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29.974(2) (2)
29.974(2)(a)(a) In this subsection, “wild animal" does not include a farm-raised deer, a farm-raised fish, a farm-raised game bird, or a wild animal subject to regulation under ch. 169.
29.974(2)(b) (b) When any person is convicted and it is alleged in the indictment, information or complaint and proved or admitted on trial or ascertained by the court after conviction that the person had been before convicted 3 times within a period of 3 years for violations of this chapter or department order punishable under s. 29.501 (10), 29.601 (1) or 29.971 (5), or for violation of s. 29.539, or for violation of any statute or department order regulating the taking or possession of any wild animal or carcass during the closed season or any combination of those violations by any court of this state, and that the convictions remain of record and unreversed, the person shall be fined not more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both.
29.974(3) (3)No penalty for any violation listed in sub. (1) or (2) may be reduced or diminished by reason of this section.
29.974 History History: 1975 c. 365 s. 46; Stats. 1975 s. 29.995; 1981 c. 243 s. 7; 1983 a. 27; 1985 a. 29, 272; 1993 a. 137; 1997 a. 248 s. 723; Stats. 1997 s. 29.974; 2001 a. 56.
29.974 Annotation Criminal prosecution under this section must be commenced by a complaint under s. 968.02; prosecution must be conducted within the statutory and constitutional requirements applicable to other criminal prosecutions. 71 Atty. Gen. 136.
29.977 29.977 Civil actions for damages caused by law violations.
29.977(1)(1)The department may bring a civil action in the name of the state for the recovery of damages against any person killing, wounding, catching, taking, trapping or possessing in violation of this chapter any of the following named protected wild animals, birds, or fish, or any part of an animal, bird or fish, and the sum assessed for damages for each wild animal, bird, or fish shall be not less than the amount stated in this section:
29.977(1)(a) (a) Any endangered species protected under s. 29.604, $875.
29.977(1)(am) (am) Any elk, $2,000.
29.977(1)(b) (b) Any moose, fisher, prairie chicken, or sand hill crane, $262.50.
29.977(1)(c) (c) Any deer, bear, wild turkey or wild swan, $175.
29.977(1)(d) (d) Any bobcat, fox, wolf, beaver, or otter, $87.50.
29.977(1)(e) (e) Any coyote, raccoon or mink, $43.75.
29.977(1)(f) (f) Any sharp-tailed grouse, ruffed grouse, spruce hen, wild duck, coot, wild goose or brant, $26.25.
29.977(1)(g) (g) Any pheasant, gray partridge, quail, rail, Wilson's snipe, woodcock or shore bird, or protected song bird or harmless bird, $17.50.
29.977(1)(h) (h) Any muskrat, rabbit or squirrel, $8.75.
29.977(1)(i) (i) Any muskellunge or lake sturgeon, $43.75.
29.977(1)(j) (j) Any largemouth or smallmouth bass, $26.25.
29.977(1)(k) (k) Any brook, rainbow, brown, or steel head trout, $26.25.
29.977(1)(L) (L) Any walleye pike, northern pike, or any other game fish not mentioned in pars. (i) to (k), $8.75.
29.977(1)(m) (m) Any game or fur-bearing animal or bird not mentioned in pars. (am) to (h), $17.50.
29.977(2) (2)Any damages recovered in a civil action under this section shall be paid into the conservation fund. The costs of the action, if the judgment is in favor of the defendant, shall be paid out of the conservation fund.
29.977(3) (3)A civil action brought under this section shall be a bar to a criminal prosecution for the same offense and any criminal prosecution for any offense chargeable under this section shall be a bar to a civil action brought under this section.
29.977 History History: 1975 c. 365; 1977 c. 386; 1979 c. 34; 1985 a. 332 s. 251 (1); 1995 a. 376; 1997 a. 27; 1997 a. 248 ss. 691 to 698; Stats. 1997 s. 29.977; 2001 a. 56, 109; 2011 a. 169.
29.977 Annotation The civil remedy is coextensive with the criminal sanctions of the chapter, and since the chapter does not prohibit killing fish by opening a dam unlawfully, there is no civil remedy. Department of Natural Resources v. Clintonville, 53 Wis. 2d 1, 191 N.W.2d 866.
29.977 Annotation The state may recover “civil redress" damages under this section as well as prosecute the perpetrator for the underlying violation punishable only by civil forfeiture. State v. Denk, 117 Wis. 2d 432, 345 N.W.2d 66 (Ct. App. 1984).
29.977 Annotation When a criminal action is brought for a violation of ch. 94, prohibiting deposit of pesticides in public waters of the state, the proceeding is not barred by a civil action to recover the statutory value of the fish killed by the pesticides. 62 Atty. Gen. 130.
29.981 29.981 Parties to a violation.
29.981(1)(1)Whoever is concerned in the commission of a violation of this chapter or of any department order under this chapter for which a forfeiture is imposed is a principal and may be charged with and convicted of the violation although he or she did not directly commit it and although the person who directly committed it has not been convicted of the violation.
29.981(2) (2)A person is concerned in the commission of the violation if the person:
29.981(2)(a) (a) Directly commits the violation;
29.981(2)(b) (b) Aids and abets the commission of it; or
29.981(2)(c) (c) Is a party to a conspiracy with another to commit it or advises, hires or counsels or otherwise procures another to commit it.
29.981 History History: 1975 c. 365; 1987 a. 379; 1997 a. 248 s. 724; Stats. 1997 s. 29.981.
29.983 29.983 Wild animal protection surcharges.
29.983(1)(1)Levy of wild animal protection assessment.
29.983(1)(a) (a) If a court imposes a fine or forfeiture for a violation of a provision of this chapter or an order issued under this chapter for the unlawful killing, wounding, catching, taking, trapping, or possession of a wild animal specified in par. (b), or any part of such a wild animal, the court may impose a wild animal protection surcharge under ch. 814 that equals the amount specified for the wild animal under par. (b).
29.983(1)(b) (b) The amount of the wild animal protection surcharge imposed under ch. 814 shall be as follows:
29.983(1)(b)1. 1. For any wild animal that is an endangered species protected under s. 29.604, $875.
29.983(1)(b)1m. 1m. Any elk, $2,000.
29.983(1)(b)2. 2. For any moose, fisher, prairie chicken, or sand hill crane, $262.50.
29.983(1)(b)3. 3. For any bear, wild turkey or wild swan, $175.
29.983(1)(b)4. 4. For any bobcat, fox, wolf, beaver, or otter, $87.50.
29.983(1)(b)5. 5. For any deer, coyote, raccoon or mink, $43.75.
29.983(1)(b)6. 6. For any sharp-tailed grouse, ruffed grouse, spruce hen, wild duck, coot, wild goose or brant, $26.25.
29.983(1)(b)7. 7. For any pheasant, gray partridge, quail, rail, Wilson's snipe, woodcock or shore bird, or protected song bird or harmless bird, $17.50.
29.983(1)(b)8. 8. For any muskrat, rabbit or squirrel, $8.75.
29.983(1)(b)9. 9. For any muskellunge or lake sturgeon, $43.75.
29.983(1)(b)10. 10. For any largemouth or smallmouth bass, $26.25.
29.983(1)(b)11. 11. For any brook, rainbow, brown, or steel head trout, $26.25.
29.983(1)(b)12. 12. For any walleye pike, northern pike, or any other game fish not mentioned in subds. 9. to 11., $8.75.
29.983(1)(b)13. 13. For any game or fur-bearing animal or bird not mentioned in subds. 1m. to 8., $17.50.
29.983(1)(d) (d) If a fine or forfeiture is suspended in whole or in part, the wild animal protection surcharge shall be reduced in proportion to the suspension.
29.983(1)(e) (e) If any deposit is made for an offense to which this section applies, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the wild animal protection surcharge under this section. If the deposit is forfeited, the amount of the wild animal protection surcharge shall be transmitted to the secretary of administration under par. (f). If the deposit is returned, the wild animal protection surcharge shall also be returned.
29.983(1)(f) (f) The clerk of the court shall collect and transmit to the county treasurer the wild animal protection surcharge and other amounts required under s. 59.40 (2) (m). The county treasurer shall then make payment to the secretary of administration as provided in s. 59.25 (3) (f) 2.
29.983(2) (2)Deposit of wild animal protection surcharge funds. The secretary of administration shall deposit the moneys collected under this section into the conservation fund.
29.983 History History: 1991 a. 39; 1995 a. 201, 376; 1997 a. 248 s. 725; Stats. 1997 s. 29.983; 2001 a. 56, 109; 2003 a. 33, 139, 326; 2011 a. 169.
29.984 29.984 Commercial fish protection surcharge.
29.984(1)(1)Levy of commercial fish protection surcharge.
29.984(1)(a) (a) If a court imposes a fine or forfeiture under s. 29.971 for the unlawful killing, catching, taking, transporting, sale, or possession of Great Lakes fish in violation of s. 29.503, or of fish in violation of s. 29.514 or 29.519, or for failing to comply with any record-keeping requirement for fish in violation of s. 29.503, 29.514, or 29.519, the court may impose a commercial fish protection surcharge that equals the amount specified for the fish under par. (b) or (bg).
29.984(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (bg), the amount of the commercial fish protection surcharge shall be as follows:
29.984(1)(b)1. 1. For any commercial fish, as determined by the department, an amount equal to the average wholesale value of the fish on the date of the violation. The department shall determine the average wholesale value of the fish by determining the wholesale value of such fish purchased by 3 different wholesale fish dealers in this state on or about the date of the violation.
29.984(1)(b)2. 2. For salmon, trout, and noncommercial game fish, an amount equal to the amount specified in s. 29.983 (1) (b) 9. to 12.
29.984(1)(bg) (bg) For a fine imposed under s. 29.971 (1) (b) or (c), the amount of the commercial fish protection surcharge shall be an amount equal to 3 times the average wholesale value of the fish. The department shall determine the average wholesale value of the fish by averaging the price received by 3 different wholesale fish dealers in this state for that species of fish on or about the date of the violation.
29.984(1)(c) (c) If a fine or forfeiture is suspended in whole or in part, the commercial fish protection surcharge shall be reduced in proportion to the suspension unless the court directs otherwise.
29.984(1)(e) (e) If any deposit is made for an offense to which this section applies, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the commercial fish protection surcharge required under this section. If the deposit is forfeited, the amount of the commercial fish protection surcharge shall be transmitted to the state treasurer under par. (f). If the deposit is returned, the commercial fish protection surcharge shall also be returned.
29.984(1)(f) (f) The clerk of court shall collect and transmit to the county treasurer the commercial fish protection surcharge and other amounts required under s. 59.40 (2) (m). The county treasurer shall then make payment to the state treasurer as provided in s. 59.25 (3) (f) 2. The state treasurer shall deposit the amount of the commercial fish protection surcharge in the conservation fund.
29.984(2) (2)Use of commercial fish protection surcharge funds. All moneys collected from commercial fish protection surcharges shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (1) (kr).
29.984 History History: 2005 a. 288; 2017 a. 59.
29.985 29.985 Fishing shelter removal surcharge.
29.985(1)(1)Levy of fishing shelter removal surcharge.
29.985(1)(a) (a) If a court imposes a forfeiture under s. 29.404 (3), the court shall impose a fishing shelter removal surcharge under ch. 814 equal to the costs that should have been reimbursed under s. 29.404 (2).
29.985(1)(b) (b) If a forfeiture is suspended in whole or in part, the fishing shelter removal surcharge shall be reduced in proportion to the suspension unless the court directs otherwise.
29.985(1)(c) (c) If any deposit is made for an offense to which this section applies, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the fishing shelter removal surcharge under this section. If the deposit is forfeited, the amount of the fishing shelter removal surcharge shall be transmitted to the secretary of administration under par. (d). If the deposit is returned, the fishing shelter removal surcharge shall also be returned.
29.985(1)(d) (d) The clerk of the court shall collect and transmit to the county treasurer the fishing shelter removal surcharge and other amounts required under s. 59.40 (2) (m). The county treasurer shall then make payment to the secretary of administration as provided in s. 59.25 (3) (f) 2.
29.985(2) (2)Use of fishing shelter removal surcharges funds. All moneys collected from fishing shelter removal surcharges shall be deposited in the conservation fund.
29.985 History History: 1991 a. 39; 1995 a. 201; 1997 a. 248 s. 726; Stats. 1997 s. 29.985; 2003 a. 33, 139, 326.
29.987 29.987 Natural resources surcharge.
29.987(1)(1)Levy of natural resources surcharge.
29.987(1)(a) (a) If a court imposes a fine or forfeiture for a violation of a provision of this chapter or an order issued under this chapter, other than for a violation specified under s. 29.9905 (1) (a), the court shall impose a natural resources surcharge under ch. 814 equal to 75 percent of the amount of the fine or forfeiture.
29.987(1)(b) (b) If a fine or forfeiture is suspended in whole or in part, the natural resources surcharge shall be reduced in proportion to the suspension.
29.987(1)(c) (c) If any deposit is made for an offense to which this section applies, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the natural resources surcharge under this section. If the deposit is forfeited, the amount of the natural resources surcharge shall be transmitted to the secretary of administration under par. (d). If the deposit is returned, the natural resources surcharge shall also be returned.
29.987(1)(d) (d) The clerk of the court shall collect and transmit to the county treasurer the natural resources surcharge and other amounts required under s. 59.40 (2) (m). The county treasurer shall then make payment to the secretary of administration as provided in s. 59.25 (3) (f) 2. The secretary of administration shall deposit the amount of the natural resources surcharge in the conservation fund.
29.987(2) (2)Use of natural resources surcharge funds. All moneys collected from natural resources surcharges shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (3) (mu).
29.987 History History: 1979 c. 34; 1981 c. 20; 1995 a. 201; 1997 a. 248 s. 727; Stats. 1997 s. 29.987; 2003 a. 33, 139, 326; 2005 a. 288; 2007 a. 97.
29.989 29.989 Natural resources restitution surcharge.
29.989(1)(1)Levy of natural resources restitution surcharge.
29.989(1)(a) (a) If a court imposes a fine or forfeiture for a violation of a provision of this chapter or an order issued under this chapter where the payment of a natural resources restitution surcharge is required, the court shall impose a natural resources restitution surcharge under ch. 814 equal to the amount of the statutory fee for the approval which was required and should have been obtained.
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