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169.37(1)(b) (b) Inspect any equipment, materials, or other activities related to the wild animals.
169.37(1)(c) (c) Gain access to and inspect any records required to be kept under s. 169.36.
169.37(1)(d) (d) Investigate and inspect any wild animal or any other animal to be introduced, stocked, or released into the wild. Inspection under this paragraph may include the removal of reasonable diagnostic samples from wild animals for biological examination.
169.37(2) (2) Times for inspections. An inspection authorized under sub. (1) or (4) may be conducted during any of the following times:
169.37(2)(a) (a) Normal business hours.
169.37(2)(b) (b) During the time that the person who possesses wild animals or carcasses of wild animals is conducting business.
169.37(2)(c) (c) At any time, if the inspection is necessary for public health, safety, or welfare.
169.37(3) (3) Prohibiting inspections. No person who has been requested to submit to an inspection under this section or s. 169.38 or an operator of a vehicle for such a person, or employee or person acting on behalf of such a person, may prohibit entry as authorized under this section or s. 169.38 unless a court restrains or enjoins the entry or inspection.
169.37(4) (4) Inspections of introduced or stocked animals. Only persons determined by the department to be experienced in wildlife disease may remove diagnostic samples under sub. (1) (d).
169.37(5) (5) Taxidermists. For an inspection of a taxidermist's place of business, this section does not apply, and the department shall conduct the inspection as authorized under s. 29.506 (7).
169.37 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.38 169.38 Inspections of items subject to regulation by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
169.38(1)(1)Departmental authority. For purposes of enforcing s. 90.21 and rules promulgated under that section and ch. 29 and rules promulgated under that chapter, with respect to a person who keeps farm-raised deer that are white-tailed deer, and for purposes of enforcing this chapter and ch. 29 and rules promulgated under this chapter and ch. 29, with respect to a person who keeps farm-raised game birds or wild animals under a license issued under s. 95.68, 95.69, or 95.71, a conservation warden or representative of the department, upon presenting his or her credentials to that person, may do any of the following:
169.38(1)(a) (a) Enter and inspect any land, vehicle, building, or other structure where white-tailed deer, farm-raised game birds, or wild animals are possessed or where carcasses of white-tailed deer, farm-raised game birds, or wild animals are possessed.
169.38(1)(b) (b) Inspect any equipment, materials, or other activities related to farm-raised deer that are white-tailed deer, farm-raised game birds, or wild animals.
169.38(1)(c) (c) Gain access to and inspect any records that relate to farm-raised deer that are white-tailed deer and that are required to be kept under s. 93.07 (10), 95.55, or 169.36 (10m) or any rules promulgated under those sections.
169.38(1)(d) (d) Gain access to and inspect any records relating to farm-raised game birds required to be kept under s. 93.07 (10) or 95.57 or any rules promulgated under those sections.
169.38(1)(e) (e) Gain access to and inspect any records relating to wild animals required to be kept under s. 93.07 (10), 95.68, 95.69, 95.71, or 169.36 (10m) or any rules promulgated under those sections.
169.38(2) (2) Times for inspections. An inspection authorized under sub. (1) may be conducted during any of the following times:
169.38(2)(a) (a) Normal business hours.
169.38(2)(b) (b) During the time that the person who keeps white-tailed deer, farm-raised game birds, or wild animals is conducting business.
169.38(2)(c) (c) At any time, if the inspection is necessary for public health, safety, or welfare.
169.38(2)(d) (d) At any time, if the inspection is limited to determining whether a fence that is used to contain farm-raised deer that are white-tailed deer complies with the requirements established by rule under s. 90.21 (6).
169.38 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.39 169.39 Humane care and housing.
169.39(1)(1)Compliance with rules. No license may be issued under this chapter unless the department determines that the applicant will comply with all of the rules promulgated under subs. (2) and (3).
169.39(2) (2) Rules; general. The department shall promulgate and enforce rules for the housing, care, treatment, enrichment, feeding, and sanitation of wild animals subject to regulation under this chapter to ensure all of the following:
169.39(2)(a) (a) That the wild animals receive humane treatment and enrichment.
169.39(2)(b) (b) That the wild animals are held under sanitary conditions.
169.39(2)(c) (c) That the wild animals receive adequate housing, care, and food.
169.39(2)(d) (d) That the public is protected from injury by the wild animals.
169.39(3) (3) Rules; housing. The rules for housing under sub. (2) shall include requirements for the size and location of permanent enclosures and of temporary enclosures at locations other than those where the wild animals are permanently housed. The rules regulating the location of enclosures shall include the distance required between 2 enclosures. The rules for housing shall include specifications for enclosures for each species of harmful wild animal that the department designates under s. 169.11 (1).
169.39(4) (4) Orders. The department may issue an order requiring any person holding a license under this chapter to comply with the rules promulgated under sub. (2).
169.39 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.39 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. NR 17, Wis. adm. code.
169.40 169.40 Trespassing. A person who hunts, traps, kills, or takes a wild animal subject to regulation under this chapter on land subject to a license issued under this chapter without the permission of the license holder or of the holder's employee or agent is liable to the license holder for any damage that the person causes to any wild animal that is subject to regulation under this chapter or to any property or land that is subject to the license.
169.40 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.42 169.42 Taking custody of captive wild animals.
169.42(1)(1)Intake of wild animals. A conservation warden may take into custody a wild animal that is subject to regulation under this chapter on behalf of the department if the conservation warden has reasonable grounds to believe that the wild animal is one of the following:
169.42(1)(a) (a) An abandoned or stray captive wild animal.
169.42(1)(b) (b) An unwanted captive wild animal delivered to the conservation warden.
169.42(1)(c) (c) A wild animal possessed, taken, introduced, stocked, released, exhibited, propagated, rehabilitated, hunted, sold, or purchased in violation of this chapter, any rule promulgated under this chapter, or any ordinance enacted under s. 169.43.
169.42(1)(d) (d) A captive wild animal that is not confined as required by a quarantine under s. 93.07 (10) or any rule or ordinance relating to the control of any animal disease.
169.42(1)(e) (e) A captive wild animal that has caused damage to persons or property.
169.42(1)(f) (f) A participant in an animal fight intentionally instigated by any person.
169.42(1)(g) (g) A captive wild animal that has been mistreated in violation of this chapter, any rule promulgated under this chapter, or ch. 951.
169.42(1)(h) (h) A captive wild animal delivered by a veterinarian under s. 173.13 (2).
169.42(1)(i) (i) A captive wild animal that is dead, dying, or sick and that has been exposed to, or is known to be infected with, a contagious or infectious disease as defined in the rules promulgated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection under s. 95.001 (2) or with a disease or parasite that has pathological significance to humans or to any animals.
169.42(1)(j) (j) A captive wild animal that has escaped and has not been returned to its owner or another person who is authorized to possess the animal.
169.42(1)(k) (k) A wild animal that is being housed or held in violation of s. 169.39.
169.42(2) (2) Transfer of wild animals.
169.42(2)(a) (a) A conservation warden shall accept into custody any wild animal that is delivered by a law enforcement officer or humane officer.
169.42(2)(b) (b) A conservation warden and the department shall comply with the applicable procedures under ss. 29.931, 29.934, and 968.20 as they relate to seized and confiscated wild animals, carcasses, vehicles, boats, or other objects or property.
169.42 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.43 169.43 Local ordinances. A municipality or county may enact and enforce an ordinance that prohibits the possession or selling of live wild animals.
169.43 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.45 169.45 Penalties; revocations.
169.45(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “violation of this chapter" means a violation of this chapter or any rule promulgated under this chapter.
169.45(2) (2) Penalties. For a violation of this chapter, a person shall be subject to a forfeiture of not more than $200, except as follows:
169.45(2)(a) (a) Possession. For possessing any live wild animal, or a carcass of a wild animal, in violation of this chapter, a person shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $500.
169.45(2)(b) (b) Sale or purchase. For selling or purchasing any live wild animal in violation of this chapter, a person shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
169.45(2)(c) (c) Possession, sale, release, and descenting of live skunks. For possessing, selling, purchasing, descenting, introducing, stocking, or releasing into the wild a live skunk in violation of this chapter, a person shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $1,000. This penalty shall apply in lieu of the penalties under pars. (a) and (b).
169.45(2)(d) (d) Taking of bear and deer. For taking bear or deer from the wild in violation of s. 169.05, or a rule promulgated thereunder, a person shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
169.45(2)(e) (e) Harmful wild animals. For a violation of s. 169.11 (1) (b) or (c), a person shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
169.45(2)(g) (g) Obtaining license during period of revocation. For obtaining any license under this chapter during the period of time when that license is revoked or suspended by any court, a person shall be fined not more than $200 or imprisoned for not more than 90 days or both.
169.45(3) (3) Penalty; violation of order. Any person who fails to comply with an order issued under s. 169.39 (4) within 10 days after its issuance is subject to a forfeiture of not more than $200.
169.45(4) (4) Diminished penalties. No penalty imposed under sub. (2) shall be held to be diminished because the violation for which it is imposed falls also within the scope of a more general prohibition.
169.45(5) (5) Penalties; repeaters. If a person is convicted of any violation of this chapter and it is alleged in the indictment, information, or complaint, and proved or admitted at trial or ascertained by the court after conviction that the person was previously convicted within a period of 5 years for a violation of this chapter, the person shall be subject to all of the following in addition to the penalty for the current violation:
169.45(5)(a) (a) The person shall be fined not more than $100 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
169.45(5)(b) (b) For violations under sub. (2) (a), (b), (d), and (e), the court shall revoke all of the licenses issued to the person under this chapter, and the department may not issue any license under this chapter to the person for a period of one year after the current conviction.
169.45(6) (6) Court revocations and suspensions. In addition to or in lieu of any other penalty for violation of this chapter, the court may revoke or suspend any privilege or license under this chapter for a period of up to 3 years.
169.45(7) (7) Revocations by the department. In addition to revocations under subs. (5) (b) and (6), the department may revoke any license to which any of the following applies:
169.45(7)(a) (a) The department determines that the license was fraudulently procured, erroneously issued, or otherwise prohibited by law.
169.45(7)(b) (b) The department determines that the person holding the license is not in compliance with this chapter or with a rule promulgated under this chapter.
169.45(8) (8) Prohibitions during periods of suspension or revocation.
169.45(8)(a)(a) Any person who has had a license or privilege under this chapter revoked or suspended and who engages in the activity authorized by the license or in the privilege during the period of revocation or suspension is subject to the following penalties, in addition to any other penalty imposed for failure to have a license:
169.45(8)(a)1. 1. For the first conviction, the person shall forfeit not less than $300 nor more than $500.
169.45(8)(a)2. 2. If the number of convictions in a 5-year period equals 2 or more, the person shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,000.
169.45(8)(b) (b) The 5-year period under par. (a) 2. shall be measured from the dates of the violations that resulted in the convictions.
169.45(9) (9) Parties to a violation.
169.45(9)(a) (a) Whoever is concerned in the commission of a violation of this chapter is a principal and may be charged with and convicted of the violation of this chapter although he or she did not directly commit it and although the person who directly committed it has not been convicted of the violation of this chapter.
169.45(9)(b) (b) A person is concerned in the commission of the violation of this chapter if the person does any of the following:
169.45(9)(b)1. 1. Directly commits the violation of this chapter.
169.45(9)(b)2. 2. Aids and abets the commission of the violation of this chapter.
169.45(9)(b)3. 3. Is a party to a conspiracy with another to commit the violation of this chapter or advises, hires, or counsels or otherwise procures another to commit it.
169.45 History History: 2001 a. 56, 105.
169.46 169.46 Natural resources surcharges and restitution surcharges.
169.46(1)(1)Natural resources surcharges.
169.46(1)(a) (a) If a court imposes a fine or forfeiture for a violation of this chapter or a rule promulgated under this chapter, the court shall impose a natural resources surcharge under ch. 814 equal to 75 percent of the amount of the fine or forfeiture.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 19, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 19, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-19-19)