The school board and district under sub. (3) can require a principal to perform administrative responsibilities as long as their performance does not modify the terms of an employment contract. Kabes v. School District of River Falls, 2004 WI App 55
, 270 Wis. 2d 502
, 677 N.W.2d 667
Due process does not require that an outside decisionmaker conduct the hearing provided for under sub. (7). Beischel v. Stone Bank School District, 362 F.3d 430
The statutes do not support the existence of a school principal's property interest in performing specific duties. Ulichny v. Merton Community School District, 93 F. Supp. 2d 1011
Referendum; increase in employee wages. 118.245(1)(1)
If a school board wishes to increase the total base wages of its employees in an amount that exceeds the limit under s. 111.70 (4) (mb) 2.
, the school board shall adopt a resolution to that effect. The resolution shall specify the amount by which the proposed total base wages increase will exceed the limit under s. 111.70 (4) (mb) 2.
The resolution may not take effect unless it is approved in a referendum called for that purpose. The referendum shall occur in April for collective bargaining agreements that begin in July of that year. The results of a referendum apply to the total base wages only in the next collective bargaining agreement.
The question submitted in the referendum shall be substantially as follows: “Shall the employees in the .... [school district] receive a total increase on wages from $....[current total base wages] to $....[proposed total base wages], which is a percentage wage increase that is .... [x] percent higher than the percent of the consumer price index increase, for a total percentage increase in wages of .... [x]?"
History: 2011 a. 10
This section does not violate the plaintiffs' associational rights. No matter the limitations or burdens a legislative enactment places on the collective bargaining process, collective bargaining remains a creation of legislative grace and not constitutional obligation. The restrictions attached to the statutory scheme of collective bargaining are irrelevant in regards to freedom of association because no condition is being placed on the decision to participate. If a general employee participates in collective bargaining under 2011 Wis. Act 10
's statutory framework, that general employee has not relinquished a constitutional right. They have only acquired a benefit to which they were never constitutionally entitled. Madison Teachers, Inc. v. Walker, 2014 WI 99
, 358 Wis. 2d 1
, 851 N.W.2d 337
Health examinations. 118.25(1)(a)
“Practitioner" means a person licensed as a physician, naturopathic doctor, or physician assistant in any state or licensed or certified as an advanced practice nurse prescriber in any state. In this paragraph, “physician” has the meaning given in s. 448.01 (5)
“School employee" means a person employed by a school board who comes in contact with children or who handles or prepares food for children while they are under the supervision of school authorities.
Subject to par. (b)
, a school board shall, as a condition of employment, require a physical examination of every school employee of the school district. The school board shall ensure that the physical examination includes a screening questionnaire for tuberculosis approved by the department of health services and, if indicated, a test to determine the presence or absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form. Freedom from tuberculosis in a communicable form is a condition of employment. The school employee shall be examined by a practitioner in the employ of or under contract with the school district, but if a practitioner is not employed or under contract, the examination shall be made by a practitioner selected by the school employee.
The school board may require a school employee to complete additional health examinations, including physical examinations and an examination consisting of a screening questionnaire for tuberculosis approved by the department of health services, at intervals determined by the school board. A screening questionnaire administered as permitted under this subdivision may be administered by a school nurse or by a registered nurse who is selected by the school employee and who is licensed under s. 441.06
or holds a multistate license, as defined in s. 441.51 (2) (h)
, issued in a party state, as defined in s. 441.51 (2) (k)
The school board may not require physical examinations of any school employee who files with the school board an affidavit setting forth that the employee depends exclusively upon prayer or spiritual means for healing in accordance with the teachings of a bona fide religious sect, denomination, or organization and that the employee is to the best of the employee's knowledge and belief in good health and that the employee claims exemption from health examination on these grounds. Notwithstanding the filing of such affidavit, if there is reasonable cause to believe that such employee is suffering from an illness detrimental to the health of the pupils, the school board may require a health examination of such school employee sufficient to indicate whether or not such school employee is suffering from such an illness. No school employee may be discriminated against by reason of the employee's filing such affidavit.
A practitioner performing a physical examination under par. (a)
shall complete a report of the examination upon a standard form prepared by the department of health services. The practitioner shall retain a copy of the report in his or her files and shall make confidential recommendations therefrom to the school board and to the school employee on a form prepared by the department of health services. The recommendation form shall contain space for a certificate that the person examined by the practitioner appears to be free from tuberculosis in a communicable form.
A registered nurse or school nurse administering a screening questionnaire under par. (a) 2.
shall provide a copy of the screening questionnaire to the school board and shall make confidential recommendations therefrom to the school board and to the school employee on a form prepared by the department of health services. The screening questionnaire shall contain space for a certificate that the person examined by the registered nurse or school nurse does not have risk factors for tuberculosis. If tuberculosis risk factors are identified on the screening questionnaire, the registered nurse or school nurse shall recommend that the person receive a test from a practitioner to determine the presence or absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form. If a test to determine the presence or absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form is recommended of the person, and if the test indicates the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form, the practitioner who administers the test shall certify, on a form prepared by the department of health services, that the person appears to be free from tuberculosis in a communicable form.
The school board shall pay the cost of the examinations required under par. (a)
, including X-rays and tuberculin tests if needed, out of school district funds.
In counties having a population of less than 750,000, the school board may require periodic health examinations of pupils by physicians, under the supervision of local health departments and the department of health services, and may pay the cost of the examinations out of school district funds.
If a health or physical examination made under this section includes the testing of vision, such test may be made by an optometrist. Forms used for reporting such vision tests shall so indicate.
As a condition of employment, special teachers, school psychologists, school social workers, cooperative educational service agency personnel and other personnel working in public schools shall have physical examinations under sub. (2)
. The employing school district or agency shall pay the cost of such examinations.
As a condition of employment, employees of the state superintendent whose work brings them into contact with school children or with school employees shall have physical examinations under sub. (2)
Health treatment services for children with special physical or mental health treatment needs. 118.255(1)(a)
Under this section “physical or mental health treatment services" means treatment for physical or orthopedic disability, developmental disability, emotional disturbance, hearing impairment, visual disability, speech or language disability; and includes itinerant services such as evaluative and diagnostic services.
Words and phrases used in this section which are identical to words and phrases defined in s. 115.76
shall be given the meaning contained in s. 115.76
If a school board, cooperative educational service agency, or county children with disabilities education board provides physical or mental health treatment services to its pupils, it may also provide such services within the private school or tribal school facilities to those private school or tribal school pupils who are referred to the public school board, cooperative educational service agency, or county children with disabilities education board by the administrator of a private school or tribal school for evaluation for possible servicing. There shall be no charge for health treatment services provided to any pupils unless public school students or their parents are charged for similar services. For purposes of state aid, as it is provided under s. 115.88
to the public school district, for the health treatment service program, private school and tribal school pupils receiving such health treatment services shall be counted among the pupils of the public school district receiving such services, although each child may receive health treatment services within the child's own school facilities, whether public, private, or tribal.
A school board, cooperative educational service agency, or county children with disabilities education board providing services under this section may enter into agreements with the administrator of a private school or tribal school on the scheduling, space, and other necessary arrangements for performance of such health treatment services. A school board, cooperative educational service agency, or county children with disabilities education board shall not pay any private school or tribal school for any services or facilities provided under this section. Control of the health treatment services program shall rest with the public school board, cooperative educational service agency, or county children with disabilities education board.
A school board, cooperative educational service agency, or county children with disabilities education board may provide health treatment services only within private school or tribal school facilities located within the boundaries of the school district, cooperative educational service agency, or county.
The school board, cooperative educational service agency or county children with disabilities education board maintaining health treatment services shall report annually to the department, and at such other times as the department directs, such information as the department requires.
If the state superintendent is satisfied that the health treatment services program has been maintained during the preceding school year in accordance with law, the state superintendent shall certify to the department of administration in favor of each school board, cooperative educational service agency and county children with disabilities education board maintaining such health treatment services, an amount equal to the amount expended for items listed in s. 115.88 (1m)
by the school board, cooperative educational service agency and county children with disabilities education board during the preceding year for these health treatment services as costs eligible for reimbursement from the appropriation under s. 20.255 (2) (b)
This section authorizes local school districts to provide health and welfare services, but not educational services, to students attending private schools; it may be unconstitutional to the extent that any of the services authorized thereby are rendered in church-affiliated private schools. 64 Atty. Gen. 75.
Liability for referral to police. 118.257(1)(c)
“Pupil services professional" means a school counselor, school social worker, school psychologist or school nurse.
“School" means a public, parochial, private, or tribal school which provides an educational program for one or more grades between grades 1 and 12 and which is commonly known as an elementary school, middle school, junior high school, senior high school, or high school.
A school administrator, principal, pupil services professional or teacher employed by a school board is not liable for referring a pupil enrolled in the school district to law enforcement authorities, or for removing a pupil from the school premises or from participation in a school-sponsored activity, for suspicion of possession, distribution, delivery or consumption of an alcohol beverage or a controlled substance or controlled substance analog.
Electronic communication devices prohibited. 118.258(1)(1)
Each school board may adopt rules prohibiting a pupil from using or possessing an electronic communication device while on premises owned or rented by or under the control of a public school.
Annually, if the school board adopts rules under sub. (1)
, it shall provide each pupil enrolled in the school district with a copy of the rules.
Claim against school district.
No action may be brought or maintained against a school district upon a claim or cause of action unless the claimant complies with s. 893.80
. This section does not apply to actions commenced under s. 19.37
VTAE [technical college] districts are school districts under this section. Binder v. Madison, 72 Wis. 2d 613
, 241 N.W.2d 613
Gifts and grants. 118.27(1)(1)
In this section, “community foundation" means a charitable organization, described in section 501
(c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code and exempt from federal income tax under section 501
(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, dedicated to encouraging and assisting charitable activities and enterprises in a designated community in this state and having expertise in finance, fund development, and grantmaking.
The school board of a district may receive, accept, and use gifts or grants of furniture, books, equipment, supplies, moneys, securities, or other property, real or personal, used or useful for school research and educational purposes. All moneys received as gifts or grants shall be placed in the school district treasury but shall be considered segregated trust funds. Whenever a school board receives gifts or grants under this section, it shall make such use thereof, or invest the same in the case of moneys, as the donor or grantor specifies. In the absence of any specific direction as to the use of such gifts or grants by a donor or grantor, the school board may determine the use of or invest the same in accordance with the law applicable to trust investments, or may, subject to sub. (3)
, transfer any such gift or grant to a community foundation. In the use, control, or investment of such gifts or grants, the school board may exercise the rights and powers generally conferred upon trustees.
A school board may transfer a gift or grant to a community foundation only if the school board and the community foundation agree, in writing and at the time of the transfer of the gift or grant, to each of the following:
The community foundation agrees to make disbursements from and of the gift or grant to the school board upon the written request of the school board.
Subject to par. (bm)
, the school board retains control over the manner in which any disbursement made under par. (a)
The school board's use of any disbursement made under par. (a)
shall be consistent with the intent of the donor of the gift, bequest, or endowment and with the agreement between the school board and the community foundation.
The school board exercises its rights over the use of each disbursement made under par. (a)
in accordance with the law applicable to trust investments.
History: 2011 a. 163
Except for moneys transferred under s. 66.30 (2m) (e) [now s. 36.11 (19) (e)], a district must act as trustee of moneys received under this section. 74 Atty. Gen. 45
Community action agencies.
The school board of a school district may appropriate funds for promoting and assisting any community action agency under s. 49.37
, 1997 stats.
Administration of drugs and emergency care. 118.29(1)(a)
“Administer" means the direct application of a nonprescription drug product or prescription drug, whether by injection, ingestion or other means, to the human body.
“Drug" means any substance recognized as a drug in the official U.S. pharmacopoeia and national formulary or official homeopathic pharmacopoeia of the United States or any supplement to either of them.
“Drug product" means a specific drug or drugs in a specific dosage form and strength from a known source of manufacture.
“Epinephrine auto-injector" means a device used for the automatic injection of epinephrine into the human body.
“Health care professional" means a person licensed as an emergency medical services practitioner under s. 256.15
, a person certified as an emergency medical responder under s. 256.15 (8)
or any person licensed, certified, permitted or registered under chs. 441
“Nonprescription drug product" means any nonnarcotic drug product which may be sold without a prescription order and which is prepackaged for use by consumers and labeled in accordance with the requirements of state and federal law.
“Practitioner" means any physician, naturopathic doctor, dentist, optometrist, physician assistant, advanced practice nurse prescriber, or podiatrist licensed in any state.
Authority to administer drugs; civil liability exemption. 118.29(2)(a)(a)
Notwithstanding chs. 441
, and 450
, a school bus operator validly authorized under ss. 343.12
and 343.17 (3) (c)
to operate the school bus he or she is operating, any school employee or volunteer, county children with disabilities education board employee or volunteer or cooperative educational service agency employee or volunteer authorized in writing by the administrator of the school district, the board or the agency, respectively, or by a school principal, any private school employee or volunteer authorized in writing by a private school administrator or private school principal, and any tribal school employee or volunteer authorized in writing by a tribal school administrator or tribal school principal:
Except as provided in subd. 1. b.
, may administer any nonprescription drug product which may lawfully be sold over the counter without a prescription to a pupil in compliance with the written instructions of the pupil's parent or guardian if the pupil's parent or guardian consents in writing. If the nonprescription drug product is supplied by the pupil's parent or guardian, the nonprescription drug product shall be supplied in the original manufacturer's package, and the package must list the ingredients and recommended therapeutic dose in a legible format.
May administer a nonprescription drug product to a pupil in a dosage other than the recommended therapeutic dose only if the request to do so is accompanied by the written approval of the pupil's practitioner.
May administer a prescription drug to a pupil in compliance with the written instructions of a practitioner if the pupil's parent or guardian consents in writing; the prescription drug is supplied in the original pharmacy-labeled package; and the package specifies the name of the pupil, the name of the prescriber, the name of the prescription drug, the dose, the effective date, and the directions in a legible format.
May administer an opioid antagonist to any pupil or other person who appears to be undergoing an opioid-related drug overdose if, as soon as practicable, the school bus operator, employee, or volunteer reports the drug overdose by dialing the telephone number “911" or, in an area in which the telephone number “911" is not available, the telephone number for an emergency medical service provider.