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46.284(5)(b) (b) If the expenditures by a care management organization under par. (a) exceed payments received from the department under par. (a), as determined by the department by contract, the department may share the loss with the care management organization, within the limits prescribed under the contract with the department.
46.284(5)(c) (c) If the payments received from the department under par. (a) exceed the expenditures by a care management organization under par. (a), as determined by the department by contract, the care management organization may retain a portion of the excess payments, within the limits prescribed under the contract with the department, and shall return the remainder to the department.
46.284(5)(d) (d) The department may, by contract, impose solvency protections that the department determines are reasonable and necessary to retain federal financial participation. These protections may include all of the following:
46.284(5)(d)1. 1. The requirement that a care management organization segregate a risk reserve from other funds of the care management organization or the authorizing body for the care management organization.
46.284(5)(d)2. 2. The requirement that interest accruing to the risk reserve remain in the escrow account for the risk reserve.
46.284(5)(d)3. 3. Limitations on the distribution of funds from the risk reserve.
46.284(5)(d)4. 4. The requirement that a care management organization place funds in a risk reserve and maintain the risk reserve in an interest-bearing escrow account with a financial institution, as defined in s. 69.30 (1) (b), or invest funds as specified in s. 46.2895 (4) (j) 2. or 3. Moneys in the risk reserve or invested as specified in this subdivision may be expended only for the provision of services under this section. If a care management organization ceases participation under this section, the funds in the risk reserve or invested as specified in this subdivision, minus any contribution of moneys other than those specified in par. (c), shall be returned to the department. The department shall expend the moneys for the payment of outstanding debts to providers of family care benefit services and for the continuation of family care benefit services to enrollees.
46.284(5)(e)1.1. Subject to subd. 2., a care management organization may enter into contracts with providers of family care benefit services and may limit profits of the providers under the contracts.
46.284(5)(e)2. 2. The department shall review the contracts in subd. 1., including rates for the provision of service, to ensure that the contract terms protect services access by enrollees and financial viability of the care management organization, and may require contract revision.
46.284(6) (6)Governing board. A care management organization shall have a governing board that reflects the ethnic and economic diversity of the geographic area served by the care management organization. At least one-fourth of the members of the governing board shall be representative of the client group or groups whom the care management organization is contracted to serve or those clients' family members, guardians, or other advocates.
46.284(7) (7)Confidentiality; exchange of information. No record, as defined in s. 19.32 (2), of a care management organization that contains personally identifiable information, as defined in s. 19.62 (5), concerning an individual who receives services from the care management organization may be disclosed by the care management organization without the individual's informed consent, except as follows:
46.284(7)(a) (a) A care management organization may provide information as required to comply with s. 16.009 (2) (p) or 49.45 (4) or as necessary for the department to administer the program under ss. 46.2805 to 46.2895.
46.284(7)(b) (b) Notwithstanding ss. 48.78 (2) (a), 49.45 (4), 49.83, 51.30, 51.45 (14) (a), 55.22 (3), 146.82, 252.11 (7), 253.07 (3) (c) and 938.78 (2) (a), a care management organization acting under this section may exchange confidential information about a client, as defined in s. 46.287 (1), without the informed consent of the client, under s. 46.21 (2m) (c), 46.215 (1m), 46.22 (1) (dm), 46.23 (3) (e), 46.283 (7), 46.2895 (10), 51.42 (3) (e) or 51.437 (4r) (b) in the county of the care management organization, if necessary to enable the care management organization to perform its duties or to coordinate the delivery of services to the client.
46.284 Annotation A long-term care district is governed by s. 46.2895 (2) and is limited to the counties that are members of the district. Before a district may provide care management organization services to a county beyond its jurisdiction, that county must become a member of the district. New counties joining a district, like the original creating members, are entitled to representation on the district's governing board. OAG 3-15
46.285 46.285 Operation of resource center and care management organization. In order to meet federal requirements and assure federal financial participation in funding of the family care benefit, a county, a tribe or band, a long-term care district or an organization, including a private, nonprofit corporation, may not directly operate both a resource center and a care management organization.
46.285 History History: 1999 a. 9; 2005 a. 386; 2007 a. 20; 2019 a. 9.
46.286 46.286 Family care benefit.
46.286(1)(1)Eligibility. A person is eligible for, but not necessarily entitled to, the family care benefit if the person is at least 18 years of age; has a physical disability, as defined in s. 15.197 (4) (a) 2., or a developmental disability, as defined in s. 51.01 (5) (a), or is a frail elder; and meets all of the following criteria:
46.286(1)(a) (a) Functional eligibility. A person is functionally eligible if the person's level of care need, as determined by the department or its designee, is either of the following:
46.286(1)(a)1m. 1m. The nursing home level, if the person has a long-term or irreversible condition, expected to last at least 90 days or result in death within one year of the date of application, and requires ongoing care, assistance or supervision.
46.286(1)(a)2m. 2m. The non-nursing home level, if the person has a condition that is expected to last at least 90 days or result in death within 12 months after the date of application, and is at risk of losing his or her independence or functional capacity unless he or she receives assistance from others.
46.286(1)(b) (b) Financial eligibility.
46.286(1)(b)1c.1c. In this paragraph, “medical assistance" does not include coverage of the benefits under s. 49.471 (11).
46.286(1)(b)2m. 2m. A person is financially eligible if any of the following apply:
46.286(1)(b)2m.a. a. The person is eligible under ch. 49 for medical assistance and, unless he or she is exempt from acceptance under rules promulgated by the department, accepts medical assistance.
46.286(1)(b)2m.b. b. The person was receiving the family care benefit on October 27, 2007, the person would qualify for medical assistance except for financial or disability criteria, and the projected cost of the person's care plan, as calculated by the department or its designee, exceeds the person's gross monthly income, plus one-twelfth of his or her countable assets, less deductions and allowances permitted by rule by the department.
46.286(2) (2)Cost sharing.
46.286(2)(a) (a) A person who is determined to be financially eligible under sub. (1) (b) shall contribute to the cost of his or her care an amount that is calculated by the department or its designee after subtracting from the person's gross income, plus one-twelfth of countable assets, the deductions and allowances permitted by the department by rule.
46.286(2)(b) (b) Funds received under par. (a) shall be used by a care management organization to pay for services under the family care benefit.
46.286(2)(c) (c) A person who is required to contribute to the cost of his or her care but who fails to make the required contributions is ineligible for the family care benefit unless he or she is exempt from the requirement under rules promulgated by the department.
46.286(3) (3)Entitlement.
46.286(3)(a) (a) Subject to par. (c), a person is entitled to and may receive the family care benefit through enrollment in a care management organization if all of the following apply:
46.286(3)(a)1m. 1m. The person is at least 18 years of age.
46.286(3)(a)2m. 2m. The person has a physical disability, as defined in s. 15.197 (4) (a) 2., a developmental disability, as defined in s. 51.01 (5) (a), or is a frail elder.
46.286(3)(a)3m. 3m. The person is functionally eligible under sub. (1) (a).
46.286(3)(a)4m. 4m. The person is financially eligible under sub. (1) (b) 2m. a., and fulfills any applicable cost-sharing requirements.
46.286(3)(b) (b) An entitled individual who is enrolled in a care management organization may not be involuntarily disenrolled except as follows:
46.286(3)(b)1. 1. For cause, subject to the requirements of s. 46.284 (4) (a).
46.286(3)(b)2. 2. If the contract between the care management organization and the department is canceled or not renewed. If this circumstance occurs, the department shall assure that enrollees continue to receive needed services through another care management organization or through the medical assistance fee-for-service system or any of the following programs:
46.286(3)(b)2.b. b. Home and community-based waiver programs under 42 USC 1396n (c), including a community integration program under s. 46.275, 46.277, or 46.278 and the Community Opportunities and Recovery Program under s. 46.2785.
46.286(3)(b)2.c. c. The Alzheimer's family caregiver support program under s. 46.87.
46.286(3)(b)2.d. d. Community aids under s. 46.40, if documented by the county under a method prescribed by the department.
46.286(3)(b)2.e. e. County funding, if documented by the county under a method prescribed by the department.
46.286(3)(b)3. 3. The department or its designee determines that the person no longer meets eligibility criteria under sub. (1).
46.286(3)(c) (c) Within each county and for each client group, par. (a) shall first apply on the effective date of a contract under which a care management organization accepts a per person per month payment to provide services under the family care benefit to eligible persons in that client group in the county. Within 36 months after this date, the department shall assure that sufficient capacity exists within one or more care management organizations to provide the family care benefit to all entitled persons in that client group in the county.
46.286(3m) (3m)Information about enrollees. The department shall obtain and share information about family care enrollees as provided in s. 49.475.
46.286(4) (4)Divestment; rules. The department shall promulgate rules relating to prohibitions on divestment of assets of persons who receive the family care benefit, that are substantially similar to applicable provisions under s. 49.453.
46.286(5) (5)Treatment of trust amounts; rules. The department shall promulgate rules relating to treatment of trust amounts of persons who receive the family care benefit, that are substantially similar to applicable provisions under s. 49.454.
46.286(6) (6)Protection of income and resources of couple for maintenance of community spouse; rules. The department shall promulgate rules relating to protection of income and resources of couples for the maintenance of the spouse in the community with regard to persons who receive the family care benefit, that are substantially similar to applicable provisions under s. 49.455.
46.286(7) (7)Recovery of family care benefit payments. The department shall apply to the recovery from persons who receive the family care benefit, including by liens and affidavits and from estates, of correctly paid family care benefits, the applicable provisions under ss. 49.496 and 49.849.
46.286 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 10, Wis. adm. code.
46.287 46.287 Hearings.
46.287(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “client" means a person applying for eligibility for the family care benefit, an eligible person or an enrollee.
46.287(2) (2)Hearing.
46.287(2)(a)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., a client may contest any of the following applicable matters by filing, within 45 days of the failure of a resource center or county to act on the contested matter within the time frames specified by rule by the department or within 45 days after receipt of notice of a decision in a contested matter, a written request for a hearing under s. 227.44 to the division of hearings and appeals created under s. 15.103 (1):
46.287(2)(a)1.a. a. Denial of eligibility under s. 46.286 (1).
46.287(2)(a)1.b. b. Determination of cost sharing under s. 46.286 (2).
46.287(2)(a)1.c. c. Denial of entitlement under s. 46.286 (3).
46.287(2)(a)1.g. g. Termination of the family care benefit.
46.287(2)(a)1.h. h. Imposition of ineligibility for the family care benefit under s. 46.286 (4).
46.287(2)(a)1.i. i. Denial of eligibility or reduction of the amounts of the family care benefit under s. 46.286 (5).
46.287(2)(a)1.j. j. Determinations similar to those specified under s. 49.455 (8) (a), made under s. 46.286 (6).
46.287(2)(a)1.k. k. Recovery of family care benefit payments.
46.287(2)(a)1m. 1m. Except as provided in subd. 2., a client may contest any of the following adverse benefit determinations by filing, within 90 days of the failure of a care management organization to act on a contested adverse benefit determination within the time frames specified by rule by the department or within 90 days after receipt of notice of a decision upholding the adverse benefit determination, a written request for a hearing under s. 227.44 to the division of hearings and appeals created under s. 15.103 (1):
46.287(2)(a)1m.a. a. Denial of functional eligibility under s. 46.286 (1) as a result of the care management organization's administration of the long-term care functional screen, including a change from a nursing home level of care to a non-nursing home level of care.
46.287(2)(a)1m.b. b. Failure to provide timely services and support items that are included in the plan of care.
46.287(2)(a)1m.c. c. Denial or limited authorization of a requested service, including determinations based on type or level of service, requirements or medical necessity, appropriateness, setting, or effectiveness of a covered benefit.
46.287(2)(a)1m.d. d. Reduction, suspension, or termination of a previously authorized service, unless the service was only authorized for a limited amount or duration and that amount or duration has been completed.
46.287(2)(a)1m.e. e. Denial, in whole or in part, of payment for a service.
46.287(2)(a)1m.f. f. The failure of a care management organization to act within the time frames provided in 42 CFR 438.408 (b) (1) and (2) regarding the standard resolution of grievances and appeals.
46.287(2)(a)1m.g. g. Denial of an enrollee's request to dispute financial liability, including copayments, premiums, deductibles, coinsurance, other cost sharing, and other member financial liabilities.
46.287(2)(a)1m.h. h. Denial of an enrollee, who is a resident of a rural area with only one care management organization, to obtain services outside the care management organization's network of contracted providers.
46.287(2)(a)1m.i. i. Development of a plan of care that is unacceptable to the enrollee because the plan of care requires the enrollee to live in a place that is unacceptable to the enrollee; the plan of care does not provide sufficient care, treatment, or support to meet the enrollee's needs and support the enrollee's identified outcomes; or the plan of care requires the enrollee to accept care, treatment, or support that is unnecessarily restrictive or unwanted by the enrollee.
46.287(2)(a)1m.j. j. Involuntary disenrollment from the care management organization.
46.287(2)(a)2. 2. An applicant for or recipient of medical assistance is not entitled to a hearing concerning the identical dispute or matter under both this section and 42 CFR 431.200 to 431.246.
46.287(2)(b) (b) An enrollee may contest a decision, omission or action of a care management organization other than those specified in par. (a) 1m. by filing a grievance with the care management organization. If the grievance is not resolved to the satisfaction of the enrollee, he or she may request that the department review the decision of the care management organization.
46.287(2)(c) (c) Information regarding the availability of advocacy services and notice of adverse actions taken and appeal rights shall be provided to a client by the resource center or care management organization in a form and manner that is prescribed by the department by rule.
46.287 History History: 1999 a. 9; 2003 a. 33; 2013 a. 20; 2019 a. 9.
46.288 46.288 Rule-making. The department shall promulgate as rules all of the following:
46.288(1) (1)Standards for performance by resource centers and for certification of care management organizations, including requirements for maintaining quality assurance and quality improvement.
46.288(2) (2)Criteria and procedures for determining functional eligibility under s. 46.286 (1) (a), financial eligibility under s. 46.286 (1) (b), and cost sharing under s. 46.286 (2) (a).
46.288(3) (3)Procedures and standards for procedures for s. 46.287 (2), including time frames for action by a resource center or a care management organization on a contested matter.
46.288 History History: 1999 a. 9; 2007 a. 20; 2009 a. 28; 2019 a. 9.
46.2895 46.2895 Long-term care district.
46.2895(1)(1)Creation.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)