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  Date of enactment: March 28, 2018
2017 Assembly Bill 547   Date of publication*: March 29, 2018
* Section 991.11, Wisconsin Statutes: Effective date of acts. “Every act and every portion of an act enacted by the legislature over the governor's partial veto which does not expressly prescribe the time when it takes effect shall take effect on the day after its date of publication."
2017 WISCONSIN ACT 183
An Act to repeal 281.36 (3r) (a) 4. and 281.36 (3s); to renumber and amend 23.321 (1) and 23.321 (5); to amend 20.370 (9) (bm), 23.0917 (4) (c) 3., 23.321 (4) (a) 3., 281.36 (3b) (b), 281.36 (3m) (a), 281.36 (3n) (d) 1., 281.36 (3r) (a) (intro.), 281.36 (4) (title), 281.36 (6) (a) (intro.), 281.36 (9) (a) (intro.) and 281.36 (13m); and to create 15.347 (22), 23.099, 23.321 (1) (am), 23.321 (2) (d), 23.321 (4) (a) 4., 23.321 (5) (b), 281.12 (2), 281.36 (3r) (am), 281.36 (4n), 281.36 (12m) and 281.37 of the statutes; relating to: the regulation and study of wetlands; grants for wetland projects; and making an appropriation.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
183,1 Section 1. 15.347 (22) of the statutes is created to read:
15.347 (22) Wetland study council. (a) There is created in the department of natural resources a wetland study council consisting of the following members, appointed for staggered 6-year terms:
1. One member who is a representative of a statewide organization representing the business community.
2. One member who is a representative of a statewide organization representing waterfowl interests.
3. One member who is a representative of a statewide organization representing real estate and development interests.
4. One member who is a representative of a statewide organization representing municipal interests.
5. One member who is a representative of a statewide organization representing rural and agricultural interests.
6. One member who is a representative of a statewide land conservation group with a specific interest in wetlands.
7. One member who is a statewide wetland delineator.
8. One member who is a statewide wetland consultant.
9. One member who is a department of natural resources biologist or hydrologist and who is a wetland expert, appointed by the secretary of natural resources.
(b) The wetland study council shall research and develop recommendations on all of the following:
1. The implementation and effectiveness of statewide wetland mitigation programs.
2. Program elements that would be necessary for the department of natural resources to implement if the department assumes from the federal government the authority to administer the state's own individual and general permit program for the discharge of dredged or fill material into the navigable waters of the state under s. 281.12 (2).
3. Issues related to the analysis of practicable alternatives that avoid and minimize the adverse impacts of a discharge into a wetland on wetland functional values and that will not result in any other significant adverse environmental consequences.
4. Storm water management ponds and their potential to serve a role in wetland mitigation.
5. Statewide incentive programs for creating, restoring, and enhancing wetlands.
6. Statewide wetland trainings for department of natural resources staff, wetland consultants, and wetland delineators.
7. The simplification of regulations associated with creating wetlands on farm drainage ditches for the purpose of phosphorus pollution retention.
8. Ways to improve the in lieu fee subprogram of the wetland mitigation program, under s. 281.36 (3r) (e), including subcontracting the management of a program to a nonprofit organization.
9. The possibility of a professional, whose wetland delineation work is assured under the department of natural resources' wetland delineation professional assurance initiative, performing a wetland delineation confirmation under s. 23.321 on behalf of the department.
10. Methods of financing wetland mitigation requirements for local units of government.
11. Any other item related to wetlands at the discretion of the council.
183,2 Section 2. 20.370 (9) (bm) of the statutes, as affected by 2017 Wisconsin Act 59, is amended to read:
20.370 (9) (bm) Wetland restoration — fees; payments. From the general fund, all moneys received as surcharge fees under s. 281.36 (11), all moneys received as transfers to the in lieu fee subprogram as provided in s. 281.36 (3s) (h), 2015 stats., and all moneys received under the in lieu fee subprogram under s. 281.36 (3r) (e) for the restoration or creation of wetlands, for the wetland mitigation grant program under s. 281.37, and for any other activities authorized under the in lieu fee subprogram.
183,3 Section 3. 23.0917 (4) (c) 3. of the statutes is amended to read:
23.0917 (4) (c) 3. Grants under s. ss. 23.098 and 23.099.
183,4 Section 4. 23.099 of the statutes is created to read:
23.099 Grants for property development relating to wetland mitigation. (1) In this section:
(a) “Department land” has the meaning given under s. 281.37 (1) (a).
(b) “Nonprofit organization" means an organization that is described in section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code and that is exempt from federal income tax under section 501 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(2) The department shall establish a program to make grants from the appropriation under s. 20.866 (2) (ta) to nonprofit organizations for property development activities relating to wetlands created, restored, or enhanced under a wetland mitigation grant under s. 281.37 on department land. Property development activities for which a grant under this section may be awarded include those that increase public access to, awareness about, or recreational use of the new, restored, or enhanced wetland, or that improve habitat in, on, or near, the new, restored, or enhanced wetland.
(3) A nonprofit organization that applies for a grant under this section shall submit the application at the same time that it submits an application for a grant under s. 281.37. The department shall make its determination with respect to both grants at the same time, and may only award a grant under this section if it also awards a grant under s. 281.37.
(4) A grant awarded under this section may not exceed 10 percent of the amount of the related grant awarded under s. 281.37. The department may not issue the grant funding under this section to the grantee until the grantee has certified that the project funded by the grant under s. 281.37 is complete.
183,5 Section 5. 23.321 (1) of the statutes is renumbered 23.321 (1) (intro.) and amended to read:
23.321 (1) Definition. (intro.) In this section, “wetland":
(b) “Wetland” has the meaning given in s. 23.32 (1).
183,6 Section 6. 23.321 (1) (am) of the statutes is created to read:
23.321 (1) (am) “Nonfederal wetland” has the meaning given in s. 281.36 (1) (br).
183,7 Section 7. 23.321 (2) (d) of the statutes is created to read:
23.321 (2) (d) 1. In this paragraph, “qualified 3rd person” means an individual who has completed basic and advanced wetland training and has a minimum of one year of field experience in wetland delineation.
2. A wetland confirmation that consists of a written statement, based upon the department's review of the boundaries of a wetland as delineated by a qualified 3rd person and not based upon an on-site inspection of the land by the department, of whether the department concurs with the delineation. The delineation prepared by the qualified 3rd person shall include the exact location and boundaries of the wetland. The department shall concur with the boundaries of a wetland delineated by a qualified 3rd person unless the department determines that the location and boundaries of the wetland identified in the delineation are not accurate based on maps, aerial photographs, surveys, wetland delineations, or hydrophitic soil conditions. If the department concurs with the boundaries of a wetland delineated by a qualified 3rd person, the department's statement under this paragraph shall also include the exact location and boundaries of the wetland. A wetland confirmation under this paragraph is available only with respect to a nonfederal wetland.
183,8 Section 8. 23.321 (4) (a) 3. of the statutes is amended to read:
23.321 (4) (a) 3. Provide a wetland confirmation not later than 60 days after a person files a request, in the manner and form required by the department, for a wetland confirmation under sub. (2) (c).
183,9 Section 9. 23.321 (4) (a) 4. of the statutes is created to read:
23.321 (4) (a) 4. Provide a wetland confirmation not later than 15 days after a person files a request, in the manner and form required by the department, for a wetland confirmation under sub. (2) (d).
183,10 Section 10. 23.321 (5) of the statutes is renumbered 23.321 (5) (a) and amended to read:
23.321 (5) (a) A Except as provided in par. (b), a wetland identification provided by the department under sub. (2) (b) and a wetland confirmation provided by the department under sub. (2) (c) remain effective for 5 years from the date provided by the department.
183,11 Section 11. 23.321 (5) (b) of the statutes is created to read:
23.321 (5) (b) 1. A wetland identification provided by the department under sub. (2) (b) and a wetland confirmation provided by the department under sub. (2) (c) or (d) remain effective for 15 years from the date provided by the department if all of the following conditions are met:
a. The wetland is a nonfederal wetland.
b. The parcel of land is subject to a storm water management zoning ordinance enacted under s. 59.693, 60.627, 61.354, or 62.234 or a storm water discharge permit issued under s. 283.33.
2. The department may not invalidate or amend an existing wetland delineation, or require a new wetland delineation, for a parcel to which subd. 1. applies until the wetland identification or confirmation expires.
183,12 Section 12. 281.12 (2) of the statutes is created to read:
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