Engines shall be equipped with whistles or horns mounted to face the direction in which the engine is moving and placed to emit a warning sound at a sound level which accords with established practices to warn employees and the public of the engine's approach.
All cabs shall be equipped with at least one portable foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide type fire extinguisher with a minimum capacity of 1-1/4 gallon or 5 pounds. The extinguisher shall be placed in a readily accessible location and shall be effectively maintained.
If a failure of required equipment or standards of maintenance, as set forth under this section, occurs after an engine has commenced a trip or tour of duty in service, it shall be corrected at the first point at which maintenance supplies are available, or, in case of repairs, prior to the next assignment.
If in any particular case any exemption from any requirement of this section is deemed necessary by a carrier, the office shall consider the application of the carrier for exemption and may grant the exemption when accompanied by a full statement of the conditions existing and the reasons for the exemption. Any exemption so granted shall be limited to the particular case specified and shall be limited to a stated period of time.
Compliance with this section shall be accomplished within 5 years of November 17, 1977. The requirements stated in this section shall be deemed complied with by equipment or standards or maintenance equal or superior to those prescribed in this section.
Arrest of passenger; police power of conductors.
If it shall become necessary for the protection of the passengers on any railroad car from the violent, abusive, profane or indecent language or conduct of any passenger, the conductor may arrest such passenger and keep the passenger in the baggage car or some other safe and secure place on such train until its arrival at some usual stopping place, when the passenger may be put off the train and given into the custody of some officer for prosecution; and for this purpose conductors, while in charge of trains, may exercise the powers of sheriffs.
History: 1993 a. 482
Railroad train crews. 192.25(1)(a)
“Certified railroad locomotive engineer" means a person certified under 49 CFR 240
as a train service engineer, locomotive servicing engineer or student engineer.
“Qualified railroad trainman" means a person who has successfully completed a railroad carrier's training program and passed an examination on railroad operation rules.
No person operating or controlling any railroad, as defined in s. 85.01 (5)
, may allow the operation of any railroad train or locomotive in this state unless the railroad train or locomotive has a crew of at least 2 individuals. One of the individuals shall be a certified railroad locomotive engineer. The other individual shall be either a certified railroad locomotive engineer or a qualified railroad trainman. A certified railroad locomotive engineer shall operate the control locomotive at all times that the railroad train or locomotive is in motion. The other crew member may dismount the railroad train or locomotive when necessary to perform switching activities and other duties in the course of his or her job.
The office, by rule, may grant an exception to sub. (2)
if the office determines that the exception will not endanger the life or property of any person.
does not apply to the extent that it is contrary to or inconsistent with a regulation or order of the federal railroad administration.
Any person who violates sub. (2)
may be required to forfeit not less than $25 nor more than $100 for a first offense, not less than $100 nor more than $500 for a 2nd offense committed within 3 years, and not less than $500 nor more than $1,000 for a 3rd offense committed within 3 years.
History: 1997 a. 42
This section is preempted by federal law except to the extent that sub. (2) prohibits over-the-road train operation unless there is a train crew of at least 2. However over-the-road operations may also be exempted by specific agreement between the Federal Railway Administration and an individual railroad. Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway Co. v. Doyle, 186 F.3d 790
Connecting tracks and switching. 192.27(1)(1)
When the track of a railway corporation crosses the track of any other railway corporation at grade, or when their tracks and right-of-way are adjacent, except in counties having a population of at least 150,000, the corporations shall, within 60 days after a written request of the office or the council or board of the city, town or village within which the tracks so cross or are adjacent, make a track connection within such town, city or village to afford reasonable and proper facilities for the interchange of traffic between their respective lines for forwarding and delivering freight, and the expense thereof shall be borne equally by those corporations, unless otherwise ordered by the office.
Any railroad corporation neglecting or refusing to comply with the provisions of this section shall forfeit not less than $25 nor more than $100 for each offense. Each day that the violation continues shall constitute a separate offense.
Train bells and crossing signs at street and highway crossings. 192.29(3)(3)
Bell to ring, municipal authority. 192.29(3)(a)(a)
No railroad train or locomotive shall run over any public traveled grade crossing within any city or village, except where gates are operated, or a flagman is stationed, unless the engine bell shall be rung continuously within 330 feet of the crossing and until the crossing is reached.
Flagmen or gates shall be placed and maintained, or such mechanical safety appliances shall be installed upon such public traveled grade crossings in villages and cities as the city or village authorities and the railroad company may by agreement decide; such agreement may include the apportionment of the cost of installation of such mechanical devices.
(4) Highways; bell.
No railroad train or locomotive shall run over any public traveled grade highway crossing outside of the limits of municipalities unless the engine bell shall be rung continuously from 1,320 feet before the crossing until the crossing is reached. But the office may order that the ringing of the bell as required by this subsection shall be omitted at any crossing.
(5) Railroad crossing and yield signs. 192.29(5)(a)(a)
Wherever its track crosses a public highway or street, every railroad corporation shall maintain on each side of the track a highway-rail-grade crossing sign, commonly known as a crossbuck sign, that conforms with the manual of uniform traffic control devices adopted by the department under s. 84.02 (4) (e)
No later than July 1, 2007, at every railroad crossing at which a railroad corporation is required to maintain a sign described in par. (a)
and that is not controlled by a gate, automatic signal, or official stop sign, the railroad corporation shall install and maintain, below the sign described in par. (a)
, a yield sign that conforms with the manual of uniform traffic control devices adopted by the department under s. 84.02 (4) (e)
(6) Contact information at private crossings.
A railroad company shall make a notice containing a telephone number at which a person may contact the company available to private landowners at each private traveled grade crossing at the request of the private landowner. The notice shall be large enough to be visible from the crossing.
Trains obstructing highways.
It shall be unlawful to stop any railroad train, locomotive or car upon or across any highway or street crossing, outside of cities, or leave the same standing upon such crossing longer than 10 minutes, except in cases of accident; and any railroad company that shall violate this section shall be liable to a fine of not more than $500 or any officer of such company responsible for the violation shall be liable to imprisonment of not more than 15 days.
History: 2005 a. 179
Willful neglect of railroad employees.
Any officer, agent, conductor, engineer or employee of any railroad company operating within this state who willfully neglects or omits to ring or cause to be rung the bell on the engine of any train of cars or on an engine alone, as required by s. 192.29 (3)
, shall forfeit $100.
History: 1983 a. 501
; 2005 a. 179
Telltales over railroads. 192.31(1)(a)
Telltales shall not be required except to the extent required under federal law and except as provided in par. (b)
If the office finds that the absence of a telltale would create an unreasonable risk of harm to the public or a railroad employee on a railroad not under the jurisdiction of the federal railroad administration, the office may enter an order requiring the installation of a telltale. A telltale shall be ordered by the office according to the hearing procedure provided under sub. (4)
The office may determine the materials for and the construction and placing of such telltales.
After December 31, 1993, no overhead structure shall be constructed or reconstructed, not including ordinary repairs necessary for maintenance, which shall have a vertical clearance of less than 23 feet above the top of rail, except as provided in sub. (4)
Upon finding that any such structure will not imperil life or limb, and that the public interest requires or permits such structure to be constructed or reconstructed otherwise than as permitted by sub. (3)
, the office may exempt such structure from such provision. Such findings shall be made only upon written application, setting forth fully the grounds therefor and shall be made only after public hearing held upon notice to all interested parties except that, if no objection is filed with the office within 20 days of the notice, the office may require the installation of a telltale without hearing. The findings and order requiring the installation of a telltale shall be in writing and contain complete provisions and requirements as to the vertical clearance to be maintained in such construction or reconstruction. Such structure shall be constructed or reconstructed only in compliance with such order.
Prior to July 1, in each year every corporation operating a railroad within the state shall file with the office a verified statement showing the location of every such bridge or other structure over any of its tracks at a height of less than 23 feet above the top of rail, together with a statement showing whether or not the provisions of this section have been fully complied with.
An employee of a railroad corporation who is injured by or because of the existence of any bridge, or other structure over, above or across any of the tracks of said railroad at a height less than that provided in this section, which has not been protected by telltales, shall not be considered to have assumed the risk of such injury, although the employee continues in the employ of such corporation after the existence of such unguarded structure has been brought to the employee's knowledge.
Trespassing on railroad. 192.32(1)(1)
No person, other than a licensee, authorized newspaper reporter or person connected with or employed upon the railroad, may walk, loiter or be upon or along the track of any railroad. The provisions of this subsection shall not be construed to do any of the following:
To interfere with the lawful use of a public highway by any person.
To prevent any person from driving across any railroad from one part of that person's land to another part thereof.
To interfere with the use of the right-of-way or track by any person in connection with, either directly or indirectly, the shipping, loading or unloading of freight, seeking employment, the investigation or securing of evidence with respect to any accident or wreck or in conducting or transacting any other business for or with the railroad.
To interfere with the entry of any employee during or on account of labor disputes by employees.
Each railroad corporation shall post notices containing substantially the provisions and penalties of this section, in one or more conspicuous places in or about each railroad station.
Getting on and off cars.
Any person who shall get upon, attempt to get upon, cling to, jump or step from any railroad car or train while the same is in motion shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $200, provided that this section shall not apply to the employees of any railroad company.
History: 2005 a. 179
Railroad bridges to be safe for employees.
Whenever a complaint is lodged with the office by any person to the effect that a railroad bridge because of its style of construction does not have walks or railings and for that reason is dangerous to the life and limb of railroad employees and the safety of such employees requires the alteration so as to provide for such walks and railings of such bridge, the office shall give notice to the party in interest, other than the complainant, of the filing of the complaint and furnish such party with a copy thereof, and order a hearing thereon, in the manner provided for hearings in s. 195.31
. The office may proceed in a similar manner in the absence of a complaint when, in the opinion of the office, the safety of railroad employees requires the alteration of a railroad bridge. After the hearing, the office shall determine what alteration, if any, of such bridge, shall be made. The expense of such alteration shall be borne by the railroad company.
Motor vehicles of railroads used to transport its employees. 192.327(1)(1)
As used in this section, unless the context requires otherwise:
“Motor vehicle" means any vehicle which is self-propelled.
“Owner" means any person having the lawful use or control of a motor vehicle as holder of the legal title of the motor vehicle or under contract or lease or otherwise.
“Place of employment" means that location where one or more workers are actually performing the labor incident to their employment.
“Worker" means an individual employed for any period in any work for which the individual is compensated, whether full or part time.
Every motor vehicle provided by a railroad company and used to transport one or more workers to and from their places of employment or during the course of their employment shall be operated by a driver who satisfies the minimum standards for drivers established by the department.
The office shall make and enforce reasonable rules relating to motor vehicles used to transport workers to and from their places of employment or during the course of their employment.
Before formulating such rules, the office shall conduct hearings under ch. 227
and invite the participation of interested groups. These groups may make suggestions relating to the minimum standards to be embodied in the rules. The office may consider the suggestions prior to the issuance of any rules.
The office may amend the rules at any time upon its own motion after due notice to interested parties.
The office may, in enforcing the rules, inspect any motor vehicle used to transport workers to and from their places of employment or during the course of their employment. Upon request of the office, the department shall direct its traffic officers to assist the office in those inspections.
Whenever the office finds that a motor vehicle used to transport workers to and from their places of employment or during the course of their employment violates any provision of the rules, the office shall make, enter and serve upon the owner of the motor vehicle such order as may be necessary to protect the safety of workers transported in the motor vehicle.
Any railroad company willfully failing to comply with an order issued under sub. (7)
, may be fined not to exceed $500.
History: 1977 c. 29
, 1654 (7) (a)
, (e), (9) (e); 1981 c. 347
s. 80 (1)
; 1993 a. 16
See also ss. RR 2.17
, and 2.20
, Wis. adm. code.
Fences, cattle guards, crossings. 192.33(1)(1)
Subject to s. 190.09
, every corporation operating any railroad shall erect and maintain on both sides of its railroad, depot grounds excepted, sufficient fences with openings or gates or bars therein, and suitable and convenient farm crossings for the use of the occupants of the lands adjoining and shall maintain cattle guards at all highway crossings, outside of municipalities, and connect their fences therewith. This section shall not apply to that part of the railroad where sidetracks or switch tracks are used in cities of the 1st class.
All fences and cattle guards required under sub. (1)
shall be made within one month from the time of commencing to operate the railroad right-of-way, so far as operated. Until the required fences and cattle guards are made, the railroad corporation owning or operating the right-of-way shall be liable for all damages done to domestic animals, or persons on the right-of-way, occasioned in any manner, in whole or in part, by the want of the required fences or cattle guards. After the required fences and cattle guards are constructed the railroad conformations liability shall not extend to damages occasioned in part by contributory negligence, nor to defects existing without negligence on the part of the corporation or its agents.
The sufficiency of fences shall be determined according to ch. 90
; but nothing in this section shall render any fence insufficient which was a legal or sufficient fence when built.
No fence shall be required in places where ponds, lakes, watercourses, ditches, hills, embankments or other sufficient protection renders a fence unnecessary to prevent domestic animals from straying upon the right-of-way.
The maintenance of cattle guards may be omitted by the railroad company with the written consent of the office specifying the particular crossings.
A trespasser was not a member of the class protected by this section. Anderson v. Green Bay & Western Railroad, 99 Wis. 2d 514
, 299 N.W.2d 615
(Ct. App. 1980).
“Farm crossings" are not limited to farms, but are all crossings used by occupants of land rather than highway crossings and entail limited private use for which safeguards are unnecessary. Sixmile Creek Associates Inc. v. Chicago & North Western Transportation Co. 178 Wis. 2d 237
, 504 N.W.2d 348
(Ct. App. 1993).
There is no obligation to maintain a fence on a railroad right-of-way when it is being used as a recreational trail and not to operate a railroad. May v. Tri-County Trails Commission, 220 Wis. 2d 729
, 583 N.W.2d 878
(Ct. App. 1998), 97-0588
Fences; complaint of insufficient; hearing; order.
Upon complaint by the owner or occupant of any land contiguous to the right-of-way of any railroad that the railroad company operating the line has failed to construct or keep in good repair fences along its right-of-way opposite to the complainant's land as required under s. 192.33
, the office shall proceed on the complaint in the manner provided in s. 195.04
. If it shall appear that the complaint is well founded, the office may order and direct the railroad company to repair the complained of fences so that the fences will be sufficient or to construct legal fences.
Interference with fences; trespassers on track. 192.35(1)(1)
Any person who does any of the following shall forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $50 and, in addition, be liable to the party injured for all damages resulting from the act or omission:
Willfully takes down, opens or removes any railroad fence, cattle guard or crossing, in whole or in part.