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SB463,8,44 5. Maintain control of his or her speed and direction.
SB463,8,65 6. Comply with any posted limits that are imposed on the type of bike or other
6equipment that may be ridden on a trail or portion of the ski area.
SB463,8,77 7. Be able to stop or avoid other individuals or objects.
SB463,8,98 8. Yield to other individuals engaged in biking who are ahead or who are down
9the slope.
SB463,8,1110 9. Be able to safely board, ride, and deboard any lift serving an area open to
11biking.
SB463,8,1212 10. Board and deboard a lift only at designated sites.
SB463,8,1413 11. Look uphill and yield to oncoming bikes before leaving the bottom of the hill
14at the end of the run or when entering a trail or slope."
SB463,24 15Section 24. 167.33 (3) (f) (intro.) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,8,2316 167.33 (3) (f) Signs required; trails and terrains. (intro.) Each ski area operator
17shall designate the trails that are open for skiing or biking in its ski area and shall
18determine the difficulty level of each trail. The ski area operator shall post and
19maintain a sign at or near the beginning of each trail. The sign shall contain the
20name of the trail and all of the applicable wording and emblems specified in this
21paragraph to describe the difficulty level of the trail or terrain. The sign shall be at
22least 4 square feet in size. Each sign shall contain one or more of the following
23designations that are applicable:
SB463,25 24Section 25. 167.33 (3) (f) 5. of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,9,2
1167.33 (3) (f) 5. The words "freestyling area ahead" "freestyle terrain" with an
2emblem consisting of an orange oval.
SB463,26 3Section 26. 167.33 (3) (f) 6. of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,9,74 167.33 (3) (f) 6. The words "tree skiing — caution." The sign shall have an
5orange background or orange lettering with a black or white background and shall

6contain the additional statement: "This back country trail is not groomed or
7patrolled — Never ski here alone."
SB463,27 8Section 27. 167.33 (3) (g) (intro.) of the statutes is renumbered 167.33 (3) (g)
9and amended to read:
SB463,9,2110 167.33 (3) (g) Areas open to freestyling of freestyle terrain; signs and barricades
11required.
A ski area operator shall may designate an area as an area for freestyling
12if it contains one or more freestyle features
of freestyle terrain. A ski area operator
13that designates an area of freestyle terrain shall construct and maintain a barricade
14with fencing, roping, or similar means at the entrance to such an area. The opening
15in the barricade may not be wider than 30 feet. The ski area operator shall post and
16maintain a sign at or near the entrance of the area of freestyle terrain that is at least
173 square feet in size and that shows the boundaries of the area open to freestyling.
18The sign shall contain emblems consisting of a stop sign and orange oval consistent
19with signage recommended by a national ski areas association for use in areas of
20freestyle terrain
. The sign shall contain all of the following: the words "freestyle
21terrain."
SB463,28 22Section 28. 167.33 (3) (g) 1. of the statutes is repealed.
SB463,29 23Section 29. 167.33 (3) (g) 2. of the statutes is repealed.
SB463,30 24Section 30. 167.33 (3) (h) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,10,5
1167.33 (3) (h) Lifts; signs required. For each lift that is used by individuals
2engaged in skiing and that does not serve any trail that is described under par. (f)
3as "easier," the ski operator shall post and maintain, at or near the loading area for
4the lift a sign that is at least 10 square feet in size near or at the entrance of the
5loading area. The sign shall contain the following warning:
SB463,10,11 6"WARNING: This lift does not serve any trails that are "easier" (marked with
7a green circle emblem). All of the trails served by this lift are "difficult" or "more
8difficult" (marked with a blue square emblem), "most difficult" (marked with a black
9diamond emblem), "expert" or "extreme terrain" (marked with an emblem consisting
10of 2 black diamonds), or "freestyling terrain ahead freestyle terrain" (marked with
11an orange oval)."
SB463,31 12Section 31. 167.33 (3) (j) 1. of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,10,1613 167.33 (3) (j) 1. In lieu of posting and maintaining each of the separate signs
14required under par. (b) and par. (d) or, (e), or (em), a ski area operator may post and
15maintain a single sign that is at least 12 square feet in size and that contains all of
16the required warnings.
SB463,32 17Section 32. 167.33 (3) (j) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,10,2218 167.33 (3) (j) 2. A ski area operator may, in a ski area with fewer than 100 acres
19in use for a snow an alpine sport vary from the specific wording, size, and location
20requirements for signs specified under this subsection, but any variation may not
21preclude a reasonably prudent participant in a snow an alpine sport from finding
22or understanding the contents of the sign.
SB463,33 23Section 33. 167.33 (4) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,11,424 167.33 (4) (a) Maps. Each ski area operator shall post and maintain a map of
25the trails and terrains in the ski area that are designated for any snow alpine sport

1at all of the sites where tickets to the ski area are sold if the ski area has more than
23 trails. The map shall contain the names of each trail or terrain and a description
3of the level of difficulty for each trail as determined by the ski area operator under
4sub. (3) (f). The sign shall be at least 32 square feet in size.
SB463,34 5Section 34. 167.33 (4) (ag) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,11,156 167.33 (4) (ag) Markings. Each ski area operator shall mark hydrants, water
7pipes, and any other man-made structures on a ski area that are not readily visible
8to participants in a snow an alpine sport under conditions of ordinary visibility from
9a distance of at least 100 feet. A ski area operator may use any type of marker,
10including a wooden or bamboo pole, flag, or sign if the marker is visible from a
11distance of 100 feet and if the marker itself does not constitute a serious hazard to
12participants in a snow an alpine sport. Variations in steepness or terrain, whether
13natural or as a result of slope design, snowmaking, or grooming operations, including
14roads, catwalks, or other terrain modifications, are not man-made structures for the
15purpose of this paragraph.
SB463,35 16Section 35. 167.33 (4) (b) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,11,2317 167.33 (4) (b) 2. If any vehicular grooming operations take place on a ski trail
18during hours in which a lift is being operated, the ski area operator shall close that
19trail to the public at the top entrance to the trail until the vehicular grooming
20operations are complete on that trail. If a groomer is traversing part of a ski area that
21is not part of a ski trail during hours in which a lift is being operated, the ski area
22operator shall provide an escort for the groomer or equip the groomer with emergency
23lights and an audible warning system
to warn guests of the approaching groomer.
SB463,36 24Section 36. 167.33 (5) (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,11,2525 167.33 (5) (title) Duties of individuals engaged in snow alpine sports.
SB463,37
1Section 37. 167.33 (5) (a) 13. of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,12,82 167.33 (5) (a) 13. If involved in a collision with another participant in a snow
3an alpine sport that results in injury or death, not leave the vicinity of the collision
4before giving his or her name and current address to an employee of the ski area
5operator or a member of the ski patrol, except for the purpose of securing aid for a
6person injured in the collision. A person who leaves the scene of the collision for the
7purpose of securing aid shall give his or her name and current address after securing
8the aid.
SB463,38 9Section 38. 167.33 (5) (b) 11. of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,12,1610 167.33 (5) (b) 11. If involved in a collision with another participant in a snow
11an alpine sport that results in injury or death, not leave the vicinity of the collision
12before giving his or her name and current address to an employee of the ski area
13operator or a member of the ski patrol, except for the purpose of securing aid for a
14person injured in the collision. A person who leaves the scene of the collision for the
15purpose of securing aid shall give his or her name and current address after securing
16the aid.
SB463,39 17Section 39. 167.33 (5) (c) of the statutes is created to read:
SB463,12,1918 167.33 (5) (c) Safety rules; biking. Each individual engaged in biking at a ski
19area has a duty to do all the following:
SB463,12,2020 1. Obey all posted warnings and signs.
SB463,12,2121 2. Keep out of closed areas.
SB463,12,2222 3. Know the range of his or her ability and engage in biking within that ability.
SB463,12,2523 4. Assess the difficulty of the trails and terrains, including natural and
24man-made features, that are open to biking. Where possible, walk the trail or
25features prior to biking.
SB463,13,1
15. Maintain control of his or her speed and direction.
SB463,13,32 6. Comply with any posted limits that are imposed on the type of bike or other
3equipment that may be ridden on a trail or portion of the ski area.
SB463,13,44 7. Be able to stop or avoid other individuals or objects.
SB463,13,65 8. Yield to other individuals engaged in biking who are ahead or who are down
6the slope.
SB463,13,87 9. Be able to safely board, ride, and deboard any lift serving an area open to
8biking.
SB463,13,99 10. Board and deboard a lift only at designated sites.
SB463,13,1110 11. Look uphill and yield to oncoming bikes before leaving the bottom of the hill
11at the end of the run and upon entering a trail or slope.
SB463,13,1712 12. If involved in a collision with another participant in an alpine sport that
13results in injury or death, remain in the vicinity of the collision until he or she gives
14his or her name and current address to an employee of the ski area operator or a
15member of the bike patrol, except to secure aid for a person injured in the collision.
16A person who leaves the vicinity in order to secure aid shall provide his or her name
17and current address after securing the aid.
SB463,40 18Section 40. 895.525 (2) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,14,819 895.525 (2) (b) "Recreational activity" means any activity undertaken for the
20purpose of exercise, relaxation or pleasure, including practice or instruction in any
21such activity. "Recreational activity" does not include participating in a snow an
22alpine
sport at a ski area, as those terms are defined in s. 167.33, but includes
23hunting, fishing, trapping, camping, bowling, billiards, picnicking, exploring caves,
24nature study, dancing, bicycling that is not biking, as defined in s. 167.33 (1) (ar),
25horseback riding, horseshoe-pitching, bird-watching, motorcycling, operating an

1all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle, recreational aviation, as defined in s.
2895.52 (1) (hm), ballooning, curling, throwing darts, hang gliding, hiking, sleigh
3riding, snowmobiling, skating, participation in water sports, weight and fitness
4training, sight-seeing, rock-climbing, cutting or removing wood, climbing
5observation towers, animal training, harvesting the products of nature,
6participating in an agricultural tourism activity, sport shooting, and participating
7in a snow an alpine sport outside a ski area, as those terms are defined in s. 167.33,
8and any other sport, game or educational activity.
SB463,41 9Section 41. 895.526 (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,14,11 10895.526 (title) Participation in a snow an alpine sport; restrictions on
11civil liability, assumption of risk.
SB463,42 12Section 42. 895.526 (2) (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,14,1413 895.526 (2) (title) Appreciation of conditions and risk of participation in a
14snow
an alpine sport.
SB463,43 15Section 43. 895.526 (2) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,14,1716 895.526 (2) (a) Every participant in a snow an alpine sport at a ski area accepts
17the conditions and risks of the snow alpine sport as set forth in s. 167.33 (2).
SB463,44 18Section 44. 895.526 (2) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,14,2119 895.526 (2) (b) Every participant in a snow an alpine sport at a ski area is
20presumed to have seen and understood signage provided by the ski area operator
21pursuant to s. 167.33 (3).
SB463,45 22Section 45. 895.526 (2) (c) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,15,223 895.526 (2) (c) Every participant in a snow an alpine sport at a ski area accepts
24that failure to wear a helmet or wearing a helmet that is improperly sized, fitted, or
25secured increases the risk of injury or death or the risk of a more severe injury. Every

1participant in a snow an alpine sport at a ski area accepts that a helmet may not be
2available for purchase or for rent at a ski area.
SB463,46 3Section 46. 895.526 (2) (d) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,15,94 895.526 (2) (d) Every participant in a snow an alpine sport at a ski area accepts
5that natural or man-made items or obstacles within a ski area, including ski area
6infrastructure and ski area vehicles, may be unpadded or not heavily padded and
7accepts that there may be a higher risk of injury or death or of a more severe injury
8associated with a collision with an item or obstacle that is unpadded or not heavily
9padded.
SB463,47 10Section 47. 895.526 (3) (intro.) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,15,1211 895.526 (3) Responsibilities of a participant in a snow an alpine sport. (intro.)
12Every participant in a snow an alpine sport is responsible to do all of the following:
SB463,48 13Section 48. 895.526 (3) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,15,1714 895.526 (3) (b) Choose whether to wear a helmet while participating in the
15snow alpine sport. If the participant chooses to wear a helmet, he or she has the
16responsibility to ensure the helmet is of the correct size and fit and to ensure that it
17is properly secured while he or she participates in the snow alpine sport.
SB463,49 18Section 49. 895.526 (4) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
SB463,15,2219 895.526 (4) (a) A ski operator who fulfills all of his or her duties under s. 167.33
20(3) and (4) owes no further duty of care to a participant in a snow an alpine sport and
21is not liable for an injury or death that occurs as a result of any condition or risk
22accepted by the participant under sub. (2).
SB463,15,2323 (End)
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