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291.01(10) (10)“Long-term care" has the meaning designated under s. 289.01 (21).
291.01(11) (11)“Manifest" means a form used for identifying the quantity, composition and the origin, routing and destination of hazardous waste during its transport.
291.01(12) (12)“Municipality" means any city, town, village, county, county utility district, town sanitary district, public inland lake protection and rehabilitation district or metropolitan sewage district.
291.01(14) (14)“Person" means an individual, owner, operator, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, municipality, interstate agency, state agency or federal agency, department or instrumentality.
291.01(16) (16)“Solid waste" has the meaning given under s. 289.01 (33).
291.01(17) (17)“Resource conservation and recovery act" means the federal resource conservation and recovery act, 42 USC 6901 to 6991i, as amended on November 8, 1984.
291.01(18) (18)“Storage" means the containment of hazardous waste for a temporary period in a manner that does not constitute disposal.
291.01(19) (19)“Termination" has the meaning designated under s. 289.01 (40).
291.01(20) (20)“Transport" means the movement of hazardous wastes by air, rail, highway, water or other means, except for the movement of hazardous waste within the site at which the hazardous waste is generated or within a facility that is licensed under this subchapter.
291.01(21) (21)“Treatment" means any method, technique or process, including neutralization, which follows generation and which is designed to change the physical, chemical or biological character or composition of any hazardous waste so as to neutralize the hazardous waste or so as to render the waste nonhazardous, safer for transport, amenable for recovery, amenable for storage or reduced in volume. “Treatment" includes incineration.
291.01(22) (22)“Treatment facility" means a facility at which hazardous waste is subjected to treatment and may include a facility where hazardous waste is generated. This term does not include a waste water treatment facility whose discharges are regulated under ch. 283 unless the facility is required to be permitted as a hazardous waste treatment facility under the resource conservation and recovery act.
291.01(23) (23)“Wastewater" means all sewage.
291.01 History History: 1995 a. 227 ss. 649, 992.
291.01 Annotation The deterioration of useful materials into waste is a process that results in the generation of waste under s. 144.61 (4) [now s. 291.01 (5)]; the yard at which waste is stored and a hole dug to bury waste are facilities under s. 144.61 (5m) [now s. 291.01 (8)]. State v. Edward Kraemer & Sons. Inc. 170 Wis. 2d 646, 489 N.W.2d 708 (Ct. App. 1992).
291.01 Annotation The language of s. 144.61 (5m) [now s. 291.01 (8)] suggests that the coverage of s. 144.62 [now ss. 291.05 to 291.11, 291.91 and 291.93] is restricted to facilities intended to be used for disposal, treatment, or storage of waste. Acme Printing Ink Co. v. Menard, Inc. 870 F. Supp. 1477 (1994).
subch. III of ch. 291 SUBCHAPTER III
ADMINISTRATION
291.05 291.05 Required rules.
291.05(1)(1)The department shall promulgate by rule criteria identical to those promulgated by the U.S. environmental protection agency under section 6921 (a) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act for identifying the characteristics of hazardous waste. The rules shall require that any person generating or transporting, or owning or operating a facility for treatment, storage or disposal of, any hazardous waste or any substance which meets the criteria shall notify the department of that fact within 90 days after the promulgation of the rule.
291.05(2) (2)
291.05(2)(a)(a) The department shall promulgate by rule a list of hazardous wastes.
291.05(2)(b) (b) Except as provided under par. (c), the list of hazardous wastes shall be identical to the list promulgated by the U.S. environmental protection agency under section 6921 (b) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.
291.05(2)(c) (c) The department may include or retain on the list of hazardous wastes any additional solid waste not included on the list promulgated by the U.S. environmental protection agency if the department determines that the additional solid waste has characteristics which identify it as a hazardous waste based on the criteria promulgated under sub. (1) and if the department determines that the inclusion or retention is necessary to protect public health, safety or welfare. The department shall issue specific findings and conclusions on which its determinations are based and shall include or retain the additional solid waste on the list of hazardous wastes by rule.
291.05(3) (3)
291.05(3)(a)(a) The department shall promulgate rules under subs. (1) and (2) which establish not less than 2 nor more than 4 classes of hazardous waste and shall assign wastes to a particular class. The classes shall be based upon the relative degrees of hazard posed by the waste. Standards established under this chapter for hazardous waste facilities or for equipment which transports hazardous waste shall recognize and differentiate between the classes of waste which the facility or equipment is intended to transport, treat, store or dispose.
291.05(3)(b) (b) In determining the relative degrees of hazard of classes of wastes under par. (a), the department shall consider the following:
291.05(3)(b)1. 1. The amounts of wastes and the concentrations of the harmful or potentially harmful components of the wastes;
291.05(3)(b)2. 2. The likelihood of exposure to humans or the environment of the harmful or potentially harmful components of the wastes based upon the mobility and stability of harmful components, and the biological or chemical conversion of the components to other harmful chemicals; and
291.05(3)(b)3. 3. The harm to humans or the environment resulting from the exposure identified under subd. 2. from the harmful components.
291.05(4) (4)The department shall promulgate by rule a list of hazardous constituents which shall include, but need not be limited to, the hazardous constituents specified in 40 CFR 261, appendix VIII. The department may not list a hazardous constituent which is not specified in 40 CFR 261, appendix VIII unless it determines that the listing of the constituent is necessary to protect public health, safety or welfare. The department shall issue specific findings and conclusions on which such a determination to list a hazardous constituent is based.
291.05(5) (5)
291.05(5)(a)(a) The department shall promulgate rules regarding hazardous waste transportation that establish standards for the following:
291.05(5)(a)1. 1. Record keeping concerning hazardous waste transported, and its source and delivery points.
291.05(5)(a)2. 2. Labeling procedures.
291.05(5)(a)3. 3. Use of a manifest system
291.05(5)(a)4. 4. Containers used to transport waste.
291.05(5)(a)5. 5. Equipment operator qualifications.
291.05(5)(b) (b) In developing requirements for licenses to transport hazardous waste under par. (a), the department shall maintain consistency with rules promulgated by the department of transportation.
291.05(6) (6)The department shall adopt rules which prescribe requirements for:
291.05(6)(a) (a) The establishment and maintenance of records.
291.05(6)(b) (b) The making of reports, including the manifest to be used during the transport of hazardous waste.
291.05(6)(c) (c) Sampling and analysis.
291.05(6)(d) (d) Installation, calibration, use and maintenance of monitoring equipment.
291.05(6)(e) (e) The design, construction, operation, closing and long-term care of hazardous waste facilities.
291.05(6)(f) (f) Corrective action under s. 291.37.
291.05(7) (7)
291.05(7)(a)(a) The department shall promulgate by rule a graduated schedule of reasonable license, plan approval and review fees to be charged for hazardous waste activities under ss. 291.23, 291.25, 291.29, 291.31 and 291.87, except that the department may not impose a fee on an individual who applies for a license under s. 291.23 and who is eligible for the veterans fee waiver program under s. 45.44.
291.05(7)(b) (b) Hazardous waste activities under ss. 291.23, 291.25, 291.29, 291.31 and 291.87 consist of reviewing feasibility reports, plans of operation, closure plans and license applications, issuing determinations of feasibility, plan of operation approvals, operating licenses, interim licenses and variances, inspecting construction projects, approving closure plans and taking other actions in administering this ss. 291.23, 291.25, 291.29, 291.31 and 291.87.
291.05(7)(c) (c) The department shall establish hazardous waste review fees at a level anticipated to recover the hazardous waste program staff review costs of conducting hazardous waste review activities.
291.05 History History: 1995 a. 227 ss. 657, 658, 659, 663, 664, 667, 677, 686, 992; 2011 a. 209; 2017 a. 365 s. 111.
291.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. NR 182, Wis. adm. code.
291.07 291.07 Authorized rules.
291.07(1)(1)The department may, by rule, prohibit particular methods of treatment or disposal of particular hazardous wastes, upon a finding that restrictions on treatment or disposal methods are necessary to protect public health and safety or the environment.
291.07(2) (2)The department may exempt by rule any person who generates, transports, treats, stores or disposes of hazardous wastes from any provision under this chapter or from any rule promulgated under this chapter if the generation, transportation, treatment, storage or disposal does not present a significant hazard to public health and safety or the environment.
291.07(3) (3)The department may promulgate rules which specify the duration of licenses issued under s. 291.25.
291.07 History History: 1995 a. 227 ss. 660, 662, 665, 992.
291.07 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. NR 660, 661, 662, 663, 664, 665, 666, 667, 668, 670, 673 and 679, Wis. adm. code.
291.09 291.09 Department duties.
291.09(1)(1)The department, in cooperation with the University of Wisconsin-Extension and other interested parties, shall develop educational programs and offer technical assistance to persons interested in hazardous waste management.
291.09(2) (2)If facilities or equipment subject to this chapter are also subject to regulation by the department under other statutes or rules, the department shall integrate its regulatory processes to avoid duplicative or contradictory actions or requirements.
291.09(3) (3)The department shall study whether the list of hazardous wastes under s. 291.05 (2) should be revised as it relates to commercial chemical products.
291.09 History History: 1995 a. 227 ss. 666, 668, 992; 1999 a. 9; 2001 a. 103.
291.11 291.11 Department powers.
291.11(1)(1)The department may hold hearings relating to any aspect of the administration of this chapter and, in connection with those hearings, compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of evidence.
291.11(2) (2)The department may waive compliance with any requirement under this chapter or shorten the time periods under this chapter to the extent necessary to prevent an emergency condition threatening public health, safety or welfare or the environment.
291.11(3) (3)The department may secure necessary scientific, technical, administrative and operational services, including laboratory facilities, by contract or otherwise.
291.11(4) (4)The department may advise, consult, contract and cooperate with other agencies of the state, local governments, industries, other states, interstate or interlocal agencies, the federal government and other interested persons or groups.
291.11(5) (5)The department may enter into a compact with agencies in other states for the purposes of mutual assistance in the management and regulation of hazardous wastes.
291.11 History History: 1995 a. 227 ss. 661, 669, 671, 673, 992.
291.13 291.13 Capacity assurance plan revision and review.
291.13(1)(1)In this section, “capacity assurance plan" means the plan submitted under 42 USC 9604 (c) (9) for the management of hazardous waste generated in this state.
291.13(2) (2)The department shall do all of the following:
291.13(2)(a) (a) Monitor changes in the generation of hazardous waste in this state and the progress toward meeting the goals in the capacity assurance plan.
291.13(2)(b) (b) Notify the governor of any significant problems that occur or may occur in the ability to manage a type of hazardous waste in this state and of the need to change the goals in the capacity assurance plan.
291.13(2)(c) (c) Each year in which submission of a revised capacity assurance plan is required by the federal environmental protection agency, at least 75 days before the federal environmental protection agency deadline for submittal, complete a draft of a revised capacity assurance plan and provide the draft to the governor and the legislature under s. 13.172 (2).
291.13(2)(d) (d) Hold a public informational hearing, that is not a contested case hearing under ch. 227, to solicit comments on the draft of the revised capacity assurance plan no later than 45 days after providing the draft under par. (c).
291.13(2)(e) (e) Each year in which submission of a revised capacity assurance plan is required by the federal environmental protection agency, provide its proposed version of the revised capacity assurance plan, no later than 14 days prior to the federal environmental protection agency deadline for submittal, to the governor and the legislature under s. 13.172 (2).
291.13 History History: 1989 a. 325; 1991 a. 41; 1995 a. 27; 1995 a. 227 s. 697; Stats. 1995 s. 291.13.
291.15 291.15 Confidentiality of records.
291.15(1)(1)Records. Except as provided under sub. (2), any records or other information furnished to or obtained by the department in the administration of this chapter are public records subject to s. 19.21.
291.15(2) (2)Confidential records.
291.15(2)(a) (a) Application. An owner or operator of a hazardous waste facility may seek confidential treatment of any records or other information furnished to or obtained by the department in the administration of this chapter.
291.15(2)(b) (b) Standards for granting confidential status. Except as provided under par. (c), the department shall grant confidential status for any records or information received by the department and certified by the owner or operator of the solid waste facility as relating to production or sales figures or to processes or production unique to the owner or operator of the solid waste facility or which would tend to adversely affect the competitive position of the owner or operator if made public.
291.15(2)(c) (c) Emission data; analyses and summaries. The department may not grant confidential status for emission data. Nothing in this subsection prevents the department from using records and other information in compiling or publishing analyses or summaries relating to the general condition of the environment if the analyses or summaries do not identify a specific owner or operator or the analyses or summaries do not reveal records or other information granted confidential status.
291.15(2)(d) (d) Use of confidential records. Except as provided under par. (c) and this paragraph the department or the department of justice may use records and other information granted confidential status under this subsection only in the administration and enforcement of this chapter. The department or the department of justice may release for general distribution records and other information granted confidential status under this subsection if the owner or operator expressly agrees to the release. The department or the department of justice may release on a limited basis records and other information granted confidential status under this subsection if the department or the department of justice is directed to take this action by a judge or hearing examiner under an order which protects the confidentiality of the records or other information. The department or the department of justice may release to the U.S. environmental protection agency or its authorized representative records and other information granted confidential status under this subsection if the department or the department of justice includes in each release of records or other information a request to the U.S. environmental protection agency or its authorized representative to protect the confidentiality of the records or other information. The department or the department of justice shall provide to the department of children and families or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) the name and address of an individual, the name and address of the individual's employer and financial information related to the individual that is contained in records or other information granted confidential status under this subsection if requested under s. 49.22 (2m) by the department of children and families or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5).
291.15 History History: 1981 c. 374; 1987 a. 384; 1995 a. 227 s. 692; Stats. 1995 s. 291.15; 1997 a. 191; 2007 a. 20.
subch. IV of ch. 291 SUBCHAPTER IV
HAZARDOUS WASTE; GENERAL REGULATION
291.21 291.21 Generation. Any person generating solid waste shall determine if the solid waste is a hazardous waste. Any person generating hazardous waste shall:
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)