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321.21 History History: 2003 a. 69; 2007 a. 200 ss. 47, 49, 121 to 122, 128, 130, 217; Stats. 2007 s. 321.21.
321.22 321.22 Camp Williams.
321.22(1)(1)The state facility near Camp Douglas, Juneau County, shall be known as “Camp Williams". The officer in charge of Camp Williams may arrest a person for a violation that occurs at Camp Williams of a state law, local ordinance, or provision of the Wisconsin code of military justice.
321.22(2) (2)The adjutant general may grant to the federal government the right to use any area of Camp Williams upon conditions that the adjutant general deems advisable.
321.22(3) (3)In memory of 1st lieutenant Jerome A. Volk, the first Wisconsin air national guard pilot killed in combat during the Korean conflict, so much of Camp Williams as is under lease to the federal government for use of the air national guard shall be known as “Volk Field" during the time the property remains under lease to the U.S. government.
321.22 History History: 1979 c. 221 s. 2202 (37); 1991 a. 316; 2007 a. 200 s. 33; Stats. 2007 s. 321.22.
321.23 321.23 Facilities and lands.
321.23(1)(1)
321.23(1)(a) (a) A political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band in which one or more units of the national guard is located may build or purchase a suitable armory for the purpose of drill and for the safekeeping of military property, and for public meetings and conventions, when that use will not interfere with the use of the building by the national guard. The adjutant general and the building commission may review and approve or reject plans and specifications for the armories. The adjutant general and the department of administration shall file with the political subdivision or the federally recognized Indian tribe or band a certificate of inspection and approval before the construction of an armory.
321.23(1)(b) (b) A political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band in which any unit of the national guard is located may purchase land and build armories in the same manner as the political subdivision or tribe or band is now authorized by law to build other buildings. When unable to agree upon the price of land with its owner, the political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band may appropriate land for the purpose of building armories in the same manner as the political subdivision or tribe or band is now authorized by law to appropriate real estate for other buildings. If a political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band aided in the building of an armory and the company or companies of the national guard for which the armory was built is disbanded, the armory shall become the property of the political subdivision or tribe or band that aided in the building of the armory.
321.23(1)(c) (c) The armory, when built or purchased, shall be under the control and charge of the governor, the adjutant general, and the commanding officer of the unit of the national guard for which it has been provided. The commanding officer shall deposit in the armory all military property received from the governor and the adjutant general. The adjutant general may issue regulations, instructions, or policies to be followed by all officers and persons having charge of the armories or occupying any part of the armories.
321.23(1)(d) (d) Whenever any political subdivision or federally recognized Indian tribe or band constructs a building as a memorial to the members of the U.S. armed forces or national guard who served in any war or armed conflict of the United States and makes provision in the memorial building for the accommodation of one or more companies of the national guard having no regularly established armory, the adjutant general shall, whenever practicable, rent the armory provided in the memorial building for the use of those companies of the national guard.
321.23(2) (2)The department may, when contributions are made available by the federal government under federal law, expand, rehabilitate, equip, or convert facilities owned by the state and acquire, construct, expand, rehabilitate, equip, or convert additional facilities. The department may accept the federal contributions in the manner prescribed by federal law or regulation, and may accept the lawful terms and conditions of a federal contribution. The department has the duties and powers necessary, to acquire contributions under federal law and to undertake and complete a project described in this subsection in conformity with the applicable federal law and this subsection.
321.23 History History: 2007 a. 200 s. 134, 137, 218; Stats. 2007 s. 321.23.
321.24 321.24 Encroachment on military areas and interference with military personnel.
321.24(1)(1)The officer in charge of any area used or to be used for military purposes may mark the area to warn against encroachment by unauthorized persons, but may not unnecessarily obstruct travel on any public highway. No person may encroach upon or enter the area without the consent of the officer.
321.24(2) (2)No person may interfere with any member of the national guard or state defense force while the member is in the performance of military duty.
321.24(3) (3)Any person who violates sub. (1) or (2) shall forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $200. The officer in charge or a designee may arrest and detain the person for such reasonable time as may be necessary to deliver the person to civil authorities.
321.24 History History: 1975 c. 94 s. 91 (1); 1975 c. 189, 199, 422; 1979 c. 221; 2007 a. 200 s. 50; Stats. 2007 s. 321.24.
subch. IV of ch. 321 SUBCHAPTER IV
NATIONAL GUARD AND
STATE DEFENSE FORCE
321.30 321.30 Composition of national guard.
321.30(1)(1)The organized militia of this state shall be known as the “Wisconsin national guard" and shall consist of members commissioned or enlisted in accordance with federal law or regulations governing the national guard.
321.30(2) (2)The Wisconsin national guard shall consist of the army national guard and the air national guard.
321.30 History History: 1975 c. 189; 1983 a. 27; 2003 a. 69; 2007 a. 200 s. 16; Stats. 2007 s. 321.30.
321.31 321.31 Uniform of national guard. The uniform of the national guard shall be as prescribed by regulations for the corresponding branch of the U.S. armed forces.
321.31 History History: 2007 a. 200 s. 102; Stats. 2007 s. 321.31.
321.32 321.32 Term of enlistment and discharge. Every person who enlists or receives a commission in the national guard shall serve for the term prescribed and satisfy the physical, educational and training requirements prescribed by the U.S. national guard bureau. Enlistees in the national guard shall be discharged as provided in the laws and regulations of the U.S. national guard bureau.
321.32 History History: 2007 a. 200 s. 34; Stats. 2007 s. 321.32.
321.33 321.33 Commissions and rank. The governor shall appoint and issue commissions to officers. Every commission shall be signed by the secretary of state and the adjutant general. A commission shall continue unless terminated earlier by resignation, disability, or for cause or unless federal recognition of the officer's commission under 32 USC 323 is refused or withdrawn. Each commissioned officer shall take the oath of office prescribed by article IV, section 28, of the constitution and file it with the department. All commissioned officers shall take rank according to the date assigned them by their commissions, and when 2 of the same grade rank from the same date, their rank shall be determined by length of creditable service in the national guard, and if of equal creditable service then by lot.
321.33 History History: 1983 a. 27, 192; 2007 a. 200 s. 104; Stats. 2007 s. 321.33.
321.34 321.34 Examinations for promotion or appointments. The governor or adjutant general may order any person nominated or recommended for promotion or appointment in the national guard or state defense force to be examined by any competent officer or board of officers, designated in orders for that purpose, as to that person's qualifications for the office to which that person is to be appointed or promoted. The governor or adjutant general may take action on the report of the examining officer or board of officers as he or she considers to be for the best interests of the national guard or state defense force. The governor or adjutant general may also require the person to take the physical examination provided for admission to the U.S. army or air force.
321.34 History History: 1983 a. 27; 1991 a. 316; 2007 a. 200 s. 105; Stats. 2007 s. 321.34.
321.35 321.35 Pay.
321.35(1)(1)Every officer and enlisted person on state active duty in the national guard shall receive the base pay, allowances, and, notwithstanding ss. 16.53 (12) (c) and (d) and 20.916 (8) and (9), travel expenses of an officer or enlisted person of equal rank in the corresponding branch of the U.S. armed forces.
321.35(2) (2)The governor may fix the pay of any member of the military staff of the governor, or other members of the national guard or state defense force for any special state active duty.
321.35(3) (3)The governor may order, with the member's consent, to state active duty a member of his or her military staff who is a state employee. The assigned staff member shall receive the pay, but not the allowances, of an officer of equal grade in the U.S. armed forces.
321.35 History History: 1973 c. 279; 1975 c. 94 s. 91 (1); 1975 c. 382, 422; 1981 c. 35, 129; 1991 a. 316; 2003 a. 69; 2007 a. 200 s. 106; Stats. 2007 s. 321.35; 2013 a. 44; 2015 a. 189.
321.36 321.36 Rules of discipline. The applicable rules of discipline and regulations of the U.S. armed forces shall constitute the rules of discipline and the regulations of the national guard. The rules and uniform code of military justice established by Congress and the U.S. department of defense for the armed forces shall be adopted so far as they are applicable and consistent with the Wisconsin code of military justice for the government of the national guard. The system of instruction and the drill regulations prescribed for the different arms and corps of the armed forces of the U.S. shall be followed in the military instruction and practice of the national guard, and the use of any other system is forbidden.
321.36 History History: 2007 a. 200 s. 99; Stats. 2007 s. 321.36.
321.37 321.37 No discrimination. No person, otherwise qualified, may be denied membership in the national guard or state defense force because of sex, color, race, creed, or sexual orientation and no member of the national guard or state defense force may be segregated within the national guard or state defense force on the basis of sex, color, race, creed, or sexual orientation. Nothing in this section prohibits separate facilities for persons of different sexes with regard to dormitory accommodations, toilets, showers, saunas, and dressing rooms.
321.37 History History: 1975 c. 94; 1981 c. 112; 2003 a. 69; 2007 a. 200 s. 97; Stats. 2007 s. 321.37.
321.38 321.38 Decorations and awards. The adjutant general may prescribe decorations and awards for the national guard and the state defense force. The adjutant general shall adopt policies establishing the form and issuance of those decorations and awards.
321.38 History History: 1975 c. 189; 1981 c. 207; 1983 a. 27; 1987 a. 63 s. 13; 2003 a. 69; 2007 a. 200 s. 36; Stats. 2007 s. 321.38.
321.39 321.39 Call to state active duty.
321.39(1)(1)
321.39(1)(a) (a) The governor may order into state active duty members of the national guard under the following circumstances:
321.39(1)(a)1. 1. In case of war, insurrection, rebellion, riot, invasion, terrorism, or resistance to the execution of the laws of this state or of the United States.
321.39(1)(a)2. 2. In the event of public disaster resulting from flood, fire, tornado, or other natural disaster.
321.39(1)(a)3. 3. If the governor declares a state of emergency relating to public health under s. 323.10.
321.39(1)(a)4. 4. In order to assess damage or potential damage and to recommend responsive action as a result of an event listed in subds. 1. to 3.
321.39(1)(a)5. 5. Upon application of any marshal of the United States, the president of any village, the mayor of any city, the chairperson of any town board, or any sheriff in this state.
321.39(1)(b) (b) If the governor is absent, or cannot be immediately communicated with, any of the persons listed in par. (a) 5. may, if the occasion is urgent, request assistance from the commander of any national guard unit. The commander shall obtain approval of the adjutant general before ordering the unit to provide assistance. If it is not feasible to obtain approval of the adjutant general, and the danger is great and imminent, the commander may order the unit to provide assistance without adjutant general approval. The order shall be delivered to every subordinate officer, who shall immediately communicate the substance of the order to the members of the unit. If a member cannot be found, the substance of the order, in writing, shall be left at the member's place of residence with some person of suitable age and discretion, to whom the order's contents shall be explained.
321.39(2) (2)
321.39(2)(a)(a) Any commissioned officer or enlisted member of the national guard who fails to carry out orders or fails to appear at the time or place ordered as provided in sub. (1) shall be punished under the Wisconsin code of military justice.
321.39(2)(b) (b) Any person who assists an officer or member of the national guard in violating par. (a) shall be subject to a forfeiture of not less than $200 nor more than $1,000.
321.39 History History: 1979 c. 221; 1991 a. 316; 1993 a. 246; 1999 a. 62, 136; 2005 a. 22; 2007 a. 200 ss. 38 to 40, 220 to 221; Stats. 2007 s. 321.39; 2009 a. 42.
321.40 321.40 Educational benefits.
321.40(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
321.40(1)(a) (a) “Full-time study" means a credit load of 12 or more academic credits in an academic term.
321.40(1)(b) (b) “Guard member" means any person who is a member of the national guard.
321.40(1)(c) (c) “Qualifying school" means any of the following:
321.40(1)(c)1. 1. The extension division and any campus of the University of Wisconsin System.
321.40(1)(c)2. 2. A public institution of higher education under the Minnesota-Wisconsin student reciprocity agreement under s. 39.47.
321.40(1)(c)3. 3. A public institution of higher education under an interstate agreement under s. 39.42.
321.40(1)(c)4. 4. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 3., an accredited institution of higher education located in this state, as defined in 20 USC 1002.
321.40(1)(c)5. 5. Any technical college established under ch. 38.
321.40(1)(d) (d) “Tuition grant" means any tuition cost reimbursement payment made by the department under sub. (4).
321.40(2) (2)Eligible guard member. Eligibility for a tuition grant under this section is limited to a guard member who is not:
321.40(2)(a) (a) An officer.
321.40(2)(b) (b) An individual with a baccalaureate degree or its equivalent.
321.40(2)(c) (c) Failing to meet the national guard duty eligibility criteria established by the department or absent without leave for more than 9 unit training assemblies.
321.40(2)(d) (d) Delinquent in child support or maintenance payments and who does not owe past support, medical expenses or birth expenses, as established by the appearance of the guard member's name on the statewide support lien docket under s. 49.854 (2) (b), unless the guard member provides to the department a payment agreement that has been approved by the county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) and that is consistent with rules promulgated under s. 49.858 (2) (a).
321.40(2)(e) (e) Failing to achieve a minimum grade point average of 2.0 for the semester for which a tuition grant is applied for.
321.40(2)(f) (f) Failing to be an actively drilling guard member upon the date of the satisfactory completion of a full-time or part-time course in a qualifying school.
321.40(3) (3)Tuition grants.
321.40(3)(a) (a) Any eligible guard member upon satisfactory completion of a full-time or part-time course in a qualifying school may apply for a tuition grant equal to 100 percent of the actual tuition charged by the school or 100 percent of the maximum resident undergraduate tuition charged by the University of Wisconsin-Madison for a comparable number of credits, whichever amount is less. In calculating the maximum resident undergraduate tuition charged by the University of Wisconsin-Madison for purposes of this paragraph, the department shall include in the calculation all additional tuition established or approved by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System under s. 36.27 (1) (a) for undergraduate students at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and for students enrolled in a particular undergraduate academic program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison if the eligible guard member is enrolled in the same or equivalent program.
321.40(3)(b) (b) Application for tuition grants shall:
321.40(3)(b)1. 1. Be submitted to the department for approval of payment no later than 90 days after the completion date of the course; and
321.40(3)(b)2. 2. Contain such information and be in such form as the department requires to establish that the applicant qualifies for the grant.
321.40(3)(c) (c) Except as provided under par. (d), upon determination that the applicant is eligible to receive the payment, the department shall make payment of the tuition grant to the applicant in the amount determined under par. (a). Notwithstanding par. (b) 2., the department shall rely on a qualifying school's certification in determining that an applicant is eligible under sub. (2) (e) to receive the payment and the department shall make the payment not later than 30 days after the department receives the certification.
321.40(3)(d) (d) Tuition grants under this section shall be paid out of the appropriation under s. 20.465 (2) (a).
321.40(4) (4)Repayment of grants. The department shall require a national guard member who has received a tuition grant under this section to repay the amount of the tuition grant to the department if the national guard member is separated from the national guard for misconduct, as defined in the rules and regulations of the national guard, including being absent without leave for more than 9 unit training assemblies. The department may elect to collect the amount owed under this subsection through the tax intercept program under s. 71.93.
321.40(5) (5)Limitations.
321.40(5)(a) (a) No guard member is eligible for a tuition grant under this section for more than 120 credits of part-time study or 8 full semesters of full-time study or the equivalent thereof.
321.40(5)(b) (b) If the U.S. congress establishes an active draft after July 1, 1977, no new tuition grants may be authorized under this section. The department shall determine if an active draft has been established. Any termination of the tuition grant program under this paragraph shall allow persons receiving grants prior to the establishment of an active draft to receive full benefits subject to sub. (3) (d) and par. (a).
321.40(5)(c) (c) No guard member may receive a tuition grant under sub. (3) for any semester in which he or she received a payment under s. 45.20 (2).
321.40(5)(d) (d) No guard member may receive a tuition grant under this section unless he or she is a member in good standing in the national guard at the time of completion of the course.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)