Willful failure to perform any written agreement with any retail buyer.
Failure or refusal to furnish and keep in force any bond required.
Having made a fraudulent sale, transaction or repossession.
Fraudulent misrepresentation, circumvention or concealment, through any subterfuge or device, of any of the material particulars or the nature thereof required hereunder to be stated or furnished to the retail buyer.
Use of fraudulent devices, methods or practices in connection with compliance with the statutes with respect to the retaking of goods under retail installment contracts and the redemption and resale of such goods.
Having indulged in any unconscionable practice relating to the business of selling manufactured homes to a consumer or to the retail market.
Having violated any law relating to the sale, distribution or financing of manufactured homes.
The department of safety and professional services may, without notice, deny the application for a license within 60 days after receipt of the application by written notice to the applicant stating the grounds for the denial. Within 30 days after the date on which the written notice of denial is mailed to the applicant, the applicant may petition the department of administration to conduct a hearing to review the denial, and the department of administration shall schedule a hearing with reasonable promptness. The division of hearings and appeals shall conduct the hearing. This paragraph does not apply to denials of applications for licenses under s. 440.13
No license may be suspended or revoked except after a hearing. The department of safety and professional services shall give the licensee at least 5 days' notice of the time and place of the hearing. The order suspending or revoking a license is not effective until after 10 days' written notice to the licensee, after the hearing has been had; except that the department of safety and professional services, when in its opinion the best interest of the public or the trade demands it, may suspend a license upon not less than 24 hours' notice of hearing and with not less than 24 hours' notice of the suspension of the license. The department of administration shall hear and decide upon matters involving suspensions and revocations brought before the department of safety and professional services. The division of hearings and appeals shall conduct the hearing. This paragraph does not apply to licenses that are suspended or revoked under s. 440.13
The department of safety and professional services may inspect the pertinent books, records, letters and contracts of a licensee. The actual cost of each such examination shall be paid by such licensee so examined within 30 days after demand therefor by the department, and the department may maintain an action for the recovery of such costs in any court of competent jurisdiction.
Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not less than $25 nor more than $100 for each offense.
Manufactured home salespersons regulated. 101.952(1)(1)
No person may engage in the business of selling manufactured homes to a consumer or to the retail market in this state without a license therefor from the department. If a manufactured home dealer acts as a manufactured home salesperson the dealer shall secure a manufactured home salesperson's license in addition to the license for engaging as a manufactured home dealer.
Applications for a manufactured home salesperson's license and renewals thereof shall be made to the department on such forms as the department prescribes and furnishes and shall be accompanied by the license fee required under par. (bm)
. The application shall include the applicant's social security number. In addition, the application shall require such pertinent information as the department requires.
The department shall, by rule, establish the license period under this section.
The department may promulgate rules establishing a uniform expiration date for all licenses issued under this section.
Fees for licensing of manufactured home salespersons shall be established by the department by rule under s. 101.19
Every licensee shall carry his or her license when engaged in his or her business and display the same upon request.
The provision of s. 218.0116
relating to the denial, suspension, and revocation of a motor vehicle salesperson's license shall apply to the denial, suspension, and revocation of a manufactured home salesperson's license so far as applicable, except that such provision does not apply to the denial, suspension, or revocation of a license under s. 440.13
The provisions of ss. 218.0116 (9)
shall apply to this section, manufactured home sales practices and the regulation of manufactured home salespersons, as far as applicable.
Warranty and disclosure. 101.953(1)(1)
A one-year written warranty is required for every new manufactured home sold, or leased to another, by a manufactured home manufacturer, manufactured home dealer or manufactured home salesperson in this state, and for every new manufactured home sold by any person who induces a resident of the state to enter into the transaction by personal solicitation in this state or by mail or telephone solicitation directed to the particular consumer in this state. The warranty shall contain all of the following:
A statement that the manufactured home meets those standards prescribed by law or administrative rule of the department of administration or of the department of safety and professional services that are in effect at the time of the manufacture of the manufactured home.
A statement that the manufactured home is free from defects in material and workmanship and is reasonably fit for human habitation if it receives reasonable care and maintenance as defined by rule of the department.
A statement that the manufactured home manufacturer and manufactured home dealer shall take corrective action for defects that become evident within one year from the delivery date and as to which the manufactured home owner has given notice to the manufacturer or dealer not later than one year and 10 days after the delivery date and at the address set forth in the warranty; and that the manufactured home manufacturer and manufactured home dealer shall make the appropriate adjustments and repairs, within 30 days after notification of the defect, at the site of the manufactured home without charge to the manufactured home owner. If the manufactured home dealer makes the adjustment, the manufactured home manufacturer shall fully reimburse the dealer.
If a repair, replacement, substitution or alteration is made under the warranty and it is discovered, before or after expiration of the warranty period, a statement that the repair, replacement, substitution or alteration has not restored the manufactured home to the condition in which it was warranted except for reasonable wear and tear, such failure shall be considered a violation of the warranty and the manufactured home shall be restored to the condition in which it was warranted to be at the time of the sale except for reasonable wear and tear, at no cost to the purchaser or the purchaser's assignee notwithstanding that the additional repair may occur after the expiration of the warranty period.
A statement that if during any period of time after notification of a defect the manufactured home is uninhabitable, as defined by rule of the department, that period of time shall not be considered part of the one-year warranty period.
A list of all parts and equipment not covered by the warranty.
Action by a lessee to enforce the lessee's rights under this subchapter shall not be grounds for termination of the rental agreement.
The warranty required under this section shall apply to the manufacturer of the manufactured home as well as to the manufactured home dealer who sells or leases the manufactured home to the consumer, and shall be in addition to any other rights and privileges that the consumer may have under any instrument or law. The waiver of any remedies under any law and the waiver, exclusion, modification or limitation of any warranty, express or implied, including the implied warranty of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, is expressly prohibited. Any such waiver is void.
The transfer of a manufactured home from one manufactured home owner to another during the effective period of the warranty does not terminate the warranty, and subsequent manufactured home owners shall be entitled to the full protection of the warranty for the duration of the warranty period as if the original manufactured home owner had not transferred the manufactured home.
History: 1999 a. 9
; 2011 a. 32
Sale or lease of used manufactured homes.
In the sale or lease of any used manufactured home, the sales invoice or lease agreement shall contain the point of manufacture of the used manufactured home, the name of the manufacturer and the name and address of the previous owner of the manufactured home.
History: 1999 a. 9
Jurisdiction and venue over out-of-state manufacturers. 101.955(1)(1)
The importation of a manufactured home for sale in this state by an out-of-state manufacturer is considered an irrevocable appointment by that manufacturer of the department of financial institutions to be that manufacturer's true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served all legal processes in any action or proceeding against such manufacturer arising out of the importation of such manufactured home into this state.
The department of financial institutions upon whom processes and notices may be served under this section shall, upon being served with such process or notice, mail a copy by registered mail to the out-of-state manufacturer at the nonresident address given in the papers so served. The original shall be returned with proper certificate of service attached for filing in court as proof of service. The service fee shall be $4 for each defendant so served. The department of financial institutions shall keep a record of all such processes and notices, which record shall show the day and hour of service.
History: 1999 a. 9
Manufactured home installation regulated. 101.96(1)(a)
Promulgation of standards.
The department shall, by rule, establish installation standards for the safe installation of manufactured homes in this state. In promulgating rules under this paragraph, the department shall consider the recommendations of the manufactured housing code council under s. 101.933
Enforcement of standards.
The department shall, by rule, establish a method for ensuring compliance with the rules promulgated under par. (a)
. The department shall require inspections of manufactured home installations by 3rd-party inspectors licensed by the department. The department shall, by rule, establish criteria for the licensure of 3rd-party inspectors that include a requirement that an individual may not serve as a 3rd-party inspector if the individual is, is employed by, or is an independent contractor of any of the following:
A manufactured home manufacturer who was directly involved in the sale of the particular manufactured home.
A manufactured home salesperson who was directly involved in the sale of the particular manufactured home.
An installer who was directly involved in the sale of the particular manufactured home.
License required; exceptions; liability.
Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, beginning on January 1, 2007, no person may act as an installer in this state unless the person is a licensed installer or employs one or more licensed installers to generally supervise each of the person's installations of manufactured homes in this state. This requirement does not apply to an individual who installs a manufactured home on his or her own property for his or her personal use or to an individual who installs a manufactured home under the general supervision of a licensed installer. A licensed installer is liable for all acts and omissions related to the installation of each individual who performs an installation under the licensed installer's general supervision.
The department may issue an installer's license only to an individual to whom all of the following apply:
The individual files with the department a license application on a form prescribed by the department.
The individual completes, to the satisfaction of the department, an examination approved by the department that tests the skills necessary to properly install manufactured homes and knowledge of the laws applicable to manufactured home installation.
The individual has not been found responsible in any judicial or administrative forum for any violation of this section during the 2 years before the date on which the individual's license application is submitted.
The individual has not been found responsible in any judicial or administrative forum during the 2 years before the date on which the individual's license application is submitted for any failure to perform an installation of a manufactured home as required under contract or for defrauding any person with regard to the provision of installation services.
The individual meets the standards of financial responsibility established by rule of the department.
The department shall, by rule, establish a procedure under which it may waive the examination requirement under par. (b) 3.
for individuals that demonstrate sufficient experience installing manufactured homes including active participation in the installation of at least 10 manufactured homes. This paragraph does not apply after June 1, 2007.
License term and fee.
The department, by rule shall establish the term of installers' licenses and the conditions under which the department may revoke or suspend installers' licenses. The department shall establish an initial installer's license fee and license renewal fee by rule under s. 101.19
History: 2005 a. 45
See also s. SPS 305.327
and ch. SPS 320
, Wis. adm. code.
Any person who violates ss. 101.953
, or any rule promulgated under ss. 101.953
, may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
Any person who violates s. 101.96
or any rule promulgated under that section may be required to forfeit not less than $25 nor more than $500 for each violation. Each day of continued violation constitutes a separate violation.
Upon request of the department, the attorney general may commence an action in a court of competent jurisdiction to enjoin any installer from installing a manufactured home in violation of s. 101.96 (2)
In any court action brought by the department for violations of this subchapter, the department may recover all costs of testing and investigation, in addition to costs otherwise recoverable, if it prevails in the action.
Nothing in this subchapter prohibits the bringing of a civil action against a manufactured home manufacturer, manufactured home dealer or manufactured home salesperson by an aggrieved consumer. If judgment is rendered for the consumer based on an act or omission by the manufactured home manufacturer, manufactured home dealer or manufactured home salesperson, that constituted a violation of this subchapter, the plaintiff shall recover actual and proper attorney fees in addition to costs otherwise recoverable.
History: 1999 a. 9
; 2005 a. 45
AND OTHER CONVEYANCES
Definitions; modification by rule. 101.981(1)(1)
Except as provided in sub. (2)
, in this subchapter:
“Belt manlift" means a power-driven, looped belt equipped with steps or platforms and a hand hold for the transportation of people from one floor of a building or structure to another.
“Conveyance" means an elevator, an escalator, a dumbwaiter, a belt manlift, a moving walkway, a platform lift, and a stairway chair lift, and any other similar device, such as an automated people mover, used to elevate or move people or things, as provided in the rules of the department. “Conveyance" does not include a personnel hoist; a material hoist; a grain elevator; a lift as defined in s. 167.33 (1) (f)
; an amusement or thrill ride; or a vertical platform lift, inclined platform lift, or a stairway chair lift that serves an individual residential dwelling unit.
“Dumbwaiter" means a hoisting and lowering mechanism that satisfies all of the following conditions:
Is equipped with a compartment that moves in guides in a substantially vertical direction and has a floor area of not more than 9 square feet.
Has a maximum lifting and lowering capacity of not more than 500 pounds.
“Elevator" means a hoisting or lowering machine, other than a dumbwaiter, equipped with a compartment or platform that moves in guides and serves 2 or more floors or landings of a building or structure.
“Escalator" means a power-driven, moving stairway used for raising and lowering people.
“Material hoist" means a hoist, other than a personnel hoist, that is used to raise or lower materials during construction, alteration, or demolition of a building or structure.
“Personnel hoist" means a hoist that is installed inside or outside a building or structure during the construction, alteration, or demolition of the building or structure and that is used to raise and lower workers, other personnel, and materials which the hoist is designed to carry.
The department shall promulgate rules establishing additional definitions to the extent the department deems necessary for the proper administration and enforcement of this subchapter. The department, by rule, may modify definitions established under sub. (1)
. To the extent practicable, the department shall ensure that any definitions or modifications promulgated under this subsection are consistent with national, industry-wide safety standards governing matters regulated by this subchapter.
History: 2005 a. 456
; 2011 a. 32