Schools and programs; training reimbursements. 165.85(5)(a)
All training programs and training schools for law enforcement, tribal law enforcement, jail, and juvenile detention officers and law enforcement instructors must be authorized and approved by the board as meeting standards established by the board. The board may authorize and approve a training program or training school only if it is operated by an agency of the state or of a political subdivision of the state. The authority granted in this paragraph does not authorize the board to select a site for a state police, jail, or juvenile detention officer academy or to expend funds thereon.
The board shall authorize the reimbursement to each political subdivision of approved expenses incurred by recruits who satisfactorily complete training at schools certified by the board. Reimbursement of these expenses for law enforcement officer, jail officer and juvenile detention officer preparatory training shall be for board approved tuition, living, and travel expenses. Reimbursement of approved expenses for completion of annual recertification training under sub. (4)
shall include at least $160 per officer thereafter. Funds may also be distributed for attendance at other training programs and courses or for training services on a priority basis to be decided by the department of justice.
The board may provide grants as a reimbursement for actual expenses incurred by state agencies or political subdivisions for providing training programs to officers from other jurisdictions within the state.
Any state agency which receives reimbursement for salary and fringe benefit costs under this subsection shall treat the reimbursement as revenue and deposit any such reimbursement in the appropriate program revenue account or segregated fund. If there is no such appropriate account or fund, the reimbursement shall be deposited as general purpose revenue — earned.
Officer training reimbursement.
Notwithstanding sub. (5)
, in each fiscal year, the department of justice shall determine the amount of additional costs, including but not limited to tuition, lodging, travel, meals, salaries and fringe benefits, to each political subdivision as a result of the enactment of 1993 Wisconsin Act 460
. In each fiscal year, the department shall pay each political subdivision the amount determined under this subsection for that political subdivision from the appropriation under s. 20.455 (2) (am)
, subject to the limitations under s. 20.455 (2) (am)
The board may accept for any of its purposes and functions under this section any and all donations, both real and personal, and grants of money from any governmental unit or public agency, or from any institution or person, and may receive and utilize the same. Any arrangements pursuant to this subsection shall be detailed in any report of the board submitted under s. 15.07 (6)
, which shall include the identity of the donor, the nature of the transaction, and the conditions, if any.
History: 1973 c. 90
; 1975 c. 94
s. 91 (11)
; 1977 c. 29
; 1979 c. 111
; 1981 c. 20
; 1983 a. 27
; 1985 a. 29
; 1987 a. 237
; 1989 a. 31
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 16
; 1995 a. 201
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 16
; 2005 a. 60
; 2007 a. 20
; 2009 a. 28
; 2011 a. 29
; 2013 a. 173
; 2015 a. 55
; 2015 a. 195
; 2021 a. 82
; 2021 a. 240
NOTE: 1993 Wis. Act 407
, which creates subs. (2) (e) and (4) (f) and amends subs. (1), (3) and (4), contains extensive explanatory notes.
See also ch. LES 1
, Wis. adm. code.
A rule adopted under this section properly barred a nonpardoned felon from holding a police job. Law Enforcement Standards Board v. Lyndon Station, 101 Wis. 2d 472
, 305 N.W.2d 89
Sub. (4) (b) governs the terms of employment of a probationary sheriff's deputy so that the discipline procedures under s. 59.21 (8) (b) [now s. 59.29 (8) (b)] do not apply and an applicable collective bargaining agreement controls. Hussey v. Outagamie County, 201 Wis. 2d 14
, 548 N.W.2d 848
(Ct. App. 1996), 95-2948
A police officer promoted to sergeant, subject to a one-year period of probation, could not be demoted without a just cause hearing under s. 62.13 (5) (em). An original appointment is on a probationary basis under sub. (4) (b). Once that period has passed, no promotion can be taken away without a hearing under s. 62.13 (5) (em). Antisdel v. City of Oak Creek Police and Fire Commission, 2000 WI 35
, 234 Wis. 2d 154
, 609 N.W.2d 464
By its plain terms, sub. (4) (a) 3. does not limit the length of a probationary employment period established by a municipal contract for new law enforcement officers. The provision refers to the period during which the recruit may exercise law enforcement powers without completing the preparatory training program and becoming certified by the Law Enforcement Standards Board. It does not place any explicit limitation upon the length of a probationary period that a municipality may require pursuant to a contract with the officer or the officer's bargaining representative. State ex rel. Massman v. City of Prescott, 2020 WI App 3
, 390 Wis. 2d 378
, 938 N.W.2d 602
Sub. (4) (b) 2. does not preclude temporary assignment of uncertified persons to fill in as jail officers when necessary as a result of sickness, vacations, or scheduling conflicts. 78 Atty. Gen. 146
Chief of police was entitled to hearing meeting due process requirements prior to discharge from office. Jessen v. Village of Lyndon Station, 519 F. Supp. 1183
A probationary police officer had no protected property interest in his job. Ratliff v. City of Milwaukee, 608 F. Supp. 1109
Law enforcement training.
The department shall:
Supply the staffing needs of the law enforcement standards board.
Identify state agencies and political subdivisions that employ law enforcement officers in the state, notify the appropriate officials of the standards of employment and preparatory and recertification training established by the board, and develop appropriate procedures whereby acceptable evidence of compliance with the board's employment and preparatory and recertification training standards may be submitted.
Identify state agencies and political subdivisions that employ law enforcement officers in the state and notify the appropriate officials of the model law enforcement pursuit standards established by the board under s. 165.85 (4) (d)
Identify and coordinate all preparatory and recertification training activities in law enforcement in the state, and expand the coordinated program to the extent necessary to supply the training required for all recruits in the state under the preparatory training standards and time limits set by the board and for law enforcement officers, jail officers and juvenile detention officers in this state.
Organize a program of training, which shall encourage utilization of existing facilities and programs through cooperation with federal, state, and local agencies and institutions presently active in this field. Priority shall be given to the establishment of the statewide preparatory and recertification training programs described in sub. (1)
, but the department shall cooperate in the creation and operation of other advanced and special courses, including courses relating to emergency detention of persons under s. 51.15
and emergency protective placement under s. 55.135
, that meet the curriculum standards recommended by the board. The department may satisfy the requirement for cooperating in the development of special courses relating to emergency detention and emergency protective placement by cooperating with county departments of community programs in the development of these courses under s. 51.42 (3) (ar) 4. d.
The department shall keep appropriate records of all such training courses given in the state and the results thereof in terms of persons attending, agencies represented, and, where applicable, individual grades given.
Body cameras and law enforcement. 165.87(1)(1)
If a law enforcement agency uses a body camera on a law enforcement officer, the law enforcement agency shall do all of the following:
Administer a written policy regarding all of the following:
The use, maintenance, and storage of body cameras and data recorded by the body cameras.
Any limitations the law enforcement agency imposes on which law enforcement officers may wear a body camera.
Any limitations the law enforcement agency imposes on situations, persons, or encounters that may be recorded by a body camera.
Train all law enforcement officers wearing a body camera on the policy under par. (a)
and on the requirements under sub. (2)
Train all employees that use, maintain, store, or release data from a body camera on the policy under par. (a)
and on the requirements under subs. (2)
Periodically review practices regarding the body cameras and data from body cameras to ensure compliance with the policy under par. (a)
and the requirements under subs. (2)
If the law enforcement agency maintains an Internet site or has an Internet site maintained on its behalf, make the policy under par. (a)
available to the public on the Internet site.
Except as provided in pars. (b)
, and (d)
, all data from a body camera used on a law enforcement officer shall be retained for a minimum of 120 days after the date of recording.
Data from a body camera used on a law enforcement officer that record any of the following shall be retained until final disposition of any investigation, case, or complaint to which the data pertain, except as provided in pars. (c)
An encounter that resulted in the death of any individual or actual or alleged physical injury to an individual.
An encounter that included the use of force by a law enforcement officer, unless the only use of force was the use of a firearm to dispatch an injured wild animal.
Retention beyond the period determined under par. (a)
may be directed by a law enforcement officer or law enforcement agency, a board of police and fire commissioners, a prosecutor, a defendant, or a court that determines that the data have evidentiary value in a prosecution. A person making a preservation directive under this paragraph shall submit the directive to the law enforcement agency having custody of the record within 120 days after the date of recording.
Data from a body camera used on a law enforcement officer that are used in a criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding may not be destroyed except upon final disposition, including appeals, a determination from the court or hearing examiner that the data are no longer needed, or an order from the court or hearing examiner.
Notwithstanding pars. (a)
, data from a body camera used on a law enforcement officer may not be destroyed during the period specified in s. 19.35 (5)
“Record subject” means an individual recorded by a body camera used on a law enforcement officer to whom all of the following apply:
The individual is depicted in the recording, or the individual's voice is audible in the recording.
The individual's identity is known to the law enforcement agency.
The individual is not suspected of committing a crime or other violation of law in connection with the law enforcement officer's presence in the location that was recorded.
The individual is not a law enforcement officer who was acting in an official capacity, unless a crime or other violation of law has been committed or is alleged to have been committed against the law enforcement officer while the law enforcement officer was present at the location that was recorded.
Data from a body camera used on a law enforcement officer are subject to the right of inspection and copying under s. 19.35 (1)
, except as provided in par. (c)
It shall be the public policy of this state to maintain the privacy of a record subject who is a victim of a sensitive or violent crime or who is a minor and that access to data from a body camera used on a law enforcement officer that record such a record subject shall be provided only if the public interest in allowing access is so great as to outweigh that public policy. In that case, the record subject's face and anything else that would allow the record subject to be identified may be redacted using pixelization or another method of redaction. The presumption under this subdivision regarding the privacy of a record subject who is a victim of a sensitive or violent crime does not apply if the record subject, or his or her next of kin if the record subject is deceased, does not object to granting access to the data. The presumption under this subdivision regarding the privacy of a record subject who is a minor does not apply if the parent or legal guardian of the record subject does not object to granting access to the data.
It shall be the public policy of this state to maintain the privacy of a record subject who is in a location where the record subject has a reasonable expectation of privacy and that access to data from a body camera used on a law enforcement officer that record a record subject in such a location shall be provided only if the public interest in allowing access is so great as to outweigh that public policy. In that case, the record subject's face and anything else that would allow the record subject to be identified may be redacted using pixelization or another method of redaction. The presumption under this subdivision does not apply if the record subject does not object to granting access to the data.
If a requester believes that an authority has improperly made a decision to redact or deny access to data under subd. 1.
, the requester may pursue the remedies under s. 19.37 (1)
For purposes of requests under s. 19.35 (1)
for access to data from a body camera used by a law enforcement agency, the law enforcement agency is the legal custodian of the record, and if any other authority has custody of any such data, that authority is not the legal custodian of that data. If any other authority receives a request under s. 19.35 (1)
for that data, that authority shall deny any portion of the request that relates to that data.
History: 2019 a. 108
; 2021 a. 240
Grants for school safety. 165.88(2)(a)(a)
From the appropriation under s. 20.455 (2) (f)
, the department of justice shall award grants for expenditures related to improving school safety. The department shall accept applications for a grant under this subsection from school boards, operators of independent charter schools, governing bodies of private schools, and tribal schools.
The department of justice, in consultation with the department of public instruction, shall develop a plan for use in awarding grants under this subsection. The department of justice shall include in the plan a description of what types of expenditures are eligible to be funded by grant proceeds. Eligible expenditures shall include expenditures to comply with the model practices created in s. 165.28 (1)
; expenditures for training under s. 165.28 (3)
; expenditures for safety-related upgrades to school buildings, equipment, and facilities; and expenditures necessary to comply with s. 118.07 (4) (cf)
. Notwithstanding s. 227.10 (1)
, the plan need not be promulgated as rules under ch. 227
An application submitted for a grant under sub. (2)
shall include all of the following:
Blueprints or critical incident mapping data for each school building and facility or, if blueprints or the data were already submitted, a certification that the items submitted are current.
A proposed plan of expenditure of the grant moneys.
Grants to schools for critical incident mapping data. 165.88(3m)(a)(a)
From the appropriation under s. 20.455 (2) (f)
, the department of justice shall award grants to school boards and governing bodies of private schools to assist them in complying with the requirement under s. 118.07 (4) (cf)
to submit critical incident mapping data to law enforcement agencies and the office of school safety.
The department shall accept applications for the grants under this subsection from school district administrators, or governing bodies of private schools, that are working jointly with local law enforcement agencies with jurisdiction over the school.
Grant moneys awarded under this subsection shall be used for site-specific critical incident mapping data to enhance security and increase situational awareness for first responders. Any mapping data created with grant money under this subsection shall be compatible with platforms and applications used by local, state, and federal public safety officials; may not require local, state, or federal public safety officials, school districts, or private schools to purchase additional software; and shall include information that can best assist first responders in an emergency, such as building numbers, floors, suite designations, room numbers, or other available relevant location information.
The department of justice shall submit an annual report to the cochairpersons of the joint committee on finance providing an account of the grants awarded under this subsection and the expenditures made with the grant moneys.
The department of justice shall submit an annual report to the cochairpersons of the joint committee on finance providing an account of the grants awarded under sub. (2)
and the expenditures made with the grant moneys.
History: 2017 a. 143
; 2021 a. 109
; s. 35.17 correction in (3m) (c).
Grants to certain counties for law enforcement programs. 165.89(1)(1)
From the appropriation under s. 20.455 (2) (kq)
, the department shall provide grants to counties to fund county law enforcement services. The department may make a grant to a county under this section only if all of the following apply:
The county borders one or more federally recognized Indian reservations.
The county has not established a cooperative county-tribal law enforcement program under s. 165.90
with each federally recognized Indian tribe or band that has a reservation bordering the county.
The county demonstrates a need for the law enforcement services to be funded with the grant.
The county submits an application for a grant and a proposed plan that shows how the county will use the grant moneys to fund law enforcement services.