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94.707(3)(b) (b) No later than one year after the applicable date under par. (d), any dealer or distributor who owned any amount of a pesticide listed in sub. (1m) or containing an active ingredient listed in sub. (1) (c) to (f) on the applicable date under par. (d) or who received any such pesticide under par. (a) shall return or deliver all of that pesticide to the manufacturer.
94.707(3)(c) (c) Within 30 days after receiving any pesticide under par. (a) or (b), a dealer, distributor or manufacturer shall pay the person from whom the pesticide was received the amount of money which that dealer, distributor or manufacturer charged that person for the quantity of pesticide received. No payment under this paragraph may exceed the fair market value of the pesticide immediately before the applicable date under par. (d).
94.707(3)(d) (d) The applicable dates for sub. (3) are the following:
94.707(3)(d)1. 1. For pesticide products containing the ingredients under sub. (1) (c) to (f), May 3, 1988.
94.707(3)(d)2. 2. For pesticide products containing the ingredient under sub. (1m), February 15, 1990.
94.707 History History: 1983 a. 397; 1987 a. 357; 1989 a. 52.
94.707 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. ATCP 29, 30, and 31 and ss. ATCP 160.19 and 160.21, Wis. adm. code.
94.708 94.708 Pesticides; sale and use to control bats.
94.708(1)(1)Definition. As used in this section, “bat control purposes" means for the purpose of killing, injuring, repelling or otherwise affecting the behavior of bats.
94.708(2) (2)Sale prohibited. Except as provided under sub. (4), no person may sell, hold for sale or distribute any pesticide except naphthalene for bat control purposes to a person in this state. No dealer may advertise in this state or recommend any pesticide for bat control purposes to a person in this state.
94.708(3) (3)Use prohibited. Except as provided under sub. (4), no person may use any pesticide except naphthalene for bat control purposes.
94.708(4) (4)Exception. The department shall promulgate rules establishing standards for the sale, advertisement and use of pesticides for emergency bat control. The department may issue a permit authorizing the use of a pesticide in accordance with the rules that it promulgates only in the case of an individual bat colony after a determination that there exists an outbreak of rabies that threatens public health or another situation where the existence of a colony of bats threatens the health or welfare of any person. The department may not base its determination on an isolated individual instance of a rabid bat.
94.708 History History: 1983 a. 353; 1997 a. 27.
94.708 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. ATCP 29, 30, and 31 and ss. ATCP 160.19 and 160.21, Wis. adm. code.
94.709 94.709 Distribution and sale of DDT prohibited.
94.709(1)(1)No person shall distribute, sell, offer for sale or use the chemical compound DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) or any of its isomers except as provided in this section. In sub. (2) “DDT" includes compounds isomeric with DDT.
94.709(2) (2)
94.709(2)(a)(a) In the event of the outbreak of an epidemic disease of humans or animals spread by insects which it is known can be controlled by DDT but cannot be adequately controlled by any other known pesticide, the department may authorize the use of DDT in controlling the epidemic upon a finding that:
94.709(2)(a)1. 1. A serious epidemic disease of humans or animals exists;
94.709(2)(a)2. 2. The disease is likely to spread rapidly unless insects which spread the disease are controlled; and
94.709(2)(a)3. 3. The only effective means of control is DDT.
94.709(2)(b) (b) In the event of the outbreak of a plant disease of epidemic proportions which threatens a significant portion of the affected crop and which is caused or spread by an insect which it is known can be controlled by DDT but cannot be adequately controlled by any other known pesticide, the department may authorize the use of DDT in controlling the epidemic upon a finding that:
94.709(2)(b)1. 1. An epidemic plant disease exists;
94.709(2)(b)2. 2. The disease threatens a significant portion of the affected crop; and
94.709(2)(b)3. 3. The only effective means of control is DDT.
94.709(2)(c) (c) The department also may authorize the use of DDT or its isomers or metabolites for specified research by educational institutions if it finds that no ecologically significant residues of DDT or its isomers or metabolites will be allowed to escape into the environment.
94.709 History History: 1971 c. 40 s. 93; 1977 c. 203; 1997 a. 27; 1997 a. 111 ss. 18 to 24; Stats. 1997 s. 94.709.
94.709 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. ATCP 29, 30, and 31 and ss. ATCP 160.19 and 160.21, Wis. adm. code.
94.71 94.71 Pesticides; penalties; enforcement.
94.71(1)(1)Penalties.
94.71(1)(a)1.1. Any person who violates ss. 94.67 to 94.71 or any rules or orders issued under ss. 94.67 to 94.71 shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $500 for the first violation and not less than $200 nor more than $1,000 for any subsequent violation within 5 years.
94.71(1)(a)2. 2. Any commercial applicator, dealer or distributor who knowingly violates any provision of ss. 94.67 to 94.71 or any rules or orders issued under ss. 94.67 to 94.71 may be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than one year in the county jail or both. Other persons, including private applicators who knowingly violate ss. 94.67 to 94.71 or any rules or orders issued under ss. 94.67 to 94.71 may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than 30 days or both.
94.71(1)(b) (b) Certified applicators shall be responsible for the acts of persons who are their employees or acting under their supervision and engaged in the use or application of pesticides.
94.71(2) (2)Seizures. If the department has reasonable cause to believe that any pesticide is in violation of ss. 94.67 to 94.71, it may deliver to the owner or custodian of the pesticide an order prohibiting the sale or movement of the pesticide until an analysis or examination has been completed. Such holding order shall not be effective for more than 60 days from the time of delivery thereof. The pesticide described in any holding order shall not be sold or moved for any purpose without the approval of the department. If the department, after analysis or examination, determines that the pesticide described in the order is not in violation of ss. 94.67 to 94.71, it shall promptly notify the owner or custodian of the pesticide and the notice shall terminate the holding order. If the analysis or examination shows that the pesticide is in violation of ss. 94.67 to 94.71, the owner or custodian of the pesticide shall be so notified. Upon receipt of notice the owner or custodian shall dispose of the pesticide only in a manner authorized by the department. The owner or custodian may within 10 days of receipt of notice petition for a hearing as provided in s. 93.18.
94.71(3) (3)Enforcement.
94.71(3)(a) (a) Examination of pesticides shall be made under the direction of the department for the purpose of determining whether they comply with the requirements of ss. 94.67 to 94.71. The department or any person may refer the facts to the district attorney for the county in which the violation occurred. In addition to or in lieu of any other remedies provided herein, the department may apply to a circuit court for a temporary or permanent injunction to prevent, restrain or enjoin violations of ss. 94.67 to 94.71 and any rules or special or summary orders issued thereunder.
94.71(3)(b) (b) Every registrant or other person whose name and address appears on the label of any pesticide as the manufacturer, packer, distributor or dealer, shall, to the extent that the registrant or other person is able to furnish to the department, on request, when found by the department to be necessary to prevent or control an imminent hazard to the public, a listing of all sales locations or warehouse locations maintained by the registrant or other person in this state for the sale or distribution of products registered by the registrant or other person or bearing the registrant's or other person's name and address as such manufacturer, packer, distributor or dealer; the name and address of all distributors or dealers selling or distributing such products in this state; and the name and address of all outside sales representatives employed by the registrant or other person in this state for the sale or distribution of such products.
94.71(3)(c) (c) In addition to other enforcement procedures, the department may issue a special order under s. 93.18 prohibiting the use, application, storage, distribution or sale of pesticides in violation of ss. 94.67 to 94.71 or rules issued under ss. 94.67 to 94.71. A special order may be issued under this paragraph to prevent or control pesticide contamination of groundwater under ss. 160.23 and 160.25. Special orders may be issued on a summary basis, without prior complaint, notice or hearing, where necessary to protect public health or the environment. A summary special order is subject to a subsequent right of hearing before the department, if requested within 10 days after the date on which the order is served. Any party affected by the order may request a preliminary or informal hearing pending the scheduling and conduct of a full hearing. Hearings, if requested, shall be conducted as expeditiously as possible after receipt of a request for a hearing. Enforcement of the order shall not be stayed pending action on the hearing.
94.71 History History: 1977 c. 106; 1983 a. 410; 1993 a. 492.
94.71 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. ATCP 29, 30, and 31 and ss. ATCP 160.19 and 160.21, Wis. adm. code.
94.71 Annotation The legislature may constitutionally prescribe a criminal penalty for the violation of an administrative rule. State v. Courtney, 74 Wis. 2d 705, 247 N.W.2d 714 (1976).
94.715 94.715 Pest management for schools.
94.715(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “pesticide" has the meaning given in s. 94.67 (25), except that “pesticide" does not include a germicide, sanitizer, or disinfectant.
94.715 Note NOTE: Sub. (1) (intro.) and (e) were consolidated and renumbered sub. (1) under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2. by the legislative reference bureau. Capitalization and punctaution were modified under s. 35.17.
94.715(2) (2)Requirements for school boards. A school board shall do all of the following:
94.715(2)(dm) (dm) Authorize pesticide application in a school or on school grounds to be conducted only by persons who are certified in the applicable pesticide use categories under s. 94.705.
94.715(2)(g) (g) Post notice of each pesticide application in a school or on school grounds at the time of the application and for at least 72 hours following the application.
94.715 History History: 2001 a. 16; s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2.; s. 35.17 correction in (1).
94.72 94.72 Commercial feed.
94.72(1)(1)Definitions.
94.72(1)(a)(a) “Brand name" means any word, name, symbol or device, or any combination thereof identifying the commercial feed of a manufacturer or distributor and distinguishing it from that of others.
94.72(1)(b) (b) “Commercial feed" means all products or materials used or distributed for use as a feed or an ingredient in the mixing or manufacturing of feed for animals or birds, except the following:
94.72(1)(b)1. 1. Unmixed whole seeds or grains; as defined by United States grain standards.
94.72(1)(b)2. 2. The unmixed meals made directly from and consisting of the entire grains of corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats, buckwheat, flaxseed, kafir, milo and other seeds or grains. Such unmixed meals shall not be sold in violation of sub. (3).
94.72(1)(b)3. 3. Whole hays, straws, cottonseed hulls, stover and silage, when unmixed with other materials.
94.72(1)(b)4. 4. Meat and other portions of animal carcasses in their raw or natural state without further processing except freezing or denaturing.
94.72(1)(c) (c) “Custom-mixed feed" means commercial feed consisting of a mixture of commercial feeds or feed ingredients mixed on a custom basis at the request of the final purchaser at retail, and containing only commercial feed or feed ingredients in quantities and proportions as specifically directed by the purchaser in requesting the custom-mixing of the feed.
94.72(1)(d) (d) “Department" means department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
94.72(1)(e) (e) “Distribute" means to sell, offer to sell, exchange, barter or solicit orders for the sale of a feed product or otherwise to supply or furnish a feed product to purchasers in this state, whether or not the sales or transactions are made wholly or partially in this state or another state.
94.72(1)(f) (f) “Distributor" means any person who distributes a feed product for sale or distribution in this state.
94.72(1)(g) (g) “Feed ingredient" means each of the constituent materials making up or used in the manufacturing of a commercial feed.
94.72(1)(h) (h) “Feed product" means any commercial feed or other product or material used or distributed for use as a feed or an ingredient in the mixing or manufacturing of feed for animals or birds.
94.72(1)(i) (i) “Manufacture" means to mix, blend, process, package or label commercial feed.
94.72(1)(im) (im) “Manufacturer" means any person who manufactures commercial feed.
94.72(1)(j) (j) “Product name" means the name of the commercial feed which identifies it as to kind, class or specific use.
94.72(2) (2)Labeling.
94.72(2)(a) (a) All manufacturers and distributors shall before distributing any commercial feed, except as otherwise provided under par. (b), have printed on, or attached to each bag, package, carton or delivered with each bulk lot thereof a plainly printed label in the English language clearly and truly stating:
94.72(2)(a)1. 1. The net weight of the contents of the package, bag, carton or bulk lot;
94.72(2)(a)2. 2. The product name and the brand name, if any, of the commercial feed;
94.72(2)(a)3. 3. The name and principal address of the manufacturer or person responsible for placing the commodity on the market;
94.72(2)(a)4. 4. The minimum percentage of crude protein;
94.72(2)(a)5. 5. The minimum percentage of crude fat;
94.72(2)(a)6. 6. The maximum percentage of crude fiber;
94.72(2)(a)7. 7. The name of each ingredient used in its manufacture except as may be exempt by department rule. The official names of all materials which have been so defined by the association of American feed control officials shall be used in the declaration of the names of ingredients, but no ingredient statement shall be required for single ingredient feeds officially defined by the association of American feed control officials. The department may by rule permit the use of a collective term for a group of ingredients which perform a similar function;
94.72(2)(a)8. 8. In the case of mixed feeds containing more than a total of 5 percent of one or more mineral ingredients, or other unmixed materials used as mineral supplements, and in the case of mineral feeds, mixed or unmixed, that are manufactured, represented and sold for the primary purposes of supplying mineral elements in rations for animals or birds, and that contain mineral elements generally regarded as dietary factors essential for normal nutrition, the minimum percentage of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and iodine (I) and the maximum percentage of salt (NaCl), if those elements are present. If no nutritional properties other than those of a mineral nature are claimed for a mineral feed product, the percentages of crude protein, crude fat and crude fiber may be omitted;
94.72(2)(a)9. 9. In the case of feeds containing for their principal claim dietary factors in forms not expressible by the foregoing chemical components or are thereby inadequately described, a statement of guarantee as shall be specified by rules of the department;
94.72(2)(a)10. 10. Adequate directions for the safe and effective use of commercial feed containing drugs or antibiotics, or of any other feed as required under department rules;
94.72(2)(a)11. 11. Such precautionary or warning statements as the department may by rule require for the safe and effective use of specific kinds of commercial feed.
94.72(2)(b) (b) Custom-mixed feed shall be accompanied by a label, invoice, delivery slip or other shipping document, bearing the following information:
94.72(2)(b)1. 1. Name and address of the manufacturer.
94.72(2)(b)2. 2. Name and address of the purchaser.
94.72(2)(b)3. 3. Date of delivery.
94.72(2)(b)4. 4. The name and net weight of each feed ingredient used in the mixture, including the product name and brand name, if any, of commercial feeds used as a feed ingredient in the custom-mixed feed.
94.72(2)(b)5. 5. Adequate directions for the safe and effective use of custom-mixed feed containing drugs or antibiotics, or of such other custom-mixed feed the department by rule requires.
94.72(2)(b)6. 6. Such precautionary or warning statements as the department may by rule require for the safe and effective use of custom-mixed feed.
94.72(3) (3)Weed seeds. No commercial feed or unmixed meal shall be sold, distributed or offered or exposed for sale which contains germinative noxious weed seeds or other germinative weed seed excepting wild buckwheat seeds, in excess of such quantities as are unavoidably present with the most improved commercial practice of manufacture of such commercial feed or unmixed meal, provided that such germinative noxious weed seeds shall not be greater than one one-hundredths of one percent, or other germinative weed seeds excepting wild buckwheat seed shall not be greater than one-fourth of one percent, unless such presence is clearly and permanently indicated on the label. The term “noxious weed seeds" as used in this section shall mean the seeds of Canadian thistle, wild mustard and quack grass, either single or combined.
94.72(4) (4)Materials prohibited. No compounded commercial feed shall be sold, distributed or offered or exposed for sale which contains humus, peat, sphagnum moss, sawdust or other material of an organic nature having little or no feeding value.
94.72(5) (5)Commercial feed license.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)