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169.01(13) (13)“Free-roaming" means not captive.
169.01(14) (14)“Fur-bearing wild animal" includes badger, beaver, bobcat, coyote, fisher, red fox, gray fox, lynx, marten, mink, muskrat, opossum, otter, raccoon, skunk, weasel, and wolf.
169.01(15) (15)“Harm to the environment" includes adversely affecting the natural population dynamics of wild animals or wild plants, adversely affecting the habitat of wild animals or wild plants, or displacing wild animals or wild plants from any part of their habitat.
169.01(15m) (15m)“Harmful wild animal" means a wild animal designated under s. 169.11 (1) (a).
169.01(16) (16)“Humane officer" means an officer appointed under s. 173.03.
169.01(18) (18)“Introduce" means to release for the purpose of allowing the animal to establish a population in an area in the wild where that species of animal is not naturally present at the time the wild animal is released.
169.01(19) (19)“Law enforcement officer" has the meaning given in s. 165.85 (2) (c) and does not include a conservation warden.
169.01(20) (20)“License year" means the year during which a license is valid.
169.01(20m) (20m)“Migratory bird" means a bird of a species on the list in 50 CFR 10.13 that is promulgated under 16 USC 701 to 715s.
169.01(21) (21)“Municipality" means a city, village, or town.
169.01(22) (22)“Native" means indigenous and occurring or having occurred naturally within the boundaries of this state.
169.01(23) (23)“Nonnative wild animal" means a wild animal that is not native.
169.01(24) (24)“Nonresident" means a person who is not a resident of this state.
169.01(25) (25)“Person" means any individual, partnership, firm, joint stock company, corporation, association, trust, estate, or other legal entity.
169.01(25m) (25m)“Pet bird" means a bird that is either a psittacine or a soft bill and that is not native, not identified on the federal list of endangered and threatened species, and not a migratory bird.
169.01(26) (26)“Possess" means to own, control, restrain, transport, or keep.
169.01(27) (27)“Propagate" means to breed, encourage, or facilitate for the purpose of generating offspring.
169.01(28) (28)“Public zoo or aquarium" means a zoo or aquarium that is operated by the state or by a city, village, or county or that is an accredited member of the American Zoo and Aquarium Association.
169.01(29) (29)“Purchase" means to acquire through a sale or through an exchange for consideration.
169.01(30) (30)“Raw fur" has the meaning given in s. 29.501 (1) (e).
169.01(30m) (30m)“Rehabilitate" means to provide care or treatment to an orphaned, sick, or injured wild animal for the purpose of releasing it back into the wild.
169.01(31) (31)“Sell" means to transfer or exchange for consideration.
169.01(32) (32)“State resident" has the meaning given “resident" in s. 27.01 (10) (a).
169.01(33) (33)“Stock" means to release for the purpose of increasing or maintaining a population of the animal.
169.01(34) (34)“Take" means to capture, but does not include killing.
169.01(35) (35)“Veterinarian" means either of the following:
169.01(35)(a) (a) A veterinarian who is licensed in this state to practice veterinary medicine under ch. 89 and who is certified under rules promulgated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
169.01(35)(b) (b) A veterinarian who is licensed by another state to practice veterinary medicine and who is accredited under 9 CFR ch. I subch. J.
169.01(36) (36)“Wild amphibian" means a wild animal that is an amphibian.
169.01(37) (37)“Wild animal" means any animal of a wild nature that is normally found in the wild and that is not a domestic animal.
169.01(38) (38)“Wild bird" means a wild animal that is a bird.
169.01(39) (39)“Wild reptile" means a wild animal that is a reptile.
169.01 History History: 2001 a. 56; 2011 a. 258; 2015 a. 55; 2015 a. 197 s. 51.
169.02 169.02 Title to wild animals.
169.02(1)(1)Title vested in owner. Except as provided in sub. (3), legal title to a live captive wild animal or the carcass of a captive wild animal is vested in the person who owns the wild animal if the person is in compliance with this chapter and the rules promulgated under this chapter. A person holding legal title may transfer without consideration the live captive wild animal or the carcass of the captive wild animal to a person who is in compliance with this chapter and the rules promulgated under this chapter. A person holding legal title to a live captive wild animal may kill it, or have it killed, in a humane manner.
169.02(2) (2)Title with state. The department may assume on behalf of the state, or may sell or otherwise transfer to another person, legal title to any live captive wild animal, or the carcass of any captive wild animal, that is possessed by any person in violation of this chapter or the rules promulgated under this chapter.
169.02(3) (3)Exceptions. Legal title to a live captive wild animal or the carcass of a captive wild animal that is possessed as authorized under a rehabilitation license or a scientific research license remains with the state. A person holding a rehabilitation license or a scientific research license may transfer or dispose of a live captive wild animal or the carcass of a captive wild animal only as specifically authorized by the department.
169.02 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.03 169.03 Interagency cooperation. The department of natural resources and the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection shall cooperate with each other with respect to any wild animal that is subject to regulation under this chapter and under ch. 93 or 95.
169.03 History History: 2001 a. 56.
169.04 169.04 Possession of live wild animals.
169.04(1)(1)Restrictions on possession.
169.04(1)(a) (a) No person may possess any live wild animal unless the wild animal is legally obtained.
169.04(1)(b) (b) No person may possess any live wild animal unless the person holds a license or other approval to possess the wild animal as required under this chapter or under s. 29.319 and the person is otherwise in compliance with this chapter and the rules promulgated under this chapter.
169.04(2) (2)Temporary possession.
169.04(2)(a) (a) A person possessing a live native wild animal for a period not to exceed 24 hours is exempt from having a license or other approval as required under sub. (1) (b) if the person is possessing the wild animal for any of the following purposes:
169.04(2)(a)1. 1. To restrain or transport the wild animal for medical treatment by a veterinarian or by a person holding a rehabilitation license.
169.04(2)(a)2. 2. To remove or transport the wild animal from one location to a more appropriate location.
169.04(2)(a)3. 3. To restrain or transport the wild animal for game censuses or surveys, or other purposes authorized by the department.
169.04(2)(b) (b) If a person possessing a live native wild animal under par. (a) determines that it is necessary to possess the wild animal for a period exceeding 24 hours after the time the wild animal was first possessed, the person shall request that the department approve an extension of the time period for the temporary possession. The department may either deny the requested extension or approve it for a specific period of time.
169.04(2)(d) (d) If a live wild animal has been exposed to or infected with any contagious or infectious disease, as defined under rules promulgated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection under s. 95.001 (2), during the time the wild animal is being temporarily possessed, the person possessing the wild animal shall ensure that a veterinarian files with the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection a copy of a valid certificate of veterinary inspection that certifies that the wild animal is free of any such diseases before releasing it into the wild.
169.04(2)(e) (e) No person may operate on a live skunk to remove its scent glands unless the person holds a Class A or Class B captive wild animal farm license or unless the person is a veterinarian and the person bringing the skunk to the veterinarian holds such a license. A veterinarian to whom a person brings a live skunk for removal of its scent glands shall verify whether the person holds a Class A or Class B captive wild animal farm license. If the person does not hold such a license, the veterinarian shall notify that person that possession of a live skunk is illegal and shall notify the department.
169.04(3) (3)Wild animals under another jurisdiction. A live wild animal possessed by a nonresident under the legal authority of another state, province, or country may be possessed in this state by the nonresident for not more than 60 days from the date the wild animal enters the state if all of the following apply:
169.04(3)(a) (a) The nonresident ensures that a veterinarian files a copy of a valid certificate of veterinary inspection for the wild animal with the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
169.04(3)(b) (b) The nonresident holds every license or other approval that is required by the other state, province, or country.
169.04(4) (4)Exemption for certain wild animals.
169.04(4)(a)(a) A person is exempt from holding a license or other approval as required under this chapter to possess live native wild animals if the wild animals are not endangered or threatened species and are any of the following:
169.04(4)(a)1. 1. Arthropods.
169.04(4)(a)2. 2. Chipmunks.
169.04(4)(a)3. 3. Pocket gophers.
169.04(4)(a)4. 4. Mice.
169.04(4)(a)5. 5. Moles.
169.04(4)(a)6. 6. Mollusks.
169.04(4)(a)7. 7. Opossums.
169.04(4)(a)8. 8. Pigeons.
169.04(4)(a)9. 9. Porcupines.
169.04(4)(a)10. 10. Rats.
169.04(4)(a)11. 11. Shrews.
169.04(4)(a)12. 12. English sparrows.
169.04(4)(a)13. 13. Starlings.
169.04(4)(a)14. 14. Ground squirrels.
169.04(4)(a)15. 15. Red squirrels.
169.04(4)(a)16. 16. Voles.
169.04(4)(a)17. 17. Weasels.
169.04(4)(b) (b) A person is exempt from holding a license or other approval as required under this chapter to possess live nonnative wild animals that are not endangered or threatened species, except for any of the following:
169.04(4)(b)1. 1. Pheasants of the species Phasianus colchicus or Syrmaticus reevesii, chukar partridge, gray partridge, or red-legged partridge that are possessed for use under a bird hunting preserve license, a dog training license, a hound training license, a dog club training license, a dog trial license, or a hound trial license.
169.04(4)(b)2. 2. Nonnative wild birds of the family anatidae that are migratory birds.
169.04(4)(b)3. 3. Nonnative wild animals that are harmful wild animals.
169.04(5) (5)Exemption for certain persons and institutions.
169.04(5)(a)(a) Each of the following is exempt from holding a license or other approval as required under this chapter to possess any wild animal:
169.04(5)(a)1. 1. A veterinarian, for the purpose of providing medical treatment to wild animals.
169.04(5)(a)2. 2. A public zoo or aquarium.
169.04(5)(a)3. 3. A circus or the Circus World Museum located in Baraboo, Wisconsin.
169.04(5)(a)4. 4. The department.
169.04(5)(a)5. 5. A person who is licensed under s. 95.68 or 95.71 and who is possessing the wild animal under the authority of the license.
169.04(5)(a)6. 6. A person who is licensed under s. 95.69 and who possesses wild animals for 10 days or less and solely for the purpose of resale or slaughter.
169.04(5)(b) (b) For purposes of par. (a) 1., “medical treatment" does not include rehabilitation.
169.04(5m) (5m)Exemption for certain deer.
169.04(5m)(a) (a) A person holding a rehabilitation license who is rehabilitating white-tailed deer in Walworth County may possess these white-tailed deer after they have been rehabilitated without holding any other license or approval as required under this chapter and without being registered under s. 95.55 if all of the following conditions apply:
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)