may, from the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (7) (b), make Medical Assistance payment adjustments to county departments under s. 46.215, 46.22, 46.23, 51.42, or 51.437 or to local health departments, as defined in s. 250.01 (4), as appropriate, for covered services under s. 49.46 (2) (a) 2. and 4. d. and f. and (b) 6. b., c., f., fm., g., j., k., L., Lm., and m., 9., 12., 12m., 13., 15., and 16., except for services specified under s. 49.46 (2) (b) 6. b. and c. provided to children participating in the early intervention program under s. 51.44. Payment adjustments under this paragraph shall include the state share of the payments. The total of any payment adjustments under this paragraph and Medical Assistance payments made from appropriation accounts under s. 20.435 (4) (b), (gm), (o), and (w), may not exceed applicable limitations on payments under 42 USC 1396a (a) (30) (A).
49.45(52)(a)2. 2. The department may require a county department or local health department to submit a certified cost report that meets the requirements of the federal department of health and human services for covered services described in subd. 1.
49.45(52)(b) (b) If the department provides the notice under par. (c) selecting the payment procedure in this paragraph, all of the following apply:
49.45(52)(b)1. 1. Annually, a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22, 46.23, 51.42, or 51.437 shall submit a certified cost report that meets the requirements of the federal department of health and human services for covered services under s. 49.46 (2) (a) 2. and 4. d. and f. and (b) 6. b., c., f., fm., g., j., k., L., Lm., and m., 9., 12., 12m., 13., 15., and 16., except for services specified under s. 49.46 (2) (b) 6. b. and c. provided to children participating in the early intervention program under s. 51.44.
49.45(52)(b)2. 2. For services described under subd. 1., the department shall base the amount of a claim for federal medical assistance funds on certified cost reports submitted by county departments under subd. 1. to the extent the reports comply with federal requirements.
49.45(52)(b)3. 3. The department shall pay county departments a percentage of the federal funds claimed under subd. 2. for services described under subd. 1., which percentage is established in the most recent biennial budget.
49.45(52)(b)4. 4. The department may pay a local health department, as defined in s. 250.01 (4), that submits certified cost reports for services described under subd. 1. a percentage of the federal funds claimed for those services, which percentage is established in the most recent biennial budget.
49.45(52)(c) (c) The department shall select a payment procedure under either par. (a) or (b) and may change which procedure under par. (a) or (b) is selected. The department shall notify each county department and local health department, as applicable, of the selected payment procedure before the date on which payment for services is made under that selected or newly selected procedure.
49.45(53) (53) Payments for certain services. Beginning on January 1, 2003, the department may, from the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (7) (b), make Medical Assistance payments to providers for covered services under ss. 49.46 (2) (a) 4. d. and (b) 6. j. and m. and 49.471 (11) (f) that are provided before January 1, 2012.
49.45(53m) (53m) Coverage program for institutions for mental disease. Subject to any necessary waiver approval of the federal department of health and human services, or as otherwise permitted under federal law, the department may, if federal funding participation is available, provide Medical Assistance coverage of services provided in an institution for mental disease to persons ages 21 to 64.
49.45(54) (54) Therapy for children participating in the birth to 3 program.
49.45(54)(a)(a) Federal share for county expenditures. If a county certifies to the department that the amount the county expended to provide services specified under s. 49.46 (2) (b) 6. b. and c. to children participating in the early intervention program under s. 51.44 exceeds the amount the county received as reimbursement under this section, based on reimbursement rates established by the department for those services, and the federal government pays the state the federal share of Medical Assistance for the amount by which the county expenditures exceed the reimbursement, the department may disburse the federal share to the county. A county that receives moneys under this paragraph shall expend the moneys for early intervention services under s. 51.44 or for services under the disabled children's long-term support program, as defined in s. 46.011 (1g).
49.45(54)(c) (c) Special services. From the appropriations under s. 20.435 (4) (b) and (o) and (7) (bt), the department may pay the costs of services provided under the early intervention program under s. 51.44 that are included in program participant's individualized family service plan and that were not authorized for payment under the state Medicaid plan or a department policy before July 1, 2017, including any services under the early intervention program under s. 51.44 that are delivered by a type of provider that becomes certified to provide Medical Assistance service on July 1, 2017, or after.
49.45(56) (56) Disease management program. Based on the health conditions identified by the physical health risk assessments, if performed under sub. (57), the department shall develop and implement, for Medical Assistance recipients, disease management programs. These programs shall have at least the following characteristics:
49.45(56)(a) (a) The use of information science to improve health care delivery by summarizing a patient's health status and providing reminders for preventive measures.
49.45(56)(b) (b) Educating health care providers on health care process improvement by developing best practice models.
49.45(56)(c) (c) The improvement and expansion of care management programs to assist in standardization of best practices, patient education, support systems, and information gathering.
49.45(56)(d) (d) Establishment of a system of provider compensation that is aligned with clinical quality, practice management, and cost of care.
49.45(56)(e) (e) Focus on patient care interventions for certain chronic conditions, to reduce hospital admissions.
49.45(57) (57) Physical health risk assessment. The department shall encourage each individual who is determined on or after October 27, 2007, to be eligible for Medical Assistance to receive a physical health risk assessment as part of the first physical examination the individual receives under Medical Assistance.
49.45(58) (58) Program for all-inclusive care for the elderly. The department may administer the program of all-inclusive care for the elderly under 42 USC 1396u-4.
49.45(59) (59) Health maintenance organization payments to hospitals.
49.45(59)(a)(a) The department shall, from the appropriation accounts under s. 20.435 (4) (xc) and (xe), pay each health maintenance organization with which it contracts to provide medical assistance a monthly amount that the health maintenance organization shall use to make payments to hospitals under par. (b).
49.45(59)(b) (b) Health maintenance organizations shall pay all of the moneys they receive under par. (a) to eligible hospitals, as defined in s. 50.38 (1), within 15 days after receiving the moneys. The department shall specify in contracts with health maintenance organizations to provide medical assistance a method that health maintenance organizations shall use to allocate the amounts received under par. (a) among eligible hospitals based on the number of discharges from inpatient stays and the number of outpatient visits for which the health maintenance organization paid such a hospital in the previous month for enrollees who are recipients of medical assistance. Payments under this paragraph shall be in addition to any amount that a health maintenance organization is required by agreement between the health maintenance organization and a hospital to pay the hospital for providing services to the health maintenance organization's enrollees.
49.45(59)(c) (c) Each health maintenance organization that provides medical assistance shall report to the department each month the amount it paid each hospital under par. (b) and the percentage of the total payments it made under par. (b) that it paid to each hospital.
49.45(59)(d) (d) Each health maintenance organization that provides medical assistance shall report monthly to each hospital to which the health maintenance organization makes payments under par. (b) such information regarding the payments that the department specifies in its contract with the health maintenance organization to provide medical assistance.
49.45(59)(e)1.1. If the department determines that a health maintenance organization has not complied with a requirement under pars. (b) to (d), the department shall order the health maintenance organization to comply with the requirement within 15 days after the department's determination of noncompliance.
49.45(59)(e)2. 2. The department may terminate a contract with a health maintenance organization to provide medical assistance if the health maintenance organization fails to comply with a requirement under pars. (b) to (d).
49.45(59)(e)3. 3. The department may audit a health maintenance organization to determine whether the health maintenance organization has complied with the requirements under pars. (b) to (d).
49.45(59)(f) (f) The department shall specify in contracts with health maintenance organizations to provide medical assistance the method for adjusting payments under par. (b) to correct a health maintenance organization's inaccurate counting of inpatient discharges or outpatient visits in calculating a monthly payment to a hospital under par. (b).
49.45(59)(g) (g) If a health maintenance organization and hospital do not agree on the amount of a monthly payment that the health maintenance organization is required to pay the hospital under par. (b), either the health maintenance organization or the hospital, within 6 months after the first day of the month in which the payment is due, may request that the department determine the amount of the payment. The department shall determine the amount of the payment within 60 days after the request for a determination is made. The health maintenance organization or hospital is, upon request, entitled to a contested case hearing under ch. 227 on the department's determination.
49.45(60) (60) Savings account program. The department shall submit to the federal department of health and human services a request for a waiver of federal Medicaid law to establish and implement a savings account program that is similar in function and operation to health savings accounts in the Medical Assistance program under this subchapter. The department shall exclude from any requirement to have a Medical Assistance savings account under the waiver request under this subsection any individual who is elderly, blind, or disabled and any child.
49.45(61) (61) Services provided through telehealth and communications technology.
49.45(61)(a) (a) In this subsection:
49.45(61)(a)1. 1. “Asynchronous telehealth service” is telehealth that is used to transmit medical data about a patient to a provider when the transmission is not a 2-way, real-time, interactive communication.
49.45(61)(a)2. 2. “Interactive telehealth” means telehealth delivered using multimedia communication technology that permits 2-way, real-time, interactive communications between a certified provider of Medical Assistance at a distant site and the Medical Assistance recipient or the recipient's provider.
49.45(61)(a)3. 3. “Remote patient monitoring” is telehealth in which a patient's medical data is transmitted to a provider for monitoring and response if necessary.
49.45(61)(a)4. 4. “Telehealth” means a practice of health care delivery, diagnosis, consultation, treatment, or transfer of medically relevant data by means of audio, video, or data communications that are used either during a patient visit or a consultation or are used to transfer medically relevant data about a patient. “Telehealth” does not include communications delivered solely by audio-only telephone, facsimile machine, or electronic mail unless the department specifies otherwise by rule.
49.45(61)(b) (b) Subject to par. (e), the department shall provide reimbursement under the Medical Assistance program for any benefit that is a covered benefit under s. 49.46 (2) and that is delivered by a certified provider for Medical Assistance through interactive telehealth.
49.45(61)(c) (c) Subject to par. (e), the department shall provide reimbursement under the Medical Assistance program for all of the following:
49.45(61)(c)1. 1. Except as provided by the department by rule, a consultation pertaining to a Medical Assistance recipient conducted through interactive telehealth between a certified provider of Medical Assistance and the Medical Assistance recipient's treating provider that is certified under Medical Assistance.
49.45(61)(c)2. 2. Except as provided by the department by rule, remote patient monitoring of a Medical Assistance recipient and asynchronous telehealth service in which the medical data pertains to a Medical Assistance recipient.
49.45(61)(c)3. 3. Except as provided by the department by rule and subject to par. (e) 4., services that are covered under the Medicare program under 42 USC 1395 et seq. for which the federal department of health and human services provides Medical Assistance federal financial participation and that are any of the following:
49.45(61)(c)3.a. a. Telehealth services, as defined under 42 USC 1395m (m) (4) (F).
49.45(61)(c)3.b. b. Remote physiologic monitoring.
49.45(61)(c)3.c. c. Remote evaluation of prerecorded patient information.
49.45(61)(c)3.d. d. Brief communication technology-based services.
49.45(61)(c)3.e. e. Care management services delivered through telehealth.
49.45(61)(c)3.f. f. Any other telehealth or communication technology-based services.
49.45(61)(c)4. 4. Any service that is not specified in subds. 1. to 3. or par. (b) that is provided through telehealth and that the department specifies by rule under par. (d) is a covered and reimbursable service under the Medical Assistance program.
49.45(61)(d) (d) The department shall promulgate rules specifying any services under par. (c) 4. that are reimbursable under Medical Assistance. The department may promulgate rules excluding services under par. (c) 1. to 3. from reimbursement under Medical Assistance. The department may promulgate rules specifying any telehealth service under par. (b) or (c) 1. or 2. that is provided solely by audio-only telephone, facsimile machine, or electronic mail as reimbursable under Medical Assistance.
49.45(61)(e)2.2. The department may not require a certified provider of Medical Assistance that provides a reimbursable service under par. (b) or (c) to obtain an additional certification or meet additional requirements solely because the service was delivered through telehealth, except that the department may require, by rule, that the transmission of information through telehealth be of sufficient quality to be functionally equivalent to face-to-face contact. The department may apply any requirement that is applicable to a covered service that is not provided through telehealth to any service provided under par. (b) or (c).
49.45(61)(e)3. 3. The department may not limit coverage or reimbursement of a service provided under par. (b) or (c) based on the location of the Medical Assistance recipient when the service is provided.
49.45(61)(e)4. 4. The department may not cover or provide reimbursement under Medical Assistance for a service described under par. (c) 3. that is first covered under the Medicare program under 42 USC 1395 et seq. after July 1, 2019, until the date that is one year after the date the service is covered under the Medicare program or the date the secretary explicitly approves the service as a Medical Assistance covered service, whichever is earlier.
49.45 History History: 1971 c. 40 s. 93; 1971 c. 42, 125; 1971 c. 213 s. 5; 1971 c. 215, 217, 307; 1973 c. 62, 90, 147; 1973 c. 333 ss. 106g, 106h, 106j, 201w; 1975 c. 39; 1975 c. 223 s. 28; 1975 c. 224 ss. 54h, 56 to 59m; 1975 c. 383 s. 4; 1975 c. 411; 1977 c. 29, 418; 1979 c. 34 ss. 837f to 838, 2102 (20) (a); 1979 c. 102, 177, 221, 355; 1981 c. 20 ss. 839 to 854, 2202 (20) (r); 1981 c. 93, 317; 1983 a. 27 ss. 1046 to 1062m, 2200 (42); 1983 a. 245, 447, 527; 1985 a. 29 ss. 1026m to 1031d, 3200 (23), (56), 3202 (27); 1985 a. 120, 176, 269; 1985 a. 332 ss. 91, 251 (5), 253; 1985 a. 340; 1987 a. 27 ss. 989r to 1000s, 2247, 3202 (24); 1987 a. 186, 307, 339, 399; 1987 a. 403 s. 256; 1987 a. 413; 1989 a. 6; 1989 a. 31 ss. 1402 to 1452g, 2909g, 2909i; 1989 a. 107, 173, 310, 336, 351, 359; 1991 a. 22, 39, 80, 250, 269, 315, 316; 1993 a. 16 ss. 1362g to 1403, 3883; 1993 a. 27, 107, 112, 183, 212, 246, 269, 335, 356, 437, 446, 469; 1995 a. 20; 1995 a. 27 ss. 2947 to 3002r, 7299, 9126 (19), 9130 (4), 9145 (1); 1995 a. 191, 216, 225, 289, 303, 398, 417, 457; 1997 a. 3, 13, 27, 114, 175, 191, 237, 252, 293; 1999 a. 9, 63, 103, 180, 185; 2001 a. 13, 16, 35, 38, 57, 67, 104, 109; 2003 a. 33, 318, 321; 2005 a. 22; 2005 a. 25 ss. 1120 to 1149f, 2503 to 2510; 2005 a. 107, 165, 253, 254, 264, 301, 340, 386, 441; 2007 a. 20 ss. 1513 to 1559h, 9121 (6) (a); 2007 a. 90, 97, 104, 141, 153; 2009 a. 2, 28, 113, 177, 180, 190, 221, 334, 342; 2011 a. 10, 32, 120, 126, 158, 192, 209, 258; 2011 a. 260 s. 81; 2013 a. 20, 92; 2013 a. 116 ss. 2, 3, 29, 30; 2013 a. 117 ss. 2, 4; 2013 a. 130; 2013 a. 165 s. 114; 2013 a. 226; 2015 a. 55, 152, 153, 172, 294; 2017 a. 34, 59, 138, 185, 262, 268, 271, 279, 306, 344, 370; 2019 a. 8 ss. 15, 71; 2019 a. 9, 56, 88, 100, 105, 122, 186; s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2; s. 35.17 correction in (6c) (e) (title), (6tw), (24m) (title), (29x) (b), (29y) (a) (intro.), 1m., 2m. (intro.), (41) (c) 3., (47) (e), (61) (b), (c) 3. a.
49.45 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. HA 3 and DHS 35, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, and 108, Wis. adm. code.
49.45 Annotation Wisconsin has no medical assistance plan independent of Medicaid. Non-residence under federal Medicaid regulations is determinative of medical assistance eligibility. Pope v. DHSS, 187 Wis. 2d 207, 522 N.W.2d 22 (Ct. App. 1994).
49.45 Annotation Section 49.89, not sub. (19) (a) 2., specifically addresses assignment of actions and subrogation of rights by a public assistance recipient who is injured and has a tort claim against a 3rd party. Ellsworth v. Schelbrock, 2000 WI 63, 235 Wis. 2d 678, 611 N.W.2d 764, 98-0294.
49.45 Annotation Sub. (7) (a) requires that a health care facility resident who is a recipient of certain funds apply those funds toward the cost of care in the health care facility. The agent who received funds from the Social Security Administration on behalf of the resident has an obligation to pay the funds to the health care facility and is subject to an action for conversion. Methodist Manor of Waukesha, Inc. v. Martin, 2002 WI App 130, 255 Wis. 2d 707, 647 N.W.2d 409, 01-2877.
49.45 Annotation Medical assistance eligibility is not a default position that the department must rebut, but a privilege for which the applicant must prove eligibility. An initial determination of eligibility does not preclude a later redetermination of that status. The state has an ongoing duty to ensure that a MA recipient is eligible and the recipient bears the ongoing burden of proving eligibility. Estate of Gonwa v. DHFS, 2003 WI App 152, 265 Wis. 2d 913, 668 N.W.2d 122, 02-2901.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on November 3, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 3, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-3-20)