The date on which a participant attains the age of 65 years for any participant not subject to par. (a)
, except as provided in par. (g)
The date applicable to the participant under pars. (a)
at the earlier of either the date it is necessary to make any determination or to take any action relative to the participant for purposes of the retirement system or the date of termination of employment of the participant, notwithstanding the fact that a participant may have been in one or more different employment categories at any previous time except for the purpose of calculating an annuity. For the purpose of calculating an annuity, the normal retirement date for each category provided by pars. (a)
applies to service which is subject to that category. For the purpose of calculating a retirement benefit for an executive participating employee qualifying only under s. 40.02 (30) (b)
, 1985 stats., a normal retirement date of the date the executive participating employee attains the age of 62 years shall be applied to creditable service of the executive participating employee for which par. (d)
would otherwise apply except the number of creditable service years to which that normal retirement date shall be applied under this paragraph may not exceed the number of executive service years of the executive participating employee.
“OASDHI" means federal old-age, survivors, disability and health insurance under Titles II and XVIII of the federal social security act.
“OASDHI benefit" means the primary or disability insurance monthly benefit amount for which a person is eligible, or for which a participant will be eligible upon attaining the lowest age at which old-age benefits are payable under the OASDHI program.
“Participant" means any person included within the provisions of the Wisconsin retirement system by virtue of being or having been a participating employee whose account has not been closed under s. 40.25 (1)
“Participating employee" means an employee who is currently in the service of, or an employee who is on a leave of absence from, a participating employer under the Wisconsin retirement system and who has met the requirements for inclusion within the provisions of the Wisconsin retirement system under s. 40.22
“Participating employer" means, for purposes of each of the respective benefit plans, any employer subject to the provisions of that plan under this chapter.
“Protective occupation participant" means any participant whose principal duties are determined by the participating employer, or, subject to s. 40.06 (1) (dm)
, by the department head in the case of a state employee, to involve active law enforcement or active fire suppression or prevention, provided the duties require frequent exposure to a high degree of danger or peril and also require a high degree of physical conditioning.
“Protective occupation participant" includes any participant whose name is certified to the fund as provided in s. 40.06 (1) (d)
and who is any of the following:
An excise tax investigator employed by the department of revenue.
A special criminal investigation agent in the department of justice.
Each determination of the status of a participant under this subsection shall include consideration, where applicable, of the following factors:
A “police officer" is any officer, including the chief, or employee of a police department, except one whose principal duties are those of a telephone operator, clerk, stenographer, machinist or mechanic and whose functions do not clearly fall within the scope of active law enforcement even though such an employee is subject to occasional call, or is occasionally called upon, to perform duties within the scope of active law enforcement. Police officer includes any person regularly employed and qualifying as a patrol officer or a person of equal or higher rank, even if temporarily assigned to other duties.
A “fire fighter" is any officer, including the chief, or employee of a fire department, except one whose principal duties are those of a telephone operator, clerk, stenographer, machinist or mechanic and whose functions do not clearly fall within the scope of active fire suppression or prevention even though such an employee is subject to occasional call, or is occasionally called upon, to perform duties within the scope of active fire suppression or prevention. Fire fighter includes any person regularly employed and qualifying as a fire fighter, hose handler or a person of equal or higher rank, even if temporarily assigned to other duties.
A “deputy sheriff" or a “county traffic police officer" is any officer or employee of a sheriff's office or county traffic department, except one whose principal duties are those of a telephone operator, clerk, stenographer, machinist or mechanic and whose functions do not clearly fall within the scope of active law enforcement even though such an employee is subject to occasional call, or is occasionally called upon, to perform duties within the scope of active law enforcement. Deputy sheriff or county traffic police officer includes any person regularly employed and qualifying as a deputy sheriff or county traffic police officer, even if temporarily assigned to other duties.
A “member of the state traffic patrol" includes one division administrator in the department of transportation who is counted under s. 230.08 (2) (e) 12.
and whose duties include supervising the state traffic patrol, if the division administrator is certified by the law enforcement standards board under s. 165.85 (4) (a) 1.
as being qualified to be a law enforcement officer.
“Protective occupation participant" includes any participant who is an emergency medical services practitioner, as defined in s. 256.01 (5)
, if the participant's employer classifies the participant as a protective occupation participant and the department receives notification of the participant's name as provided in s. 40.06 (1) (d)
. Notwithstanding par. (a)
, an employer may classify a participant who is an emergency medical services practitioner as a protective occupation participant without making a determination that the principal duties of the participant involve active law enforcement or active fire suppression or prevention. A determination under this paragraph may not be appealed under s. 40.06 (1) (e)
, but a determination under this paragraph regarding the classification of a state employee is subject to review under s. 40.06 (1) (dm)
. Notwithstanding sub. (17) (d)
, each participant who is classified as a protective occupation participant under this paragraph on or after January 1, 1991, shall be granted creditable service as a protective occupation participant for all covered service as an emergency medical services practitioner that was earned on or after the date on which the department receives notification of the participant's name as provided in s. 40.06 (1) (d)
, but may not be granted creditable service as a protective occupation participant for any covered service as an emergency medical services practitioner that was earned before that date.
In s. 40.65
, “protective occupation participant" means a participating employee who is a police officer, fire fighter, an individual determined by a participating employer under par. (a)
to be a protective occupation participant, county undersheriff, deputy sheriff, state probation and parole officer, county traffic police officer, conservation warden, state forest ranger, field conservation employee of the department of natural resources who is subject to call for forest fire control or warden duty, member of the state traffic patrol, state motor vehicle inspector, University of Wisconsin System full-time police officer, guard or any other employee whose principal duties are supervision and discipline of inmates at a state penal institution, excise tax investigator employed by the department of revenue, person employed under s. 60.553 (1)
, 61.66 (1)
, or 62.13 (2e) (a)
, or special criminal investigation agent employed by the department of justice.
“Qualified domestic relations order" means a judgment, decree or order issued by a court pursuant to a domestic relations law of any state or territory of the United States, that meets all of the following criteria:
The name, date of birth, social security number and last-known mailing address of the participant and the alternate payee are specified.
The Wisconsin retirement system is specified by name.
The decree date is specified as the date to be used for valuing and dividing the participant's account.
The alternate payee share is specified as a single percentage, not to exceed 50 percent of the value of the participant's account on the decree date, to be applied to all parts of the participant's account.
The determination of the alternate payee share does not require that benefits be paid to the alternate payee if those benefits are also required to be paid to another alternate payee under another judgment, decree, or order previously determined to be a qualified domestic relations order or to the internal revenue service under a lien placed on the participant's account under section 64
of the Internal Revenue Code.
The judgment, decree or order requires the participant to certify, in a form prescribed by the department, all of the participant's active military service, as described in sub. (15) (a)
The judgment, decree or order does not require payment of benefits exceeding in value those benefits to which the participant is entitled on the decree date.
The judgment, decree or order does not assign any form of joint ownership of a participant's account or benefits payable from the account.
The judgment, decree or order does not require a division of the participant's account in a manner contrary to s. 40.08 (1m)
The judgment, decree or order requires the participant's employer to submit to the department a report of all earnings, service and contributions of the participant as provided in s. 40.06 (7)
The judgment, decree or order does not require the department to enforce or otherwise monitor the benefits assigned to the alternate payee under s. 40.08 (1m)
“Required beginning date" means the later of April 1 of the calendar year following the calendar year in which a participant attains the age of 70.5 years or April 1 of the calendar year following the calendar year in which a participating employee retires.
“Retired employee" means a former insured employee who is not a participating employee and who is retired on an immediate or disability annuity or who receives a lump sum payment under s. 40.25 (1)
which would have been an immediate annuity if paid as an annuity or who is an eligible employee under sub. (25) (b) 6.
, or 6g.
“Retirement annuity" means any annuity payable under s. 40.23
, including the continuation of retirement annuities after the death of the participant.
“Retirement system" means a pension, annuity, retirement or similar fund or system established by this state or by a political subdivision of this state.
“Salary index" means the percentage increase in the average of the total wages, as determined under 42 USC 415
(b) (3) (A), between the year before the preceding year and the preceding year.
“Secretary" means the secretary of the department.
“State agency" means any office, department or independent agency in the executive, legislative and judicial branches of state government and includes the following:
The Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority.
The Wisconsin Health and Educational Facilities Authority.
The community development finance authority created under ch. 233
, 1985 stats., before July 1, 1988.
The nonprofit corporation with which the department of workforce development contracts under s. 47.03 (1m) (a)
, 1989 stats.
The University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority.
The Fox River Navigational System Authority.
The Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation.
“State annuitant" means a person receiving a retirement annuity, beneficiary annuity or a disability annuity from this state's retirement system who at one time received a salary or wages from this state and who is a resident of this state.
“State employee" means an employee of a state agency.
“Teacher" means any employee engaged in the exercise of any educational function for compensation in the public schools, including charter schools as defined in s. 115.001 (1)
that are instrumentalities of a school district, or the university in instructing or controlling pupils or students, or in administering, directing, organizing or supervising any educational activity, but does not include any employee determined to be an auxiliary instructional employee under s. 115.29 (3)
. “Teacher" includes the following:
Any person employed as a librarian by any school board in a library in any school under its jurisdiction, including a charter school as defined in s. 115.001 (1)
that is an instrumentality of a school district, whose qualifications as a librarian are at least equal to the minimum librarian qualifications prescribed by the state superintendent of public instruction.
Any person employed as a full-time social center, community house, adult education or recreation director, instructor or other employee employed by the board of school directors of the city of Milwaukee, who possesses the qualifications required for employment as a teacher.
“Technical college educational support personnel employee" means a person who is a technical college district employee, but who is not a teacher.
“Timely appeal" means a written request for the review of a determination that is filed within 90 days after the determination is mailed to the person aggrieved by the determination.
“Union service leave" means that period of absence from employment commencing on the date an employee commences a leave of absence for the purpose of serving in a position with a labor organization representing employees of the employee's employer, and terminating on the date that leave of absence terminates or the date that service with that labor organization terminates, whichever first occurs.
“University" means the University of Wisconsin System under ch. 36
“U.S. armed forces" means any of the following:
The U.S. maritime service, including the merchant marine.
“Variable annuity" means any annuity provided by the accumulations in the variable annuity division established under s. 40.04 (7)
providing for the dollar amount of benefits or other contractual payments or values to vary so as to reflect differences which may arise between the total value of the annuity reserve for variable annuities and the reserve that would be required if the annuities were core annuities.
History: 1981 c. 96
; 1983 a. 9
; 1983 a. 81
; 1983 a. 83
; 1983 a. 106
; 1983 a. 141
; 1983 a. 191
; 1983 a. 192
; 1983 a. 255
; 1983 a. 275
; 1983 a. 435
; 1985 a. 29
; 1985 a. 332
, 251 (1)
; 1987 a. 27
; 1987 a. 403
; 1989 a. 13
; 1989 a. 56
; 1989 a. 166
; 1991 a. 32
; 1993 a. 16
; 1995 a. 27
, ss. 1946
, 9130 (4)
; 1995 a. 81
; 1997 a. 3
; 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 16
; 2003 a. 33
; 2005 a. 153
; 2007 a. 20
; 2009 a. 15
; 2011 a. 7
; 2013 a. 20
; 2013 a. 168
; 2013 a. 214
; 2015 a. 55
; 2017 a. 12
; 2017 a. 207
; 2017 a. 366
; 2021 a. 240
A union request that the county make pension contributions for jailers equal in amount to those for its “protective occupation participants" under sub. (48) did not require reclassification of the jailers as “POPS," is allowed under s. 40.05 (2) (g) 1., and is a mandatory subject of bargaining under s. 111.70 (1) (a). County of LaCrosse v. WERC, 180 Wis. 2d 100
, 508 N.W.2d 9
“Active military service" and “active service" as used in sub. (15) (c) do not include “active duty for training." Morris v. Employee Trust Funds Board, 203 Wis. 2d 172
, 554 N.W.2d 205
(Ct. App. 1996), 94-0857
It was reasonable to determine jailers' status based on their duties performed as sheriff's department employees regardless of their appointment as deputy sheriff. Being a deputy sheriff is a necessary qualification to being a protective occupation participant under sub. (48) (am), but is not a sufficient one. The employee's name must also be certified to the fund as provided in s. 40.06 (1) (d). Mattila v. Employee Trust Funds Board, 2001 WI App 79
, 243 Wis. 2d 90
, 626 N.W.2d 33
Under sub. (48) (a), a “protective occupation participant" is an employee “whose principal duties are determined by the participating employer . . . to involve active law enforcement . . .. Jailers classified as protective occupation participants under sub. (48) (a), thus, have been determined to have principal duties that involve active law enforcement. Sub. (48) (b) 3. does not impose an additional substantial requirement for purposes of determining which employees are deputy sheriffs. The requirements of s. 59.26 do not apply to the definition of deputy sheriff within the meaning of sub. (48) (am) 13. and (b) 3. Local 441A, WPPA v. WERC, 2013 WI App 104
, 349 Wis. 2d 719
, 837 N.W.2d 168
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