See also ch. DFI-Bkg 46
, Wis. adm. code.
Exclusive state regulation authority.
The state shall have sole authority, except as provided under federal law, to regulate any matter governed by this subchapter or by a rule promulgated under this subchapter. No local governmental unit may attempt to regulate, directly or indirectly, any matter governed by this subchapter or by a rule promulgated under this subchapter, including enacting an ordinance or adopting a resolution or imposing reporting requirements.
History: 2003 a. 257
Property exempt from debt collection.
Except to the extent that the lender has a valid security interest permitted under this subchapter or has a lien under ch. 779
in the property, all of the following personal property of the customer is exempt from levy, execution, sale, and other similar process in satisfaction of a judgment for an obligation arising from a covered loan:
Clothing of the customer or his or her dependents.
Dining table and chairs, refrigerator, heating stove, cooking stove, radio, beds and bedding, couch and chairs, cooking utensils, and kitchenware.
Household goods, as defined in 12 CFR 227.13
(d), 12 CFR 535.1
(g), or 16 CFR 444.1
(i), consisting of furniture, appliances, one television, linens, china, crockery, and personal effects including wedding rings, except works of art, electronic entertainment equipment, antiques, and jewelry, to the extent that a nonpossessory security interest in these household goods is prohibited under 12 CFR 227.13
(d), 12 CFR 535.2
(a) (4), or 16 CFR 444.2
History: 2003 a. 257
Administration and penalties. 428.210(1)(1)
The department may promulgate rules for the administration of this subchapter. The rules shall include guidelines for determining a customer's ability to repay a covered loan based upon the customer's debt-to-income ratio.
At any time that the department has reason to believe that a person has engaged in or is about to engage in an act that violates this subchapter, the department may investigate. In performing an investigation under this paragraph, the department may administer oaths or affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance, adduce evidence, and require the production of any matter, including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books, documents, or other tangible things, and the identity and location of persons having knowledge of relevant facts, or any other matter reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. The department may access and examine such books, documents, or other tangible things. In any civil action brought on behalf of the department based on evidence obtained in such an investigation, the department may recover the costs of performing the investigation if the department prevails in the action.
If 5 or more persons file a verified complaint with the department alleging that a person has violated this subchapter, the department shall immediately commence an investigation pursuant to par. (a)
If the records of a person who is subject to an investigation pursuant to par. (a)
are located outside of this state, the person at the person's option shall either make them available to the department at a convenient location within this state or pay the reasonable and necessary expenses for the department to examine them at the place where they are located. The department may designate representatives, including comparable officials of the state in which the records are located, to inspect them on the department's behalf.
At the request of the department of financial institutions and upon reasonable notice to all affected persons, the department of justice may apply to any court of record for an order compelling compliance if a person fails to obey a subpoena or to give testimony pursuant to par. (a)
The department may serve a notice of a hearing that complies with s. 227.44 (1)
on a person if the department reasonably suspects that the person has violated this subchapter. The department may receive complaints alleging violations of this subchapter. A hearing conducted pursuant to a notice under this paragraph shall be conducted in the manner specified for a contested case, as defined in s. 227.01 (3)
, under ss. 227.44
. Except as provided in sub. (4)
, if the person fails to appear at the hearing or if upon the record made at the hearing the department finds that a violation has been established, the department may issue and serve on the person an order specifying any of the following:
That the person must cease and desist from the violation or practice and make restitution for any actual damages suffered by a customer.
That the person must forfeit not more than $1,000 per violation or, if the person willfully or knowingly violated this subchapter, not less than $1,000 nor more than $10,000 per violation.
That the person must pay to the department the costs of its investigation.
That a license, registration, or certification issued by the department to the person is suspended or revoked or will not be renewed.
That any individual who is responsible for the violation must be removed from working in any capacity related to the violation or related to activities regulated by the department.
Any additional conditions that the department considers reasonable.
An order under par. (a)
is effective upon service on the person and may be appealed under s. 220.035
The department of justice, at the request of the department of financial institutions, may bring an action to enforce an order issued under par. (a)
(4) Safe harbor.
It is a defense to any alleged violation of this subchapter if the person alleged to have committed the violation establishes all of the following:
That the person acted in good faith while committing the violation.
That, no later than 60 days after the discovery of the violation and before any investigation or other enforcement action by the department under this section, the person notified the affected customer of the violation and either made appropriate adjustments to the loan to bring the loan into compliance with this subchapter or changed the terms of the loan in a manner beneficial to the customer so that the loan is no longer a covered loan.
History: 2003 a. 257
Exemption for depository institutions.
This subchapter does not apply to any state chartered or federally chartered bank, trust company, savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union, or to any subsidiary of such a bank, trust company, savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union.
History: 2003 a. 257
; 2011 a. 32