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48.599(1r)(c) (c) Restraint by a child welfare agency staff member of a child by use of physical force.
48.599(2) (2)“Psychotropic medication" means an antipsychotic, antidepressant, lithium carbonate or a tranquilizer.
48.599 History History: 1989 a. 336; 2015 a. 55.
48.60 48.60 Child welfare agencies licensed.
48.60(1)(1)No person may receive children, with or without transfer of legal custody, to provide care and maintenance for 75 days in any consecutive 12 months' period for 4 or more such children at any one time unless that person obtains a license to operate a child welfare agency from the department. To obtain a license under this subsection to operate a child welfare agency, a person must meet the minimum requirements for a license established by the department under s. 48.67, meet the requirements specified in s. 48.685 and pay the applicable license fee under s. 48.615 (1) (a) or (b). A license issued under this subsection is valid until revoked or suspended, but shall be reviewed every 2 years as provided in s. 48.66 (5).
48.60(2) (2)This section does not include:
48.60(2)(a) (a) A relative, guardian, or person delegated care and custody of a child under s. 48.979 who provides care and maintenance for such children.
48.60(2)(b) (b) A bona fide educational institution whose pupils, in the ordinary course of events, return annually to the homes of their parents or guardians for not less than 2 months of summer vacation.
48.60(2)(c) (c) A public agency.
48.60(2)(d) (d) A hospital or nursing home licensed, approved or supervised by the department.
48.60(2)(e) (e) A licensed foster home.
48.60(2)(f) (f) Institutions for mentally deficient children, which institutions have a full-time child population of not less than 150 children and which are subject to examination as provided in s. 46.03 (5).
48.60(2)(g) (g) A licensed group home.
48.60(3) (3)Before issuing or continuing any license to a child welfare agency under this section, the department shall review the need for the additional placement resources that would be made available by licensing or continuing the license of any child welfare agency after August 5, 1973, providing care authorized under s. 48.61 (3). Neither the department nor the department of corrections may make any placements to any child welfare agency where the departmental review required under this subsection has failed to indicate the need for the additional placement resources.
48.60(4) (4)
48.60(4)(a)(a) In this subsection, “child with a disability" has the meaning given in s. 115.76 (5).
48.60(4)(b) (b) Notwithstanding ss. 121.78 (3) (a) and 121.79 (1) (a), a child welfare agency shall pay for the costs incurred by a school district in providing special education and related services to a child with a disability who has been placed with the child welfare agency under the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children under s. 48.988 or the Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children under s. 48.99.
48.60(5) (5)
48.60(5)(a)(a) No later than 24 hours after the death of a child who resided in a residential care center for children and youth operated by a child welfare agency, the child welfare agency shall report the death to the department if one of the following applies:
48.60(5)(a)1. 1. There is reasonable cause to believe that the death was related to the use of physical restraint or a psychotropic medication for the child.
48.60(5)(a)3. 3. There is reasonable cause to believe that the death was a suicide.
48.60(5)(c) (c) No later than 14 days after the date of the death reported under par. (a), the department shall investigate the death.
48.61 48.61 Powers and duties of child welfare agencies. A child welfare agency shall have authority:
48.61(1) (1)To accept legal or physical custody of children transferred to it by the court under s. 48.355.
48.61(2) (2)To contract with any parent or guardian or other person for the supervision or care and maintenance of any child.
48.61(3) (3)To provide appropriate care and training for children in its legal or physical custody and, if licensed to do so, to place children in licensed foster homes and licensed group homes as permitted under s. 48.63 (1) (a), in shelter care facilities as permitted under s. 48.63 (1) (b), and in the homes of guardians as permitted under s. 48.977 (2).
48.61(4) (4)To provide for the moral and religious training of children in its legal custody according to the religious belief of the child or the child's parents.
48.61(5) (5)If licensed to do so, to accept guardianship of children when appointed by the court, and to place children under its guardianship for adoption.
48.61(6) (6)To provide services to the court under s. 48.07.
48.61(7) (7)To license foster homes in accordance with s. 48.75 if licensed to do so.
48.61 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DCF 54, Wis. adm. code.
48.615 48.615 Child welfare agency licensing fees.
48.615(1)(1)
48.615(1)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (e), before the department may issue a license under s. 48.60 (1) to a child welfare agency that regularly provides care and maintenance for children within the confines of a residential care center for children and youth operated by the child welfare agency, the child welfare agency must pay to the department a biennial fee of $121, plus a biennial fee of $18.15 per child, based on the number of children that the child welfare agency is licensed to serve.
48.615(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (e), before the department may issue a license under s. 48.60 (1) to a child welfare agency that places children in licensed foster homes, licensed group homes, shelter care facilities approved under s. 938.22 (2) (c), and in the homes of guardians under s. 48.977 (2), the child welfare agency must pay to the department a biennial fee of $254.10.
48.615(1)(c) (c) A child welfare agency that wishes to continue a license issued under s. 48.60 (1) shall pay the applicable fee under par. (a) or (b) by the continuation date of the license.
48.615(1)(d) (d) A new child welfare agency shall pay the applicable fee under par. (a) or (b) no later than 30 days before the opening of the child welfare agency.
48.615(1)(e) (e) An individual who is eligible for a fee waiver under the veterans fee waiver program under s. 45.44 is not required to pay the fee under par. (a) or (b) for a license under s. 48.60 (1).
48.615(2) (2)A child welfare agency that wishes to continue a license issued under s. 48.60 (1) and that fails to pay the applicable fee under sub. (1) (a) or (b) by the continuation date of the license or a new child welfare agency that fails to pay the applicable fee under sub. (1) (a) or (b) by 30 days before the opening of the child welfare agency shall pay an additional fee of $5 per day for every day after the deadline that the agency fails to pay the fee.
subch. XIV of ch. 48 SUBCHAPTER XIV
FOSTER HOMES
48.619 48.619 Definition. In this subchapter, “child" means a person under 18 years of age. For purposes of the authority to provide care and maintenance for a child and of counting the number of children for whom a foster home or group home may provide care and maintenance, “child" also includes a person 18 years of age or over, but under 21 years of age, who resides in the foster home or group home under an order under s. 48.355, 48.357, 48.365, 938.355, 938.357, or 938.365 that terminates after the person attains 18 years of age, under a voluntary transition-to-independent-living agreement under s. 48.366 (3) or 938.366 (3), or under the placement and care responsibility of another state under 42 USC 675 (8) (B) (iv).
48.619 History History: 2001 a. 69; 2009 a. 28; 2013 a. 334; 2015 a. 55.
48.62 48.62 Licensing of foster homes; rates.
48.62(1)(1)Any person who receives, with or without transfer of legal custody, 4 or fewer children or, if necessary to enable a sibling group to remain together, 6 or fewer children or, if the department promulgates rules permitting a different number of children, the number of children permitted under those rules, to provide care and maintenance for those children shall obtain a license to operate a foster home from the department, a county department or a licensed child welfare agency as provided in s. 48.75.
48.62(2) (2)A relative, a guardian of a child, or a person delegated care and custody of a child under s. 48.979 who provides care and maintenance for the child is not required to obtain the license specified in this section. The department, county department, or licensed child welfare agency as provided in s. 48.75 may issue a license to operate a foster home to a relative who has no duty of support under s. 49.90 (1) (a) and who requests a license to operate a foster home for a specific child who is either placed by court order or who is the subject of a voluntary placement agreement under s. 48.63. The department, a county department, or a licensed child welfare agency may, at the request of a guardian appointed under s. 48.977 or 48.978, ch. 54, or ch. 880, 2003 stats., license the guardian's home as a foster home for the guardian's minor ward who is living in the home and who is placed in the home by court order. Relatives with no duty of support and guardians appointed under s. 48.977 or 48.978, ch. 54, or ch. 880, 2003 stats., who are licensed to operate foster homes are subject to the department's licensing rules.
48.62(3) (3)When the department, a county department, or a child welfare agency issues a license to operate a foster home, the department, county department, or child welfare agency shall notify the school district in which the foster home is located that a foster home has been licensed in the school district.
48.62(4) (4)Monthly payments in foster care shall be provided according to the rates specified in this subsection. Beginning on January 1, 2020, the rates are $254 for care and maintenance provided for a child of any age by a foster home that is certified to provide level one care, as defined in the rules promulgated under sub. (8) (a) and, for care and maintenance provided by a foster home that is certified to provide care at a level of care that is higher than level one care, $420 for a child under 5 years of age; $460 for a child 5 to 11 years of age; $522 for a child 12 to 14 years of age; and $545 for a child 15 years of age or over. In addition to these grants for basic maintenance, the department, county department, or licensed child welfare agency shall make supplemental payments for foster care to a foster home that is receiving an age-related rate under this subsection that are commensurate with the level of care that the foster home is certified to provide and the needs of the child who is placed in the foster home according to the rules promulgated by the department under sub. (8) (c).
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (4) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-20 by 2019 Wis. Act 9. Prior to 1-1-20 it reads:
Effective date text (4) Monthly payments in foster care shall be provided according to the rates specified in this subsection. Beginning on January 1, 2018, the rates are $238 for care and maintenance provided for a child of any age by a foster home that is certified to provide level one care, as defined in the rules promulgated under sub. (8) (a) and, for care and maintenance provided by a foster home that is certified to provide care at a level of care that is higher than level one care, $394 for a child under 5 years of age; $431 for a child 5 to 11 years of age; $490 for a child 12 to 14 years of age; and $511 for a child 15 years of age or over. Beginning on January 1, 2019, the rates are $244 for care and maintenance provided for a child of any age by a foster home that is certified to provide level one care, as defined in the rules promulgated under sub. (8) (a) and, for care and maintenance provided by a foster home that is certified to provide care at a level of care that is higher than level one care, $404 for a child under 5 years of age; $442 for a child 5 to 11 years of age; $502 for a child 12 to 14 years of age; and $524 for a child 15 years of age or over. In addition to these grants for basic maintenance, the department, county department, or licensed child welfare agency shall make supplemental payments for foster care to a foster home that is receiving an age-related rate under this subsection that are commensurate with the level of care that the foster home is certified to provide and the needs of the child who is placed in the foster home according to the rules promulgated by the department under sub. (8) (c).
48.62(6) (6)The department or a county department may recover an overpayment made under sub. (4) from a foster parent who continues to receive those payments by reducing the amount of the foster parent's monthly payment. The department may by rule specify other methods for recovering those overpayments. A county department that recovers an overpayment under this subsection due to the efforts of its officers and employees may retain a portion of the amount recovered, as provided by the department by rule.
48.62(7) (7)In each federal fiscal year, the department shall ensure that there are no more than 2,200 children in foster care placements for more than 24 months, consistent with the best interests of each child. Services provided in connection with this requirement shall comply with the requirements under P.L. 96-272.
48.62(8) (8)The department shall promulgate rules relating to foster homes as follows:
48.62(8)(a) (a) Rules providing levels of care that a foster home is licensed to provide. Those levels of care shall be based on the level of knowledge, skill, training, experience, and other qualifications that are required of the licensee, the level of responsibilities that are expected of the licensee, the needs of the children who are placed with the licensee, and any other requirements relating to the ability of the licensee to provide for those needs that the department may promulgate by rule.
48.62(8)(b) (b) Rules establishing a standardized assessment tool to assess the needs of a child placed or to be placed outside the home, to determine the level of care that is required to meet those needs, and to place the child in a placement that meets those needs. A foster home that is certified to provide a given level of care under par. (a) may provide foster care for any child whose needs are assessed to be at or below the level of care that the foster home is certified to provide. A foster home that is certified to provide a given level of care under par. (a) may not provide foster care for any child whose needs are assessed to be above that level of care unless the department, county department, or child welfare agency issuing the foster home license determines that support or services sufficient to meet the child's needs are in place and grants an exception to that prohibition.
48.62(8)(c) (c) Rules providing monthly rates of reimbursement for foster care that are commensurate with the level of care that the foster home is licensed to provide and the needs of the child who is placed in the foster home. Those rates shall include rates for supplemental payments for special needs, exceptional circumstances, and initial clothing allowances for children placed in a foster home that is receiving an age-related monthly rate under sub. (4). In promulgating the rules under this paragraph, the department shall provide a mechanism for equalizing the amount of reimbursement received by a foster parent prior to the promulgation of those rules and the amount of reimbursement received by a foster parent under those rules so as to reduce the amount of any reimbursement that may be lost as a result of the implementation of those rules.
48.62(8)(d) (d) Rules providing a monthly retainer fee for a foster home that agrees to maintain openings for emergency placements.
48.62(9) (9)As soon as the department is ready to implement the rules promulgated under sub. (8), the secretary shall send a notice to the legislative reference bureau for publication in the Wisconsin Administrative Register that states the date on which the provisions of 2009 Wisconsin Act 28, relating to foster care levels of care will become effective.
48.62 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DCF 56, Wis. adm. code.
48.62 Annotation A foster child in a family owned foster home under a one-year dispositional order is a resident of the household for insurance purposes. A. G. v. Travelers Insurance Co. 112 Wis. 2d 18, 331 N.W.2d 643 (Ct. App. 1983).
48.62 Annotation Foster homes owned, operated, or contracted for by the department or a county department are immune from local zoning ordinances. Foster homes owned, operated, or contracted for by licensed child welfare agencies are not immune. All family operated foster homes are subject to local zoning. Municipal foster home licensing ordinances are unenforceable. 63 Atty. Gen. 34.
48.62 Annotation State-licensed foster homes are immune from local zoning ordinances restricting the number of unrelated occupants of single family dwellings. 66 Atty. Gen. 342.
48.623 48.623 Subsidized guardianships.
48.623(1)(1)Eligibility. A county department or, as provided in sub. (3) (a), the department shall provide monthly subsidized guardianship payments in the amount specified in sub. (3) (b) to a guardian of a child under s. 48.977 (2) or under a substantially similar tribal law if the county department or department determines that the conditions specified in pars. (a) to (d) have been met. A county department or, as provided in sub. (3) (a), the department shall also provide those payments for the care of a sibling of such a child, regardless of whether the sibling meets the conditions specified in par. (a), if the county department or department and the guardian agree on the appropriateness of placing the sibling in the home of the guardian. A guardian of a child under s. 48.977 (2) or under a substantially similar tribal law is eligible for monthly subsidized guardianship payments under this subsection if the county department or the department, whichever will be providing those payments, determines that all of the following apply:
48.623(1)(a) (a) The child meets all of the following conditions:
48.623(1)(a)1. 1. The child has been removed from his or her home under a voluntary agreement under s. 48.63 or under a substantially similar tribal law or under a court order containing a finding that continued placement of the child in his or her home would be contrary to the welfare of the child.
48.623(1)(a)2. 2. The child has been residing in the home of the guardian for not less than 6 consecutive months.
48.623(1)(a)3. 3. The child's situation precludes return of the child to his or her home or adoption as appropriate permanency options for the child.
48.623(1)(a)4. 4. The child demonstrates a strong attachment to the guardian.
48.623(1)(a)5. 5. If the child is 14 years of age or over, the child has been consulted with regarding the guardianship arrangement.
48.623(1)(b) (b) The guardian meets all of the following conditions:
48.623(1)(b)1. 1. The guardian is any of the following:
48.623(1)(b)1.a. a. A relative of the child.
48.623(1)(b)1.b. b. A person who has a significant emotional relationship with the child or the child's family and who, prior to the child's placement in out-of-home care, had an existing relationship with the child or the child's family that is similar to a familial relationship.
48.623(1)(b)1.c. c. Subject to the rules promulgated under sub. (7) (dm), a person who has a significant emotional relationship with the child or the child's family and who, during the child's placement in out-of-home care, developed a relationship with the child or the child's family that is similar to a familial relationship.
48.623(1)(b)2. 2. The guardian has a strong commitment to caring permanently for the child.
48.623(1)(b)3. 3. The guardian is licensed as the child's foster parent and the guardian and all adults residing in the guardian's home meet the requirements specified in s. 48.685.
48.623(1)(b)5. 5. Prior to being named as the guardian of the child, the guardian entered into a subsidized guardianship agreement under sub. (2) with the county department or department.
48.623(1)(c) (c) An order under s. 48.345, 48.357, 48.363, 48.365, 938.345, 938.357, 938.363, or 938.365 placing the child, or continuing the placement of the child, outside of the child's home has been terminated, or any proceeding in which the child has been adjudged to be in need of protection or services specified in s. 48.977 (2) (a) has been dismissed, as provided in s. 48.977 (3r) (a).
48.623(1)(d) (d) If the county department or department knows or has reason to know that the child is an Indian child, the Indian child's parent, Indian custodian, and tribe have been provided with notice of the child's placement in the home of the guardian under s. 48.977 (4) (c) 2m. and the court has found under s. 48.977 (4) (g) 4. that the home of the guardian is in compliance with the order of placement preference under s. 48.028 (7) (b) or, if applicable, s. 48.028 (7) (c), unless the court found good cause, as described in s. 48.028 (7) (e), for departing from that order.
48.623(1m) (1m)Duration of eligibility. Subsidized guardianship payments under sub. (1) or (6) may be continued after the child attains 18 years of age if any of the following applies:
48.623(1m)(a) (a) The child is under 19 years of age, is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent, and is reasonably expected to complete the program before reaching 19 years of age.
48.623(1m)(b) (b) The child is under 21 years of age, is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent, has a mental or physical disability that warrants the continuation of those payments as determined by the county department or, in a county having a population of 750,000 or more, the department, is not eligible for social security disability insurance under 42 USC 401 to 433 or supplemental security income under 42 USC 1381 to 1385 based on disability, and otherwise lacks adequate resources to continue in secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent.
48.623(1m)(c) (c) The child is under 21 years of age, is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent, an individualized education program under s. 115.787 is in effect for the child, and the subsidized guardianship agreement for the child became effective on or after the date on which the child attained 16 years of age.
48.623(2) (2)Subsidized guardianship agreement. Before a county department or the department may approve the provision of subsidized guardianship payments under sub. (1) to a proposed guardian, the county department or department shall negotiate and enter into a written, binding subsidized guardianship agreement with the proposed guardian and provide the proposed guardian with a copy of the agreement. A subsidized guardianship agreement or an amended subsidized guardianship agreement may also name a prospective successor guardian of the child to assume the duty and authority of guardianship on the death or incapacity of the guardian. A successor guardian is eligible for monthly subsidized guardianship payments under this section only if the successor guardian is named as a prospective successor guardian of the child in a subsidized guardianship agreement or amended subsidized guardianship agreement that was entered into before the death or incapacity of the guardian, the conditions specified in sub. (6) (bm) are met, and the court appoints the successor guardian to assume the duty and authority of guardianship as provided in s. 48.977 (5m). A subsidized guardianship agreement shall specify all of the following:
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 19, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 19, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-19-19)