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  Date of enactment: November 27, 2017
2017 Senate Bill 173   Date of publication*: November 28, 2017
* Section 991.11, Wisconsin Statutes: Effective date of acts. “Every act and every portion of an act enacted by the legislature over the governor's partial veto which does not expressly prescribe the time when it takes effect shall take effect on the day after its date of publication."
2017 WISCONSIN ACT 70
An Act to renumber 66.0627 (1) (a); to renumber and amend 75.106 (4); to amend 66.0627 (title), 66.0627 (8) (a), 66.0627 (8) (d), 66.1105 (4) (gm) 4. c., 75.106 (2), 292.13 (1m) (intro.) and 292.13 (2); and to create 24.63 (5), 66.0627 (1) (ad), 66.1105 (20), 66.1106 (15), 66.1109 (2m), 66.1109 (4g), 66.1110 (4m), 75.106 (4) (b), 285.675, 292.15 (1) (c) and 292.15 (2) (at) of the statutes; relating to: remediation of contaminated land; air pollution control requirements for certain manufacturing facilities constructed on formerly contaminated land; reassigning tax deeds on tax delinquent brownfield properties; creating a new method for the creation of environmental remediation tax incremental financing districts; loans and repayment assistance by a political subdivision for certain brownfield revitalization projects and collection of the debt by special charge; state trust fund loans for brownfield projects; conversion of business improvement districts; and annexations to business improvement districts and neighborhood improvement districts.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
70,1 Section 1. 24.63 (5) of the statutes is created to read:
24.63 (5) Brownfield project loans. A state trust fund loan to a city, village, or town made for the purpose of funding a project related to brownfields, as defined in s. 238.13 (1) (a), may not be included in arriving at the debt limitation under sub. (1) or the constitutional debt limitation under article XI, section 3, of the constitution if all of the following apply:
(a) The term of the loan is not more than 15 years.
(b) The loan is not in default.
(c) The department of natural resources verifies to the board that the site on which the project will occur is a brownfield, or, if the project encompasses more than one site, verifies that not less than 50 percent of the project area is brownfield.
70,2 Section 2. 66.0627 (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
66.0627 (title) Special charges for current services and energy and water efficiency improvement loans certain loan repayments.
70,3 Section 3. 66.0627 (1) (a) of the statutes is renumbered 66.0627 (1) (am).
70,4 Section 4. 66.0627 (1) (ad) of the statutes is created to read:
66.0627 (1) (ad) “Brownfield revitalization project" means any of the following actions when taken upon commercial or industrial premises that are located on, or that constitute, brownfields, as defined in s. 238.13 (1) (a):
1. Site assessment.
2. Remediation.
3. Lead or asbestos abatement.
4. Demolition.
5. Standard site preparation actions not included in subds. 1. to 4.
70,5 Section 5. 66.0627 (8) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
66.0627 (8) (a) A political subdivision may make a loan, or enter into an agreement regarding loan repayments to a 3rd party for owner-arranged or lessee-arranged financing, to an owner or lessee of a premises located in the political subdivision for a brownfield revitalization project or for making or installing an energy efficiency improvement, a water efficiency improvement, or a renewable resource application to the premises. If a political subdivision makes a loan or enters into an agreement under this paragraph, the political subdivision may collect the loan repayment as a special charge under this section. Notwithstanding sub. (4), a special charge imposed under this paragraph may be collected in installments and may be included in the current or next tax roll for collection and settlement under ch. 74 even if the special charge is not delinquent. If a political subdivision makes a loan, or enters into an agreement regarding loan repayments to a 3rd party, for a brownfield revitalization project under this paragraph, the repayment period may exceed 20 years.
70,6 Section 6. 66.0627 (8) (d) of the statutes is amended to read:
66.0627 (8) (d) A political subdivision that, under par. (a), makes a loan to, or enters an agreement with, an owner for making or installing an improvement or application that costs $250,000 or more shall require the owner to obtain a written guarantee from the contractor or project engineer that the improvement or application will achieve a savings-to-investment ratio of greater than 1.0 and that the contract or engineer will annually pay the owner any shortfall in savings below this level. The political subdivision may determine the method by which a guarantee under this paragraph is enforced. This paragraph does not apply to a loan or agreement for a brownfield revitalization project.
70,7 Section 7. 66.1105 (4) (gm) 4. c. of the statutes is amended to read:
66.1105 (4) (gm) 4. c. Except as provided in subs. (10) (c), (16) (d), (17), and, (18) (c) 3., and (20) (d) 1. the equalized value of taxable property of the district plus the value increment of all existing districts does not exceed 12 percent of the total equalized value of taxable property within the city. In determining the equalized value of taxable property under this subd. 4. c. or sub. (17) (c), the department of revenue shall base its calculations on the most recent equalized value of taxable property of the district that is reported under s. 70.57 (1m) before the date on which the resolution under this paragraph is adopted. If the department of revenue determines that a local legislative body exceeds the 12 percent limit described in this subd. 4. c. or sub. (17) (c), the department shall notify the city of its noncompliance, in writing, not later than December 31 of the year in which the department receives the completed application or amendment forms described in sub. (5) (b).
70,8 Section 8. 66.1105 (20) of the statutes is created to read:
66.1105 (20) Environmental remediation districts. (a) In this subsection:
1. “Environmental pollution" has the meaning given in s. 299.01 (4).
2. “Environmental remediation tax incremental district" means a tax incremental district created under this section, most of the territory of which consists of areas that contain significant environmental pollution, and which is subject to the conditions and limitations contained in this subsection.
(b) Before a city may adopt a resolution under sub. (4) (gm) with regard to an environmental remediation tax incremental district, the local legislative body shall do all of the following:
1. Obtain under par. (c) a certified site investigation report from the department of natural resources. The city shall submit a copy of the certified report to the department of revenue before the department may allocate tax increments under sub. (6).
2. Certify to the department of revenue that at least one of the items specified in this subd. 2. a. or b. apply. The starting point for determining a tax incremental district's remaining life, under this subd. 2. a. and b., is the date on which the planning commission adopts the project plan under sub. (4) (f) or an amendment to the project plan under sub. (4) (h). The certified item shall be one of the following:
a. The project plan specifies that the city expects all project costs to be paid within 90 percent of the tax incremental district's remaining life, based on the district's termination date as calculated under sub. (7) (ak) to (au).
b. The project plan specifies that expenditures may be made only within the first half of the tax incremental district's remaining life, based on the district's termination date as calculated under sub. (7) (ak) to (au), and the limitation on the expenditure period does not apply to any expenditure that is made to address significant environmental pollution that was not identified in the original certified site investigation report described in par. (c). No expenditure under this subdivision may be made later than the time during which an expenditure may be made under sub. (6) (am).
(c) To obtain a certified site investigation report, the city shall send to the department of natural resources a detailed description of the significant environmental pollution that exists in the proposed district, and a proposed remedial action plan that contains cost estimates for anticipated project costs and a schedule for the design, implementation, and construction that is needed to complete the remediation with respect to the proposed district in accordance with rules promulgated by the department of natural resources. If the department of natural resources agrees with the city's description of the conditions in the proposed district and approves of the city's proposed remedial action plan, it shall provide the city with written certification that the department of natural resources has approved the site investigation report. If the department of natural resources does not approve the report, the city may modify and resubmit the report to the department of natural resources.
(d) With regard to an environmental remediation tax incremental district created under this subsection:
1. The city may designate one environmental remediation tax incremental district created under this subsection to which the 12 percent limit specified in sub. (4) (gm) 4. c. does not apply. Once the city makes such a designation, it may not so designate another environmental remediation tax incremental district until the current district so designated terminates.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of sub. (5), the tax incremental base of the district shall be $1 when the district is created.
(e) An environmental remediation tax incremental district created under this subsection may not allocate positive tax increments under sub. (6) (e) or (f) to another tax incremental district that is not an environmental remediation tax incremental district.
70,9 Section 9. 66.1106 (15) of the statutes is created to read:
66.1106 (15) Sunset. No district may be created under this section on or after the effective date of this subsection .... [LRB inserts date].
70,10 Section 10. 66.1109 (2m) of the statutes is created to read:
66.1109 (2m) A municipality may annex territory to an existing business improvement district if all of the following are met:
(a) An owner of real property used for commercial purposes and located in the territory proposed to be annexed has petitioned the municipality for annexation.
(b) The planning commission has approved the annexation.
(c) At least 30 days before annexation of the territory, the planning commission has held a public hearing on the proposed annexation. Notice of the hearing shall be published as a class 2 notice under ch. 985. Before publication, a copy of the notice together with a copy of a detail map showing the boundaries of the territory proposed to be annexed to the business improvement district shall be sent by certified mail to all owners of real property within the territory proposed to be annexed. The notice shall state the boundaries of the territory proposed to be annexed.
(d) Within 30 days after the hearing under par. (c), the owners of property in the territory to be annexed that would be assessed under the operating plan having a valuation equal to more than 40 percent of the valuation of all property in the territory to be annexed that would be assessed under the operating plan, using the method of valuation specified in the operating plan, or the owners of property in the territory to be annexed that would be assessed under the operating plan having an assessed valuation equal to more than 40 percent of the assessed valuation of all property in the territory to be annexed that would be assessed under the operating plan, have not filed a petition with the planning commission protesting the annexation.
70,11 Section 11. 66.1109 (4g) of the statutes is created to read:
66.1109 (4g) A municipality may convert a business improvement district under this section into a neighborhood improvement district under s. 66.1110 if an owner of real property that is subject to general real estate taxes, that is used exclusively for residential purposes, and that is located in the business improvement district petitions the municipality for the conversion. If the municipality approves the petition, the board shall consider and may make changes to the operating plan under s. 66.1110 (4) (b).
70,12 Section 12. 66.1110 (4m) of the statutes is created to read:
66.1110 (4m) A municipality may annex territory to an existing neighborhood improvement district if all of the following conditions are met:
(a) An owner of real property subject to general real estate taxes and located in the territory proposed to be annexed has petitioned the municipality for annexation.
(b) The planning commission has approved the annexation.
(c) At least 30 days before annexation, the planning commission has held a public hearing on the proposed annexation. Notice of the hearing shall be published as a class 2 notice under ch. 985. Before publication, a copy of the notice, together with a copy of a detail map showing the boundaries of the territory proposed to be annexed to the neighborhood improvement district, shall be sent by certified mail to all owners of real property within the territory proposed to be annexed. The notice shall state the boundaries of the territory proposed to be annexed.
(d) Within 30 days after the hearing under par. (c), one of the following has not filed a petition with the planning commission protesting the proposed annexation:
1. The owners of property in the territory to be annexed that would be assessed under the operating plan having a valuation equal to more than 40 percent of the valuation of all property in the territory to be annexed that would be assessed under the operating plan, using the method of valuation specified in the operating plan.
2. The owners of property in the territory to be annexed that would be assessed under the operating plan having an assessed valuation equal to more than 40 percent of the assessed valuation of all property in the territory to be annexed that would be assessed under the operating plan.
70,13 Section 13. 75.106 (2) of the statutes is amended to read:
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