Any person whose substantial interest is affected by a decision of the department under sub. (1m) (a) 1.
may commence an action in circuit court to review that decision.
Any party aggrieved by a decision of a hearing examiner under sub. (2)
may commence an action in circuit court to review that decision.
History: 2003 a. 118
; 2011 a. 167
Limits and conditions for permits and contracts. 30.2095(1)(a)
Except as provided in par. (b)
, every permit or contract issued under ss. 30.01
for which a time limit is not provided by s. 30.20 (2)
is void unless the activity or project is completed within 3 years after the permit or contract was issued.
The department may specify a time limit of less than 3 years for an individual permit or contract issued under ss. 30.01
. The department shall extend the time limit for an individual permit or contract issued under ss. 30.01
for no longer than an additional 5 years if the grantee requests an extension prior to expiration of the initial time limit.
For good cause, the department may modify or rescind any permit or contract issued under ss. 30.01
before its expiration.
History: 1987 a. 374
; 2003 a. 118
; Stats. 2003 s. 30.2095; 2011 a. 167
Use of beds of Great Lakes by public utilities. 30.21(1)(1)
Water intake facilities.
Upon compliance with such applicable regulations as may be imposed by the government of the United States and subject to chs. 196
and rules and orders of the public service commission issued pursuant thereto, any public utility may, pursuant to permit granted by resolution of the governing body of any city, village or town situated on any waters of Lake Michigan or Lake Superior or in the Great Lakes basin, construct, maintain and operate, upon and under the bed thereof adjoining such city, village or town, all cribs, intakes, basins, pipes and tunnels necessary or convenient for securing an adequate supply of water suitable for the purposes of such utility, provided only, that concurrently with the construction of facilities for the withdrawal of water from the lakes, the city, town or village must construct sewage treatment and disposal works adequate to treat completely all sewage of the municipality. Any city, village or town, the limits of which are within 50 miles of any such waters and any public utility serving the same shall be deemed to be situated on such waters within the meaning of this section and such municipality or public utility serving the same shall, subject to this section, have authority to acquire and own or lease sufficient real estate, not to exceed 50 miles beyond the corporate limits of such municipality, for the purpose of constructing, maintaining and operating thereon or thereunder, transmission facilities and structures, including cribs, intakes, basins, pipes and tunnels, necessary or convenient for securing an adequate supply of water suitable for the purposes of such municipality or utility. Such facilities shall be so constructed, maintained and operated as to avoid material obstruction to existing navigation or the use of private property not owned by such utility.
Harbor facilities; public utility structures.
Pursuant to the authority and conditions specified in sub. (1)
, any such utility may also:
Improve the navigability of any of the waters specified in sub. (1)
and construct upon the shore and the adjoining bed of such waters, harbor facilities adapted for the reception, docking, unloading and loading of vessels carrying supplies required for the operation of such utility.
Place any public utility structure, including all or part of any plant for the generation of electricity and the appurtenances, upon the bed of any of the waters specified in sub. (1)
, provided the utility first obtains approval under this chapter and obtains the approval of the public service commission as required by s. 196.49
or rules or orders of the public service commission issued pursuant thereto, and also obtains the approval of the department to the making of any payment to be made to the municipality with respect to the erection of such structure.
Compliance with other permit requirements. 30.21(3)(a)
Each public utility operating under a permit under this section on January 1, 1986, shall comply with s. 281.35 (2)
, if applicable.
On and after January 1, 1986, no city, village or town may issue a permit under sub. (1)
unless the public utility applying for the permit complies with s. 30.18 (2) (b)
, if applicable.
History: 1985 a. 60
; 1995 a. 227
Bluff protection. 30.24(1)(1)
In this section:
For the purposes of protecting bluff land, the department may expend money from the appropriation under s. 20.866 (2) (ta)
for a program under which the department may do all of the following:
Acquire bluff land or interests in bluff land along the Great Lakes.
Award grants to nonprofit conservation organizations to acquire these lands or interests under s. 23.096
Ban on location restrictions.
In exercising its authority under sub. (2) (a)
, the department may not limit acquisitions of bluff lands to bluff lands that are within the boundaries of projects established by the department.
Limit on grants.
Except as provided in s. 23.096 (2m)
, a grant awarded under this section or under s. 23.096
to protect bluffs may not exceed 50 percent of the acquisition costs.
The department shall promulgate rules to administer and implement this section, including standards for awarding grants to protect bluffs under this section and under s. 23.096
grants. The department by rule shall define “bluff land" for purposes of this section.
History: 1999 a. 9
; 2007 a. 20
Wolf River protection. 30.25(1)(1)
Except as provided under sub. (2)
, no person may make any effort to improve the navigation on the Wolf River north of the southern boundary of Shawano County nor shall any dam be authorized for construction in that portion of the Wolf River. Any permit issued or in effect by virtue of or under authority of any order or law authorizing the construction of any dam in the Wolf River in Langlade County is void. This declaration does not affect permits for or the operation or maintenance of any dam in existence on August 24, 1963.
A person may engage in a minor dredging project to improve access to or to improve the aesthetics of the Wolf River in Shawano County if a permit issued by the department under s. 30.20
authorizes the project.
History: 1987 a. 374
Florence Wild Rivers Interpretive Center.
Beginning with fiscal year 2007-08, the department shall provide a grant in the amount of $27,000 in each fiscal year to the Florence Wild Rivers Interpretive Center to be used for park and recreation uses, forestry education, and tourist information provided by the center and for its operational costs.
History: 2007 a. 20
In order to afford the people of this state an opportunity to enjoy natural streams, to attract out-of-state visitors and assure the well-being of our tourist industry, it is in the interest of this state to preserve some rivers in a free flowing condition and to protect them from development; and for this purpose a system of wild rivers is established, but no river shall be designated as wild without legislative act.
The following rivers, or portions of rivers, are designated as wild rivers:
The Pine River and its tributary Popple River in Florence and Forest counties.
The portion of the Brunsweiler River, described as follows: from the point at which the Brunsweiler River leaves the SW-1/4 of the SW-1/4 of Sec. 22, T. 44 N., R. 4 W. downstream to the point at which the Brunsweiler River crosses the boundary of the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest in the NW-1/4 of Sec. 22, T. 45 N., R. 4 W. This portion of the Brunsweiler River shall be known as the “Martin Hanson Wild River".
From the outlet of Totogatic Lake located in Bayfield County to the upstream end of Nelson Lake at the Southern edge of the walleye spawning refuge located in Sawyer County.
From a point 500 feet below the dam in the Totogatic Wildlife Area located in Washburn County to the upstream end of the Colton Flowage located in Washburn County.
From a point 500 feet below the dam that forms the Colton Flowage located in Washburn County to the point where the river crosses the Washburn-Douglas County line immediately above the upstream end of the Minong Flowage.
From the bridge on CTH “I" that crosses the river located in Washburn County to the confluence of the river with the Namekagon River located in Burnett County.
The rivers designated under par. (a)
shall receive special management to assure their preservation, protection and enhancement of their natural beauty, and their unique recreational and other inherent values in accordance with guidelines outlined in this section.
Duties of department.
The department in connection with wild rivers shall:
Provide active leadership in the development of a practical management policy.
Consult other state agencies and planning committees.
Collaborate with county and town boards and local development committees or boards in producing a mutually acceptable program for the preservation, protection and enhancement of the rivers.
Seek the cooperation of the U.S. forest service, timber companies, county foresters and private landowners in implementing land use practices to accomplish the objectives of the management policy.
Act as coordinator under this subsection.
Snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, utility terrain vehicles, and off-highway motorcycles. 30.26(4)(a)
The department may not prohibit the crossing of a bridge over a wild river by an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle traveling on an all-terrain vehicle trail, as defined under s. 23.33 (1) (d)
, by an off-highway motorcycle traveling on an off-highway motorcycle trail designated under s. 23.335 (19) (b)
, or by a snowmobile traveling on a snowmobile trail, as defined under s. 350.01 (17)
that is constructed in any of the following locations:
Along the Nicolet State Trail where the trail crosses the existing railroad trestle over the Pine River and the Popple River.
In Florence County along County Highway N where the trail would cross the Pine River.
The state shall permit all-terrain vehicles, utility terrain vehicles, off-highway motorcycles, and snowmobiles to travel in a corridor across any state land that separates an all-terrain vehicle trail, an off-highway motorcycle trail, or a snowmobile trail and the bridges constructed at the locations listed under par. (a)
As part of the management of the designated portion of the Brunsweiler River, all of the following shall apply:
The U.S. forest service may maintain the dam that impounds Beaver Dam Lake that is in place on April 29, 2009. If the U.S. forest service receives authorization from the department to abandon the dam, the department may carry out restoration activities to restore the natural appearance of the lake and the river.
The U.S. forest service may maintain or replace the boat landing on Mineral Lake that is in place on April 29, 2009.
Any pier that is in place on the river on April 29, 2009, may be maintained or replaced. A replacement pier may have no more boat slips than did the original pier. A replacement pier shall either be limited to the dimensions of the original pier or the dimension requirements specified in s. 30.12 (1g) (f)
, whichever dimensions result in a smaller square area for the pier and any accompanying platform.
Compliance with any applicable permitting or other requirements under chs. 30
is required for the maintenance and replacement activities authorized under this subsection.
As part of the management of the designated portions of the Totogatic River, all of the following shall apply:
The department may authorize the removal of natural obstructions from the portion of the river specified in sub. (2) (a) 3m. a.
if needed for the protection or growth of wild rice.
Any pier that is in place on the river on July 25, 2009, may be maintained or replaced. A replacement pier may have no more boat slips than did the original pier and may not have a loading platform. A replacement pier shall either be limited to the dimensions of the original pier or the dimension requirements specified for piers in s. 30.12 (1g) (f)
, whichever dimensions result in a smaller square area for the pier.
Any bridge or water crossing that is used for recreational or forestry purposes and that is in place on the river on July 25, 2009, may be maintained, modified, or replaced to the extent necessary to ensure public safety. Any such maintenance, modification, or replacement shall be performed in a manner that results in the least impact on the beauty and the natural condition of the river.
Compliance with any applicable permitting or other requirements under ch. 30
is required for the maintenance, modification, and replacement activities authorized under this subsection.
Adopt a river program.
The department shall establish an adopt a river program to encourage program volunteers to clean up a specified portion of a lake, river, wetland, or ravine. The department shall supply to the volunteers educational support and necessary supplies. The department shall keep records of information related to the program, including the pounds of rubbish collected, the number of volunteer hours provided, and descriptions of the debris found. The department shall publicly recognize volunteers who participate in the program.
History: 2001 a. 16
Lower St. Croix River preservation. 30.27(1)(1)
The Lower St. Croix River, between the dam near St. Croix Falls and its confluence with the Mississippi River, constitutes a relatively undeveloped scenic and recreational asset. The preservation of this unique scenic and recreational asset is in the public interest and will benefit the health and welfare of the citizens of Wisconsin. The state of Wisconsin is therefore determined that the Lower St. Croix River be included in the national wild and scenic rivers system under the wild and scenic rivers act, as amended, 16 USC 1271
, and the Lower St. Croix River act of 1972, 16 USC 1274
(a) (9). The purpose of this section is to ensure the continued eligibility of the Lower St. Croix River for inclusion in the national wild and scenic rivers system and to guarantee the protection of the wild, scenic and recreational qualities of the river for present and future generations.
As soon as possible after May 7, 1974, the department shall adopt, by rule, guidelines and specific standards for local zoning ordinances which apply to the banks, bluffs and bluff tops of the Lower St. Croix River. The guidelines shall designate the boundaries of the areas to which they apply. In drafting the guidelines and standards, the department shall consult with appropriate officials of counties, cities, villages and towns lying within the affected area. The standards specified in the guidelines shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
Prohibition of new residential, commercial and industrial uses, and the issuance of building permits therefor, where such uses are inconsistent with the purposes of this section.
Establishment of acreage, frontage and setback requirements where compliance with such requirements will result in residential, commercial or industrial uses which are consistent with the purposes of this section.
The standards established under par. (a)
shall be consistent with but may be more restrictive than any pertinent guidelines and standards promulgated by the secretary of the interior under the wild and scenic rivers act. If it appears to the department that the purposes of this section may be thwarted or the wild, scenic or recreational values of the river adversely affected prior to the implementation of rules under this section, the department may exercise its emergency rule-making authority under s. 227.24
, and such rules shall be effective and implemented and enforced under sub. (3)
until permanent rules are implemented under sub. (3)
The guidelines and standards established under par. (a)
for nonconforming structures that are subject to a city, village or town zoning ordinance adopted under sub. (3)
shall be the same as the guidelines and standards for nonconforming structures that are subject to a county zoning ordinance adopted under sub. (3)
. The guidelines and standards established under par. (a)
shall allow a county, city, village or town zoning ordinance adopted under sub. (3)
to differentiate between nonconforming structures and nonconforming uses.
Counties, cities, villages and towns lying, in whole or in part, within the areas affected by the guidelines adopted under sub. (2)
are empowered to and shall adopt zoning ordinances complying with the guidelines and standards adopted under sub. (2)
within 30 days after their effective date. If any county, city, village or town does not adopt an ordinance within the time limit prescribed, or if the department determines that an adopted ordinance does not satisfy the requirements of the guidelines and standards, the department shall immediately adopt such an ordinance. An ordinance adopted by the department shall be of the same effect as if adopted by the county, city, village or town, and the local authorities shall administer and enforce the ordinance in the same manner as if the county, city, village or town had adopted it. No zoning ordinance so adopted may be modified nor may any variance therefrom be granted by the county, city, village or town without the written consent of the department, except nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a county, city, village or town from adopting an ordinance more restrictive than that adopted by the department.
See also ch. NR 118
, Wis. adm. code.
The federal Wild and Scenic Rivers Act did not preempt state and local governmental regulation of the Lower St. Croix River. The state has authority to exercise its police power in the federal zone, and this section remains in full force and effect. State v. St. Croix County, 2003 WI App 173
, 266 Wis. 2d 498
, 668 N.W.2d 743
Scenic urban waterways.