Bonds of employees; police powers; investigation of complaints. 301.29(2)(2)
The superintendents of all the state correctional institutions, and the employees under them to whom they delegate police power, may arrest any person within or upon the grounds of the institutions whom they have reason to believe guilty of any offense against the laws or regulations governing the institutions; and for that purpose they shall possess the powers of constables.
The department shall investigate complaints against any institution under its jurisdiction or against the officers or employees of the institutions. For that purpose, the secretary and such officers and employees as the secretary authorizes may summon and swear witnesses, take testimony and compel the production of books and papers. On its own initiative, the department may investigate the affairs of any institution. Any written communication or complaint addressed to the secretary by any inmate, employee or subordinate of an institution shall be immediately forwarded unopened to the addressee.
History: 1989 a. 31
; 1997 a. 289
Recruitment of department employees.
The department may not use billboards or similar structures to recruit its employees.
History: 2001 a. 16
Inmate wages, allowances and release payments.
The department may pay a wage or an allowance and a release payment to inmates at its institutions. The department shall prescribe the amounts of pay and such hours, health and other conditions in connection with employment as are reasonable.
History: 1989 a. 31
Wages to prisoners.
The department may provide for assistance of prisoners on their discharge; for the support of their families while the prisoners are in confinement; or for the payment, either in full or ratably, of their obligations acknowledged by them in writing or which have been reduced to judgment by the allowance of moderate wages, to be paid from the operation, maintenance, farm and construction appropriations of the institution in which they are confined. Until the prisoner's final discharge, the funds arising from the wages shall be under the control of the officer in charge of the institution and shall be used for the benefit of the prisoner, the prisoner's family and other obligations specified in this section. Earnings by inmates working in the prison industries and the retention and distribution thereof shall be governed by ss. 303.01 (4)
and 303.06 (2)
History: 1989 a. 31
; 1991 a. 269
Corrections programs report.
The department shall report to the joint committee on finance with a proposal to address negative cash balances associated with closed industries or other corrections programs through the use of moneys appropriated under s. 20.410
as of the date of the proposal.
History: 1989 a. 31
Property of prisoners, residents and probationers. 301.32(1)(1)
Property delivered to warden or superintendent; credit and debit.
All money and other property delivered to an employee of any state correctional institution for the benefit of a prisoner or resident shall be delivered to the warden or superintendent, who shall enter the property upon his or her accounts to the credit of the prisoner or resident. The property may be used only under the direction and with the approval of the superintendent or warden and for the crime victim and witness assistance surcharge under s. 973.045 (4)
, the delinquency victim and witness assistance surcharge under s. 938.34 (8d) (c)
, the deoxyribonucleic acid analysis surcharge under s. 973.046 (1r)
, the child pornography surcharge under s. 973.042
, the drug offender diversion surcharge under s. 973.043
, victim restitution under s. 973.20 (11) (c)
, or the benefit of the prisoner or resident. If the money remains uncalled for for one year after the prisoner's or resident's death or departure from the state correctional institution, the superintendent shall deposit it in the general fund. If any prisoner or resident leaves property, other than money, uncalled for at a state correctional institution for one year, the superintendent shall sell the property and deposit the proceeds in the general fund, donate the property to a public agency or private, nonprofit organization or destroy the property. If any person satisfies the department, within 5 years after the deposit, of his or her right to the deposit, the department shall direct the department of administration to draw its warrant in favor of the claimant and it shall charge the same to the appropriation made by s. 20.913 (3) (bm)
(2) Central reception unit; exception.
Notwithstanding sub. (1)
and s. 302.13
, an inmate account need not be opened or maintained for an inmate placed at the central reception unit at the Dodge Correctional Institution.
(3) Property delivered to employee.
All money or other property paid or delivered to a probation, extended supervision and parole agent or other employee of the department by or for the benefit of any person on probation, extended supervision or parole shall be immediately transmitted to the department and it shall enter the same upon its books to his or her credit. The property shall be used only under the direction of the department.
See also ch. DOC 309
, Wis. adm. code.
Sub. (1) and s. 973.20 (11) (c) codify common law by specifically authorizing the Department of Corrections to take restitution from an inmate's account at an amount or a percentage the department determines is reasonable for payment to victims. State v. Williams, 2018 WI App 20
, 380 Wis. 2d 440
, 909 N.W.2d 177
The Department of Corrections was authorized under sub. (1) to take money delivered to the defendant's prison account to satisfy unpaid restitution ordered in a judgment that imposed a sentence that the defendant had completed because using that money to pay restitution was for the defendant's benefit within the meaning of sub. (1), regardless of whether the restitution ordered in the judgment was directly enforceable against the defendant. Markovic v. Litscher, 2018 WI App 44
, 383 Wis. 2d 576
, 916 N.W.2d 202
This section does not create a property interest in items prohibited by administrative rule because these items have not been delivered to prison employees for the benefit of inmates. Prohibited items are contraband subject to seizure. Escobar v. Landwehr, 837 F. Supp. 284
Prisoner reimbursement to the state.
The department may charge a prisoner or a prisoner's estate for some or all of the costs to the department of the prisoner's incarceration or burial or cremation and burial under s. 157.02 (5)
. The department may collect from the inmate or his or her estate during his or her incarceration or after his or her release or death, or both. If the prisoner has paid all victim restitution ordered under s. 973.20
or if the department has collected victim restitution pursuant to s. 973.20 (11) (f)
, the department may use any remaining money held for a prisoner under s. 301.32 (1)
to pay for some or all of the costs to the department for the prisoner's burial or cremation and burial under s. 157.02 (5)
. Upon the request of the department, the attorney general may bring a civil action to recover costs under this section that the department has been unable to collect. The department may not recover under this section for any costs already recovered as otherwise provided in chs. 301
. The department shall promulgate rules providing a method of charging under this section that is based on a prisoner's ability to pay and providing procedures for collection of the costs.
History: 1995 a. 27
; 2017 a. 246
Judgment for litigation loans to prisoners. 301.328(1)(1)
In this section, “litigation loan" means a loan made to a prisoner by the department to pay for paper, photocopying, postage or other expenses associated with litigation commenced by the prisoner.
No prisoner may receive more than $100 annually in litigation loans, except that any amount of the debt the prisoner repays during the year may be advanced to the prisoner again without counting against the $100 litigation loan limit. No prisoner may receive a litigation loan in any amount until he or she has repaid a prior loan in full or has made arrangements for repayment.
If a prisoner fails to repay a litigation loan to the department, the warden of the institution where the prisoner is incarcerated, imprisoned, confined or detained may submit a certification under oath to the clerk of circuit court in the county where the institution is located. The certification shall state the amount of litigation loans unpaid, the name and location of the prisoner and such other information as the court considers necessary. The court shall order that the amount certified by the warden be a judgment on behalf of the state and against the prisoner if the prisoner fails to submit a written objection to the court within 20 days after the court receives the certification from the warden. If the prisoner timely submits a written objection to the certification, the court shall consider the objection to be a complaint in a civil action and proceed under the rules of procedure under ch. 799
, without requiring the service of a summons or the payment of filing fees.
At the same time that the warden submits the certification to the court, the warden shall provide the prisoner with a copy of the certification. The warden shall attach to the certification provided to the prisoner a notice informing the prisoner of all of the following:
That if the prisoner fails to submit a written objection to the court within 20 days after the court receives the certification from the warden, the court shall order that the amount certified by the warden be a judgment on behalf of the state and against the prisoner.
The name and address of the circuit court where the certification was submitted.
That if the prisoner timely objects to the certification, the objection will be considered a complaint for purposes of the commencement of a civil suit under ch. 799
That the prisoner is required to submit a copy of the objection to the warden at the time he or she submits the objection to the clerk of circuit court.
History: 1997 a. 133
; 2011 a. 32
Freedom of worship; religious ministration. 301.33(1)(1)
Subject to reasonable exercise of the privilege, members of the clergy of all religious faiths shall have an opportunity, at least once each week, to conduct religious services within the state correctional institutions. Attendance at the services is voluntary.
Every inmate shall receive, upon request, religious ministration and sacraments according to the inmate's faith.
Every inmate who requests it shall have the use of the Bible.
History: 1989 a. 31
The state must make copies of the Quran available to prisoners to the same extent that Bibles are made available. Pitts v. Knowles, 339 F. Supp. 1183
applies to treatment records, as defined in s. 51.30 (1) (b)
, maintained by the department of corrections in regard to children adjudged delinquent. The department has the same authority, including rule-making authority, with regard to treatment records maintained by the department that is granted to the department of health services under s. 51.30
Law enforcement officer access to department records. 301.35(2)
The department shall allow a law enforcement officer access to a departmental record if the record pertains to any of the following persons who resides or is planning to reside in the officer's territorial jurisdiction:
General supervision and inspection by department. 301.36(1)(1)
The department shall investigate and supervise all of the state prisons under s. 302.01
, all juvenile correctional facilities, all secured residential care centers for children and youth, and all juvenile detention facilities and familiarize itself with all of the circumstances affecting their management and usefulness.
The department shall visit all places in which persons convicted or suspected of crime are confined, and ascertain their arrangement for the separation of the hardened criminals from juvenile offenders and persons suspected of crime or detained as witnesses; collect statistics concerning the inmates, their treatment, employment and reformation; and collect information of other facts and considerations affecting the increase or decrease of crime.
The department shall inquire into the methods of treatment, instruction, government and management of inmates of the institutions mentioned in this section; the conduct of their trustees, managers, directors, superintendents and other officers and employees; the condition of the buildings, grounds and all other property pertaining to the institutions, and all other matters pertaining to their usefulness and management; and recommend to the officers in charge such changes and additional provisions as it deems proper.
(4) Frequency of inspections.
The department shall inspect and investigate each institution at least annually and, when directed by the governor, it shall conduct a special investigation into an institution's management, or anything connected with its management, and report to the governor the testimony taken, the facts found and conclusions drawn.
(5) Enforcement by attorney general and district attorneys.
Upon request of the department, the attorney general or the district attorney serving the proper county shall aid in any investigation, inspection, hearing or trial had under this chapter or those sections of ch. 938
relating to powers of the department, and shall institute and prosecute all necessary actions or proceedings for the enforcement of those provisions and for the punishment of violations of those provisions. The attorney general or district attorney so requested shall report or confer with the department regarding the request, within 30 days after receipt of the request.
(6) Opportunity to inspect.
All trustees, managers, directors, superintendents and other officers or employees of the institutions shall at all times afford to every member of the department and its agents, unrestrained facility for inspection of and free access to all parts of the buildings and grounds and to all books and papers of the institutions; and shall give, either verbally or in writing, such information as the department requires. Any person who violates this subsection shall forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $100.
(7) Testimonial power; expenses.
The director or any person delegated by the director may administer oaths, take testimony and cause depositions to be taken. All expenses of the investigations, including fees of officers and witnesses, shall be charged to the appropriation for the department.
(8) Statistics to be furnished.
Wherever the department is required to collect statistics, the person or agency shall furnish the required statistics on request.
(9) Cooperation with local governing bodies.
Upon request by the governing body of a city, village, or town in which a juvenile correctional facility established under s. 301.16 (1w)
is located, the department shall meet with the governing body to discuss matters of local concern pertaining to the juvenile correctional facility.
County buildings; establishment, approval, inspection. 301.37(1)(1)
The department shall fix reasonable standards and regulations for the design, construction, repair, and maintenance of all houses of correction, reforestation camps maintained under s. 303.07
, jails, as defined in s. 302.30
, extensions of jails under s. 59.54 (14) (g)
, rehabilitation facilities under s. 59.53 (8)
, lockup facilities, as defined in s. 302.30
, work camps under s. 303.10
, Huber facilities under s. 303.09
, and, after consulting with the department of children and families, all juvenile detention facilities and secured residential care centers for children and youth, with respect to their adequacy and fitness for the needs which they are to serve.
The rules promulgated by the department under sub. (1)
shall allow a secured residential care center for children and youth to use less restrictive physical security barriers than a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility while ensuring the safety of the public, staff, and youth. The rules promulgated under sub. (1)
shall allow a secured residential care center for children and youth to be located in a portion of a juvenile detention facility or a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility. A secured residential care center for children and youth that is located in a portion of a juvenile detention facility or a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility shall provide trauma-informed, evidence-based programming and services as required by the department under s. 938.48 (16) (b)
The selection and purchase of the site, and the plans, specifications and erection of buildings, for the institutions is subject to the review and approval of the department. Department review shall include review of the proposed program to be carried out by the institution.
Before any such building is occupied, and at least annually thereafter, the department shall inspect each institution with respect to safety, sanitation, adequacy and fitness, report to the authorities conducting the institution any deficiency found and order the necessary work to correct it or a new building. If within 6 months thereafter the work is not commenced, or not completed within a reasonable period thereafter, to the satisfaction of the department, the department shall suspend the allowance of state aid for, and prohibit the use of, the building until the order is complied with.
The department's standards and regulations under sub. (1)
for county jails apply to tribal jails used under s. 302.445
. At least annually, the department shall inspect each such tribal jail with respect to safety, sanitation, adequacy and fitness, report to the sheriff and the tribal jail authorities regarding any deficiency found and order the necessary work to correct it. If within 6 months thereafter the work is not commenced, or not completed within a reasonable period thereafter to the satisfaction of the department, the department shall prohibit the use of the tribal jail for purposes of s. 302.445
until the order is complied with.
The department's standards and regulations under sub. (1)
for juvenile detention facilities apply to private juvenile detention facilities used under s. 938.222
. At least annually, the department shall inspect each such private juvenile detention facility with respect to safety, sanitation, adequacy, and fitness, report to the county board and the private entity operating the private juvenile detention facility regarding any deficiency found and order the necessary work to correct it. If within 6 months thereafter the work is not commenced, or not completed within a reasonable period thereafter to the satisfaction of the department, the department shall prohibit the use of the private juvenile detention facility for purposes of s. 938.222
until the order is complied with.
Operating loss reimbursement program.
The department shall reimburse a county that operates a secured residential care center for children and youth that holds female juveniles in secure custody and that was established using funding from the grant program under 2017 Wisconsin Act 185
, section 110 (4)
, for any annual net operating loss for the services and facilities offered to female juveniles. A county seeking reimbursement under this section shall submit its request and supporting financial statements for the prior fiscal year to the department and the legislative audit bureau in a format prescribed by the department. The department shall reimburse the county for the amount of the net operating loss, as determined by the legislative audit bureau under s. 13.94 (1) (v)
, from the appropriation under s. 20.410 (3) (f)
. The department may pay for the cost of the audit by the legislative audit bureau under s. 13.94 (1) (v)
from the appropriation under s. 20.410 (3) (f)
History: 2017 a. 185
; 2019 a. 8
Notification of victims and witnesses about prisoner escapes. 301.38(1)(a)
“Member of the family" means spouse, domestic partner under ch. 770
, child, sibling, parent or legal guardian.
“Prisoner" has the meaning given in s. 301.01 (2)
, but does not include any person in the intensive sanctions program under s. 301.048
or any person who is imprisoned as an alternative to the revocation of probation, extended supervision or parole.
“Victim" means a person against whom a crime has been committed.
If a prisoner escapes from a Type 1 prison, the department shall make a reasonable attempt to notify all of the following persons, if they can be found, in accordance with sub. (3)
and after receiving a completed card under sub. (4)
The victim of the crime committed by the prisoner or, if the victim died as a result of the crime, an adult member of the victim's family or, if the victim is younger than 18 years old, the victim's parent or legal guardian.
Any witness who testified against the prisoner in any court proceeding involving the offense.
The department shall make a reasonable effort to notify the person by telephone as soon as possible after the escape and after any subsequent apprehension of the prisoner.
The department shall design and prepare cards for any person specified in sub. (2)
to send to the department. The cards shall have space for any such person to provide his or her name, telephone number and mailing address, the name of the applicable prisoner and any other information that the department determines is necessary. The department shall provide the cards, without charge, to district attorneys. District attorneys shall provide the cards, without charge, to persons specified in sub. (2)
. These persons may send completed cards to the department. All department records or portions of records that relate to telephone numbers and mailing addresses of these persons are not subject to inspection or copying under s. 19.35 (1)
Sex offender registration.